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Title: african art african africans and their art introduction


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AFRICAN ART
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AFRICAN AFRICANS AND THEIR ART
  • INTRODUCTION
  • DEFINITION
  • ROLE OF THE ARTIST
  • TRADITIONAL ART
  • AFRICAN SCULPTURE AND MASKS
  • ARTISTIC DRESSING BODY ART
  • CONTEMPORARY ART

15
INTRODUCTION
  • African art was misunderstood by the Western
    world until 1900s
  • Famous Western artists were influenced by African
    art
  • Picasso and Matisse
  • Mask of the Fang of Gabon influenced their styles
  • Ignored because of ethnocentrism
  • Viewed as inferior
  • Realism was view until modern art became popular

16
DEFINITION
  • Art is a means of communicating ones experiences
  • Visual expression or account of the culture and
    history of a people as seen by an individual
  • Through engraving, painting and sculpture,
    societies relate their ideas, beliefs, values,
    norms, attitudes, traditions and feelings

Family of Three Shona Sculpture (Zimbabwe)
17
THE AFRICAN ARTIST
  • Work of the artist can be
  • Functional (cups, bowls, pipes)
  • Traditional (sculptures, masks)
  • Contemporary (paintings, drawings, ceramics)

18
DEFINITION
  • People have different attitudes on art
  • Art in traditional Africa was mainly functional
  • Fulfills requirements of everyday life
  • Clothing, housing, rituals, economic and
    political, war and entertainment
  • Secondary for aesthetics
  • Sculpture has symbolic value
  • Glyptic art of the ancient Egyptians

19
TRADITIONAL ART
  • Art found in Africa before the Europeans
  • Original art of the continent
  • Rock drawings
  • Roughly carved human heads
  • Sculpture
  • Wood, terra cotta
  • Basketry
  • Masks
  • Musical instruments
  • Printed textiles

20
AFRICAN SCULPTURES AND MASKS
  • Sculpture
  • Can be carved engraved or molded and is three
    dimensional
  • Generally symmetrical but can be naturalistic or
    conventional

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AFRICAN SCULPTURES AND MASKS
  • Masks
  • Very important part of African culture
  • Closely related to life events
  • Secret societies, funerals, royal celebrations
  • Can take the form of spirits, humans or animals

22
IBO OF NIGERIA
  • Living mainly in the forested areas of south-west
    Nigeria,
  • Over ten million individuals.
  • Mainly farmers and merchants, they also hunt and
    fish.
  • The heads of families form the council of elders,
    which shares its power with numerous secret
    societies.
  • These societies exercise great political and
    social influence.
  • They are highly hierarchical, their members
    passing from one level to the next.
  • There is strong social pressure toward individual
    distinction, and men can move upward through
    successive grades by demonstrating their
    achievements and their generosity.

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IBO MASKS
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IBO SCULPTURE
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AFRICAN MASKS
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ARTISTIC DRESSING
  • Dress varies by geographic regions, lifestyle and
    culture
  • Communicates a message and identifies the social
    status of the person
  • Dress for special occasions
  • Adulthood

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AFRICAN DRESS
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AFRICAN DRESS
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JEWELRY
  • Jewelry
  • Metal jewelry worn on the arms and legs is
    thought to be good for the bones
  • Amulets worn in the hair or on the body is
    thought to bring good luck

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JEWELRY
  • Jewelry
  • Beads are used to enhance romantic feelings

31
JEWELRY
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JEWELRY
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JEWELRY
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BODY ART
  • African body art uses the human body as a way to
    express an individual's status, spiritual
    beliefs, or ethnic affiliation. It can be created
    on the body itself in the form of tattoos,
    scarification, body painting,

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BODY PAINTING
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BODY PAINTING
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BODY SCARIFICATION
  • Body Scarification
  • Used to demonstrate family group and as
    decoration
  • Sign of beauty
  • Used in rituals and ceremonies to mark rank and
    social status

38
BODY SCARIFICATION
  • Body scarification is an artistic expression and
    made in 4 common ways
  • Skin can be punctured with needles ritually
    purified in fire and rubbed with acidic substance
    like a nut to raise scars
  • Scar can be made by a knife rubbed in ashes to
    create a relief pattern
  • Irritating materials are inserted under the skin
    by needles dusted in ashes
  • Razor Blades

39
BODY SCARIFICATION
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ARCHITECTURE
  • Architecture is also a form of artistic
    expression
  • Egyptian pyramids
  • Traditional stone houses of Zimbabwe
  • European and American architecture is also an
    influencing factor

41
CONTEMPORARY ART
  • African art today includes painting that can be
    hung on the wall
  • Recent development in contemporary art is
    beadwork and bracelets and glasswork
  • Evolution of African art a result of social and
    physical mobility
  • Artistic styles are being diffused
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