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The Categories or Genres of Childrens and YA Literature

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If any part of the book is fiction, then it is ... Originated in print. ... One of the earliest varieties of illustrated books for children, authors and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Categories or Genres of Childrens and YA Literature


1
The Categories (or Genres) of Childrens and YA
Literature
  • Prof. Shirley Santiago
  • English 326

2
Categories or Genres of Childrens and YA Lit
Traditional Fantasy
Fantasy
Modern Fantasy
Science Fiction
Fiction
Prose or Poetry
Modern Problem Novel
Ethnic Literature
3
Poetry or Prose?
  • Can rhyme or be rhythmic
  • Can be condensed or longer than prose
  • Forms haiku, sonnet, couplet, blank verse,
    limerick, cinquain, free verse and more!
  • NOT WRITTEN IN PARAGRAPHS
  • ALWAYS WRITTEN IN PARAGRAPHS!

4
Poetry or Prose?
  • Beyond the difference in format, the function of
    both literary forms is identical
  • Both thoughtfully explore the world
  • Both give insight into the human condition
  • Both bring pleasure to the reader

5
Fiction vs. Non-Fiction
  • Springs largely from the authors imagination
  • Cannot be verified in other sources
  • Ideas, incidents, the setting, and details can be
    accurate but the structure comes from the mind
  • If any part of the book is fiction, then it is
    categorized as fiction.
  • Centers on what can be confirmed by research
  • All the evidence and facts can be documented.
  • The content of nonfiction exists.

6
Non-Fiction
  • Biography (Autobiography)
  • Tells the story, or at least part of the story,
    of an actual persons life
  • Reliable sources and documentation are
    imperative.
  • Informational
  • Generally called nonfiction in adult publishing
  • Anything that is not literature (fiction, drama,
    or poetry)

7
Fiction
  • Realistic Fiction and Fantastic Fiction
  • Both are invented stories, often with invented
    characters and events that take place in invented
    settings
  • The difference between realism and fantasy lies
    in the laws of our universe

8
Fiction
  • Realistic Fiction
  • Dogs bark
  • Trees are green
  • Gravity is everywhere
  • Time passes normally (seconds, minutes, hours,
    days)
  • Fantastic Fiction
  • Dogs speak
  • Trees are magical
  • Pigs can fly and defy gravity
  • Time travel is possible - to the past or the
    future!

9
Realistic FictionContemporary Realistic vs.
Historical
  • The aim of both categories is to tell an
    interesting story about people in our world.
  • Contemporary identifies a story that takes place
    in todays world.
  • Historical indicates a tale that happened at an
    earlier time for example, pioneer America or
    medieval England.
  • However, the difference between the two genres
    can depend on the age of the reader.

10
Fantastic FictionTraditional Fantasy vs. Modern
FantasyThe difference lies in antiquity.
  • Some stories are as old as humanity and are part
    of the human tradition.
  • Their origin is oral.
  • Their authors are unknown.
  • Some are now preserved in print and are known by
    those who first collected them (e.g. the Brothers
    Grimm)
  • Has an identifiable author.
  • Originated in print.
  • For example, the tales of Hans Christian Andersen
    are considered modern fantasy.
  • A subgenre is science fiction, which deals with
    scientific possibilities.

11
Fantastic FictionModern Fantasy vs. Science
Fiction
  • Both modern fantasy and science fiction contain
    story elements not found in the known universe,
    such as being able to change shapes or read
    peoples minds.
  • In modern fantasy those abilities just are or
    come about by magic.
  • In science fiction, they are the result of an
    injection made from a special formula or the
    alteration of a persons brain chemistry using
    laser surgery.
  • Science fiction is based on extrapolated
    scientific facts pushed into logical but unproven
    possibilities.

12
The Picture Book as a Special Category in
Childrens Literature
  • Picture books are defined by their format rather
    than their content.
  • They can be of any genre, including poetry.
  • They are unique because illustrations and text
    share the job of telling the story or teaching
    content.

13
Categories of Picture Books
  • Predictable Books
  • Beginning Reader Picture Books
  • Picture Storybooks
  • Engineered Books
  • Baby/Board Books
  • ABC Books
  • Counting Books
  • Concept Books
  • Participation Books
  • Wordless Picture Books

14
Categories of Picture Books
  • ABC Books
  • One of the earliest varieties of illustrated
    books for children, authors and illustrators have
    devised inventive ways to introduce the alphabet.
  • The alphabet may be used to introduce or
    categorize information or concepts for older
    children.
  • They are meant to entertain or teach fascinating
    words or interesting concepts, but not phonics.
  • Counting Books
  • Also one of the earlier types of picture books
    for children.
  • Unlike ABC books, they do help children learn
    basic numbers and give them practice counting,
    typically from 1 to 10.
  • Usually provide a printed Arabic number
    accompanied by the same number of like objects
  • 5
  • The better books allow for personal discovery.

15
Categories of Picture Books
  • Wordless Picture Books
  • Young children reinforce what they know about
    books and how they work as they read by
    themselves
  • They encourage children to experience language by
    creating text
  • The goal is to enjoy the book, whether it tells a
    story or teaches a concept
  • Concept Books
  • Introduce single, focused concepts to young
    children.
  • Typical topics include colors, opposites, and
    basic geometric shapes.
  • Participation Books
  • Designed to involve children in physical activity
    that goes beyond the reading of the text

16
Categories of Picture Books
  • Predictable Books
  • Sometimes called pattern books, they are
    characterized by repeated language patterns,
    story patterns or other sequences.
  • The best examples are lively, use interesting
    words, and invite children to chime in.
  • Brown Bear, Brown Bear, what do you see?
  • I see a redbird looking at me.
  • Redbird, Redbird, what do you see?
  • I see a yellow duck looking at me.
  • Beginning Reader Picture Books
  • Gives beginning reader well-written yet easy to
    read materials
  • Example Dr. Seuss and The Cat in the Hat
  • Picture Story Books
  • Originates with the publication in 1902 of The
    Tale of Peter Rabbit
  • Text and illustrations work together on each page
    to tell a story
  • Are the foundation for literacy training as they
    are the bedtime stories

17
Categories of Picture Books
  • Engineered Books
  • Based on physical structure rather than form or
    content
  • Paper engineering involves the cutting, folding,
    or otherwise restructuring of the normal printed
    or illustrated page
  • Most common is the pop up book with pull-tabs or
    flaps to be lifted
  • Newest variety is the electronic book
  • Baby/Board Books
  • Established in the 1980s, these books are made
    of heavy cardboard with clear plasticized
    coatings.
  • Meant to withstand wear and tear, they are
    wordless and focus on a single object on each
    page common to babys environment.

18
Conclusion
  • Knowing the genres can help in understanding
    Childrens and YA Lit, but the definitions are
    not iron clad.
  • These can help adults draw on a framework for
    discussion and determine what holes exist in
    their own particular reading backgrounds.
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