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Fast Foods and Popular Diets

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Fast Foods and Popular Diets Why Do People Diet? To lose weight! Don t accept that dietary changes are needed Won t give up the foods they love Can t keep off ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Fast Foods and Popular Diets


1
Fast Foods and Popular Diets
2
Why Do People Diet?
  • To lose weight!
  • Dont accept that dietary changes are needed
  • Wont give up the foods they love
  • Cant keep off the lost weight
  • Wont five up the foods they love so they keep
    going back to what they were eating before

3
Vicious cycle
Diet
Lose Weight
Gain Weight Back
Go Off The Diet
4
What Is A Diet?
  • Restriction of some food or food group
  • Directive to eat unusual food groups or food
    combinations
  • Change in your current eating habits
  • Something that may or may not help you lose
    weight
  • Something you cannot maintain for ever

5
Why Do Diets Fail?
  • Ignore fundamental nutritional rules
  • Not enough kcals for BMR, to satisfy hunger or
  • appetite, not enough variety to meet
    nutritional needs
  • No Exercise
  • Lose LBM, lower BMR, increase BF
  • Loss of Motivation
  • Lack of Patience
  • Lack of Maintenance Program

6
Commercial Diets
  • Effectiveness
  • Failure rate 95
  • Drop out rate 95
  • 25 keep off only 2/3 of wt lost for 2 years
  • ½ of what is lost is regained in 6 months
  • Appeal to your emotions
  • Remove responsibility
  • expensive

7
Types of Diets
  • Low CHO
  • Atkins, PPP, Zone, CHO addicts, Perricone, Sugar
    Busters
  • Very Low Calorie
  • Fasting diets for morbidly obese, avg. American
    diet plan
  • Formula Diets
  • Grapefruit, cabbage soup
  • Low Fat Diets
  • T-factor, Pritikin, Ornish, Weight Watchers
  • Commercial Diets
  • Jenny Craig, Nutrasystem, Diet Center, Quick Wt.
    Loss

8
Low Carb Diets
  • 1800s
  • Reduce CHO intake to lose fat
  • Myth water is lost, then LBM if kcals are not
    sufficient
  • CHO are NEEDED to efficiently metabolize fatty
    acids for fuel

9
Water Loss
3-4 gm H2O
CHO
10
When the Carbs Go, Water Goes Too!
11
The Myth of the Low Carb Diet
  • If Carbohydrates are the problem
  • Why didnt our ancestors have health and weight
    problems?
  • Why dont we stop eating them and lose and then
    keep off their extra weight?

12
Premise of Low-Carb Diets Carbs Make You
Fat!
  • Cut carbs to lose weight!
  • Carbs raise insulin levels and insulin is the
    fat- producing hormone that converts blood sugar
    into stored fat and
  • Increases appetite
  • Causes sugar addiction
  • Causes insulin resistance
  • Limit carb intake to 20g/day (complex carbs)
  • Eat as much meat, eggs and cheese, nuts and salad
    as you want
  • Never be hungry
  • Lose weight fast

13
(No Transcript)
14
Bg Levels Go Up

Cells dont open door OR there is just too much
sugar to process
Excess Bg stored as fat!
15
Addiction?
--------------------
Body gets tired of always trying to adjust so it
raises the bar. Less work for it to do
16
Research That Started the Myths
  • Reaven named group of metabolic disorders that
    accompany IR Syndrome X
  • He found no causal relationship between IR and
    obesity
  • Size and activity level were strongly linked to
    both

17
LFHC Diets Can Cause Problems
  • When PROCESSED, REFINED Carbs are the main
    component of the diet combined with lack of
    exercise
  • Total kcal intake and activity level are the main
    problems

18
Fat Free vs Regular?
Snackwells 50 kcals
Chips Ahoy 50 kcals
Which Would You Rather Eat?
19
LFHC Diets and Lipid Values
  • LFHC elevated TG, LDL and decrease in HDL
  • Lowering HDL is not detrimental when TC, LDL and
    or TG are lowered also

20
Protein Power Plan
  • States that over consumption of CHO leads to the
    development of Insulin Resistance
  • IR is the underlying cause of Obesity, CVD, HBP
    and Diabetes
  • Most overweight individuals started with IR that
    resulted from CHO intake

21
  • Breakfast- Snack-
  • . 75 c. Complete bran Flakes 2 oz. Pretzels 8
    oz. V-8juice
  • 6 oz. Low-fat (gt 1) milk
  • Dinner 2/3 cup green beans/1tsp.
    Light margarine
  • Snack- 1 cup romaine lettuce
  • Apple 1 T. FF ranch dressing
  • 12 RF Wheat Thins . 5 cup brown rice. 5 cup
    carrots
  • Lunch- Snack-
  • 1 cup Whole Wheat Pasta Dryers FF frozen Yogurt
  • . 5 cup marinara sauce
  • 2/3 cup broccoli
  • 1 cup romaine lettuce Total kcals 1486
    Protein 17 ,
  • 1 T. FF ranch CHO 63, Fat 20

22
  • Protein Power Plan Diet
  • CHO intake restricted
  • 30 gms, 55 gms phases then CHO intake not to
    exceed 100 gm/day
  • Protein prescription based on subjects fat-free
    mass and activity level.
  • Diet focuses on protein and carbohydrate intake
    rather than total
  • calories or fat intake
  • Subjects required to consume at least 25 gms
    fiber
  • Subjects advised to engage in aerobic and
    resistance training
  • Subjects required to consume at least 2 qts water
    per day
  • (before meals) and keep food/exercise log

23
  • Example of PPP Diet
  • Breakfast 1 egg 1 egg white,scrambled .5 oz.
    Cheddar cheese .5 oz. Ham 1 slice ironkids
    bread 3 wheat thins Snack 3/5 c. Broccoli
    flowerets 2 Tbl. Ranch dressing 1 oz American
    cheese Lunch 2 oz. tuna 1 TBl. Mayo 1 celery
    stalk 1 slice ironkids bread 1/2 cup
    strawberries

24
  • Dinner Cabbage lasagna 1. 5 cup green
    beans Evening Snack 2 cups Sugar free Jello 4
    TBL. Lite cool whip
  • Total Kcal-1225. 91 Avg daily Protein 23 Avg
    daily CHO 22 Avg daily Fat 55

25
Mean Body Comp Changes Between Groups
  • There were no statistically significant changes
    in body comp variables between groups after the
    diet intervention

26
Lipid Results
  • Significant decreases occurred for all in
  • TC, TG, LDL, Ratio
  • HDL rose slightly for PPP but change was not
    statistically
  • significant
  • HDL for LFHF did decrease but other lipid values
  • decreased significantly as well so ratio of HDL
    to TC still
  • remained good.

27
  • Actual Caloric Breakdown of the PPP
  • Subject weighing 158 with 95 of FFM and a
    moderately high activity level, requires 57 grams
    of protein per day
  • CHO intake is restricted to 55 grams (or 75
    before ECC)
  • 57 x 4 228
  • 55 x 4 220
  • Total Calories before fat intake 448kcals
  • RMR is 1000 kcal
  • activity level uses 400 kcal
  • 1400 kcal/day to maintain wt and lean

1400 448 952 kcals in fat! ( a stick of
butter!)
28
  • Comparison of Prescribed Diet to Reported
    Dietary Intake
  • Dietary Intake Was a Self-report Measure
  • LFHF Subjects Consumed Significantly Less Fiber
    Than Prescribed
  • PPP subjects consumed
  • 30 more protein
  • 50 more fat
  • 58 less carbohydrate
  • 30 less fiber
  • than the LFHF subjects
  • PPP consumed 44 fat, LFHF consumed 22 fat

29
Slim Fast
  • Basic Low Calorie Diet
  • Removing temptation to eat by substituting food
    with magic shake

200 kcal per shake X 2 400 kcal Add 600 kcals
for dinner 800-1000 kcals per day!
30
Low Fat Diets
  • Fit or Fat Covert Bailey
  • Pritikin
  • T-Factor
  • Ornish
  • 20/30 Plan Gabe Mirikin

31
Slim Fast
  • Basic Low Calorie Diet
  • Removing temptation to eat by substituting food
    with magic shake

200 kcal per shake X 2 400 kcal Add 600 kcals
for dinner 800-1000 kcals per day!
32
Cabbage Soup Diet
  • Recipe provided for soup and you have two cups
    per meal
  • Also allowed some fruit, coffee, milk and lettuce
    with FF dressing (free foods)
  • Total kcals for soup 66/cup
  • Daily kcals 860
  • Do this for 4 days
  • Day 5 you add 6 oz of meat
  • Brings kcals up to about 1000! WOOHOO!

33
Fat Flush Diet
  • No science to claim that the liver needs to be
    flushed in order to more efficiently burn fat
  • Muscle, not the liver burns fat
  • Mostly a low-kcal diet

34
Glycemic Index Diet
  • Steering clear of simple sugars and processed
    foods is good advice
  • Combinations of foods can lead to different
    effects depending on how combined so refraining
    from eating specific foods is pointless
  • Chocolate covered peanuts are low glycemic index
    foods but high in fat/SF

35
Nutrasystem
  • Pre-packaged foods to take the planning/pitfalls
    out of eating
  • Bland tasting and expensive
  • Convenient/low kcals (1000/day)
  • No opportunity to learn about healthy food
  • which makes maintenance hard

36
Fit for Life
  • Resurrected from 80s (sound familiar?)
  • Dead Food vs Living Food?
  • Complicated rules for eating
  • Fruit/juice only before noon
  • Protein before noon rots in the stomach?
  • Fruit not eaten with other foods ever
  • Protein and starch not eaten together ever

37
Body for Life
  • Very motivational pitch is appealing to many
  • Rigid diet and VERY vigorous exercise plan
  • Protein OVERLOAD 46 of kcals BEFORE you add
    the myoplex shakes
  • Less cardio more resistance training which is too
    aggressive for beginning exerciser
  • 7th day is a FREE day which appeals to many

38
South Beach
  • Low Carb Diet
  • Healthiest of the options
  • Beginning phase is too strict skip it
  • Promotes healthy fats, lean protein, veggies and
    whole grains
  • Book is great for menu ideas and recipes
  • Great convenience foods like cookies with FIBER!

39
Weight Watchers
  • Count points
  • Advocates variety and says no food is off
    limits
  • Costs to join/attend
  • There are scientific studies that show it is
    effective for weight loss

40
Medicinal Aids
  • Dexatrim
  • Chromaslim
  • Metabolife
  • Meridia
  • Fen-Phen/Redux
  • Xenical

41
Mild Caloric Restriction Diets
  • Weight Watchers
  • TOPS
  • AHA diet

42
Problem with Fast Foods
  • 25 of our meals are eaten outside the home
  • FF is usually about 50 fat, high in refined CHO
    and salt and low in FIBER

43
Extra Calories Needed to Gain 5 in 1 Year
  • 5 X 3500 kcal 17,500 kcals extra
  • 17,500/365 days 48 kcal/day
  • 48 kcal 1 chocolate chip cookie!

44
Fast Food
45
Whats Really In Those GOODIES?
  • Turkey Leg 1 940 kcals but most at the Rodeo
    are 1.5-2!
  • Funnel Cake 3 oz 260 kcal 14 gm fat
  • BBQ Brisket 8 oz 940 kcals 65 gm fat
  • Sausage on a Stick 710 kcals 61 gm fat

46
Restaurant Food -More Details!
  • Buffalo Wings with Blue Cheese sauce 1,010
  • Bloomin Onion with sauce 2,000
  • Chicken Caesar Salad 660
  • Fettuccine Alfredo 1,500
  • BK double whopper with cheese 1,020
  • Taco Bell Mucho Nachos 1,320
  • Cheese Enchilada with beans and rice 980
  • Beef Burito with B,R, Guac and sour cream 1,640
  • Sirloin Steak dinner 2,030
  • Pizza PH stuffed Pepperoni lovers (2 sl) 1,050
  • 52 gm fat!

47
Mall Food
  • Pretzel 500
  • TCBY waffle cone 380
  • Haagen-Daazs vanilla 1 scoop 270

48
Starbucks
  • Kcals Fat
  • Café mocha with skim milk 240 3 gm
  • Café mocha with whole milk 430 17 gm
  • White chocolate mocha, wm, venti 500 29 gm
  • Cinnamon Scone 530 26 gm
  • Cholesterol free BB scone 420 15 gm
  • (32) but no cholesterol!

49
Other Sweets and Snacks
  • Cinnabon 670 34 gm
  • Mrs. Fields DF brownie 420 25 gm
  • Mrs. Fields CC cookie 250 13 gm
  • Cheesecake factory 710 49 gm
  • CF carrot cake 1,560 ?
  • Popcorn w/butter LG 1,650

50
Drive Thru and Meal Deals
  • Food Kcals Fat Sat Fat
  • Big Mac 560 30 12
  • Whopper 700 42 14
  • Large Fry 520 25 11
  • McD Caesar, Crispy Chicken Salad 490 32 10
  • W- Homestyle Ch. Strip Salad 670 45 15
  • BK W w/chlg frylg coke 1,590 74 33
  • BK Shake 21 oz 760 41 29
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