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Title:

Pest Control

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Pest Control What do pests do? Pests can: Contaminate food (droppings bacteria)* Spoil food by eating part of it Carry disease Main types of pests Insects Flying ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Pest Control


1
Pest Control
2
What do pests do?
  • Pests can
  • Contaminate food (droppings ? bacteria)
  • Spoil food by eating part of it
  • Carry disease

3
Main types of pests
  • Insects
  • Flying (adult moths / flies larvae)
  • Crawling (beetles / weevils / cockroaches)
  • Rodents
  • Mice (field / house)
  • Rats (roof / Norway)
  • Birds
  • Pigeons / crows / starlings / gulls
  • Other mammals
  • Skunks / raccoons / cats dogs

4
Control methods
  • Need to determine
  • What mix of pests are present?
  • What attracts the pest?
  • What are the particular habits of the pest?
  • What are the most effective control measures to
    control or eliminate the pest?

5
Effective pest control
  • An effective pest control program includes
  • Exclusion of pests
  • Removing food sources by good practices
  • Controlling pests with appropriate methods
  • Specific procedures / records

6
Pest exclusion
  • Keep doors closed / tight fitting
  • Minimize gaps
  • Use door seals / self closers
  • Keep windows screened / closed
  • Screen air inlets / exhaust openings
  • Use air curtains / strip curtains
  • Netting / eliminate perches for birds
  • Eliminate cracks / holes in walls
  • Small cracks harbor insects
  • New construction often creates spaces

7
Good Housekeeping
  • Garbage spoiled product clean up
  • Raw product bring in hitch-hikers
  • Garbage containers clean and closed
  • Building perimeter remove vegetation / clean /
    slope away from building
  • Process eqpt clean daily after use / clean under
    / take apart / vacuum electrical

8
Pest infestation checks
  • Watch for droppings / tracks
  • Indicate type of pest present
  • May lead to entry points / nests
  • Watch for product or container damage
  • Indicate type of pests present
  • Note presence of dead pests
  • Baits are effective

9
Capture or destruction
  • Traps work by
  • Attracting the pest
  • Attractants vary with pest (smell / curiousity)
  • Confine the pest
  • Trip mechanisms / sticky pads
  • Kill the pest
  • Baits (outside plant)
  • Mechanical levers / electric current

10
Rodent control
  • Use of bait stations / traps most common
  • Place traps inside production areas
  • Sticky pads for small rodents
  • Check empty weekly (min.)
  • Bait stations in non-food areas
  • Use approved baits only
  • Place in secured station (seal / lock / strap)

11
Bird control
  • Eliminate roosts or nesting sites
  • Minimize food sources outside of bldngs
  • Landscape plants can be attractive
  • Garbage
  • Use netting or screens under eaves or structures
    open to outside

12
Insect control
  • Physical
  • UV light attracts insects
  • Mount at right height / location
  • Charged electric grids kill insects
  • Sticky pads hold insects after impact
  • Chemical
  • Handle pesticides with care
  • Use only approved chemicals
  • Dont contaminate food
  • Use correct methods to target pests

13
Working with Contractors
  • Pest control personnel must be knowledgeable /
    trained / licensed
  • Draw up a plan for trap / bait placement
  • Specify reporting to be done
  • Hold contractor accountable by verification

14
Employees and Pest Control
  • Dont leave garbage lying around
  • Replace traps that are out of place
  • Place your lunches in designated areas only
  • Let your supervisor know if you see evidence of
    pests
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