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Procedures for Exporting Cattle from Chihuahua, Mexico to the United States of America.

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Procedures for Exporting Cattle from Chihuahua, Mexico to the United States of America. Introduction One million head of cattle per year enter the United States from ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Procedures for Exporting Cattle from Chihuahua, Mexico to the United States of America.


1
  • Procedures for Exporting Cattle from Chihuahua,
    Mexico to the United States of America.

2
Introduction
  • One million head of cattle per year enter the
    United States from Mexico through 10 ports of
    entry.
  • The majority of cattle coming into the United
    States through these ports originate in the
    Mexican state of Chihuahua.
  • Cattle producers in northern Mexico are
    export-oriented.
  • Cattle production and exporting are very
    important economic activities in the state of
    Chihuahua.
  • Cattle export activity is determined by rainfall
    levels.
  • Procedures for exporting cattle recently changed
    in response to increased animal health concerns.

3
  • Chihuahua state is a model for animal movement
    control that the United States may need to copy.
  • Cattle traceability in the US is coming
  • Ear tagging and record-keeping process in
    Chihuahua state is very complex
  • This model is based on two main points
  • Green ear tag
  • Inspection check points

4
Objectives of Paper
  • Dispel misinformation about Mexican cattle
    imports
  • To explain the general regulatory climate under
    which Mexican cattle are exported.
  • Chihuahua state procedures offer a model for the
    US

5
Bovine Tuberculosis Situation in Mexico
  • Since 1972, Chihuahua has been promoting
    different tuberculosis eradication campaigns.
  • Is considered the primary goal of the bi-national
    cattle disease control and eradication efforts.
  • In 1992, The Bovine Tuberculosis and Brucellosis
    Eradication Subcommittee was founded.
  • In 1993, a bi-national US-Mexico group was
    founded

6
Continue
  • The cattle transport rules are a critical
    component of Mexicos efforts to eradicate bovine
    tuberculosis.
  • In recent years Chihuahua has implemented a
    unique identification system for cattle
    consisting of a green ear tag.
  • Cattle traceability has been significantly
    improved as a result of the system.
  • The green ear tag is put on the animal by the
    original owner.
  • Remains in the animal whether
  • Moved by the same owner
  • Sold
  • Traded to a second owner

7
Chihuahua State Regionalization
Tuberculosis incidence more than 0.05
8
Check Points
  • 21 Check points
  • 15 Roving inspection stations

9
Tuberculosis and Brucellosis Test
Certificate of Herd of Origin
Cattle Movement Permit
Exportation to United States
Certificate of Ovariectomy Spaying
Zoosanitary Certificate
10
Conclusion
  • Rules and procedures to export cattle are more
    strict day by day, and Mexican government
    producers need to be aware of these changes in
    order to continue exporting cattle to the US.
  • Rules and procedures to export cattle from Mexico
    to US are strict and taken seriously by
    government agencies and cattle producers
    organizations
  • Because in Chihuahua state the income coming from
    cattle exports is crucial, improvements are
    taking place, especially in terms of animal
    health and cattle traceability.

11
Results of a Survey of Cattle Exporters in
Chihuahua, Mexico.
12
Objectives
  • Develop better information about the population
    of cattle exporters in Chihuahua, Mexico.
  • Provide an overview of how Mexican cattle
    exporters perceive US-Mexico cattle trade.

13
Introduction
  • Chihuahua has 24,708,700 hectares which are
    primarily used by the livestock industry.
  • Almost 90 of the total territory in Chihuahua
    state is used for livestock.
  • The cattle industry in Chihuahua state depends on
    rangeland grass production, which is limited by
    rainfall.
  • The export cycle or season begins in September
    ending in August of the following year.
  • Hereford
  • Angus
  • Limousine
  • Charolais

14
The Sample
  • Chihuahua state is the most important cattle
    exporting state in Mexico.
  • A list of exporters was provided by the Chihuahua
    Cattlemens Organization.
  • 503 members
  • 143 surveys completed
  • The number of counties included in this survey
    was 30 from 67

15
Ahumada 1 Aldama 2 Allende 2 Bachiniva 3 B
alleza 4 Buenaventura 1 Camargo 22 Coronado
4 Coyame 2 Cuauhtemoc 6 Cusihuiriachi 6 Chihu
ahua 4 Guachochi 1 Guerrero 14 H. del
Parral 3 Jimenez 4 Julimes 2 Madera 6 Mata
chi 2 Matamoros 2 Namiquipa 12 Nonoava 3 Ri
va Palacio 2 San Bernardo, Dgo 1 San Francisco
de Borja 12 San Francisco de Conchos 2 Santa
Barbara 3 Satevo 9 Temosachi 5
16
Cattle producers ages and years exporting to the
US
17
Results
  • Typical exported calf weight
  • 161-180 kilograms.
  • Number of cattle exported annually
  • Mean 549
  • ? 50
  • 1,501-3,000
  • Reason for exporting cattle to US
  • Better prices
  • Difficult to sell the whole lot at one time in
    Mexico

18
Exporters Preferred Months for Exporting
19
Survey for Cattle Exporters from Chihuahua,
Mexico To the United States of America
20
Results
  • Reasons for using a specific port of entry
  • The location of a port-of-entry.
  • Better facilities.
  • Reasons for involvement in the livestock
    industry
  • Tradition
  • Attitudes toward NAFTA
  • Negative impact on Mexican livestock industry,
    41
  • Positive impact on Mexican livestock industry, 32

21
Results
  • Problems experienced in the cattle export
    process
  • Many sanitary requirements.
  • Participation in government subsidy programs for
    the livestock industry
  • 79 of the producers have participated.
  • 55 never experienced difficulties in getting
    these subsidies
  • Evaluation of their cattle
  • 79 give a score between 8-10

22
Perception of the Future of Domestic and Export
Cattle Markets
  • Domestic Market
  • Dependent on imports
  • Mexico is not able to be self sufficient in beef
    production.
  • Mexican market for beef and cattle
  • Differentiated by quality
  • Export cattle market
  • More requirements for export due to
  • Animal health
  • Sanitary concerns
  • Export market will be more specialized
  • Types of cattle demanded by U. S. importers

23
Modern Cattle Management Practices
  • Artificial Insemination
  • 20
  • Embryo transfer
  • 3.09
  • Pregnancy detection and fertility testing
  • 50
  • Big producers generally sell breeding animals
  • Supplemental feed to their breeding animals
  • Precondition their calves prior to market
  • 77

24
Results
  • Breeding animal acquisition and genetic quality
  • Cattle from US, 35 of the respondents.

25
Grazing Resources
a lt100 hectares, b 100-500 hectares, c
500-1,000 hectares, d 1,000-2,000 hectares, e
2,000-5,000 hectares, f gt5,000
26
Conclusions
  • The traditional market for Chihuahua cattle
    producers has been steer and heifer calf exports
    to the U.S.
  • The producer/ exporters perceptions of the
    cattle export market gives an idea of how
    producers manage to survive in this dynamic
    market.
  • For many Mexican cattle producers, particularly
    those in Chihuahua state, exporting feeder calves
    to the United States is part of their identity.
  • Producers perceive the future of Mexican cattle
    exports to the U.S. will involve more animal
    health or sanitary regulations established by the
    U.S.

27
  • Thank You for Your Attention

28
  • Questions?

29
  • Procedures for Exporting Cattle from Chihuahua,
    Mexico to the United States of America
  • Results of a Survey of Cattle Exporters in
    Chihuahua, Mexico
  • Presented by
  • Cristina Carmona
  • November, 12 at 1000 a.m.
  • Room, 375
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