TRIENNIAL CONFERENCE OF THE NEW ZEALAND FEDERATION OF GRADUATE WOMEN: TAKING EFFECTIVE ACTION: SATURDAY 3 OCTOBER 2009 PGW NET PARTNERSHIPS – NZFGW IN THE PACIFIC - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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TRIENNIAL CONFERENCE OF THE NEW ZEALAND FEDERATION OF GRADUATE WOMEN: TAKING EFFECTIVE ACTION: SATURDAY 3 OCTOBER 2009 PGW NET PARTNERSHIPS – NZFGW IN THE PACIFIC

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Title: TRIENNIAL CONFERENCE OF THE NEW ZEALAND FEDERATION OF GRADUATE WOMEN: TAKING EFFECTIVE ACTION: SATURDAY 3 OCTOBER 2009 PGW NET PARTNERSHIPS – NZFGW IN THE PACIFIC


1
TRIENNIAL CONFERENCE OF THE NEW ZEALAND
FEDERATION OF GRADUATE WOMEN TAKING EFFECTIVE
ACTION SATURDAY 3 OCTOBER 2009PGW NET
PARTNERSHIPS NZFGW IN THE PACIFIC
  • WOMENS STATUS
  • IN
  • PAPUA NEW GUINEA
  • AND
  • SOLOMON ISLANDS
  • ANDRINA KL THOMAS
  • SOCIAL ENTERPRISE PHD STUDENT
  • UNIVERSITY OF WAIKATO

2
Presentation Outline
  • Women in Melanesian Parliaments, 2008
  • Status of Women in Top Ranking Positions in Civil
    Service as of November 2008
  • Womens status in Papua New Guinea
  • Conclusion
  • Womens status in Solomon Islands
  • Conclusion

3
2008 Women in Melanesian Parliaments
  • The Impact of Electoral Systems on Womens
    Representation in Pacific Parliaments by
  • Jon Fraenkel, Australian National University

4
Nov 2008 Women in Civil Service Top Ranking
Positions
  • Table 2 Share of Women in Top Ranking Positions
    in the Civil Service as of November 2008
  • Jon Fraenkel, Australian National University

5
PNG Women in National Parliament
6
Womens Status in Papua New Guinea
  • Dame Lady Carol Kidu, DBE, and Member of
    Parliament
  • A Secondary school teacher for 20 years
  • A part-time text book writer
  • A politician for 13 years from 1997-2009
  • Entered politics in 1997 as candidate for Papua
    New Guinea parliamentary elections and elected
    for Port Moresby South constituency
  • She was re-elected in 2002 and 2007
  • First female cabinet minister in PNG as Minister
    for Community Development and Sports Minister
  • Islands Business named her 2007 Person of the
    Year for her work towards poverty alleviation
    against domestic violence and child abuse
    against HIV and AIDS and in favour of womens
    empowerment

7
Womens Status in Papua New Guinea
  • Politics is not an easy road
  • Female candidate after 2002 election perhaps
    the worst election in PNGs history
  • Dame Kidu established the following
    programmes/projects
  • CODE Centre in Village
  • BPW Scholarship Scheme for girls
  • Ginigoada Business Development Foundation
  • Moresby South Pre-School Association

8
Numbers of PNG Women in Parliament
  • Since 1972, there has been a maximum of 2.2
    women in any one term of Parliament
  • Currently less than 1
  • Women candidates never greater than 5 of all
    candidates
  • BUT women are 50 of the population so we are NOT
    a representative democracy

9
Figures on women in elections the women are
invisible
10
Women in other political levels
  • Autonomous Bougainville Government 3 Reserved
    seats for women (men women vote)
  • Motu-Koitabu Assembly 2 Reserved seats for
    women (women vote)
  • Organic Law on Provincial and Local Level
    Governments includes provision for nominated
    women at provincial and local level but poorly
    implemented
  • An increasing number of women (but not enough)
    are winning at local level elections

11
The Legislative Framework for Women in Politics
  • An Enabling National Constitution
  • Organic Law on Provincial and Local Level
    Government
  • Organic Law on the Integrity of Political Parties
    and Candidates
  • Laws on Electoral Process
  • Lack of Affirmative Action in existing
    legislation need for legislative reform to
    bring change

12
What has been happening since the Constitution
was enacted in 1975?
  • PNGs systems of family and community
    relationships in many of our cultures exclude
    women from leadership and decision making roles
    in the public sphere
  • Cultural, systemic and financial obstacles
    prevent women from participation in the National
    Parliament

13
Conclusion
  • Systemic bias against women
  • Women do not have
  • equality of opportunity to stand for election
  • equal participation in Parliament
  • broad representation in Parliament
  • Women have a right to make decisions on matters
    that affect their lives
  • THE KEY IS EDUCATION
  • There is a need for a paradigm shift in attitudes
    at all levels so that our people gain a better
    understanding of the true role of a politician
    and the importance of women in leadership

14
Womens Status in Solomon Islands
  • One woman parliamentarian elected a few years
    back Hilda Kari elected for 2 consecutive
    period representing Guadalcanal up to 2003
  • From 2003 there is currently no women
    parliamentarians
  • Systemic bias against women
  • Women do not have
  • equality of opportunity to stand for election
  • equal participation in Parliament
  • broad representation in Parliament
  • National Goals Directive Principles not
    achieved

15
Womens Status in Solomon Islands
  • Violence against women major barrier and common
    practice in Solomon Islands
  • Many forms of sexual violence occur child
    sexual abuse by family members commercial sexual
    exploitation of girls sexual violence during
    armed conflict and gang rape of girls often by
    young men
  • Violence exacerbated by pervasive poverty and low
    status of women with respect to men
  • Womens participation in public leadership
    positions is almost non-existent
  • National Womens Council movement has weakened in
    recent years

16
Womens Status in Solomon Islands
  • 580,000 as Solomon Islands population in 1999
    and women make up half of the population
  • 67 of Adult women are literate
  • 79 of girls are accessing primary education
  • 24 are accessing secondary education from Forms
    4-7 while 43.4 of urban girls are being educated
  • 5 accessing tertiary education
  • Priority must be given to educate more females
  • 84 of Adult men are literate
  • Stop gender stereotyping for female domestic
    roles
  • 5 Women are permanent secretaries and 3 females
    are secondary school principals compared to 100
    males

17
Womens Status in Solomon Islands
  • National goals and directive principles for
    gender equity and empowerment contained in
    states strategic plan
  • More qualified women are accessing top-ranking
    jobs in the civil service but not in legislature
  • WOMEN DONT WANT OTHER WOMEN TO SUCCEED IN
    SOLOMON ISLANDS AND LEADERSHIP IS A MANS DOMAIN
  • HOW DO WE RECTIFY THIS PROBLEM?
  • Accession to CEDAW convention and state playing
    active role in appointing more women into
    decision-making roles
  • State instituting Affirmative Action Plans

18
Conclusion
  • Needs a paradigm shift in cultural attitudes in
    the community level as well as widespread
    education to change predominant patriarchal
    mindsets
  • Contemporary cultures in the Pacific and Solomon
    Islands still tends to be conservative and
    patriarchal, reflecting a colonial and missionary
    heritage as well as a reluctance to change a
    status quo which favours men politically,
    socially, economically and administratively.
  • In some Pacific societies, women are worse off in
    some ways now than they were traditionally
    because protective customs and traditional
    protocols of womens power and influence have
    either disappeared or are being abused.

19
Conclusion
  • Womens access to education is limited leading to
    lesser leadership opportunities and chances to
    improve opportunities for other women
  • Ministry of Education and Human Resource
    Development employs more men that women
  • Women hold very few senior positions at the
    Ministry of Education and Human Resource
    Development IN 2004
  • Solomon Islands Parliament has no female members
  • Therefore, low levels of representation mean
  • WOMENS ISSUES NOT HEARD NOR ADDRESSED!!

20
Projects to support Women in Melanesia
21
Projects to support Women in Melanesia
22
Projects to support Women in Melanesia
23
Projects to support Women in Melanesia
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