Livestock Terms and Breeds - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Livestock Terms and Breeds PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 3bfa40-MTA5Y



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Livestock Terms and Breeds

Description:

Livestock Terms and Breeds Agriculture I General Livestock Terms Barren not capable of producing offspring Cull to eliminate one or more animals from the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:512
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 65
Provided by: fileboxV5
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Livestock Terms and Breeds


1
Livestock Terms and Breeds
Agriculture I
2
General Livestock Terms
  • Barren not capable of producing offspring
  • Cull to eliminate one or more animals from the
    breeding herd or flock
  • Composite breed a breed that has been formed by
    crossing 2 or more breeds (synthetic breed)
  • Crossbreeding mating animals from genetically
    diverse groups within a species
  • Dam female parent
  • Sire male parent
  • Dry non-lactating female

3
General Livestock Terms
  • Estrus the period of mating activity in the
    female mammal.
  • Finish the degree of fatness of an animal
  • Gestation the time from breeding or conception
    of a female until she gives birth to her young
  • Herd a group of animals
  • Heterosis (hybrid vigor) Performance of
    offspring that is greater than the average of the
    parents

4
General Livestock Terms
  • Inheritance the transmission of genes from
    parents to offspring
  • Non-ruminant mono-gastric animal
  • Open non-pregnant females
  • Polled naturally or genetically hornless
  • Purebred an animal eligible for registry with a
    recognized breed association.
  • Puberty the age at which the reproductive
    organs become functionally operative

5
General Livestock Terms
  • Ruminant a mammal whose stomach has 4 parts
    (rumen, reticulum, omasum, abomasum)
  • Seedstock breeding animals (purebred)
  • Wet milking female
  • Weanling an animal of weaning age
  • Weaning separating young animals from their
    dams so offspring can no longer suckle

6
Beef Terms
  • Bovine a general family grouping of cattle
  • Bull - mature male
  • Cow - mature female with one calf
  • Heifer - female that has not calved yet
  • Steer - castrated male prior to puberty
  • Stag - castrated male after puberty
  • Calf - young beef animal
  • Calve to give birth to a calf
  • British breeds breeds of beef cattle
    originating in England
  • Continental breeds breed cattle originating in
    countries other than England

7
Sheep Terms
  • Ram/Buck - mature male
  • Ewe - female, prior to and after lambing
  • Wether - castrated male prior to puberty
  • Stag - castrated male after puberty
  • Lamb - young sheep or the process of giving birth
    to a lamb
  • Mutton meat from a sheep that is over 1 year
    old
  • Wool the fibers that grow from the skin of
    sheep

8
Swine Terms
  • Boar - mature male
  • Sow - mature female after farrowing
  • Barrow - castrated male prior to puberty
  • Stag - castrated male after puberty
  • Gilt - female prior to farrowing
  • Pig(let) -young pig
  • Farrow to give birth to pigs
  • Litter giving birth to multiple young

9
Horse Terms
  • Stallion - mature male
  • Mare - mature female after foaling
  • Gelding - castrated male
  • Filly - female prior to foaling
  • Colt - male, uncastrated, up to 3 yrs. old
  • Foal - young male or female horse or the act of
    giving birth

10
Chicken Terms
  • Poultry term that includes chickens, turkeys,
    geese, pigeons, peafowls, guineas, and game birds
  • Cock/rooster - mature male
  • Hen - mature female
  • Cockerel - young male prior to puberty
  • Capon - castrated male prior to puberty
  • Pullet - young female prior to laying
  • Chick - young chicken
  • Boiler a young meat-type chicken of either sex
  • Clutch eggs laid by a hen on consecutive days

11
External Anatomy
  • Beef Main TermsLoin, Rump, Tail head, Stifle,
    Brisket, Rib, Quarter, Rear flank, Forearm, Hook,
    Pin, Round, Loin, Rib, Flank, Plate, Chuck,
    Brisket, Shank
  • Sheep Main TermsRump, Loin, Back (Rack),
    Shoulder, Leg, Rear flank, Fore flank, Breast,
    Leg, Breast, Loin, Rack, Shoulder, Shank
  • Swine Main Terms Shoulder, Loin, Rump, Ham, Rear
    flank, Fore flank, Jowl, Boston Butt, Loin, Ham,
    Jowl, Picnic Shoulder, Spare Ribs, Belly

12
Beef Cattle Parts
13
(No Transcript)
14
Sheep Parts
15
(No Transcript)
16
(No Transcript)
17
(No Transcript)
18
Identify Common Beef Breeds
  • Continental Breeds
  • Charolais
  • Simmental
  • Limousin
  • Gelbveih
  • Salers
  • Chianina
  • British (English) Breeds
  • Angus (Black and Red)
  • Horned and Polled Hereford
  • Shorthorn
  • U.S. Breeds
  • Brahman
  • Brangus
  • Braford
  • Beefmaster
  • Longhorn

19
British Breeds
20
Angus
21
Angus Traits
  • Originated in Scotland
  • Most popular breed in VA
  • Black in color (Also Red Angus - different breed)
    and polled (means NO horns)
  • Early maturing
  • Low birth weights
  • Marbles well (marbling is putting fat into muscle
    - thats what makes you steak taste GOOD choice
    cuts means more )

22
Red Angus
23
Hereford
24
Hereford
  • Horned Herefords originated in England - Polled
    Herefords were first bred in the USA
  • Red body with white face and usually other white
    marking on the legs and belly can be horned (with
    horns) or polled
  • Hardy, adaptable to harsh cold climate
  • Early maturing (but not very good at marbling
  • Work well for cross-breeding

25
Shorthorn
26
Shorthorn
  • Originated in England
  • Can be red, white, or roan (mix of white and
    another color) in color
  • Can be horned or polled
  • Dual purpose breed - can be used for milk and
    meat
  • Noted for maternal ability
  • more docile than any other breed excellent
    disposition

27
Continental Breeds
28
Charolais
29
Charolais
  • Originated from France
  • White in color
  • Can be horned or polled
  • Heavily muscled
  • Considered a bull breed - because they add weight
    through muscle
  • Heavy birth weights
  • Late maturing larger carcass weight

30
Simmental
31
Simmental
  • Originated from Switzerland
  • Can be either yellow/red with white or black with
    white
  • In the US we tend to breed more for black and
    white (US likes black colored hides)
  • Was originally dual purpose, now used mainly as a
    beef breed
  • Larger mature size increased input increased
    output (good for VA because of forage)

32
Limousin
33
Limousin
  • Originated in France
  • Can be either golden or black in color
  • Can be horned or polled
  • High weight gain excellent cutability
  • Late maturing

34
Gelbvieh
35
Gelbvieh
  • Originated in Austria and Germany
  • Golden colored
  • Can be horned or polled
  • Developed as a dual-purpose breed
  • Excellent maternal traits
  • High birth weights
  • Late maturing

36
Salers
37
Salers
  • Originated in France
  • Dark red in color
  • Typically have a longer, shaggy haircoat
  • Horned

38
Chianina
39
Chianina
  • Originated in Italy (Chiana Valley-Tuscany)
  • White to steel gray in color with black points
    (nose, legs)
  • One of the oldest breeds - used as models for
    Roman sculpture
  • Horned
  • Extremely large frame
  • Low milk production
  • Terminal breed

40
Brahman
41
Brahman
  • Originated in India
  • Various colors, but greys and browns are
    predominant
  • Characteristic hump over shoulder, large droopy
    ears, and lots of excess skin under neck
  • Bos Indicus breed of cattle (not Bos Taurus)
  • Heat and parasite resistance (big advantage)
  • Low birth weights
  • Undesirable carcass traits (big disadvantage)

42
American Breeds
43
Brangus
44
Brangus
  • Developed in USA
  • Cross of Brahman (3/8) and Angus (5/8)
  • Almost always black and polled
  • Breed to get the good meat characteristics of the
    Angus with the heat tolerance of the Brahman

45
Braford
46
Braford
  • Developed in the USA
  • Cross of Hereford and Brahman cattle
  • Generally have coat pattern of Hereford with
    Brahmans excess skin
  • Can be horned or polled

47
Beefmaster
48
Beefmaster
  • Developed in the USA
  • 3 way cross between Hereford (1/4), Shorthorn
    (1/4), and Brahman (1/2)
  • Selected for ability to grow well under range
    conditions (out in LARGE areas of land, means
    they must be able to grow well without additional
    feed and little extra care)

49
Longhorn
50
Longhorn
  • Originated in the USA
  • Generally multicolored
  • Characteristic long horns
  • Bred historically for meat and trail drive to
    market
  • Now bred mainly as a hobby (roping cattle, for
    their horns)
  • Poor meat quality
  • High fertility

51
Sheep Breeds
  • Rambouillet
  • Dorset
  • Suffolk
  • Hampshire
  • Lincoln

52
Rambouillet
  • Ewe breed (Maternal)
  • Good herding instinct
  • Large and hardy
  • White, small horizontal ears
  • Rams horned
  • Medium length wool
  • Large wool cap

53
Dorset
  • Medium length wool
  • Dual Breed (milking, meat)
  • White, Horizontal ears
  • Small wool cap
  • Horned/Polled

54
Suffolk
  • Large, with short wool
  • Ram breed (tall, meaty, good carcass)
  • Droopy ears

55
Hampshire
  • Medium Length wool
  • Ram Breed
  • Black face, white wool
  • Large Droopy ears
  • Prone to wool blindness

56
Lincoln
  • Dual purpose breed
  • Black nose
  • Small wool cap
  • Long wool
  • Erect ears
  • Fairly good carcass

57
Swine Breeds
  • Yorkshire
  • Landrace
  • Chester White
  • Duroc
  • Hampshire
  • Spotted Swine or Spots

58
Yorkshire
  • Good Mothering
  • White
  • Erect Ears

59
Landrace
  • White
  • Long Floppy ears
  • Good Mothering

60
Chester White
  • White
  • Medium Droopy ears
  • Good Mothering

61
Duroc
  • Red
  • Good carcass
  • Females - poor milking ability
  • Drooped ears

62
Hampshire
  • Black and white, belted
  • Good carcass
  • Erect ears
  • Poor libido

63
Spotted Swine or Spots
  • Black and white spots
  • Droopy ears
  • Aggressive

64
ANY QUESTIONS???
About PowerShow.com