MARTIN LUTHER KINGS ‘LIFE’ - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Martin Luther King Jr. Who was Martin Luther King? Born in Atlanta on Jan. 15, 1929 Went to Morehouse College in Atlanta in 1944. Attended Crozer Theological Seminary ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Martin Luther King Jr.
  • I accept the Nobel Prize for Peace at a moment
    when 22 million Negroes of the United States of
    America are engaged in a creative battle to end
    the long night of racial injustice. I accept this
    award on behalf of a civil rights movement which
    is moving with determination and a majestic scorn
    for risk and danger to establish a reign of
    freedom and a rule of justice. I am mindful that
    only yesterday in Birmingham, Alabama, our
    children, crying out for brotherhood, were
    answered with fire hoses, snarling dogs and even
    death. I am mindful that only yesterday in
    Philadelphia, Mississippi, young people seeking
    to secure the right to vote were brutalized and
    murdered. And only yesterday more than 40 houses
    of worship in the state of Mississippi alone were
    bombed or burned because they offered a sanctuary
    to those who would not accept segregation. I am
    mindful that deliberating and grinding poverty
    afflicts my people and chains them to the lowest
    rung of the economic ladder.

Martin Luther Kings acceptance speech for the
Nobel Prize for Peace on December 10, 1964
Who was Martin Luther King?
  • Born in Atlanta on Jan. 15, 1929
  • Went to Morehouse College in Atlanta in 1944.
  • Attended Crozer Theological Seminary in Chester,
  • Became pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church
    in Montgomery, Ala.
  • Mobilized the black community during a 382-day
    boycott of the city's bus lines.

Martin Luther King was
  • Laid the groundwork for the organization now
    known as the Southern Christian Leadership
  • Became co-pastor of Ebenezer Baptist Church.
  • Supported to the Memphis sanitation men's strike
  • Threatened national boycotts
  • Death came for King on April 4, 1968

Civil Rights Movement
Martin Luther King, Charles K. Steele, and Fred
L. Shuttlesworth establish the Southern Christian
Leadership Conference, of which King is made the
first president. The SCLC becomes a major force
in organizing the civil rights movement and bases
its principles on nonviolence and civil
disobedience. According to King, it is essential
that the civil rights movement not sink to the
level of the racists and hatemongers who oppose
them "We must forever conduct our struggle on
the high plane of dignity and discipline," he
Birmingham Bus Boycott
On December 5, 1955, five days after Montgomery
civil rights activist Rosa Parks refused to obey
the city's rules mandating segregation on buses,
black residents launched a bus boycott and
elected King as president of the newly-formed
Montgomery Improvement Association. As the
boycott continued during 1956, King gained
national prominence as a result of his
exceptional oratorical skills and personal
His house was bombed and he was convicted along
with other boycott leaders on charges of
conspiring to interfere with the bus company's
operations. Despite these attempts to suppress
the movement, Montgomery bus were desegregated in
December, 1956, after the United States Supreme
Court declared Alabama's segregation laws
Letter from a Birmingham Jail
Martin Luther King is arrested and jailed during
anti-segregation protests in Birmingham, Ala. he
writes his seminal Letter from a Birmingham
Jail," arguing that individuals have the moral
duty to disobey unjust laws
We know through painful experience that freedom
is never voluntarily given by the oppressor it
must be demanded by the oppressed. Frankly I have
never yet engaged in a direct action movement
that was "well timed," according to the timetable
of those who have not suffered unduly from the
disease of segregation. For years now I have
heard the word "Wait!" It rings in the ear of
every Negro with a piercing familiarity. This
"wait" has almost always meant "never." We must
come to see with the distinguished jurist of
yesterday that "justice too long delayed is
justice denied."
  • After Birmingham, President Kennedy proposed a
    new civil rights bill. To show that the bill had
    widespread support, civil rights groups united to
    organize a March on Washington. Organizers hoped
    to draw a crowd of 100,000, but instead over
    250,000 people from around the nation, arriving
    in more than thirty special trains and 2,000
    chartered buses, descended on Washington, DC on
    August 28, 1963. There, they heard speeches and
    songs from numerous activists, artists, and civil
    rights leaders. Martin Luther King, Jr.,
    delivered the closing address, his famous "I Have
    a Dream" speech.
  • The day was an overwhelming success. There was no
    violence and the event received extensive media
    coverage. Although it did not have an immediate
    impact on Congress -- Kennedy's civil rights bill
    was not passed for nearly a year -- it affected
    in some way just about everyone who participated
    or watched.

The March on Washington
The Promise Land
The Promise Land
"We've got some difficult days ahead. But it
really doesn't matter with me now. Because I've
been to the mountaintop. I won't mind. Like
anybody, I would like to live a long life.
Longevity has its place. But I'm not concerned
about that now. I just want to do God's will. And
he's allowed me to go up to the mountain. And
I've looked over, and I've seen the Promised
Land. I may not get there with you, but I want
you to know tonight that we as a people will get
to the Promised Land. So I'm happy tonight. I'm
not fearing any man. Mine eyes have seen the
glory of the coming of the Lord. "
Death of a Civil Rights Activist
On the evening of April 4, 1968, while standing
on the balcony of his motel room in Memphis,
Tennessee, Martin Luther King was assassinated.
The Declaration of Independence, issued on July
4, 1776, stated "We hold these truths to be
self-evident That all men are created equal..."
Yet the new nation declaring its independence
permitted the continuation of the practice of
slavery for people of African heritage - a
practice that continued until the Civil War in
the 1860s. At the conclusion of the Civil War,
much remained to be done to ensure the rights and
privileges of citizenship to all Americans. As
America became a more diverse nation, welcoming
immigrants from around the globe, problems of
racial discrimination endured for many minority
group members. Women and persons with
disabilities also fought for and obtained laws
that provided for fairness and equality.
Martin Luther King's words still hold a stunning
power and grace more than 30 years after his
death in Memphis on April 4, 1968.
Racial Justice
RacismDislike, Sad, War, Unfair
The Elimination of Racism