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Strategic Planning for LED A Five Stage Process


Strategic Planning for LED A Five Stage Process Stage 1 Introduction to LED and Organizing for LED Stage 1 Organizing Step 5: Consider the Appropriate Type of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Strategic Planning for LED A Five Stage Process

Strategic Planning for LEDA Five Stage Process
  • Stage 1Introduction to LED and Organizing for

Local Economic and Social Development
  • What is LED?
  • The purpose of local economic development (LED)
    is to build up the economic capacity of a local
    community to improve its future and the quality
    of life for all.
  • It is a process by which public, business and
    nongovernmental sector partners work collectively
    to create better conditions for economic growth
    and employment generation.

Local Economic DevelopmentSome Misconceptions
  • It isn't rocket science
  • It isnt all about high-tech
  • It is relevant for small and medium, as well as
    large communities, rural and urban
  • It is inclusive, collaborative and competitive
  • It is practical, involves all who want to play
    and is rewarding

Key Drivers of Change
  • Globalization
  • Economic
  • Technology
  • Political
  • Governmental
  • Regulatory

Economic Drivers of Change Global
  • Cost of oil
  • The impact of global strategic alliances between
  • The oversupply of manufacturing production in key
    global sectors
  • Increasingly mobile capital
  • The changing employment dynamic to service
  • Environment

Technology Drivers of Change
  • Technology advances and increases in efficiency
  • Logistical advances and reduced cost of transport
  • No national boundaries to Internet e-commerce
  • Importance of information services and IT to all

Political, Governmental, Regulatory Drivers of
  • Falling trade barriers/opening the economy
  • Impact of global environmental and labour
  • Impact of regional trade groups and regional
  • Privatization of industry (Limited in Syria)
  • Decentralization of governmental services

Strategic Planning for LED OverviewA 5 Stages
  • Stage 1 Organizing
  • Stage 2 Local Economy Assessment
  • Stage 3 Strategy Making
  • Stage 4 Strategy Implementation
  • Stage 5 Strategy Review
  • We will cover stages 1 to 3 in two sessions

Stage 1Organizing
  • Step 1 Establish a Municipal staff team
  • Step 2 Establish political support within
  • Municipality
  • Step 3 Develop a stakeholder partnership group
  • Step 4 Develop systems to work with other tiers
    of government (local/regional/nationa
  • Step 5 Consider the appropriate type of
  • to develop and implement LED
    strategies and
  • projects

Stage 2Local Economy Assessment
  • Step 1 Undertake a review of business
    regulations and procedures in Municipality
  • Step 2 Identify the types of data to be
    collectedStep 3 Undertake an audit of available
  • Step 4 Undertake the local economy assessment
  • Step 5 Analyze the data and produce a local
    economy profile

Stage 3Strategy Making
  • Step 1 Create a Vision
  • Step 2 Establish Goals Identify priority areas
    of action to
    meet the vision

    Step 3
    Develop Objectives - Time bound and
    measurable to ensure that goals are met
  • Step 4 Develop Programs - Address the objective
    and consists of
    several individual projects
  • Step 5 Select Projects Specific initiatives
  • implemented collectively,
    fulfill the program

Stage 4Strategy Implementation
  • Step 1 Prepare an overall annual LED
    implementation plan
  • Step 2 Prepare individual project action plans
  • Step 3 Build institutional frameworks for LED
  • Step 4 Ensure relevant inputs are available
  • Step 5 Carry out projects tasks

Stage 5Strategy Review
  • Step 1 What? Why? When?
  • Step 2 Monitoring
  • Step 3 Evaluation
  • Step 4 Institutional Arrangements
  • Step 5 Strategy Review and the Planning

Strategic Planning for LED
  • Stage 1
  • Organizing

Stage 1Organizing
  • Step 1
  • Establish a Municipal Staff Team

Stage 1Organizing
  • Establish a Municipal Staff Team
  • Identify all relevant departments and establish a
    LED interdepartmental team
  • Undertake a diagnostic of staff skills and
    experiences and identify gaps
  • Determine appropriate budgets for staffing,
    training, office set-up and LED strategy
  • Establish staff management structures

Stage 1Organizing
  • Establish a Municipal Staff Team
  • Individuals with economic, financial, community
    and technical skills
  • Local municipal officials e.g., urban planners,
    lawyers, engineers, architects, financial,
    property and environmental experts etc.
  • Multi-disciplinary teams that can work across
    departmental lines

Stage 1Organizing
  • Establish a Municipal Staff Team
  • Leadership should be provided by the Mayor and/
    or chief local government officer
  • Municipal leadership should have the authority
    and respect to unite local government departments
    and all stakeholders to support the staff team
  • Will require effective strategic and political
    leadership that can bring legitimacy, credibility
    and commitment to the team

Stage 1Organizing
  • Determine where the LED team will be established
    in the
  • Municipal Government
  • In the Chief Executives or Mayors Office
  • Advantage of visibility and weight of the most
    senior staff to support it
  • Likely to have a higher profile, and exhibit more
    of a policy and facilitation focus
  • Maybe able to help guarantee coordination with
    other municipal departments

Stage 1Organizing
  • Determine where the LED team will be established
    in the
  • Municipal Government
  • In a functional Department
  • In a functional department such as Land and
    Property Registration or Urban Planning
  • LED could potentially be subverted to supporting
    the major discipline of the department

Stage 1Organizing
  • Step 2
  • Establish Political Support within Municipality

Stage 1Organizing the Effort
  • Step 2 Establish Political Support
  • Establish a LED group that consists of members of
    the council
  • Develop accountable political mechanisms and
    reporting systems within local government for
    council member decision making
  • Undertake an information needs assessment for
    elected members to understand LED

Stage 1Organizing
  • Step 3
  • Develop A Stakeholder Partnership Group

Stage 1Organizing
  • Why Stakeholder Involvement?
  • Stakeholders from out with the main public sector
    agencies can provide a fresh perspective on LED
    activity and approach
  • May link local communities into the
    decision-making process and widen local
    involvement, understanding and support for LED

Stage 1Organizing
  • Public Sector Stakeholders
  • Local governments
  • National and state governments
  • Provincial and regional governments
  • Health authorities and public transport
  • Colleges and universities
  • Education boards/ authorities
  • State owned enterprises

Stage 1Organizing
  • Private Sector Stakeholders
  • Chambers of Commerce
  • Private Businesses
  • Small Business/ Trade Associations
  • Utilities and Banks
  • Trade and Professional Associations
  • SME representatives
  • Private developers
  • New media

Stage 1Organizing
  • Community/ Voluntary Sector Stakeholders
  • Individuals
  • Religious and youth groups
  • Neighborhood groups
  • Environmental groups
  • Historic societies cultural and arts groups
  • Educational groups

Stage 1Organizing
  • Establishing a Stakeholder Steering/ Liaison
  • Set up a steering group
  • Establish terms of reference
  • Arrange regular meetings
  • Establish reporting structures
  • Formalize the system later
  • Determine what other stakeholder structures are
    needed and their purpose

Stage 1Organizing
  • Maintaining Stakeholder Participation
  • Include stakeholders on relevant committees and
    subcommittees, and include them in the strategy
    making process
  • Phone/ meet stakeholders on a regular basis both
    formally and informally
  • Survey stakeholders and act on results
  • Call focus group meetings and hold scheduled
    stakeholder meetings (at least 4 a year)

Stage 1Organizing
  • Step 4
  • Working with Other Tiers of Government

Stage 1Organizing
  • Working with Other Tiers of Government
  • Liaise formally/ informally with other tiers of
  • Identify areas of mutual LED interest with other
    local, regional and national levels of government
  • Inform other tiers of government of your LED
    activities and invite feedback and liaison
  • Include representatives of different tiers of
    government on relevant committees/ subcommittees
  • Ensure open and transparent processes to build
    trust amongst government partners

Stage 1Organizing
  • Step 5
  • Consider the Appropriate Type of Organization to
    Develop LED Strategies and projects

Stage 1Organizing
  • Types of LED Organization
  • Public-private-community arms length group
  • Public-public
  • Not-for-profit
  • Chamber of Commerce/business association
  • Private
  • Community-based LED organization
  • Local Economic Development Agency (LEDA)

Stage 1Organizing
  • Step 5 Consider the Appropriate Type of
    Organization to Develop LED Strategies and
    Projects an LED Agency
  • The Agency approach has the potential for
    improved coordination and synergy with different
    governmental and non-governmental entities
  • A LEDA can provide a more sustainable
    organizational framework by avoiding
    interruptions caused by political processes