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Language, Culture & Communication- the meaning of message

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Language, Culture & Communication- the meaning of message Chapter 1 Linguistic Anthropology Dr. Harriet J. Ottenheimer Anthropology is Holistic Four Fields ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Language, Culture & Communication- the meaning of message


1
Language, Culture Communication- the meaning of
message
Chapter 1 Linguistic Anthropology
  • Dr. Harriet J. Ottenheimer

2
Anthropology is Holistic
  • Four Fields
  • Archaeology
  • Physical Anthropology
  • Cultural Anthropology
  • Linguistic Anthropology
  • Applied Anthropology
  • A fifth field or a second dimension?.

3
Introducing Linguistic Anthropology
  • Linguistic Anthropology
  • Contexts situations
  • Cause of different world views

4
Anthropology is Comparative
  • Cultural relativity
  • Ethnocentrism
  • frames of reference
  • Commonalities.

5
Anthropology is Fieldwork-based
  • In the field ethnography
  • Participant Observation
  • New frames of reference
  • Learning inside view.

Chiapas, Mexico- 2003
6
Boas and Fieldwork
  • Language vs culture vs race
  • Language as window into culture
  • Language as necessary for fieldwork.

Franz Boas, 1900, posing for model of Kwakiutl
dancer
7
Introduction
  • Uses and meaning transmitted are situational,
    social, and cultural
  • Situational
  • Social
  • Cultural
  • Speaking is an action through which meaning is
    contextually created.
  • Ethnography of communication
  • Cultural model- is a construction of reality.

8
Methodologies
  • Ethnolinguistics
  • Anthro. Ethnographic methods
  • Extract rules of communcation
  • Sociolinguistics
  • Discover patterns of linguistic variation
  • Linguistics differences result from gender, age,
    class, region, race, ethnicity and occupation
  • Instead of rules are statements of probability
  • individual and societal patterning are based on
    behavior exhibited over time and in diverse
    situations.
  • Context complex

9
In Search of the First Language
  • Tower of Babel
  • Did a mother tongue ever exist?
  • Sr. William Jones discovered
  • What is the Proto Indo European?Date?
  • Why are Salish speakers concerned about language
    survival?
  • What are the consequences of language loss?
  • Why is the Basque a language isolate?
  • How have scientist tried to study language
    (Cavalli-Sforza)
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