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Challenges and responses in the implementation of k to 12


CHALLENGES AND RESPONSES IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF K TO 12 Fr. Joel E. Tabora, SJ WHAT TO GAIN FROM CAREER ACADEMIES? Career Academy approach is essentially flexible ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Challenges and responses in the implementation of k to 12

Challenges and responses in the implementation of
k to 12
Fr. Joel E. Tabora, SJ
Shortcuts in terminology
  • K to12
  • Present 10
  • Add Kindergarten (K)
  • Add years 11, 12 Career Academy (2)
  • Pre-College
  • Senior High School
  • Junior High School
  • K642 K to 12
  • BEC Basic Education Curriculum
  • GEC General Education Curriculum

Reasons for Education Reform
  • PH having the shortest education cycle in the
    world (14 years 644)
  • Washington Accord for Engineering at least 16
  • Bologna Process for accountants, pharmacists,
    Physical Therapists 15 years
  • APEC Trade Agreement deadline in 2020
  • UNESCO Education For All Plan of Action

Philippine basic education curriculum (BEC)
  • National Elementary School Curriculum
  • 1984 to 2002
  • New Secondary Education Curriculum
  • 1991-2002
  • Revised Basic Education Curriculum 2002
  • Secondary Education Curriculum -Understanding by
    Design Model 2010

Issues with present BEC
  • Insufficient mastery of basic competencies is
    common due to a congested curriculum. The 12 year
    curriculum is being delivered in 10 years.
  • High school graduates are younger than 18 years
    old and lack basic competencies and maturity.
    They cannot legally enter into contracts and are
    not emotionally mature for entrepreneurship /
  • Other countries view the 10-year education cycle
    as insufficient.

General education curriculum (GEC)
  • GEC-A (63 units for humanities, social sciences
    and communications students)
  • GEC-B (51 units for non-HUSOCOM students)

Issues with present GEC
  • Heavier semestral load of students
  • No room for formation subjects
  • Increasing professional subjects
  • The variations in laboratory requirements pose
    practical problems for smaller colleges with just
    enough laboratories
  • Students not seeing the relevance of GEC subjects
  • Since only professional courses that need
    international accreditation are under the
    Washington and Bologna Accord, some courses
    should have lesser subjects.

The Challenge
  • Enhanced 10
  • Lessen drop outs
  • Decongest to improve learning
  • RBEC
  • Revised Basic Education Curriculum focused on
  • English
  • Pilipino
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Makabayan
  • But it did not decongest the curriculum

The Challenge
  • Challenge for curriculum designers based on real
  • Dont just push up
  • Reduce more time for independent work and study

K to 12 Model developed by deped
  • A Comparative Example Science Conceptual Matrix
  • Old RSEC
  • K to 12 Model

OLD RSEC for Science Grades 7-10
K to 12 Curriculum for Science Grades 7-12
Phases of Implementation
  • Universal kindergarten will be offered starting
    SY 2011-2012.
  • DepEd will begin unclogging the basic education
    curriculum in SY 2012-2013.
  • The enhanced 12-year curriculum will be
    implemented starting with incoming Grade 1
    students of SY 2012-2013.
  • Incoming freshmen of SY 2012-2013 will be the
    first beneficiary of a free Senior High School
    education that will be made available by DepEd in
    public schools beginning SY 2016-2017. Electives
    to be offered in Senior HS (arts, music,

Source Briefer prepared by the Department of
Education, November 2, 2010
Workplan of Deped Steering committee for
transition (September 5, 2011)
Transition scheme for k to 12
Problems with transition scheme
  • Too late to make transition compulsory.
  • Difficulty to find students who will volunteer to
    go through Grades 11 and 12. Since this will be
    in selected pilot schools, they can actually opt
    to go to College. Why then would they enter a
    shady Grade 11?
  • Official curriculum is not yet finalized. It is
    expected on November, but this may be too late to
    train teachers.

Problems with transition scheme
  • Logistical problems for administrators.
  • Textbooks and other materials are not yet
    developed and printed for Grades 11 and 12.
  • Increased drop-outs due to perceived irrelevance
    of going to Grades 11 and 12.

Our proposal
  • Implement K to 12 on our own. Essentially, K to
    12 is an addition of 2 years in Basic Education.
  • We plan for the content of K to 12 on our own.
  • We accept that performance standards are based on
  • Content of RBEC in 10 years
  • Set of College competencies now being articulated
    by CHED.
  • Competencies required for specific work.

Our proposal
  • Basically, Br. Armin Luistro, FSC has encouraged
    CEAP and COCOPEA schools to pilot K to 12 even
    without legislation, based on global demand.

Our proposal
Career Academy
  • Not just more high school
  • Not just pre-college
  • Sui generis the last step in basic education
  • Pupils in 17th and 18th years of life
  • Atmosphere of challenge and respect

Career Academy
  • Choose careers with educational implication
  • Some need two years (Pre-work stream)
  • Some need two years plus college (Pre-college
  • Minus 2 or Plus 2

Career Academy
  • It provides the professional and human education
    necessary for the practice of chosen careers
    either immediately after graduation or after
    further tertiary education, depending on the
    career chosen
  • Completion is attested to by a certificate or
    diploma issued by or with permission of the DepEd

Career Academy
  • Career Tracks
  • Achievement tests advisory
  • Tracks chosen by the pupils and their parents
  • Preparation for life
  • Work
  • Marriage life
  • Atmosphere Young adults

Schools with grades 11 and 12 curriculum
  • Ateneo de Naga University
  • Career Academy for Entrepreneurship Program
  • San Carlos University

An Example Career Academy for travel and tourism
  • PROGRAM DESCRIPTION The Certificate of
    Achievement in Travel and Tourism is a two-year
    Career Academy program. This program will allow
    students to exit with knowledge and job skills
    necessary to qualify for immediate employment in
    a travel agency, tour company, or airline
    customer service position, or to continue on to
    fulfil their bachelor's degree requirements.

An Example Career Academy for travel and tourism
  • Jesuit Core Courses 12 units
  • General Education 24 units
  • Career Specialization Courses 24 units
  • Career Skills Development Courses 10 units
  • 70 total credit units

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An Example Career Academy for travel and tourism
  • Pre-College (36)
  • General Education leading to College (24)
  • Some Electives, career required
  • Advanced Math
  • Advanced Science
  • Advanced English Literature
  • Mission-determined courses (12)
  • Marriage and Family Life

Curriculum Outline for Career Academy for Travel
and Tourism
What to gain from the k to 12?
  • Facilitate an accelerated economic growth.
  • Facilitate mutual recognition of Filipino
    graduates and professionals in other countries.
  • A better educated society provides a sound
    foundation for long-term socio-economic
  • Several studies have shown that the improvements
    in the quality of education will increase GDP
    growth by as much as 2. Studies in the UK, India
    and US show that additional years of schooling
    also have positive overall impact on society.

What to gain from career academies?
  • Courses in academic subjects include material
    specifically related to the academys career
    theme, which makes them more interesting.
  • Students interest is further aroused by
    immediate connections between the program and the
    real world.
  • Adults working in the field serve as mentors for
    students, introducing them to settings in which
    they might work and helping them plan their

What to gain from career academies?
  • Career Academy approach is essentially flexible
    and adaptable to local needs, capacities and
    circumstances, rather than rigid and
    prescriptive, demonstrating that the approach can
    work in a wide variety of school and community
  • Career Academies would increase the likelihood of
    students graduating on time. CA will also
    increase vocational course-taking for these
    students without reducing their likelihood of
    completing a basic core academic curriculum.

Challenge to implement k to 12 in CEAP schools
  • With existing colleges or high schools
  • Stand alone
  • Minus 2 would be attractive to many
  • Work would allow them
  • To help their families
  • To earn their way through college

Challenge to implement k to 12 in CEAP schools
  • Plus 2 ensures better college experience
  • Better Tertiary-Level General Education
  • Better Professional Training
  • Will foster learning beyond the four walls of the
    classroom. Not just theory but applied knowledge.
  • Develop K to 12 curriculum in Basic Education

DaghanG salamat!