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Social Impact of Technologies in Education

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Moore: # transistors/chip doubles every two years ... Tools for lifelong learning. In ... Ray Bradbury. We can't think far enough ahead anymore. Ron Shusett ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Social Impact of Technologies in Education


1
Social Impact of Technologies in Education
  • Chip Bruce
  • University of Illinois

2
Laws
  • Moore transistors/chip doubles every two years
  • Metcalfe network value increases as the (
    users) 2

3
Pivot Points
  • Digital libraries
  • Multimedia
  • Collaboration systems
  • Ubiquitous computing
  • Tools for lifelong learning

4
In the Future Already
  • X-Files on-line forum to discuss shows
    direction
  • Science fiction itself has remained the same. We
    have caught up to it...We are a science-fiction
    generation.

  • Ray Bradbury
  • We cant think far enough ahead anymore.

  • Ron Shusett

5
Opportunity Digital Libraries
  • Learning challenges integrating knowledge from
    multiple sources finding information
  • Social challenges reliability of information
    hate sites, etc. access
  • Addl learning challenges integrating
    knowledge learning how to find problems

6
Electronic Communication
  • 5,000 electronic journals
  • 100,000,000 web users
  • Net traffic measured in terabytes
  • gt 100,000 War Peace/day
  • E-mail communities
  • MOOs, MUDs

7
Kenya
  • my grandmother in Kenya
  • ATT leaves out continent
  • windup radio

8
Opportunity Multimedia
  • Learning challenges new representations of
    knowledge visualization new skills (Sheldrake)
    inquiry-based learning
  • Social challenges loss of common knowledge
    corporatization reification of dominance
  • Addl learning challenges meta-knowledge
    reflective understanding

9
Reification of Dominance well-trodden
battle-lines of social conflict
  • access to tools information
  • construction of disability
  • ascii
  • netiquette
  • desktop metaphors
  • web architecture
  • domain name system

10
Opportunity Collaboration
  • Learning challenges new ways to work together to
    solve problems understanding the perspective of
    others using new tools
  • Social challenges plagiarism ownership
    inclusion/exclusion
  • Addl learning challengessocial understanding

11
Opportunity Ubiquitous Computing
  • Learning challenges understanding hybrids new
    ways to explore the world
  • Social challenges surveillance control
    deskilling society
  • Addl learning challenges reading
    technology/reading the world

12
Surveillance
  • The road to freedom via a two-way Information
    Highway may turn into a one-way Surveillance
    Street, used to condition peoples thoughts and
    control their behavior.

  • Crawford,1994
  • Video surveillance is now so ubiquitous that
    were on television more than we watch it.
  • CSCW research (program committee)

13
Opportunity Lifelong Learning
  • Learning challenges new frames for learning,
    neither time- nor space-bound learning how to
    learn
  • Social challenges new roles for teachers, forms
    of accreditation, learning institutions, etc.
  • Addl learning challenges self-direction

14
Pivot Points
  • Digital libraries
  • Multimedia
  • Collaboration systems
  • Ubiquitous computing
  • Tools for lifelong learning

15
Classroom Realities
  • Power strips stolen!
  • 50 typewriters broken
  • An Apple II on the info. superhighway
  • Havent used it yet this year

16
Alternate Realizations
17
Separate Spheres?
  • We are taught to view the political and the
    technological as separate spheres, the former
    having to do with values, ideology, power, and
    the like, the latter having to do with physical
    artifacts exempt from such vagaries of social
    life.
  • L. Suchman
    (1988)

18
Technology as Social Practice
  • Construct technologies out of social values
    practices (Akrich Bromley Selfe Spender)
  • Conceive technologies in terms of our
    socially-constructed views of reality (Turkle)
  • Construct ourselves through technologies
    (Haraway Kramarae)

19
Closing
  • Dramatic changes in educational practices
  • More democracy, liberatory education?
  • Technologies alone do not produce change
  • Need to understand shape these changes
  • Call for dialogue

20
Return to Basic Questions
  • What is literacy? How does it develop?
  • What is its relation to schooling and life?
  • What is learning?
  • What is teaching?
  • What does it mean to be human?

21
Possible Consequences
  • Information as a commodity
  • Reification of dominance
  • Hybridization
  • Virtual reality

22
Smart Highways
  • Video scanners for electronic tags, radio
    transponders
  • Help with congestion, parking
  • But, monitor movements
  • Insurance, legal issues

23
The Computer Hybrid
  • Like Music Minus One
  • Listens, follows, adapts, ...
  • New conceptions of practice, performance, music
  • Can it be too adaptive?

24
Opportunity to Learn?
  • Prior experiences--computer at home museum
    trips parental support
  • Existing practices--pullout programs classroom
    experts social networks
  • Multiple ways to learn learning
    difficulties--emotional, physical, cognitive
  • Second-order--the treatment of difference

25
Social/Technology Relations
  • (1) Tech. Social gt Social
  • (2) Tech. Social gt Social
  • (3) Tech. Social gt Social gt Social.
    gt Social gt Social gt

26
Assumptions about Net Use
  • Reliable network
  • Software updates
  • Adequate training
  • Personal accounts
  • Work on the net
  • Compatible schedules (cf. the wizard)
  • Equitable access (cf. Foucault)

27
Knowledge gt Info.
  • Our inventions are wont to be pretty toys, which
    distract our attention from serious things. We
    are in great haste to construct a magnetic
    telegraph from Maine to Texas but Maine and
    Texas, it may be, have nothing important to
    communicate.
  • Thoreau,
    Walden
  • Deep Blue not programmed to accept draw

28
Definition of Self
  • Barbie Her Magical House
  • Visual discrimination home decorating
  • Cause/effect select music
  • Decision-making choosing make-up
  • Materials-centered

29
The Autonomy Myth
  • We need to prepare for a strange future.
  • We can select specific aspects of new Ts.
  • Were unaffected by T if we choose.
  • We can stand apart from Ts.

30
Mutual Constitution
  • Cant pull the plug Ts are integral to our
    social fabric.
  • We
  • build Ts on social values practices
  • conceive Ts in terms of our socially-constructed
    views of reality
  • construct ourselves through Ts

31
Hopes Realities
  • Conflict between hopes and realities
  • Computer not just a physical device
  • Sherry Turkle The Second Self
  • Computer as text user as reader
  • Read as library museum telephone teacher
    tool partner in inquiry

32
Theoretical Tools
  • Re-creation
  • Idealization/Realization
  • Situated evaluation
  • Hermeneutic circle
  • Technology as social practice

33
Nested Contexts of Technologies
  • Devices Hardware Software
  • Documentation
  • Activities
  • Training
  • Support system
  • Perceptions
  • Surrounding practices

34
China
  • Diaoyu BB
  • Terminals under glass
  • Great Digital Wall

35
Changes
  • Electronic communication journals, users,
    terabytes
  • Information-driven science, work, education
  • Smart devices embedded systems
  • Cyborgs Vivace, medical
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