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Inviting Wildlife to Your Garden

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Inviting Wildlife to Your Garden Key elements needed to attract a wide variety of wildlife. Fish-eating Predators Great Blue Heron Snowy Egret Green Heron Kingfisher ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Inviting Wildlife to Your Garden


1
Inviting Wildlife to Your Garden
  • Key elements needed to attract a wide variety of
    wildlife.

2
NWF Certified Wildlife Habitat
  • Water
  • Food
  • Cover
  • Place to Raise Young
  • Sustainable Gardening

3
Water Features
  • Deep Water
  • Beach
  • Slow-moving Shallow Water
  • Bog/Puddles
  • Splash
  • Drip
  • Misters

4
Food
  • Trees/Shrubs Nuts, Berries, Fruit, Sap,
    Foliage, Twigs
  • Plants Seeds, Nectar, Foliage, Flowers, Pollen
  • Insects/Invertebrates Dragonflies, Butterflies,
    Grubs, Worms
  • Birds, Small Rodents, Amphibians, Fish

5
Cover Weather/Predators
  • Woods/Large Trees
  • Evergreens
  • Thickets/Brambles
  • Ground Cover
  • Caves
  • Meadows/Prairies
  • Ponds
  • Burrows
  • Roosting Boxes
  • Toad Abodes
  • Brush/Log Piles
  • Rock Piles
  • Water Garden
  • Leaf Litter/Mulch

6
Place to Raise Young
  • Allow for Mating/Courtship Behavior
  • Habitat Materials for Nest Building
  • Food Sources for Young
  • Encompassed in Cover but with variations

7
Sustainable Gardening
  • Reduce Water Usage
  • Xeriscaping, Rainwater Capture, Drip/Soaker
    Irrigation
  • Reduce Erosion
  • Reduce Chemical Pesticides Fertilizer
  • Reduce Non-native Plants Turf Area
  • Compost
  • Mulch

8
Butterflies Moths
  • Best Website
  • www.butterfliesandmoths.org

9
Butterflies Moths
  • Protected sunny, non-windy area
  • Low traffic
  • Specific Host Plants for caterpillars
  • Nectar Plants for adults
  • Boggy puddles
  • Citrus wedges/nectar feeders

10
Caterpillar Host Plants
  • Swallowtail Dill, Parsley, Fennel, Queen Annes
    Lace
  • Monarchs Milkweeds (asclepias)
  • Silvery Blue Lupine
  • Zebra Swallowtail Pawpaw (asmina)
  • Buckeye Snapdragons (antirrhinum), Monkeyflower
    (mimulus), linaria
  • Hummingbird Clearwing Moth Honeysuckle,
    Hawthorn, Cherries/Plums
  • Great Ash Sphinx Moth Lilac, Aspen, Ash

11
Butterfly Adult Nectar Sources
  • Perennials
  • Annuals
  • Azaleas/Rhododendron
  • Bee Balms (monarda)
  • Butterfly Bush (buddleias)
  • Honeysuckle
  • Phlox
  • Milkweeds
  • Vibernums
  • Lantana
  • Snapdragons
  • Verbenas
  • Petunias
  • Nasturtiums

12
Dragonflies Damselflies
  • Still Water (beach to 2 feet deep, 5-10 feet
    diameter)
  • Protection from wind
  • Underwater Vegetation (nymph hiding)
  • Waters edge perching plants
  • Light-colored flat sunny basking rocks
  • Area free from fish
  • Feeds on smaller insects (mosquitos)

13
Amphibians Reptiles
  • Best Websites
  • www.herpnet.net/Minnesota-Herpetology/
  • www.dnr.state.mn.us/reptiles_amphibians

14
Salamanders Newts
  • Eastern Newt
  • Tiger Salamander
  • Blue-Spotted Salamander
  • Habitat/Food
  • permanent woodland ponds
  • leaf rotting log litter
  • eat fish frog eggs, crawfish, water insects,
    earthworms, snails

15
Frogs Toads
  • Spring Peeper
  • Eastern Gray/Copes Gray Tree
  • American Toad
  • Northern Leopard
  • Green
  • Bull

16
Frogs Toads
  • Eat Insects Invertebrates
  • Great for controlling garden pests
  • Habitat Permanent or Semi-permanent Ponds
  • Burrows in cool damp leaf litter and loose soil
  • More active at night, landscape lighting attracts
    prey

17
Snakes
  • Plains/Eastern/Red-sided Garter Snake
  • Habitat Pond edge, animal burrows, Log piles,
    Damp woods, Tall grass/meadows
  • Eats Anything. Earthworms, Frogs, Toads,
    Salamanders, Mice, Bird Eggs, Fish, Carrion
  • Redbelly Snake
  • Habitat Flat boards/logs in woods, dry sandy,
    near marshes
  • Eats Slugs, worms, insect larvae

18
Skinks
  • Prairie Skink (5-8 long)
  • Habitat Burrows under rock piles, boards or logs
    in sunny prairies, under railroad ties
  • Eats Grasshoppers, Crickets, Beetles,
    Caterpillars

19
Hummingbirds
  • Multiple feeders, 41 watersugar
  • Bright Ribbon in Trees/Shrubs (mid-march)
  • Year-round blooming plants
  • Snags within 50 feet of feeders
  • Water misters drippers
  • Encourage spiderwebs
  • Large tree with horizontal/downward branches
    facing open area

20
Hummingbird Plant Favorites
  • Annuals in baskets (plant extra early!)
  • Petunias, Verbena
  • Tubular Perennials
  • Honeysuckle, Trumpet Vine, Bee Balm, Cardinal
    Flower, Red Columbine
  • Native Annuals
  • Spotted jewelweed
  • Other favorite annuals
  • Nicotiana, Snapdragons, Nasturtium, Zinnia, Cleome

21
General Songbirds
  • Feeders that include both hanging and platform,
    away from windows
  • Feed within 5-15 feet of dense shrub or evergreen
  • Black sunflower, white millet, peanuts
  • Add variety such as suet, mealworms fruit
  • Slow-moving water 2-3 inches deep with rough
    surface

22
Suet Recipe
  • 1 cup Lard/Suet
  • 1 cup Peanut Butter (crunchy or smooth)
  • 1 cup cornmeal
  • 3 cups oats
  • 1 cup sugar
  • Dried fruit (optional)

23
Cardinals
  • Feed
  • Prefer platform, but will do perch
  • Seeds sunflower, safflower
  • Peanuts, raisins, meal worms, grape jelly
  • Nest 4-6 feet above ground in dense low-traffic
    shrubs edging open areas
  • Stake territory from tallest structure in
    neighborhood
  • Attracted to shallow moving water year-round

24
Baltimore Orioles
  • April 15-May1st put out food
  • oranges halved on spikes in trees
  • grape jelly on platforms
  • Hummingbird feeders with perches
  • June 1st and beyond
  • Add insects (mealworms) and suet
  • Nesting material string pieces 8-12 in length

25
Bluebirds
  • Feed insects in a protected feeder
  • Fall add berries, shelled seeds and suet (love
    raisins, dried cranberries and cherries)
  • Nest boxes hole 1 ½ no perch, mounted on
    predator-proof pole within 5-10 feet of woods
    overlooking mowed grass/meadow, paired boxes for
    each bluebird
  • Remove twiggy dummy wren nests from one box
  • Monitor box weekly for blowfly larvae

26
Waterfowl
  • A resting spot in the sun
  • Island in pond, Driftwood
  • Tall grass near ponds edge
  • Preferably with only water access and protection
    coming from other direction
  • Underwater pond plants
  • Bait in spring with barley or corn
  • Variety of nest boxes

27
Rodents
  • Mice Voles
  • Chipmunks
  • Red Squirrels

28
Native Mice Voles
  • Northern Grasshopper Mouse
  • Deer Mouse (Prairie Woodland)
  • Western Harvest Mouse
  • Meadow Vole
  • Southern Red-Backed Vole
  • Meadow Jumping Mouse
  • Plains Pocket Mouse

29
Native Mice
  • Northern Grasshopper Mouse
  • Grasshoppers, beetles, moths, flies, wasps,
    spiders
  • Hunt in packs, defend against intruders, howl
  • Deer Mouse (Prairie Woodland)
  • Seeds (bush clover), keep stashes
  • Burrows, under logs, hollow stumps
  • Western Harvest Mouse
  • Weed grass seeds, caterpillars, hide for later
  • Grass nests at base of dense shrub or tall grass

30
Native Voles
  • Meadow Vole
  • Greens seeds, garden produce
  • Create tunnels in grass
  • Southern Red-Backed Vole
  • cache food seeds, nuts, fruits, leaves, bark,
    roots, fungi, and insects
  • Forest dwellers, territorial, favorite source of
    food for predators

31
Other Rodents
  • Chipmunks
  • Black-oil sunflower seeds, berries, other plant
    seeds
  • Burrows, natural boulder walls, log piles
    (firewood)
  • Solitary, fight over food, semi-hibernate, leave
    territory where born
  • Red Squirrels
  • insects, seeds, bark, nuts, fruits, mushrooms and
    pine seeds or cones. Young birds mice.
  • Forests, hollows of trees, solitary, vocal

32
General Predatory Birds
  • Attract both nest habitat and food source
  • Place the preys food source open travel distance
    from its habitat
  • Provide a vantage point for the predatory bird to
    wait it out

33
MN Suburban Predatory Birds
  • Birds that feed primarily on smaller birds
  • Coopers Hawk
  • Sharp Shinned Hawk
  • Birds that feed on rodents, amphibians, reptiles
    small birds
  • American Kestral
  • Barred Owl
  • Broad-winged Hawk

34
Fish-eating Predators
  • Great Blue Heron
  • Snowy Egret
  • Green Heron
  • Kingfisher
  • Raccoons
  • Mink

35
Location, Location, Location
  • Best Laid Plans

36
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37
  • Put bluebird houses here

38
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40
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