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TECHNOLOGY AS A PACKAGE FOR EFFECTIVE TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER: Agriculture: in the state sector

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TECHNOLOGY AS A PACKAGE FOR EFFECTIVE TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER: Agriculture: in the state sector Dr. C. Kudagamage Director General of Agriculture Department of Agriculture – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: TECHNOLOGY AS A PACKAGE FOR EFFECTIVE TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER: Agriculture: in the state sector


1
TECHNOLOGY AS A PACKAGE FOR EFFECTIVE TECHNOLOGY
TRANSFER Agriculture in the state sector
Dr. C. Kudagamage Director General of
Agriculture Department of Agriculture
2
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3
Over View of the presentation
  • Present status of Agriculture in Sri Lanka
  • State involvement in Agriculture
  • Technology generation in Agriculture
  • Technology transfer- methods adapted
  • Success stories on technology transfer systems.
  • New extension model for effective and efficient
    technology transfer.

4
Performance of Agriculture Sector 2006
5
Reduction of Agriculture Share (1950 - 2007)
2007
1950
1977
GDP Share
  • Share of agriculture sector
  • significantly declined in the economy
  • Slow growth of total agriculture
  • output resulted for this reduction

Source. Central Bank Report 2007, Table no - 01
6
Share of Agriculture Based Industries in
Industrial Sector
1997
2006
Share of Agri. Based industries maintained at
same level.
7
Food Imports 2007More concentration on few
agricultural importsPotential to purchase lower
food imports
Source. Central Bank Report 2007, Table no - 78
8
Exports of Agriculture ProductsSharp
reduction of Agriculture exports shareHigh
dependency on plantation cropsNeed to diversify
products and markets
Recent Trends
Historical Trend
9
Labour Force in Agriculture Sector During last
decade, labour force in the agriculture sector
remain more or less constant. Significant
increase can be seen in labour force
participated in services and industrial
sectors.
Labour Force Participation 000
Source. Central Bank Report 2007, Table no -
57 Data excluded both Northern and Eastern
provinces
10
Vision of Agriculture Sector
  • Sector contributing to regionally equitable
    economic growth, rural livelihood improvement and
    food security through efficient production of
    commodities for consumption, for agro based
    industries and for exporting competitively to the
    word market.

11
Government Ministries connected with Technology
Generation Dissemination
  • Ministry of Agriculture Development agrarian
    Services
  • Ministry of Plantation Industries
  • Ministry of Supplementary Plantation Crops
    Development
  • Ministry of Livestock development
  • Ministry of Fisheries and aquatic resources
  • Ministry of Science Technology
  • Ministry of Enterprise development and investment
    promotion
  • Ministry of Industrial Development
  • Ministry of Rural industries and self employment
  • Ministry of mass media information
  • Ministry of Export development investment
    promotion
  • Ministry of Education
  • Ministry of Irrigation
  • Ministry of Coconut Development

12
Establishment of Major Research Institutes
  • Rubber research institute - 1910
  • Tea research institute - 1925
  • Coconut research institute - 1928
  • Sugarcane research institute - 1984
  • Rice research development institute - 1994
  • Horticulture research development institute -
    1994
  • Field crop research development institute -
    1994
  • Fruit crop research development centre - 2001
  • Veterinary research institute 1967
  • Note
  • DOA (1912), DEA (1972), Botanical Gardens (2005)

13
Mandated crops of DOA
  • Rice
  • Vegetables
  • Fruits
  • Root and Tuber (Sweet potato, manioc)
  • Coarse grains (Maize, Kurakkan)
  • Grain legumes (Green gram, Black gram)
  • Oil seeds (Ground nut, Sesame)
  • Condiments (Chilli, Onion )
  • Flowers and Ornamentals

14
Agriculture Department Involvement in Technology
Generation Major Areas concerned
  • Introducing New crop varieties and cultivars
  • Technology for planting matter production
  • Hi tech agriculture- Micro irrigation, Protected
    houses
  • 4. Introducing Agriculture machineries
  • 5. Technology for post harvest value addition
    of agriculture commodities
  • 6. Technology for pest and disease management
  • 7. Technology for integrated plant nutrient
    management
  • 8. Introducing agro technology packages

15
Organizational Structure Central Department of
Agriculture
16
Organizational Structure Provincial Department
of Agriculture
17
Introducing New crop varieties and cultivars
  • Few examples on recently released varieties.
  • Rice
  • AT-308 ,
  • AT-605,
  • Ld99-17-4

Guvava- Horana sweet
Tomato hybrid
Brinjal hybrid- Amanda
Thai Jambu
18
Supply of High Quality Planting Materials
Technologies for Planting Material Production
  • Planting material production through tissue
    culture
  • Enhancement of Certification
  • Supply of Quality bud wood from government farms

19
Hi-Tech Agriculture
  • Crop Productivity Under Controlled
  • Environment
  • Micro irrigation systems Drip, Sprinkler,
  • Solar powered Micro irrigation systems

20
Introducing and Popularizing Agriculture
machineries
  • With involvement of
  • Farm mechanization training center
  • 2. Farm mechanization research center

21
Pest and disease Management
  • Conducting research on pest and disease problems
    and giving recommendations
  • - Research on chemical non chemical
  • control methods
  • Integrated pest management
  • Virus indexing and other pest disease
    diagnostic methods.

22
Providing Technology in Post harvest Handling
Value addition
  • Introducing and popularizing packaging methods
    for fruits and vegetables
  • Introducing value addition of Fruits Vegetables
  • - Dehydrated products
  • - Bottling and canning of fruits and vegetables
  • - Minimal processing of fruits and vegetables

23
Different Methods Adaptedin Technology Transfer
  • Print media books, news paper supplements, news
    letters, hand outs, posters, brochures
  • Electronic media
  • Agro technology parks
  • Use of information technology- Cyber extension,
    DOA website, Interactive CD Roms ,
  • Toll free service (1920)
  • Field days- Extension research dialogs
  • Information days, Exhibitions

24
Print Media
  • Publications
  • Advisory books, booklets, posters, leaflets,
    journals,
  • Newspaper Supplements

1. Diwaina 2. Lankadeepa 3. Dinamina 4.
Lakbima 5. Thinakaran
25
  • Television Programmes
  • Mihikatha Dinuwo (Rupavahini
  • Friday 6.45 p.m
  • Govibimata Arunalu (Rupavahini)
  • Sunday 6.00 p.m
  • Rividina Arunalla (Rupawahini)
  • Sunday 7.30 a.m

26
Radio Programmes
Radio Services 1. Swadeshiya sevaya2. Welanda
sewaya 3. Lakhanda 4. Tamil Radio Service 5.
Kandurata sevaya 6. Kotmale sevaya 7. Rajarata
sevaya 8. Rangiri FM 9. Ruhunu sevaya
About 350 no of programs/month
27
Techno park - Gannoruwa
The total no of visitors in year 2007 205,000
28
Techno park Bataatha
29
IRRI
30
  • To train farmers
  • Self learning electronic book
  • Distance learning for 9000 (ARPAs)

31
Web Site - www.agridept.gov.lk
www.agridept.gov.lk
32
Toll Free advisory service
Answers for your Agro related issues
Free
Dial
  • Any phone
  • Any location
  • From 8 am to 4 pm
  • First 3 minutes free

Govi Sahana Sarana Toll free Advisory service
AVC- Dept. of Agriculture Peradeniya
33
Information days
34
Exhibitions
35
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36
Agro Enterprises Development and Information
Service of DOA
  • One Stop Service Center for
  • Agro Enterprises
  • Directly involved in technology transfer to
    Agro entrepreneurs especially in small and medium
    enterprise development

37
How Can AgEDIS Help Agro Entrepreneurs?
  • By providing information
  • Facilitating training on specific technologies
  • Providing technical assistance
  • Linking supporting agencies to improve
    productivity and economic competitiveness
  • Assisting in planning process with the
  • technical expertise at the initial stages of
    project
  • formulation
  • Linking farmers and traders for Contract
  • growing (Direct/Collaboration)

38
Effective Technology TransferSuccess Stories
  • Technology Packages Designed for Crop production
    systems
  • eg. 1. Saruketha yaya program for Paddy
  • Average yield of paddy in Sri Lanka- 4.5mt/ha
  • Yield under saruketha yaya 6.5 mt/ha
  • 2. Technology package for maize
  • With hybrid seeds, better inputs, credit
  • Marketing

39
(GAP)
Concentrated and well-focused holistic thrust
on high potential areas
  • Aim of Saru ketha yaya Program
  • To increase average yield of paddy up to
    5.2mt/ha, achieving 6.5 mt/ha of maximum
    potential yield in the favorable rice growing
    environment with recommended high yield
    technical package
  • To motivate farmers to pay 50 value of seeds
    and Fertilizer, balance 50 by government which
    ultimately contribute to initiate the revolving
    fund
  • 6.5 -6.7 mt/ha average yield obtained

40
Rice Production Yaya Approach
Package of Cultural Practices
Input supply
CREDIT
Farmer group /Tract (20Ha) Decision making
Action
  • High yields
  • Technical Social compatibility
  • High Adoption
  • Quality seeds
  • Weed and insect management
  • Soil fertility
  • management

41
Results of Yaya approach
  • The evaluation program conducted by Socio
    economic and planning center.
  • Sample size- 80 farmers in districts of
  • Polonnaruwa,Hambantota, and Anuradhapura.

Survey Conducted at 2006 Yala season
42
Special Technology Package Developed for Maize
  • In Anuradhapura District
  • Institutions and organizations involved
  • Public institutes Provincial Agriculture
    department (Apura), Dept. of Agriculture,
    Agrarian service department, Central bank,
    Divisional secretariats.
  • Private sector involved in
  • Supplying Hybrid seeds, agro chemicals.
  • Supplying of Credit, crop insurance ,Marketing.

43
Reason for success
  • Proper coordination with in public sector,
    private sector organizations an farmers
  • Use and timely supply of hybrid seeds and quality
    inputs.
  • Timely cultivation
  • Technical assistance when ever needed by DOA and
    field staff of private sector organizations.
  • Credit facilities, crop insurance facilities.
  • Contract growing system.

44
Achievements
Compared to 2004/05 Maha in Anuradhapura District
45
New Extension System for Effective Efficient
Technology Transfer
Objectives of New Extension system
  • Formulation of a system based on policies of the
    government to improve development of villages
  • Participatory approach based on
    production/commodity villages
  • Monitoring and evaluation of extension officers
  • To provide efficient input (seeds. Fertilizer,
    credit etc.) and output management system
  • To develop extension/research linkages

46

Model Extension System
Subject Matter Officer Paddy, Vegetables,
Fruits Plant Protection, Young Farmers etc.
SMO
Cluster Village 5
Cluster Village 1
Cluster Village 4
Cluster Village 2
Cluster Village 3
47
Recommendation for effective technology transfer
system
  • 1. Promotion of demand driven farmer accountable
    extension.
  • 2. Improve participatory technology development
    through better research and extension linkage.
  • 3. Use of information communication technologies
    in extension.
  • 4. Farmer based organization for self-employment
    generation, input supply and marketing.
  • 5. Empower farmers through establishing revolving
    funds encouraging savings micro-financing, bulk
    purchasing etc.
  • 6. Training of farmers through participatory
    approaches such as farmer field school to
    understand and solve problems under real farm
    situation.
  • 7. Introduce new technologies such as information
    days, crop clinics and agriculture campaigns.
  • 8. Establish accounting system to monitor impact
    of technologies.

48
Thank You
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