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Chapter 13 - The Rise of the Middle Ages Section 5: The Power of the Church

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Chapter 13 - The Rise of the Middle Ages Section 5: The Power of the Church Notre Dame de Paris: Construction began:1163 Completed :1345 Throughout the Middle Ages ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter 13 - The Rise of the Middle Ages Section 5: The Power of the Church


1
Chapter 13 - The Rise of the Middle AgesSection
5 The Power of the Church
Notre Dame de Paris Construction began1163
Completed 1345
2
Section 5 The Power of the Church
  • Throughout the Middle Ages, the church
  • was one of the few sources of leadership
  • and stability that people could rely upon.
  • One historian has noted that The
  • continuity and the authority of the Church
  • of Rome stood out in marked contrast
  • against the short-lived kingdoms which
  • rose and fell in the early Middle Ages. As
  • a result, the Catholic church became one
  • of medieval Europes most powerful and
  • enduring institutions.

3
Section 5 The Power of the Church
Main Idea Reform and changes swept through the
Christian Church, one of the most influential
institutions in medieval Europe.
  • Reading Focus
  • What was the nature and influence of religion in
    the Middle Ages?
  • What led to the growth of papal power in Europe?
  • What changes in monasticism were introduced in
    the Middle Ages?

4
I. Religion in the Middle Ages
  • Medieval church had broad political power,
  • performed many government functions

Emperor Henry IV waited three days to meet Pope
Gregory VII and the Countess Matilda
5
I. Religion in the Middle Ages
  • By 1200s, the church was a leading landowner
  • and wealthiest institution in Europe

6
I. Religion in the Middle Ages
  • Clergy was organized in strict hierarchy of rank
  • parish priest was at bottom

Saint John Marie-Baptiste Vianney is the patron
saint of parish priests
7
I. Religion in the Middle Ages
  • Priests directly served people in parish
  • administered five of the seven sacraments

8
I. Religion in the Middle Ages
  • Bishops managed a diocese performed
  • sacraments of confirmation and holy orders

9
I. Religion in the Middle Ages
  • Kings or nobles selected bishops based on
  • family connections or political power

10
I. Religion in the Middle Ages
  • Archbishops managed a group of several
  • dioceses called an archdiocese

The chief diocese in a province. To help things
run smoothly, one bishop in each province has
seniority. He's an archbishop and his diocese is
an archdiocese.
11
I. Religion in the Middle Ages
  • Cardinals most important and powerful clergy
  • advised pope on legal and spiritual matters

Raphael, Portrait of a Cardinal, 1510-12
Pope Leo X with Cardinals Giulio de' Medici and
Luigi de' Rossi, Raphael 1518
12
I. Religion in the Middle Ages
  • Pope held supreme authority during his
  • pontificate head of ecclesiastical courts power
  • to excommunicate

Galileo in front of the Inquisition, 12 April 1633
13
I. Religion in the Middle Ages
  • 1054 - Bishop of Constantinople rejected Pope
  • Leo IXs authority excommunication split church
  • into Roman Catholics and Orthodox

Pope Benedict XVI and Patriarch Bartholomew
14
II. Monasticism
  • Monasticism - life in religious communities
  • monks in monasteries and nuns in convents

15
II. Monasticism
  • Monks and nuns served God through fasting,
  • prayer, and self-denial

A monk at work in a monastic scriptorium
16
II. Monasticism
  • Benedict established monastery in the 500s
  • Benedictine Rule governed monks lives

17
II. Monasticism
  • Benedictine Rule abandoned in 900s after
  • rulers began appointing unqualified abbots

18
II. Monasticism
  • New monastery at Cluny, France, reestablished
  • Benedictine Rule became most influential
  • monastery in Europe

19
III. The Church and Medieval Life
  • Church leaders were feudal lords and political
  • advisors popes held political and spiritual
  • power over monarchs

20
III. The Church and Medieval Life
  • The church had the power to tax parish priests
  • collected a tithe - one-tenth of a persons
  • income

21
III. The Church and Medieval Life
  • Major problems in the church were lay
  • investiture and simony

Jan Hus, a Bohemian preacher who called for
Church reforms, was declared a heretic by the
Church. Hus was summoned to the Council of
Constance and burned at the stake in 1415.
22
III. The Church and Medieval Life
  • Heretics - people who denied the churchs
  • principles
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