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Overview of ISO 19100 Series

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Overview of ISO 19100 Series ISO/TC211 Geographic information/Geomatics The Scope of ISO/TC 211... Standardization in the field of digital geographic information. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Overview of ISO 19100 Series


1
Overview of ISO 19100 Series
  • ISO/TC211
  • Geographic information/Geomatics

2
The Scope of ISO/TC 211...
  • Standardization in the field of digital
    geographic information.
  • Establish a structured set of standards for
    information concerning objects or phenomena that
    are directly or indirectly associated with a
    location relative to the Earth.
  • These standards may specify, for geographic
    information, methods, tools and services for data
    management (including definition and
    description), acquiring, processing, analyzing,
    accessing, presenting and transferring such data
    in digital/electronic form between different
    users, systems and locations.
  • The work shall link to appropriate standards for
    information technology and data where possible,
    and provide a framework for the development of
    sector specific applications using geographic
    data.

3
Using geographic information to advance world
sustainability
  • Qualified decisions need information geographic
    information an important part
  • Geographic information from various sources needs
    to be integrated and interoperable
  • Geographic information needs to be discovered,
    used - and reused
  • Spatial data infrastructures provides an unified
    approach these issues
  • Standards are an essential and necessary part

4
SDIs supporting user needs
User Applications drawing on supporting SDIs
regional, multi-national, global
E Government E Commerce Disaster
Management Meteorology Health Monitoring Market
Development and many others
national
Global
local
Standards supporting Infrastructure
Applications
5
The infrastructure content
Other Thematic Data
Core Data
Meteorological data
Cadastral
Flood Zones
Transportation
Demographic
Hydrography
Landcover
Government Units
Biological
Geodetic Control
Economic
Elevation
Social
Imagery
6
ISO Central Secretariat
ISO/TC 211
National body
National body
Liaison body
National body
National body
Liaison body
National body
National body
Liaison body
National shadow committee
7
ISO/TC 211 organization
Chairman Olaf ØstensenSecretaryBjørnhild
SæterøyNorway
AG Strategy
Chairman
AG Outreach
TMG
Henry Tom, Hans Knoop
Andrew Jones
HMMT
TF 211/204
Chris Gower
John Herring
WG 6 Douglas OBrienCanada
WG 7Antony CooperSouth Africa
WG 8John RowleyUK
WG 9 Hiroshi ImaiJapan
WG 4Morten BorrebækNorway
Geospatial services
Locationbasedservices
Informationmanagement
Imagery
Informationcommunities
8
ISO/TC 211 disbanded working groups
  • Working group 1 Framework and reference model
  • Working group 2 Geospatial data models and
    operators
  • Working group 3 Geospatial data
    administration
  • Working group 5 Profiles and functional
    standards

9
Who are we ? ...member listActive members
(P-members), 28 countries
Australia Austria Belgium Canada China Czech
Rep. Denmark Finland Germany Hungary
Italy Japan Republic of Korea Malaysia Morocco New
Zealand Norway Portugal Russian Federation
Saudi Arabia Serbia and Montenegro South
Africa Spain Sweden Switzerland Thailand Turkey Un
ited Kingdom United States of America
10
Member listObserving members 30
Argentina Bahrain (corr.) Brunei Darussalam
(corr.) Colombia Cuba Estonia (corr.) France Greec
e Hong Kong (corr.)
Iceland India Isl. Rep. of Iran Ireland Jamaica Ke
nya Mauritius Netherlands Oman Pakistan
Philippines Poland Slovakia Slovenia Tanzania Ukra
ine Uruguay Zimbabwe
11
External liaisons (23)
  • CEN/TC 287, Geographic information
  • CEOS, Committee on Earth Observation Satellites
  • DGIWG, Digital Geographic Information Working
    Group
  • EPSG, European Petroleum Survey Group
  • FAO, Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN
  • FIG, International Federation of Surveyors
  • GSDI, Global Spatial Data Infrastructure
  • IAG, International Association of Geodesy
  • ICA, International Cartographic Association
  • ICAO, International Civil Aviation Organization
  • IEEE Geo_science and Remote Sensing Society
  • IHB, International Hydrographic Bureau
  • ISCGM, International Steering Committee for
    Global Mapping
  • ISPRS, International Society for Photogrammetry
    and Remote Sensing

12
External liaisons
  • JRC, Joint Research Centre, European Commission
  • OGC, Open GIS Consortium, Incorporated
  • PC IDEA, Permanent Committee on Spatial Data
    Infrastructure for the Americas
  • PCGIAP, The Permanent Committee on GIS
    Infrastructure for Asia and the Pacific
  • SCAR, Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research
  • UN Economic Commission for Europe, Statistical
    Division
  • UNGEGN, United Nations Group of Experts on
    Geographical Names
  • UNGIWG, United Nations Geographic Information
    Working Group
  • WMO, World Meteorological Organization

13
Internal liaisons
  • ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 2 Coded character sets
  • ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 24 Computer graphics and image
    processing
  • ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 32 Data Management and
    Interchange
  • ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 35 User interfaces
  • ISO/TC 20 /SC 13 Space data and information
    transfer systems
  • ISO/TC 23/SC 19 Agricultural electronics
  • ISO/TC 46/WG 2 - Coding of country names and
    related entities
  • ISO/TC 82 - Mining
  • ISO/TC 184/SC 4 Industrial data and global
    manufacturing languages
  • ISO/TC 204 Transport Information and Control
    Systems

14
The process
Ballot
Ballot
Ballot
Ballot
Working group/Project team
NWIP
AWI
WD
CD
DIS
FDIS
IS
New work item proposal
Approved work item
Working draft
Committee draft
Draft International Standard
Final Draft International Standard
International Standard
-3
0
6
12
24
33
36
timetable in months (in theory!)
15
ISO 19100 Series
  • ISO 67091983, Standard representation of
    latitude, longitude and altitude for geographic
    point locations
  • ISO 19101 - Reference model
  • ISO 19102 Overview - deleted
  • ISO/TS 19103 - Conceptual schema language
  • ISO 19104 - Terminology
  • ISO 19105 - Conformance and testing
  • ISO 19106 - Profiles
  • ISO 19107 - Spatial schema
  • ISO 19108 - Temporal schema
  • ISO 19109 - Rules for application schema
  • ISO 19110 - Feature cataloguing methodology

16
ISO 19100 Series
  • ISO 19111 - Spatial referencing by coordinates
  • ISO 19112 - Spatial referencing by geographic
  • identifiers
  • ISO 19113 - Quality principles
  • ISO 19114 - Quality evaluation procedures
  • ISO 19115 - Metadata
  • ISO 19116 - Positioning services
  • ISO 19117 Portrayal
  • ISO 19118 - Encoding
  • ISO 19119 Services
  • ISO/TR 19120 - Functional standards

17
ISO 19100 Series
  • ISO/TR 19121 Imagery and gridded data
  • ISO/TR 19122 - Qualifications and certification
    of personnel
  • ISO 19123 - Schema for coverage geometry and
    functions
  • ISO/RS 19124 - Imagery and gridded data
    components
  • ISO 19125 - Simple feature access Part 1-3
  • ISO 19126 - Profiles for feature data dictionary
    registers and feature catalogue registers
  • ISO 19127 - Geodetic codes and parameters
  • ISO 19128 - Web Map Server Interface
  • ISO 19129 - Imagery, gridded and coverage data
    framework
  • ISO 19130 - Sensor and data model for imager and
    gridded data

18
ISO 19100 Series
  • ISO 19131 - Data product specification
  • ISO/RS 19132 - Location based services possible
    standards
  • ISO 19133 - Location based services tracking and
    navigation
  • ISO 19134 - Multimodal location based services
    for routing and navigation
  • ISO 19135 - Procedures for registration of
    geographic information items
  • ISO 19136 Geography Markup Language (GML)
  • ISO 19137 - Generally used profiles of the
    spatial schema and of similar important other
    schemas
  • ISO 19138 Data quality measures
  • ISO 19139 - Metadata Implementation
    specifications
  • ISO 19140 - Technical Amendment to the ISO 191
    Geographic information series of standards for
    harmonization and enhancements
  • ISO 19141 - Schema for moving features
  • ISO 19142 - Web Feature Service
  • ISO 19143 Filter Encoding
  • ISO 19115-2 - Metadata - Part 2 Extensions for
    imagery and gridded data

19
Model Driven Architecture (MDA)
Real World
Universe of
Discourse
defines
Conceptual
Conceptual
formalism
provides concepts
Model
for describing
basis for one or more
formally represented in
Conceptual Schema Language(s)
Conceptual Schema
Lexical Languages
is
digitally
represented
by
provides formal
Graphical Languages
language for
representing
data
ISO 19101 Geographic information Refence model
20
Classification of standards
  • Foundation standards
  • Basic standards
  • Tools
  • Generic content
  • Generic services
  • Content standards
  • Reference data
  • Thematic data
  • Services standards
  • Implemented services

global
regional,national,local
21
A decomposition of SDI
22
Organization and education
ISO/TR 19122 - Qualifications and certification
of personnel
Access, technology
Education
Organization
Content (data)
ISO 19101 Reference modelISO 19104
TerminologyISO 19105 Conformance and
testingISO 19106 ProfilesISO/TR 19120
Functional standardsISO 19135 Procedures for
registration of geographic information items
23
Access, technology
Education
Organization
Content (data)
ISO 19103 - Conceptual schema language ISO 19107
- Spatial schemaISO 19108 - Temporal schemaISO
19109 - Rules for application schemaISO 19110 -
Feature cataloguing methodologyISO 19111 -
Spatial referencing by coordinatesISO 19112 -
Spatial referencing by geographic identifiersISO
19113 - Quality principlesISO 19114 - Quality
evaluation proceduresISO 19115 MetadataISO
19115-2 - Metadata - Part 2 Extensions for
imagery and gridded dataISO/TR 19121 - Imagery
and gridded data ISO 19123 - Schema for coverage
geometry and functions ISO 19124 - Imagery and
gridded data componentsISO 19126 - Profile -
FACC Data DictionaryISO 19127 - Geodetic codes
and parametersISO 19129 - Imagery, gridded and
coverage data frameworkISO 19130 - Sensor and
data model for imagery and gridded dataISO 19131
- Data product specificationISO 19137 -
Generally used profiles of the spatial schema and
of similar important other
schemasISO 19138 Data quality measures
Documentation
24
Service related standards
Access and services
ISO 19116 - Positioning servicesISO 19117
PortrayalISO 19118 EncodingISO 19119
ServicesISO 19125-1 - Simple feature access
Common architectureISO 19125-2 SFA SQL
option ISO 19125-3 SFA COM/OLEISO 19128 -
Web Map Server InterfaceISO 19132 - Location
based services possible standards ISO 19133 -
Location based services tracking and
navigation ISO 19134 - Multimodal location based
services for routing and navigationISO 19136
Geography Markup Language (GML) ISO 19139 -
Metadata Implementation specifications
Access, technology
Organization
Content (data)
Education
25
Agreement ISO/TC 211 - OGC
Why cooperation ?
  • common objectives
  • similar work programmes
  • complementary approach
  • joining resources gives strength
  • avoiding inconsistent standards - de jure / de
    facto / industrial
  • and more

has led to establishment of a cooperative
agreement between Open GIS Consortium and ISO/TC
211, others have followed DGIWG, IHO
26
OGC President David Schell
Our strategic relationships with other standards
organizations have helped us steer the best
course relative to broad technology trends,
helped our OpenGIS Specifications gain
acceptance, and helped other organizations fill
gaps in their approaches to spatial processing.
Most notably, our relationship with ISO TC/211
has evolved to become a model for cooperation
between industry consortia and de jure standards
organizations, setting a precedent that shapes
our relationship with TC/204. ....
27
OGC specifications
Title Rev
OpenGIS Simple Features Specification for OLE/COM  1.1
OpenGIS Simple Features Specification for CORBA  1.0
OpenGIS Simple Features Specification for SQL  1.1
OpenGIS Catalog Services Implementation Specification  1.1.1
OpenGIS Grid Coverages Implementation Specification  1.0
OpenGIS Coordinate Transformation Services Implementation Specification  1.0
OpenGIS Web Map Service Implementation Specification  1.1.1
OpenGIS Geography Markup Language (GML) Implementation Specification  3.0
OpenGIS Web Feature Service Implementation Specification  1.0
OpenGIS Filter Encoding Implementation Specification  1.0
OpenGIS Styled Layer Descriptor Implementation Specification  1.0
ISO 19125-3
ISO 19125-2
ISO 19128
ISO 19136
28
ExampleINSPIRE architectural model
User applications EC, MS, national bodies,
citizens
Clients
Internet web-browser GIS software Management
Inf. Syst.
Access to transformed data, pictures, maps,
reports, multi-media content
Metadata search and retrieval for data and
services
Middleware
Service chaining search, display, access,
e-commerce, .
Direct data access
Geo-processing Services
Catalogs
Metadata update
Other data e.g., administrative, statistical,
env. reporting
Content Repositories
Servers
Features
Coverages
Distributed Geographic reference data
Data content
29
INSPIRE architecture and standards
User applications
Clients
ISO 19128 /WMS WFS, WCS, WTS
ISO 19119 ISO 19125 ISO 19128
OGC Web Registry Services
Middleware
ISO 19103ISO 19109ISO 19110ISO 19115Dublin
coreISO 23950
Catalogs
ISO 19136WFS
ISO 19119ISO 19135
Distributed Content Repositories
Servers
ISO 19103ISO 19107ISO 19108
ISO 19111ISO 19112ISO 19112
ISO 19118ISO 19121ISO 19123
ISO 19120ISO 19109
30
Future challenges ...
  • Finalize current programme
  • Establish registries for
  • Terminology (already provisional)
  • Feature catalogues
  • Geodetic codes and parameters
  • Develop globally standardized feature catalogues
  • Global Map?
  • Land Cover Classification
  • More detailed geographic information

31
Future challenges ...
  • Continue cooperation with our liaison
    organizations
  • Market the results
  • Training and education capacity building
  • Address new requirements

32
Thank you !
ISO/TC 211 ... building the foundation of the
geospatial infrastructure, brick by brick ...
http//www.isotc211.org/
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