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GENRE THE ENGLISH TEXT TYPE

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GENRE THE ENGLISH TEXT TYPE Disampaikan pada BINTEK BAHASA INGGRIS Di UNNES SEMARANG Oleh Nikmah Nurbaity SPd baity1968_at_yahoo.com http://baity15.blogspot.com – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: GENRE THE ENGLISH TEXT TYPE


1
GENRETHE ENGLISH TEXT TYPE
  • Disampaikan pada
  • BINTEK BAHASA INGGRIS
  • Di UNNES SEMARANG
  • Oleh
  • Nikmah Nurbaity SPd
  • baity1968_at_yahoo.com
  • http//baity15.blogspot.com

2
Pembelajaran Bahasa
Inggrissiswa mampu berkomunikasi lisan dan
tulis dalam bahasa Inggrisyang direalisasikan
dalam 4 skill berbahasalistening, speaking,
reading dan writing
  • PETA MATERI
  • Percakapan transaksional/ interpersonal
  • Teks fungsional pendek
  • Monolog / esei
  • linguistic features
  • vocabulary

3
KELAS X SEMESTER I Percakapan
TeksFungsional P Monolog
  • Berkenalan iklan
  • berpisah pengumuman RECOUNT
  • berpisah undangan NARRATIVE
  • Ajakan PROCEDURE
  • Tawaran
  • Undangan
  • Janji
  • rasabahagia
  • Perhatian
  • simpati
  • instruksi

4
KELAS X SEMESTER IIPercakapan Teks
Fungsional P Monolog
  • Berterimakasih Pengumuman NARRATIVE
  • Memuji Iklan
    DESCRIPTIVE
  • Mengucapkan Undangan dll NEWS ITEM
  • selamat
  • Terkejut
  • Tak percaya
  • Menerima
  • Undangan
  • Tawaran ajakan

5
KELAS XI SEMESTER IPercakapan Teks Fungsional
Monolog
  • Pendapat Banner REPORT
  • Puas Poster NARRATIVE
  • Tidak puas pamphlet dll ANALYTICAL
  • Menasihati Eksposition
  • Memperingatkan
  • Meluluskan
  • Permintaan
  • Menyatakan
  • Relief
  • Pain
  • pleasure

6
KELAS XI SEMESTER IIPercakapan Teks
Fungsional P Monolog
  • Menyatakan Banner NARRATIVE
  • Sikap poster SPOOF
  • Cinta pamphlet dll HORTATORY
  • Sedih Eksposition
  • Malu
  • Marah
  • jengkel

7
KELAS XII SEMESTER IPercakapan Teks
fungsional Monolog
  • Mengusulkan banner NARRATIVE
  • Memohon poster EXPLANATION
  • Mengeluh pamphlet dll DISCUSSION
  • Kemungkinan
  • Memerintah
  • Mengakui kesalahan
  • Berjanji
  • Menyalahkan
  • Menuduh
  • keingintahuan
  • Hasrat
  • Menyatakan
  • Berbagai sikap

8
KELAS XII SEMESTER IIPercakapan Teks
Fungsional Monolog
  • Membujuk banner NARRATIVE
  • Mendorong semangat pamphlet REVIEW
  • Mengkritik poster dll
  • Harapan
  • Mencegah
  • Menyesali
  • Menyatakan
  • Rencana
  • Tujuan
  • Maksud
  • Memprediksi
  • Berspekulasi
  • menilai

9
genre
  • Memiliki
  • Particular purposes
  • ( communicative purposes )
  • Particular stages, distinctive beginning,
    middles, and ends ( generic srtucture )
  • Particular linguistic features

10
1. RECOUNT
  • Social function
  • To retell events for the purposes of informing or
    entertaining
  • Generic structure
  • Orientation provides the setting and
    introduces participants
  • ( giving information about what, who, where
    and when)
  • event to tell what happened in what sequence
  • RE Orientation optional , closure of events

11
Language features of RECOUNT
  • Focus on spesific participant
  • ( nouns and pronouns we, David, the animal
    dll )
  • Material process
  • ( Action verbs go, sleep, run etc )
  • Past tense
  • Temporal sequence ( after, before , then )
  • Conjuction ( but , and, )
  • Circumstances of time and place
  • ( adverb / adverb phrases showing time and
    place )
  • Adjectives to modify nouns

12
2. NARRATIVE
  • SOCIAL FUNGTION
  • To amuse, entertain, and to deal with actual or
    vicarious experience in different ways
  • ( It deals with problematic events which lead to
    a crisis or turning point of some kind which in
    turn finds a resolution)
  • Generic sructure
  • Orientation sets the scene, introduces
    participant
  • Evaluation a stepping back to evaluate
    the plight
  • Complication a crisis arises
  • Resolution the crisis is resolved , for
    better or worse
  • Re orientation optional

13
Language features of narrrative
  • Specific and individualized participant
  • ( nouns or pronouns)
  • Material process
  • Behavioral process ( breathe, snore, dream)
  • Verbal process ( said, told, asked )
  • Mental process ( think, understand, like.)
  • Relational process
  • ( time connectives and temporal conjungtion )
  • Temporal circumstance
  • Past tense

14
3. Procedure
  • Social function
  • To describe how something is accomplished through
    a sequence of actions or steps
  • Generic structure
  • Goal
  • Material (not required for all procedure teks)
  • Steps 1 n ( goal followed by a series of steps
    oriented to achieving the goal )

15
Language features of procedure
  • Generalized human agents
  • Simple present often imperative
  • material process ( Action verbs )
  • Temporal conjunction or numbering to indicate
    sequence
  • Adverbs to show the detail of time and place e. g
    for five minutes, two centimetes from the top

16
4. Description
  • Social function
  • To describe a particular person, place or thing
  • Generic structure
  • Identification , identify phenomenon to be
    described
  • Description describe or giving information
    about specific participant eg comes from, the
    colour, the size, the favourite things etc

17
Language features of description
  • Specific participant ( nouns )
  • Simple present
  • Attributive and identifying Process
  • ( relating verbs which informs about the subject)
  • Various adjectives like describing, numbering,
    classifying , two white fangs, two strong legs
    etc
  • Detailed noun phrase to inform about the subject

18
5. News items
  • Social function
  • To inform readers , listeners or viewers about
    events of the day which are consedered newsworthy
    or important
  • Generic stucture
  • Newsworthy event(s) recount the events in
    summary form
  • Background events elaborate what happenend to
    whom, in what circumstancec
  • Sources comment by participants in, witnesses
    to and aythorities expert on the events

19
Language features of news item
  • Short telegraphic information about story
    captured in headline
  • Focus on person,animal, certain thing
  • Focus on circumstance
  • Material process ( action verbs )
  • Verbal process in sources stages
  • Past tense
  • Arranged in sequence of events

20
6 .REPORT
  • Social function
  • to describe the way things are with reference to
    arange of natural , man made and social phenomena
    in our environment
  • it is the result of systematic observation or
    analysis
  • it is general conclusion, general statement
    about
  • Generic structure
  • Generic classification tell what phenomena under
    discussion is
  • Description tells the phenomena is like in the
    terms of parts and their function
  • Qualities
  • Habits or behaviours

21
Language features of report
  • General nouns reptiles in Comodo island
  • Relating verbs / relational process
  • ( is , are, )
  • Action verbs ( birds fly, they eat)
  • Present tense
  • Technical terms ( water contain hydrogen and
    oxygen ..)
  • Paragraph with topic sentence to arrange some
    information

22
7. ANALYTICAL EXPOSITION
  • Social function
  • To persuade the reader or listener that something
    is the case that there is a case to concern, to
    pay attention to )
  • Generic stucture
  • Thesis
  • Position introduces topic and indicates writers
    position
  • Preview outlines the main arguments to be
    presented
  • Arguments
  • Points restates main arguments outlined in
    preview
  • Elaboration develops and supports each point /
    argument

23
Language features of analytical exposition
  • General nouns cars , pollution, handphone
  • Abstract nouns pilocy, government
  • Technical terms species of animal
  • Relating verbs
  • Action verbs
  • Thingking verbs
  • Modal verbs
  • Connectivers
  • Evaluative words important, valuable

24
8 HORTATORY EXPOSITION
  • Social function
  • To persuade the reader that something should or
    should not be the case
  • It exhort someone to take or to desist in some
    action
  • Generic structure
  • Thesis announcement of issue of concern
  • Arguments reasons for concern, leading to
    recommendation
  • Recommendation statement of what ought not to
    happen

25
Language features of hortatory exposition
  • Generic human and non human participant
  • Mental process to state what the writers thinks
    or feels about the issue
  • Material process to state what happens
  • Relational process to state what it should be
  • Simple present
  • Abstract nouns
  • Technical verbs
  • Passive form
  • Modal verbs
  • Evaluative words

26
9. SPOOF
  • Social function
  • To retell an event with humorous twist
  • Generic structure
  • Orientation sets the scene
  • Events tell what happened
  • Twist provides the punchline

27
Language features of spoof
  • Focus on person, animal, certain thing
  • Action verb
  • Past tense
  • Circumstance of time and place
  • Material process

28
10.Explanation
  • Social function
  • To give an account of how something works or
    reasons for some phenomenon ( why is it so? How
    does it work?)
  • Two basic types
  • Explaining how mechanical explanation ( how
    does a pump work?)
  • Technological explanation ( how does a computer
    work? )
  • System explanation ( How does a company work? )
  • Natural explanation ( how are mountains formed? )
  • Explaining why
  • Why does things float and other sink?
  • Why does iron go rusty?
  • Generic structure
  • General statement
  • A sequenced explanation of why or how something
    occurs

29
Language features of explanation
  • General and abstract noun
  • Action verbs
  • Simple present tense
  • Passive form
  • conjunction of time
  • cause and effect relationships
  • Noun phrase
  • Abstract nouns
  • Adverbial phrases
  • Complex sentences
  • Technical terms

30
11. Discussion
  • Social function
  • To present ( at least ) two points of view about
    an issue
  • To look at an issue from a range of perspectives
    before making judgement or recommendation
  • Generic structure
  • Issue statement and preview
  • Argument for and against or statements of
    differnet point of view point and elaboration
  • Conclusion or recommendations

31
Language features of discussion
  • Generic human and non human participants
  • Material processes
  • Relational processes
  • Mental processes feel , believe, think
  • Comparative contrastive
  • Consequential conjunction
  • Reasoning expresses as verbs and nouns

32
12. Review
  • Social function
  • To critique an art work or event for a public
    audience
  • ( works of art include movies, TV shows, books,
    plays, operas, recordings, exhibition, concert
    and ballets )
  • Generic structure
  • Orientation places the work in its general and
    particular context. Often by comparing it with
    its kind or through analogue with a non art
    object or events
  • Interpretative Recount summaries the plot and /
    or provides an account of how the work came into
    being
  • Evaluation usually recursive
  • ( evaluation 1,2,3, )
  • Evaluative summation

33
Language features of review
  • Focus on particular participant
  • Attitudinal lexis to show Direct expression of
    opinion, including attitudinal epithets in
    nominal groups
  • Qualitative attributive and affective mental
    processes
  • Elaborating and extending clauses
  • Metaphorical language

34
The next???
  • Important terms to master
  • material process?
  • epithet?
  • circumstance???
  • etc
  • lets discuss
    together
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