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Living with Risk… Strategies for Mainstreaming Disaster Risk Management in the Agriculture Sector

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Living with Risk Strategies for Mainstreaming Disaster Risk Management in the Agriculture Sector Presented by Liz Riley Deputy Executive Director (Ag) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Living with Risk… Strategies for Mainstreaming Disaster Risk Management in the Agriculture Sector


1
Living with RiskStrategies for Mainstreaming
Disaster Risk Management in the Agriculture
Sector
  • Presented by
  • Liz Riley
  • Deputy Executive Director (Ag)
  • Caribbean Disaster Emergency Management Agency
    (CDEMA)
  • Caribbean Regional Symposium on Agriculture Risk
    Insurance
  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • June 15, 2010

2
Presentation Overview
  • The Role and Function of CDEMA
  • The Caribbean Hazard Landscape
  • CDM A Regional Framework for Cooperation in
    Disaster Management
  • Area for consideration in going forward

3
OVERVIEW OF CDEMA
4
Overview of CDEMA
  • CDEMA (formally CDERA) is the regional
    inter-governmental Agency responsible for
    disaster management in the Caribbean Community
    (CARICOM)
  • CDERA established in 1991 by an Agreement of
    Heads of Government of CARICOM
  • September 1, 2009 official date of transition
    from CDERA to CDEMA
  • 18 Participating States Haiti and Suriname
    joined September 1, 2009

5
CDEMAs Functions
  • (a) mobilising and coordinating disaster relief
  • (b) mitigating or eliminating, as far as
    practicable, the immediate consequences of
    disasters in Participating States
  • (c) providing immediate and coordinated response
    by means of emergency disaster relief to any
    affected Participating State
  • (d) securing, coordinating and providing to
    interested inter-governmental and nongovernmental
    organisations reliable and comprehensive
    information on disasters affecting any
    Participating State

6
CDEMAs Functions (contd)
  • (e) encouraging
  • (i) the adoption of disaster loss reduction
    and mitigation policies and practices at the
    national and regional level
  • (ii) cooperative arrangements and mechanisms to
    facilitate the development of a culture of
    disaster loss reduction and
  • (iii) coordinating the establishment,
    enhancement and maintenance of adequate emergency
    disaster response capabilities among the
    Participating States.

7
CDEMAS INTERACTIONS
8
The Caribbean Hazards Landscape
  • Caribbean region is very prone to natural hazards
  • Climate variability and change likely to increase
    frequency and severity of hydro meteorological
    events
  • Increased exposure to natural hazards within the
    last two decades

Spatial distribution of hurricanes and storms in
the Caribbean Region (1900-2004)
9
The Caribbean Hazards Landscape
  • Increasing value of losses across all economic
    sectors tourism, agriculture, housing,
    infrastructure
  • Disruption to social infrastructure, loss of
    livelihoods poverty links

10
Economic Damage from Selected Events
11
(No Transcript)
12
Hazard Impact on the Agriculture Sector
13
Hazard Impact on the Agriculture Sector
14
Hazard Impact on the Agriculture Sector
Source (i) FAO Regional Workshop on Disaster
Preparedness and Impact Mitigation in the
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Sectors -
Technical Report (ii) ECLAC,
Various reports.
15
Climate Change Agriculture
  • The regions agriculture, forestry, and fisheries
    sectors water resources are considered to be
    among the most vulnerable to damage from climate
    change...

16
Climate Change Agriculture
  • Vast majority of agricultural production across
    the region is rain-fed
  • Projected reduction in precipitation would have a
    serious impact on food security and exports.
  • Changes in rainfall patterns will increase crop
    vulnerability to certain diseases.
  • Highly water-dependant banana crop
  • Requires between 1,300 and 1,800 mm of rainfall
    per year to produce larger fruit size
  • lack of water is associated with the onset of
    black sigatoka disease.
  • Increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide
    concentrations could cause a reduction in sugar
    cane yields.

17
Climate Change Agriculture
Source CCCCs Climate Change and the Caribbean
A Regional Framework for Achieving Development
Resilient to Climate Change (2009-2015)
18
COMPREHENSIVE DISASTER MANAGEMENT (CDM) A
REGIONAL FRAMEWORK FOR COOPERATION AND RESOURCE
SHARING IN DISASTER MANAGEMENT
19
What is Comprehensive Disaster Management?
  • Comprehensive Disaster Management (CDM) is the
    management of all hazards
  • through all phases of the disaster management
    cycle prevention and mitigation, preparedness,
    response, recovery and rehabilitation
  • by all peoples public and private sectors, all
    segments of civil society and the general
    population in hazard prone areas.
  • CDM involves risk reduction management and
  • integration of vulnerability assessment into the
    development planning process. (CDERA 2001, 2006)

20
CDM A Paradigm Shift
  • Reactive Anticipatory
  • Disaster Office Shared Responsibility
  • FROM a focus on individual hazards
  • TO viewing hazard exposure as an ongoing
    process and aims to reduce vulnerability across
    all sectors
  • (CGCED 2002)

21
CDM in Context
  • Global and Regional Agendas
  • Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015
  • CARICOM Regional Programming Framework 2005
    2015
  • Caribbean Single Market and Economy
  • St. Georges Declaration of Principles for
    Environmental Sustainability (Organization of
    Eastern Caribbean States)

22
CDM Benefits
  • A regional framework for disaster management
  • Emphasizes natural hazard risk reduction
  • Promotes a culture of safety
  • Recognizes that strengthening disaster
    preparedness for better response is critical
  • Encourages strategic partner alliances
  • Advocates for empowering of sector partners to
    (take responsibility) and lead dissemination and
    advocacy with their constituency

23
CDM Strategy Summary
  • Goal
  • Regional Sustainable Development enhanced through
    Comprehensive Disaster Management
  • Purpose
  • To strengthen regional, national and community
    level capacity for the mitigation, management and
    coordinated response to natural and
    anthropological hazards, and the effects of
    climate change

24
CDM Framework
25
Partnerships for Risk Reduction A Key Pillar of
CDM
  • Since its inception, CDEMA has pursued a policy
    of collaboration with national, regional and
    international organisations which have
    overlapping interests
  • Minimises duplication
  • Ensures more rational use of the limited
    resources available to the region
  • Ensures that technical assistance provided is of
    the highest quality as each agency is allowed to
    take the lead in the area where it has specific
    technical expertise

26
THE CDM GOVERNANCE MECHANISM
27
The CDM Governance Mechanism
  • The 2007 CDM programming consultation agreed for
    the establishment of a CDM governance mechanism
    to provide policy and technical advice for CDM
    implementation at the national, regional and
    sector levels.
  • This led to the establishment of the
    Comprehensive Disaster Management Coordination
    and Harmonization Council (CDM CHC) on 10
    December, 2007.

28
The CDM Governance Mechanism
  • CDM CHC PURPOSE
  • To provide technical guidance on matters related
    to programming implementation in order to foster
    sustainable governance of the enhanced CDM
    Strategy and Framework 2007 -2012

29
The CDM Governance Mechanism
  • CDM CHC OBJECTIVES
  • To mainstream Disaster Risk Management at the
    national level and into key sectors of national
    economies
  • To facilitate the effective coordination and
    harmonization of the CDM implementation process.

30
Membership
  • i. Participating States CDEMA Sub-Regional
    Focal Points
  • Development Partners
  • Sector Leads are representatives of agencies
    that have volunteered to facilitate/Chair
    Sector-Sub Committees, which comprise specialized
    agency representatives.
  • CDEMA CU Chairman and Secretariat for the CDM
    CHC

31
Priority Sectors
  • Six Sectors have been prioritized in the Enhanced
    CDM Strategy for focus during the period
    2007-2012. These sectors include Education,
    Health, Civil Society, Agriculture, Tourism and
    Finance.
  • The following Sector Leads have been confirmed
  • Tourism Caribbean Tourism Organization
  • Education University of the West Indies
  • Agriculture Food and Agriculture Organization
  • Health Pan American Health Organization.
  • Civil Society Caribbean Policy Development
    Centre (CPDC) and IFRCS

32
CDM Governance Structure
Council
CDEMA Executive Director
TAC
33
Progress in the mainstreaming of CDM in the
Agriculture Sector
  • Amalgamation of the Jagdeo TMAC and ASSC to form
    the Agriculture Disaster Risk Management
    Committee (ASSC/TMAC).
  • Membership includes
  • Minister of Agriculture, Lands, Housing and
    Environment of Antigua Barbuda Chair
  • United Nations Food Agriculture Organization
    (FAO) Lead Technical Agency
  • Caribbean Regional Fisheries Mechanism (CRFM)
  • Caribbean Farmers Network (CaFAN)
  • Inter- American Institute for Cooperation on
    Agriculture (IICA)
  • Caribbean Disaster Emergency Management Agency
    (CDEMA)
  • Ad Hoc
  • Caribbean Network of Fisher Folk Organizations
  • Caribbean Coordinating Organization for the Red
    Cross (CCORC)

34
Progress in the mainstreaming of CDM in the
Agriculture Sector
  • Functions of the ASSC/TMAC
  • Recommend broad policies for addressing the
    deficient and uncoordinated risk management
    measures existing in the region, including
    praedial larceny provide overall guidance at
    the agriculture sector level to facilitate the
    mainstreaming of CDM at the national regional
    levels
  • Initiate and promote new ideas, methods and
    instruments aimed at addressing the constraint
    while articulating and advancing the priority CDM
    results for the sector
  • Coordinate the Annual Work Programme, including
    the operational budget and lead the process in
    securing the necessary resources for the
    execution of the work programme

35
Progress in the mainstreaming of CDM in the
Agriculture Sector
  • Functions of the ASSC/TMAC
  • Agree on and utilize a mechanism for monitoring,
    evaluating and reporting on the work programme of
    the Committee
  • Provide timely reports to the COTED and CDM CHC
    and other relevant institutions through the Chair
    and Lead Agency respectively on the performance
    and levels of compliance with targets and
    procedures agreed upon, identifying challenges
    and gaps in achieving the prioritized results of
    the interventions
  • Assess results and recommend future broad
    direction for the alleviation of the constraint

36
Progress in the mainstreaming of CDM in the
Agriculture Sector
  • Identification of Priority Areas for the
    Agriculture Sector
  • - Risk transfer mechanisms for the sector
  • - Incorporating Hazard information and disaster
    risk Management measures in agriculture sector
    planning and development
  • -Enhancing Capacity for the conduct of Disaster
    Damage Assessment and the Design of
    Rehabilitation/Reconstruction Plans for the
    Agricultural Sector
  • - Introduction of Measures aimed at the reduction
    of Praedial Larceny

37
Progress in the mainstreaming of CDM in the
Agriculture Sector
  • Identification of Priority Areas for the
    Agriculture Sector
  • Enhancing Institutional mechanisms for the
    development and implementation of interventions
    related to Disaster risk management
  • Enhancing Preparedness, Response and Mitigation
    capacity in the Agriculture Sector
  • Raising the awareness and knowledge of farmers on
    disaster management related procedures

38
Progress in the mainstreaming of CDM in the
Agriculture Sector
  • Multi Year Work Programme developed for the
    mainstreaming of Comprehensive Disaster
    Management (CDM)within the Agriculture Sector in
    the Caribbean.
  • Key initiatives for the Agriculture Sector (short
    to medium term) identified and implemented

39
Progress in the mainstreaming of CDM in the
Agriculture Sector
  • Expected Results
  • Enhanced culture of agricultural risk management
    at the regional, national and local levels
  • Risk transfer mechanisms for the sector designed
    and implemented with a focus on agricultural
    insurance
  • Hazard information and disaster risk Management
    measures incorporated in agriculture sector
    planning and development
  • Agricultural risk management protocols and
    resource facility developed
  • Improved national and local capacities for
    hurricane related disaster mitigation,
    preparedness and response in the agricultural
    sector

40
Progress in the mainstreaming of CDM in the
Agriculture Sector
  • Capacity for the conduct of Disaster Damage
    Assessment and the Design of Rehabilitation/Recons
    truction Plans for the Agricultural Sector
    enhanced.
  • Information generated on the diversity, ecology,
    and evolution of the influenza A subtype H1N1
    Virus in Swine population and the potential risk
    of animal-human transmission and vice versa.
  • Field surveillance and laboratory systems
    strengthened to ensure detection and diagnosis of
    the influenza viruses and other potential
    subtypes in the swine population in target
    countries.
  • Measures aimed at the reduction of Praedial
    Larceny promoted and supported.

41
Way Forward Policy Considerations
  • Multi hazard approach
  • Hazard Risk Assessment for fact based planning
  • Incorporation of hazard information into
    agricultural development planning
  • Incorporation of the science CC
  • Planning for all aspects of Disaster Management
    Cycle preparedness, response, mitigation,
    prevention, recovery
  • Capacity needs? How does the Sector assist itself
    during times of emergency? Role of pre-planning.


42
Way Forward Policy Considerations
  • Transboundary nature of threats actual and/or
    perceived collective action
  • Institutional arrangements national and
    regional
  • Post disaster damage assessment
  • Role of regional funds

43
THE END
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