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Gandhian Vision of Rural Industrialization Needs and

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Title: Gandhian Vision of Rural Industrialization Needs and


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Gandhian Vision of Rural Industrialization
Needs and challenges
3
Synopsis of Presentation
  • Indias development experience
  • Need for Gandhian Model of development -
    challenges of its practical Implementation
  • Attempts done so far - their critical review
  • Hopeful signs-silver linings in the dark clouds
  • Role of Technical Institutions-suggestions

4
OUR PATH TO DEVELOPMENT
5
The Model of Development
  • Increase wealth of nation through Planned growth
    in agriculture and industry--emphasis on
    centralized technologies
  • The wealth would trickle down to masses thus
    alleviating poverty
  • Help to village industries only a stop gap
    arrangement for quick employment generation

6
Growth in Economy
7
Indias Development Experience
  • 35 below poverty line-huge unemployment
  • Unaccounted money in circulation 30-50 of GDP
  • Transparency International India nearly at the
    top in corruption
  • Total Debt Rs2,000,000 crores ( 35 external)
  • skewed economic growth ( carvak model) and moral
    shrinkage

8
Task force on Employment ...report submitted to
Planning Commission (2002)
  • Only if GDP growth 8-9 employment opportunities
    would increase..if it continues at average of
    6.5 it will not lead to any significant
    improvement in employment
  • Almost near jobless growth in 1990s
  • Unemployment about 10 crore youth

What are its implications?
9
The Danger ahead -globalisation
  • Stark inequalities can be a recipe for
    socio-political and economic destabilization in a
    globalising economy PMs Council

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We need Holistic Growth with Social justice
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Holistic Growth with Social justice
  • Failure of capitalistic and communist models -of
    materialistic world view-their non sustainability
  • The humanistic alternative Ruskin, Gandhi,
    Maslow, Schumacher
  • Gandhian View Development should be holistic
    Non-exploitative, i.e. sustainable
  • Possible only in Self sufficient Village
    Republics Gram-swaraj Swadeshi ---wealth
    generation in a distributed manner not
    re-distribution of wealth generated centrally
  • Need for Rural Industrialization--decentralised
    production

12
Challenges in Implementing Gandhian Model
  • Gandhiji I do visualize electricity, ship
    building, iron works, machine making and the like
    existing side by side with village handicrafts.
    But the order of dependence will be reversed..
  • Technical feasibility Is it possible to have
    production by masses in a manner that can compete
    with mass production?
  • Social feasibility - change in the world view of
    society Imbibing universal human
    values-Holistic Education

13
Efforts Done till now
  • AIVIA set up by Gandhiji
    in 1935 at Wardha
  • Voluntary effort of dedicated Gandhians
  • Akhil Bhartiya Sarva Seva Sangha
  • Setting up of KVIC 1957 .JBCRI handed over to
    it
  • Activities at JBCRI
  • Contribution of NGOs
  • Rural Technology Centres in IITs, IISc

14
Why have these efforts not borne fruit ?
15
Technical Feasibility.1
Why have these efforts not borne fruit
  • Mind set VI sector is bound to be
    un-competitive ( economy of scale)
  • low productivity quality
  • VI sectors role is primarily to provide
    employment---- not a viable method of
    production
  • No systematic efforts by technical institutions
    to innovate technologies, management practices
    for decentralised production---limited expertise
    with NGOs
  • Technical education oriented towards organised
    sector alone

16
Technical Feasibility.2
Why have these efforts not borne fruit
  • No emphasis on Indigenous Technology
    development. Import is cheaper
  • Rural Technology Centres islands of
    mediocrity in ocean of excellence
  • The Culture of Resource Generation in Technical
    Institutions
  • Limited paying capability of KVI enterprises
  • Lack of recognition for such low technology
    work-- unfavourable institutional ethos
  • Faculty appraisal international publications

17
Social Feasibility
Why have these efforts not borne fruit..
  • Materialistic world view promotes consumerism
    ostentatious living
  • rejects simple living as a policy
  • rejects appropriate technologies
  • Attenuates the spirit of Service in NGOs ...from
    seva to naukri
  • The Education System promotes cut-throat
    competition
  • no discussion on values default value
    system-hedonism , materialistic world view

The future of any society depends on the
education of its youth
18
Hope for the future ?
19
Success stories of decentralised
production-management
  • AMUL
  • Lijjat Papad
  • SEWA
  • Mumbai Dabbawalas
  • Handloom -Handicraft exports
  • Contribution of NGOs

20
Silver Linings in the Clouds
  • Ecological awareness-sustainable development
    movement
  • sustainable production consumption
  • values for sustainable development
  • Increasing popularity of Products best produced
    in VI Sector Organic foods, Cotton, Ayurvedic
    remedies, herbal food supplements
  • IT Revolution-potential for help in marketing
  • Introduction of Education in Human Values in the
    education system

21
RIO-DECLARATION on Environment Development
  • 5 Eradicating poverty...decrease disparities an
    indispensable requirement for sustainable
    development
  • 8 Eliminate unsustainable patterns of production
    and consumption
  • 22 recognize and support indigenous knowledge
    and traditional practices

22
Role of Technical Institutions..some suggestions?
23
Technical Feasibility
Some suggestions
  • Develop technologies and management practices to
    make decentralized production competitive
  • Student Projects ( at all levels) related to KVI
    Sector
  • Practical training in good KVI units
  • Seek Grants for projects related to KVIC Sector
  • Rural entrepreneurship as a viable career
  • Rural Energy Infrastructure Development

Identify policy changes to give due recognition
to such RD work
24
Social Feasibility
Some suggestions
  • Introduce Education in Human Values in the
    Curriculum
  • What , Why and How of Value inculcation ?
  • Interaction of Science Technology and Human
    Values - sustainable development
  • Engineering Ethics
  • Conduct Training programmes to sensitize
    professional engineers , scientists NGOs

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Role of Governmental Agencies
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Role of Governmental Agencies
Some suggestions
  • KVIC Set up a Model Apex Institution to
    Coordinate the process of Transfer of Attention
    of S, T M institutions to KVI Sector
  • Provide it with sufficient autonomy and resources
    to fund research projects related to KVI
    Sector----ethos of a facilitator and not a
    stereotype auditor
  • Set up its Technical Interface units in reputed
    Technical Institutions
  • Promote rural Entrepreneurship Development
    programmes in Technical Institutions

MGIRI
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Role of Government Agencies
Some suggestions
  • AICTE Promote this work through affirmative
    action--accreditation policy
  • GOI Changes in Technology Policy and other
    affirmative action
  • Earmark a portion ( say 2) of funds of rural
    development ministry for RD activities related
    to KVI Sector
  • Give Priority to strengthening the rural energy
    programme and IT network
  • Emphasis indigenous technology development

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Role of Government Agencies
Some suggestions
  • CSIR , DST , MNES , DBT, CAPART etc.
  • Encourage R D work at various levels-- from
    research labs to Grass root innovators -- to
    strengthen KVI Sector in various ways

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What should we aim to achieve in this workshop?
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  • Evolve Policies and action plans for various
    stakeholders ( especially technical institutions)
    which would accelerate the process of rural
    industrialization in tune with the Gandhian
    vision of sustainable village economy
  • the products of the KVI sector can compete with
    those of the mainstream industrial sector and
    become equally popular in the country and abroad

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Identify Action Plans to .
  • Provide best possible S,TM inputs to increase
    productivity, ensure quality and marketing of
    KVIC products
  • Create an ethos to attract professionally trained
    youth to Gandhian vision-- initiate the process
    of bringing about a change in the world view
  • Empower traditional craftsmen, artisans in
    various ways---- learning and training,
    integration with mainstream technical education
  • Promote Rural Entrepreneurship Development
    programmes in technical institutions

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Thank You All !
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