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Chinese Historical Survey

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Chinese Historical Survey: From the Yellow Emperor to Hu Jintao Mythological Culture Heroes Fuxi and Nugua: half animal, half human Shen Nong: The Divine Farmer The ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chinese Historical Survey


1
Chinese Historical Survey
  • From the Yellow Emperor to Hu Jintao

2
Mythological Culture Heroes
  • Fuxi and Nugua half animal, half human
  • Shen Nong The Divine Farmer
  • The Yellow Emperor
  • Xi Ling The discover of silk and inventor of
    weaving
  • Emperor Yao
  • Emperor Shun
  • Emperor Yu

3
Fuxi and Nuwa
4
Pangu
  • and from his bones the mountains were made, and
    from his blood the rivers and seas evolved, and
    from his hairs, the trees and plants were
    created..
  • And human beings?
  • they evolved from his body lice and fleas

5
Fuxi The Ox Tamer
6
Shennong The Divine Farmer
7
The Yellow Emperor the Father of the Chinese
People
8
Xi Ling discoverer of Silk and inventor of
Weaving
9
Unreeling the thread
10
Emperor Yao
11
Emperor Shun
12
Shun performing divinations in the Palace
13
Shun escapes the fire
14
YU Without whom we should all have been fishes
15
The Xia dynasty myth or reality?
  • The Chinese claim that Yus son is the first
    emperor of the first dynasty
  • No written records have been found
  • No archeological sites definitely attributed to
    this dynasty
  • But prehistoric cultures existed throughout China
  • Was one of them Xia?

16
Prehistoric cultures in the Yellow River Valley
17
Yangshao Culture
18
Banpo Village
19
Shang Dynasty Religious Conception of Ancestors
20
Oracle Bone
21
Shang Bronzes symbols of power
22
Taotie Designs
23
Last evil King of the Shang the Lake of Wine
and the forest of meat
24
Zhou (Chou) Dynasty King Wen (Cultured King)
25
King Wu (Martial King) and the Duke of Zhou
26
Map of Western Zhou 1100-771 BC
27
Map of Eastern Zhou 771-221 B.C.
28
The Mandate of Heaven
The Mandate of Heaven, How beautiful and
unceasing! Oh, how glorious Was the purity of
King Wen's virtue! With blessings he overwhelms
us. We will receive the blessings. They are a
great favor from our King Wen. May his
descendants hold fast to them
29
Division of Eastern Zhou
  • Spring and Autumn Period
  • Weak government
  • Relative peace
  • 200 feudal states
  • Warring States Period
  • Almost non-existent government
  • Anarchy and total warfare
  • 7 major states

30
Warring States Ideal Military Commander
31
Who was Confucius? (Kong Fuzi)
32
Confucius traveled from state to state seeking
employment
33
Confucius playing the Qin (Zither)
34
Filial Piety (Xiao) is the root of all ethics and
politics
35
Veneration of Ancestors
36
Ritual is Key to Confucian Government
37
Mencius (Mengzi) developed Confucian ideas
38
Zhou dynasty tomb
39
Warring States Artifacts
40
The Triumph of QinThe Fa Jia (Legalist School)
  • Lord Yang
  • Han Feizi
  • Li Su

41
Qin Shi Huang Di The Unifier of China
42
Map of the Qin Dynasty
43
Terracotta Warriors
44
Tomb of Qin Shi Huang
45
Qin the Unifier
  • Standardized writing
  • Standardized weights and measures
  • Standardized axle widths
  • Abolished feudalism and class separation by birth
  • Created private property of land and government
    taxation of land
  • Set up centralized governmental structures

46
Han Dynasty a class struggle between feudal and
centralized government
  • Xiang Yu
  • Liu Bang

47
Map of the Han Dynasty Chinas first Imperial
Dynasty
48
Map of the Silkroad the great trading highway
between East and West
49
Han 202BC to 220 AD
50
Han Centralized government, control of trade
51
Han dynasty tomb
52
Iron Dagger
53
Gold and Silver Acupuncture needles
54
Achievements of Han
  • Establishment of Exam system for selecting civil
    servants
  • Creating silk road trade with Rome and expanding
    empire
  • Adopting Confucianism as state ideology
  • State school system
  • Invention of Paper

55
The Three Kingdoms A Time of Romance or a Time
of Chaos?
56
Era of Division 220 581
57
Map of Northern and Southern Dynasties
58
Arrival of Buddhism
59
Changes in Era of Division
  • Integration of the South as central to the
    Chinese state
  • Introduction of Buddhism
  • Development of Religious Daoism
  • Intermarriage with non-Chinese
  • Development of art and literature

60
Sui dynasty 581618
  • The Reunification of China

61
The Grand Canal
62
Map of Tang China
63
Tang Taizong 2nd Emperor of Tang
64
Taizong attended by Palace women
65
Empress Wu, Chinas only female Emperor
66
Spirit Way to Empress Wus tomb
67
Empress Wus spirit way
68
Stelae at Empress Wus Tomb
69
The Ultimate cheat sheet
70
Examination Cells
71
Emperor Taizu First Emperor of the Song Dynasty
72
(No Transcript)
73
Northern Song
74
Emperor Gaozong of Southern Song lover of art
and poetry
75
Southern Song
76
Yue Fei supreme loyalty
77
Zhu Xi (Chu Hsi) Neo-Confucian Synthesizer
78
Genghis Khan
79
Map of Mongol Empire at its height
80
Khubilai Khan Yuan Shisi First Emperor of Yuan
81
Shisis Empress
82
Map of Yuan China
83
Founder of Ming dynasty Emperor Taizu
84
Emperor Chengzu the Creator of Imperial Beijing
85
Temple of Heaven
86
Forbidden City Imperial Palace
87
Ming Tombs
88
Treasure fleet of Admiral Zheng He
89
The Great Wall
90
Founder of Qing Dynasty
91
Kangxi longest reigning Emperor in Chinese
history 61 years
92
Cixi (Tzu Hsi) Ruler from 1861-1907
93
The Last Emperor
94
Sun Yat Sen (Sun Zhongshan) and Republican China
95
Chiang Kai Shek (Jiang Jie Shi)
96
Chairman Mao Zedong (Mao Tse Tung)
97
Deng Xiaoping and Zhang Zemin
98
Hu Jintao
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