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2000 years of Native American Literature from pictograph to graphic novel By Heid Erdrich

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2000 years of Native American Literature from pictograph to graphic novel By Heid Erdrich Storied People Ojibwe pictographic writing system Dakota Winter counts ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: 2000 years of Native American Literature from pictograph to graphic novel By Heid Erdrich


1
2000 years of Native American Literature from
pictograph to graphic novelBy Heid Erdrich
2
Storied People
  • Ojibwe pictographic writing system
  • Dakota Winter counts
  • Scared Stories Tales of the People

3
First American Indian (Ojibwe) Woman Author
  • Bame-wa-wa-ge-zhik-a-quay, English name Jane
    Johnston Schoolcraft
  • Born 1800, died 1841
  • Granddaughter of Chief Waubojeeg
  • Mother Susan Johnston was a renowned storyteller
  • Married Henry Rowe Schoolcraft

4
Jane Johnston Schoolcraft
  • The Forsaken Brother

5
Longfellows Hiawatha
  • William Tompkins Longfellow was deeply
    interested in pictography, and
  • gave the best and briefest description of nine
    symbols that has ever been
  • compiled. It is given in the following verse from
    Hiawatha
  • For the earth he drew a straight line, ?
  • For the sky a bow above it ?
  • White the space between for day-time, ?
  • Filled with little stars for night-time ?
  • On the left a point for sunrise, ?
  • On the right a point for sunset, ?
  • On the top a point for noontide, ?
  • And for rain and cloudy weather ?
  • Waving lines descending from it.
  • http//www.inquiry.net/outdoor/native/sign/pictogr
    aphs.htm

6
Months/Moons
7
PICTURE WRITING Additional readings
  • Erdrich, Louise. Books and Islands in Ojibwe
    Country. National Geographic.
  • Gawboy, Carl, Ron Morton. Talking Rocks.
    Duluth, Minnesota Pfeifer-Hamilton Publishers,
    2000.
  • Mallery, Garrick Picture-Writing of the American
    Indians. 2 vols. New York Dover Publications.
    1972 1893.
  • Seldwyn Dewdney and K. E. Kidd, Indian Rock
    Paintings of the Great Lakes. University of
    Ontario Press. 1962

8
Ledger Art
  • In the tradition of the Winter Count
  • Graphic Depiction by Dakota/Lakota and other
    American Indians

9
Early Narratives
  • Oral Tradition Storytelling In English
  • TYPES OF STORIES TOLD
  • Traditional Tales (of the natural world)
  • Sacred Stories (of spiritual beings)
  • Histories (personal of the people)

10
Ways of Telling
  • As Told To a non-Native author, often via a
    translator.
  • Written with an editor/co-author
  • Written by a Native author
  • --The rise of Native American Literature

11
Narratives from Pre-Reading
  • CHARLES EASTMAN
  • LUTHER STANDING BEAR

12
How to make early narrative accessible?
  • Link to early record-keeping pictograph, Winter
    Count, ledger art
  • Read aloud
  • Compare brief passages of early authors and
    contemporary writers
  • Zitkalasa Ignatia Broker

13
Focus on Storytelling
  • What makes a good story?
  • How do stories told aloud differ from stories
    written on a page?
  • Encourage storytelling in progressive exercises
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