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NorthWest Safety and Firearms Education

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These s were developed from the NRA FIRST Steps Pistol lesson plans and were intended to supplement the lecture for that course. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: NorthWest Safety and Firearms Education


1
NRA FIRST Steps Pistol
  • NorthWest Safety and Firearms Education

Welcome!
2
Preliminaries
  • Introductions
  • Registration
  • Orientation Goal
  • To provide beginning shooters with an
    introduction to the knowledge, skills, and
    attitude necessary to own and use a specific
    pistol model safely.

3
Preliminaries
  • Facilities.
  • Do you have any firearms with you?
  • Do you have any live ammunition with you?
  • Handbooks, brochures and other materials.

4
Schedule
  • 10am Lesson I 11am Lesson II Noon Lesson
    III 130pm Lesson IV
  • Even asking questions, done by 2pm
  • Ten minute break between lessons if we have the
    time.
  • Shooting portion is in Lesson III

5
NRA FIRST Steps Pistol
  • NorthWest Safety and Firearms Education

Lesson I
Introduction to Pistol Safety, Parts and
Operation
6
Lesson I Pistol Safety, Parts, and Operation
  • As a result of this lesson, you will be able to
  • State the goal of the NRA FIRST Steps Pistol
    Orientation.
  • Name the three fundamental NRA rules of safe gun
    handling and demonstrate them with a specific
    pistol model.

7
Lesson I Pistol Safety, Parts, and Operation,
cont.
  • As a result of this lesson, you will also be able
    to
  • Name the three major components of a pistol and
    describe their functions.
  • Safely demonstrate loading and unloading
    procedures for a specific pistol model with
    training ammunition.

8
Pistol Safety
  • What do you think is our primary concern when
    handling firearms?
  • Safety is always the primary concern when
    handling firearms.

9
Pistol Safety, cont.
  • What do you think are the major causes of gun
    accidents?
  • IGNORANCE
  • CARELESSNESS

10
Pistol Safety, cont.
  • NRA Rules of Safe Gun Handling
  • (the blue brochure, first fold-out)
  • Please read the rules aloud

11
1 ALWAYS keep the gun pointed in a safe
direction
  • What do you think is meant by a safe direction?
  • Term safe direction
  • Term muzzle
  • If the gun were to discharge, it would not cause
    injury or damage.

12
2 ALWAYS keep your finger off the trigger until
ready to shoot
  • If your finger is kept off the trigger, where
    should it be?
  • Term trigger
  • Term trigger guard
  • Term frame
  • The finger should rest outside the trigger guard
    or along the side of the gun (on the frame).

13
3 Always keep the gun unloaded until ready to
use
  • How do you know whether or not a gun is unloaded?
  • Term magazine
  • Term action
  • Term chamber
  • Check that a gun is unloaded by removing the
    magazine, opening the action, and inspecting the
    chamber.

14
Safe Pistol Handling Practical Exercise
  • How do you hand a firearm to another person?

15
Pistol Parts Major Components
  • Turn to Page 1 of the handbook.
  • Term frame
  • Backbone of the pistol to which the other parts
    are attached
  • Term barrel
  • Metal tube through which the bullet passes on the
    way to the target
  • Term action
  • Group of moving parts used to load, fire, and
    unload the pistol

16
Revolver Frame Parts
  • Grip panels
  • Backstrap
  • Trigger guard
  • Rear sight

17
Revolver Barrel Parts
  • Bore
  • Rifling (Handbook Page 2)
  • Muzzle
  • Front sight

18
Revolver Action Parts
  • Trigger
  • Hammer
  • Cylinder
  • Chamber
  • Cylinder release latch
  • Loading Gate (on single actions)
  • Ejector
  • Ejector rod

19
Semi-Automatic Frame Parts
  • (Manual) safety
  • Slide stop (sometimes slide lock)
  • Decocking lever
  • Grip panels
  • Backstrap (with tang at the top)
  • Trigger guard

20
Semi-Automatic Barrel Parts
  • Bore
  • Chamber
  • Rifling (Handbook Page 2)
  • Muzzle

21
Semi-Automatic Action Parts
  • Hammer
  • Slide
  • Front Sight
  • Rear Sight
  • Ejection port
  • Magazine (in the magazine well)
  • Magazine release
  • Trigger

22
Pistol Parts Review
  • What are all the parts on the frame of your gun?
  • What are all the parts on the barrel of your gun?
  • What are all the parts on the action of your gun?

23
Pistol Operation
  • Besides firing, there are four basic operations
    of most pistols
  • Loading
  • Cocking
  • Uncocking
  • Unloading

24
Revolver Loading
  • Keep the gun in a safe direction, with your
    finger off the trigger
  • Load cartridges into the cylinder, with the
    muzzle downward.
  • Close the cylinder (or loading gate on single
    actions).
  • Turn the cylinder to index it, if it is not
    locked.

25
Semi-Automatic Loading
  • Keep the gun in a safe direction, with your
    finger off the trigger
  • Load cartridges into the magazine.
  • Firmly insert the magazine into the magazine
    well.
  • Cycle the slide to chamber a cartridge.
  • Pull the slide to the rear.
  • Release the slide, dont ride it forward.

26
Pistol Cocking
  • Keep the gun in a safe direction, with your
    finger off the trigger
  • Place the hammer under spring tension to prepare
    it to fire
  • Semi-automatics cycling the slide may cock the
    hammer
  • Decockers must be disengaged to cock the hammer

27
Pistol Decocking
  • Keep the gun in a safe direction, with your
    finger off the trigger
  • Relax the hammers spring tension so it is not in
    a position to fire the gun.
  • Term trigger bar (revolver)
  • Term decocker (semi-automatic)
  • Some guns should not or cannot be decocked.

28
Revolver Unloading
  • Keep the gun in a safe direction, with your
    finger off the trigger
  • Release the cylinder and swing it out.
  • Turn the gun so the chamber mouths are facing
    downward.
  • Briskly operate the ejector rod.
  • Check by sight and feel that all chambers are
    empty.

29
Semi-Automatic Unloading
  • Keep the gun in a safe direction, with your
    finger off the trigger
  • Press the magazine release, and remove the
    magazine.
  • Cycle the slide.
  • Lock the slide open.
  • Check by sight and feel that the chamber is empty.

30
Pistol Operation Practical Exercise
  • What are the three rules of safe gun handling?
  • Demonstrate the correct loading, cocking,
    uncocking, and unloading procedures for your
    pistol.

31
Lesson I Summary
  • What is the goal of the FIRST Steps Pistol
    Orientation?
  • What are the NRAs three rules for safe gun
    handling?
  • What are the three major components of a pistol
    and what are their functions?

32
Lesson I Summary
  • How do you load and unload your pistol?
  • What are your questions?
  • Take a break until 11am! Well continue with more
    lecture on ammunition and the fundamentals of
    pistol shooting.

33
NRA FIRST Steps Pistol
  • NorthWest Safety and Firearms Education

Lesson II
Introduction to Ammunition and the
Fundamentals of Pistol Shooting
34
Lesson II Ammunition
  • As a result of the first part of this lesson, you
    will be able to
  • Identify the three items you need to check to
    determine the proper ammunition for your pistol.
  • Identify the three major types of cartridge
    malfunctions, and how to respond to them.

35
Lesson II Fundamentals of Pistol Shooting
  • As a result of the second part of this lesson,
    you will also be able to
  • Determine your dominant eye.
  • Explain the six fundamentals of pistol shooting.
  • Demonstrate the six fundamentals from the
    benchrest position.

36
Pistol Ammunition
  • In the blue brochure, read the rule Use only
    the correct ammunition for your gun.
  • How do you know what type of ammunition should be
    used for a particular gun?
  • Most firearms have the ammunition type stamped on
    the gun itself (often on the barrel).

37
Pistol Ammunition, cont.
  • How do you know whether the ammunition you have
    is the correct type for your gun?
  • Ammunition type is identified on the box and
    sometimes on the base of the cartridge as well.

38
Pistol Ammunition, cont.
  • What three items should be checked to be sure
    that you are using the correct ammunition for
    your gun?
  • The barrel of the gun
  • The box of ammunition
  • The base of the cartridge

39
Pistol Ammunition, cont.
  • Be aware that certain ammunition with different
    designations may be compatible with certain guns.
  • .357 Magnum and .38 Special
  • 9mm Parabellum, 9mm Luger, 9x19
  • Refer to your owners manual!

40
Cartridge Malfunctions
  • Turn to Page 17 and read the definitions of the
    three cartridge malfunction types
  • Term misfire
  • A failure of the cartridge to fire after the
    primer has been struck by the firing pin.
  • Term hangfire
  • A perceptible delay in the ignition of a
    cartridge after the primer has been struck by the
    firing pin.

41
Cartridge Malfunctions, cont.
  • If the cartridge fails to fire immediately, what
    should you do?
  • You dont know if its a hangfire or a misfire
  • Keep the gun pointed in a safe direction
  • Wait 30 seconds
  • Then unload safely.

42
Cartridge Malfunctions, cont.
  • Term squib load
  • Development of less than normal pressure or
    velocity after ignition of the cartridge.
  • What may indicate that a squib load may have been
    fired?
  • Unusual recoil or noise.

43
Cartridge Malfunctions, cont.
  • What action should be taken if a squib load is
    suspected?
  • Stop firing immediately.
  • Keep the gun pointed in a safe direction, and
    your finger off the trigger.
  • Unload the gun.
  • Determine if a bullet is lodged in the barrel
    with a cleaning rod.

44
Determining the Dominant Eye
  • Each individual has a dominant eye, which should
    be used to aim the pistol.
  • Handbook Page 57.
  • How many participants are cross-dominant?
  • Try to use your dominant eye, but in general use
    the hand and eye thats most comfortable.

45
Fundamentals of Pistol Shooting
  • What does the word fundamental mean?
  • Basic
  • Essential
  • Fundamentals are the essential elements of
    performing a skill.
  • In the case of shooting, the skill is firing a
    shot.

46
Fundamentals of Pistol Shooting, cont.
  • In brief, the fundamentals of pistol shooting
    are
  • Position
  • Grip
  • Breath Control
  • Sight Alignment
  • Trigger Control
  • Follow-Through

47
Position
  • What do we mean by position?
  • Position refers to the way you hold your body
    when firing a shot
  • We will cover two positions in this course
  • Benchrest position
  • Two-handed standing position

48
Position, cont.
  • A position should be comfortable, balanced,
    relaxed, and properly aligned with the target.
  • Benchrest, Handbook Pages 70-71
  • Sit behind the bench or table facing the target.
  • Both arms extended fully in front.
  • Wrists are supports by sandbags.
  • The head is erect.

49
Grip
  • What do we mean by grip?
  • The grip is the manner by which the pistol is
    grasped and held.
  • Handbook Pages 59-60.
  • Keeping the gun pointed in a safe direction, and
    finger off the trigger, use the non-shooting hand
    to place the pistol in the shooting hand.

50
Grip, cont.
  • Fit the web of the hand as high as possible on
    the backstrap or tang.
  • Align the gun with the wrist and forearm.
  • Grip the pistol with the base of the thumb and
    lower three fingers of the shooting hand.
  • Pressure of the grip is directed straight towards
    the rear.

51
Grip, cont.
  • Hold the pistol firmly, but without undue
    shaking.
  • Always keep your finger off the trigger until
    ready to shoot. The finger should lie along the
    side of the frame.
  • The thumb should lie along the other side of the
    frame, not behind the slide of the gun.

52
Grip, cont.
  • Place the heel of the non-shooting hand against
    the heel of the shooting hand.
  • Firmly wrap the fingers of the non-shooting hand
    around the fingers of the shooting hand.

53
Grip, cont.
  • You should grip the pistol the same way each time
    you hold the pistol.
  • Your grip on the pistol should not change as you
    fire the shot.

54
Breath Control
  • Why do you think breath control is important in
    shooting?
  • In order to minimize body movement while
    shooting, the breath cycle must be interrupted.
  • Before each shot, take a breath, and let it
    halfway out so you are comfortable.
  • Generally the breath should be held no more than
    six to eight seconds. Rest if you get tired!

55
Sight Alignment
  • What two parts of the gun are used for aiming?
  • The front and rear sights.
  • Handbook Pages 60-64.
  • The top of the front sight should be even with
    the top of the rear sight.

56
Sight Alignment
  • There should be an equal amount of space around
    the front sight post in the notch of the rear
    sight.
  • The eye can only focus on one distance at a time.
    It cannot keep the front sight, rear sight, and
    the target in focus simultaneously.

57
Sight Alignment, cont.
  • The shooter must focus on the front sight.
  • The front sight should be sharp and clear.
  • The rear sight and the target should be blurred.
  • Sight picture is obtained by achieving proper
    sight alignment and then putting those aligned
    sights into the proper relationship with the
    target (Handbook Page 61).

58
Sight Alignment, cont.
  • There will always be some movement of the aligned
    sights relative to the target.
  • Movement can be minimized but not eliminated.
  • Misalignment of the sights introduces error that
    increases at distance.
  • Try to keep both eyes open when shooting.

59
Sight Alignment, cont.
  • Sight adjustments can be made on some guns. Move
    the rear sight in the direction you want your
    shots to appear on the target. (Handbook Page
    64)
  • Optical and electronic sights eliminate the need
    to align a front and rear sight.

60
Trigger Control
  • What is the function of the trigger?
  • When squeezed, the trigger activates the hammer
    and fires the gun.
  • Handbook Pages 64-65.
  • The index finger is placed with the trigger
    halfway between the tip of the finger and the
    first joint.
  • The trigger is squeezed in a smooth, continuous
    manner directly to the rear, while maintaining
    sight alignment.

61
Trigger Control, cont.
  • While squeezing the trigger, each shot should
    come as a surprise.
  • Trigger squeeze and sight alignment must be done
    simultaneously while minimizing gun movement.
  • Try using training ammunition and dry fire
    practice to improve your trigger control.

62
Follow-Through
  • How is follow-through important in sports like
    tennis and golf?
  • In golf and tennis, it is the continuation of a
    motion after the golf club or tennis racket has
    hit the ball.
  • Handbook Page 65.
  • Follow-through means continuing to do everything
    that was being done at the time the shot was
    fired.

63
Follow-Through, cont.
  • Follow-through prevents unnecessary movement of
    the barrel before the bullet exits.
  • With focus on the front sight and good
    follow-through a shooter should be able to call
    the shot and identify its location on the target.

64
Fundamentals Review
  • Which are the two most important fundamentals?
  • Sight Alignment
  • Trigger Control
  • The other fundamentals help to minimize
    disturbance of sight alignment and trigger
    control.

65
Lesson II Summary
  • What three items do you need to check to
    determine the proper ammunition for your pistol?
  • Define the three major types of cartridge
    malfunctions and the actions required when they
    occur.
  • How do you determine your dominant eye?

66
Lesson II Summary
  • Explain the six fundamentals of pistol shooting.
  • Describe the benchrest position.
  • What are your questions?
  • Take a break until noon! Well pick up with
    pistol shooting from the benchrest and two-handed
    standing positions.

67
NRA FIRST Steps Pistol
  • NorthWest Safety and Firearms Education

Lesson III
Introduction to Pistol Shooting from the
Benchrest and Two-Handed Standing Positions
68
Lesson III Pistol Shooting
  • After completing this lesson, you should be able
    to
  • Explain the three range commands, the procedures
    to be followed if one has a problem with a
    firearm or drops ammunition, and any applicable
    range rules for the facility being used.

69
Lesson III Pistol Shooting
  • After completing this lesson, you should also be
    able to
  • Discuss and explain the eight NRA safety rules to
    be followed when shooting and storing a pistol.
  • Safely shoot a target from the benchrest position
    using the six fundamentals.
  • Safely shoot a target from the two-handed
    standing position if time allows.

70
Range Safety Shooting Facility Orientation
  • Range layout
  • Indoor shooting range with shooting lanes.
  • Shooters will be paired up and will shoot in
    relays.
  • Range personnel
  • There will be several instructors and coaches to
    help shooters.
  • The facility also has Range Officers.

71
Range Commands
  • Load
  • Keep the gun in a safe direction, with your
    finger off the trigger
  • Shooters may load their guns only after this
    command has been given.
  • Revolvers load the cylinder and close it
  • Semi-automatics place the loaded magazine into
    the gun and close the slide.

72
Range Commands, cont.
  • Commence firing
  • When this command is given, you may fire at your
    target when you are ready.
  • You are not required to begin immediately.

73
Range Commands, cont.
  • Cease firing
  • Stop shooting immediately.
  • Keep the gun in a safe direction, with your
    finger off the trigger
  • Await further instructions from the Range
    Officer, coach, or instructor.
  • Anyone may call for a cease fire if they see an
    unsafe condition.

74
Range Commands, cont.
  • Unload
  • Keep the gun in a safe direction, with your
    finger off the trigger
  • Revolvers
  • Open the cylinder
  • Eject the casings and cartridges
  • Semi-automatics
  • Remove magazine
  • Lock open the slide

75
Range Commands, cont.
  • Bench the gun
  • Keep the gun in a safe direction, with your
    finger off the trigger
  • Revolvers put the gun on the bench with the
    cylinder open
  • Semi-automatics put the gun on the bench with
    the slide back and the ejection port up so the
    chamber is visible.

76
Problem with your gun?
  • Keep the gun in a safe direction, with your
    finger off the trigger
  • Raise your hand for assistance.

77
Drop some ammunition?
  • Keep the gun in a safe direction, with your
    finger off the trigger
  • Raise your hand for assistance.

78
Range Procedures Review
  • What do the load and commence firing commands
    mean?
  • What does the cease firing command mean?
  • Who may call for a cease fire?
  • What do the unload and bench your gun
    commands mean?
  • What do you do when you have a problem with your
    gun or drop ammunition?

79
Rules for Safe Shooting
  • What are the three rules for safe gun handling
    again?
  • Add these rules for using and storing a gun
  • Know your target and what is beyond.
  • Be sure the gun is safe to operate.
  • Know how to use the gun safely.

80
Rules for Safe Shooting, cont.
  • More rules for using and storing
  • Use only the correct ammunition for your gun.
  • Wear hearing and eye protection as appropriate.
  • Never use alcohol or drugs before or while
    shooting.

81
Rules for Safe Shooting, cont.
  • More rules for using and storing
  • Store guns so they are not accessible to
    unauthorized persons
  • Be aware that certain types of guns and many
    shooting situations require additional safety
    precautions.

82
Shooting from a New Position
  • We will use an eight step method to learn a new
    position
  • Study the position.
  • Practice the position without a pistol.
  • Practice the position with a pistol.
  • Align the position with a target.

83
Shooting from a New Position, cont.
  • Dry fire at the target using the six fundamentals
    of pistol shooting
  • Position
  • Grip
  • Breath control
  • Sight alignment
  • Trigger control
  • Follow-through

84
Shooting from a New Position, cont.
  • Live fire exercise
  • Single-shot exercise
  • Shoot a five shot group.
  • Assess your group, and adjust sights (if
    applicable) or technique if a problem is
    identified.
  • Continue to shoot groups and assess.

85
Benchrest Position
  • Handbook Pages 70-71
  • Best position for people who have never shot a
    gun before because it minimizes body movement.
  • Both arms straight out in front.
  • Wrists rest on sandbags.
  • Feet flat on the floor.
  • Head is erect.

86
Two-handed Standing Position
  • Handbook Pages 79-81
  • Best position to start learning standing
    positions.
  • Feet shoulder-width apart.
  • Hips and shoulders square to the target.
  • Arms straight out and head erect, same as
    benchrest (another name for position is
    Isosceles).

87
Any questions?
  • Are you comfortable with what you know?

Lets go shoot!
88
Lesson III Summary
  • Explain the three range commands, the procedures
    to be followed if one has a problem with a
    firearm or drops ammunition, and any applicable
    range rules for the facility being used.
  • What are the eight NRA safety rules to be
    followed when shooting and storing a pistol?

89
Lesson III Summary
  • You have all safely shot a target from the
    benchrest and two-handed standing positions.
  • What are your questions?
  • Take a break until 130pm. Well pick up with
    pistol cleaning, storage, and further training
    opportunities.

90
NRA FIRST Steps Pistol
  • NorthWest Safety and Firearms Education

Lesson IV
Introduction to Pistol Cleaning Storage, and
Training Opportunities
91
Lesson IV Pistol Cleaning, Storage, Training
Opportunities
  • After completing this lesson, you should be able
    to
  • Identify the seven materials needed to clean a
    pistol
  • Outline the three safety guidelines to be
    followed when cleaning a pistol.
  • Explain and demonstrate how to clean a pistol
    safely.

92
Lesson IV Pistol Cleaning, Storage, Training,
cont.
  • After completing this lesson, you should also be
    able to
  • Name the NRA rule for safe firearm storage, and
    discuss options for applying this rule when
    storing a pistol.
  • Discuss the three hygienic guidelines following
    exposure to airborne particulate lead and
    cleaning solvent residue.

93
Lesson IV Pistol Cleaning, Storage, Training,
cont.
  • After completing this lesson, you should also be
    able to
  • Discuss the benefits of receiving additional
    pistol training through the NRA Basic Firearm
    Training Program.

94
Pistol Cleaning
  • Remember the rule Be sure the gun is safe to
    operate?
  • Regular gun cleaning and proper storage is an
    important part of the upkeep of your pistol.
  • A gun should be cleaned after every shooting
    session.

95
Pistol Cleaning Materials
  • Cloth patches
  • Cleaning rod
  • Soft cloth
  • Cleaning rod attachments (tips, brushes)
  • Small brush
  • Bore cleaner
  • Gun oil

96
Pistol Cleaning Safety
  • Ammunition must not be present in the area.
  • The gun must be unloaded.
  • The action must be open.

97
Pistol Cleaning Exercise
  • Attach brush to cleaning rod and apply bore
    cleaner to brush
  • Run brush through bore 8-10 times.
  • Run wet patch (solvent) through bore.
  • Run dry patch through bore.
  • If the patch comes out dirty, repeat the above
    four steps until it comes out clean.

98
Pistol Cleaning Exercise, cont.
  • Run lightly oiled patch through bore.
  • Repeat the above steps for every chamber of a
    revolver.
  • Use small brush and solvent to clean other parts
    of the gun.
  • Wipe entire pistol with lightly oiled cloth.

99
Some Notes on Hygiene
  • Refrain from eating, drinking, smoking, applying
    makeup, or otherwise placing your hands or
    fingers in near your mouth or nose while on the
    range or cleaning your gun.
  • After leaving the range or cleaning a gun, wash
    your hands and face thoroughly (with cold water)
    before placing your hands or fingers near your
    mouth or nose.

100
Some Notes on Hygiene, cont.
  • Change and wash clothing after a shooting or gun
    cleaning session so that exposure to airborne
    particulate lead or solvent residue may be
    further minimized.
  • Even if you were only present and did not shoot,
    you should follow these guidelines.

101
Storing a Pistol
  • Remember the rule Store guns so they are not
    accessible to unauthorized persons?
  • There is no universal solution for storage as
    each individuals situation is unique.

102
Some Storage Options
  • Trigger Locks
  • Action Locks
  • Padlocks
  • Lockboxes
  • Safes

103
Additional Pistol Shooting
  • It is to your advantage to continue practicing
    your pistol shooting skills.
  • The NRA offers additional training
  • NRA Basic Pistol Course
  • NRA Personal Protection Course
  • http//nwsafe.org/courses.html
  • NWSAFE offers these courses from time to time.

104
Additional Pistol Shooting, cont.
  • The NRA offers a Pistol Qualification program
    that is self-administered with progressively more
    challenging goals
  • Handgun qualification
  • Oriented towards defensive shooting skills.
  • Starts with a paper plate at 15 feet.
  • Pistol qualification
  • Oriented towards the competitive sport shooter.
  • Ends with participation in a Bullseye match, with
    a minimum score.

105
The National Rifle Association
  • You have been provided a guide to the benefits of
    membership in the NRA.
  • Members supported the development of the course
    you just took.
  • The NRA is the largest international firearms
    training organization in the world, in both its
    public and police organizations.

106
Other Opportunities
  • The are many opportunities to formally, and
    informally, compete with others which helps you
    improve your skills.

107
Lesson IV Summary
  • What are the seven materials needed to clean a
    pistol?
  • What three safety guidelines must be followed
    when cleaning a pistol?
  • What three hygienic guidelines should be followed
    after exposure to airborne particulate lead or
    cleaning solvent residue?

108
Lesson IV Summary, cont.
  • What is the NRA rule for safe storage of a gun?
  • What additional training and practice
    opportunities are available from the NRA?
  • What are your questions?
  • What are your comments about this orientation?

109
NRA FIRST Steps Pistol
  • NorthWest Safety and Firearms Education

Thank you!
Be safe out there with your new pistol knowledge,
skills, and attitude
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