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Early Exploration of California

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Early Exploration of California By Bonnie Rodriguez June 2007 http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/historical/shepherd/explorer_map_shepherd.jpg The Conquistadors Early ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Early Exploration of California


1
Early Exploration of California
  • By Bonnie Rodriguez
  • June 2007

http//www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/historical/shepherd
/explorer_map_shepherd.jpg
2
The Conquistadors
  • Early Spanish explorers were called
    conquistadors. Conquistador means conqueror.
  • They came to the Americas in search of riches and
    to change peoples beliefs to Christianity.
  • A famous conquistador was Hernando Cortes, who
    defeated the Aztecs.

3
Finding a Shortcut
  • Explorers wanted to find a shortcut to Asia, to
    make trading easier.

http//www.mariner.org/exploration/mm_images/MSm04
00-1_large.jpg
4
Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo
  • Cabrillo was looking for a shortcut to Asia.
  • He found San Diego in 1542.
  • His exploring helped the Spanish learn about the
    coast of Alta California.

http//www.etsu.edu/cas/history/resources/Private/
Faculty/Fac_To1877ChapterDocFiles/ChapterImages/Ch
2cabrillo.jpg
5
Francis Drake
  • Francis Drake wanted to find a shortcut to Asia
    too.
  • He sailed for England.
  • While sailing up the Pacific Ocean, he attacked
    many Spanish settlements.

http//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e7
/Francis_drake.jpg
6
Alta California
  • The Spanish wanted to start a colony in Alta
    California before someone else came along.
  • A colony is a settlement that is ruled by a
    faraway government.

http//media.maps.com/magellan/Images/CALEXP-W2.gi
f
7
Missions
  • Spanish leaders wanted to start their colony by
    building missions.
  • A mission is a religious settlement.

http//www.barnhartschool.com/beilstein/images/Cal
ifornia-missions-map_000.jpg
8
Spanish Missions
  • Missions were run by missionaries, or a person
    who teaches religion to others.
  • Missionaries tried to convert Indians to the
    Catholic religion, teach them Spanish and show
    them the Spanish ways of life.

9
San Diego
http//www.moonblink.info/Pictures/index.cgi?item
Cruising1a/01CabrilloPan/Web
  • Spanish explorers traveled to Alta California to
    establish settlements.
  • The reached San Diego Bay in 1769.

10
Junipero Serra
  • A priest named Junipero Serra began the first of
    21 missions in Alta California in San Diego.
  • It was called San Diego de Alcala.

http//www.sandiegohistory.org/bio/serra/images/se
rra.jpg
11
Monterey
  • The Spanish had heard that Monterey had a good
    bay and set out to find it.
  • Gaspar de Portola found Monterey Bay in 1770.

http//www.celestedavidsonmannis.com/images/lobos_
panorama.jpg
12
Is There a Better Way?
  • The route to Alta California was hard. There
    were mountains and deserts to cross. Many of the
    routes lacked grass and water.
  • Even though it was hard, people still came to
    California.

13
Quiz
  • Why did early Spanish conquistadors come to the
    Americas?
  • What was Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo looking for?
  • What did missionaries do?
  • Who was Junipero Serra?
  • Why was exploring California difficult?
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