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Smart Homes

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Smart Homes Spring 2005 Computational Intelligence Seminar Series Presented by Kevin Harris Outline Displaying a need: US demographic trends Smart Homes Goals ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Smart Homes


1
Smart Homes
  • Spring 2005 Computational Intelligence Seminar
    Series
  • Presented by
  • Kevin Harris

2
Outline
  • Displaying a need US demographic trends
  • Smart Homes
  • Goals, Vocabulary, Technology, Challenges,
    Functions
  • Paper The Smart House for Older Persons and
    Persons With Physical Disabilities Structure,
    Technology, Arrangements, and Perspectives
  • Project Websites

3
Displaying a need US demographic trends
  • In 2000, age 65
  • 35.0 million people
  • 53 65-74
  • 35 75-84
  • 12 85
  • 20.6 million women
  • 14.4 million men
  • 28 lived alone in households

4
Displaying a need US demographic trends
5
Displaying a need US demographic trends
  • The elderly population will more than double
    between now and the year 2050, to 80 million.
  • About 1 in 5 US citizens (18.5) will be elderly
    by 2030
  • Between 1990 and 2020, the population age 65 to
    74 is estimated to grow 74 percent, while the
    population under age 65 will increase only 24
    percent.
  • Most of this growth should occur between 2010 and
    2030, when the "baby boom" generation enters
    their elderly years. During that period, the
    number of elderly will grow by an average of 2.8
    percent annually.

6
Displaying a need US demographic trends
  • The population 65 and over reported more
    disabilities Self care, physical, sensory
  • Individuals older than 65 have four times the
    medical costs of younger Americans
  • Employee base working and paying taxes to finance
    Medicare is eroding in 1980, 4.1 workers per
    beneficiary, in 2030, only 2.31
  • Net cash flow of the Medicare Hospital Insurance
    Trust Fund is expected to go into a deficit in
    2016
  • Missouri is one of the twelve states with the
    highest elderly population proportion (14 or
    more)

7
Smart Homes
  • Automated homes, Domotics, Networked Homes,
    Intelligent homes
  • Electrical devices used in the home to enhance
    the quality of life by providing more control
    over the users environment
  • Monitor Activities
  • Behavioral aspects
  • Design Considerations

8
Smart Home Goals
  • Contribute to a better quality of life by
    increasing self control, self esteem, and
    enabling self-fulfillment
  • Allow the elderly to remain independent in the
    home or age in place by making everyday life
    easier
  • Allow the home to adapt to the functional
    capabilities of the user
  • Use health monitoring for prevention and early
    intervention
  • Increase the efficiency of care services through
    the use of technology to provide care to people
    within their local environment
  • Improve social environment

9
Types of Smart Houses
  • Smart house for
  • People with movement disabilities
  • Older persons
  • People with low vision
  • Hearing impaired people
  • Cognitively impaired people
  • General population

10
Smart Home Vocabulary
  • Assistive Technology
  • Bus System
  • Communication Protocols
  • Dependability
  • Plug and Play
  • Telemedicine
  • Telecare
  • Warden Call Systems

11
Smart Home Technology
  • Four main types
  • Mains Born X10 and Powerline
  • Busline Konnex (formerly EIB, BatiBus, EHS) or
    LonWorks
  • Radio Frequency Bluetooth (wireless)
  • Infrared Various (wireless)

12
Smart Home Technology
  • Challenges
  • Most systems have closed architectures
  • Most systems are supported by one manufacturer
  • A lack of standards for communication and
    interoperability to allow for plug and play
  • Creating a modular system that makes it easy to
    add/remove components, maintain, and update
  • Privacy and Security

13
Smart Home Functions
  • Devices for automation and control of the home
    environment
  • Devices for health monitoring of important vital
    parameters
  • Devices for information exchange
  • Assistive devices
  • Leisure devices

14
Smart Home Functions
  • Control of systems
  • Emergency help
  • Temperature monitoring/ ventilation control
  • Water and energy use
  • Automatic lighting
  • Door surveillance
  • Cooker safety
  • Property security
  • Communications
  • Water temperature control
  • Window, blind, and curtain control
  • On-line links
  • ET and Edu services
  • Cleaning functions
  • Memory joggers/reminders
  • Diary facility
  • Lifestyle monitoring
  • Medical monitoring

15
Smart Home Technology
  • Video Monitoring
  • Health Monitors
  • Pulse, skin temperature, blood pressure,
    respiration, movement, gait, weight, posture,
    gestures
  • Fall Detectors
  • Tunstall
  • Tele-alarm
  • Pressure Mats
  • Motion Detectors

16
Requirements of sensors
  • Noninvasive
  • Convenient to install, wear, and to use
  • No vibrations, noise, or light signaling during
    measurement
  • High reliability and long life
  • Wireless signal transmission
  • Automatic measurement

17
Project Websites
  • University of Rochester, Center for Future Health
  • http//www.futurehealth.rochester.edu/smart_home/
  • The University of Florida, Gator-Tech Smart House
  • http//www.rerc.ufl.edu/
  • University of Virginia MARC Smarthouse
  • http//smarthouse.med.virginia.edu
  • Georgia Institute of Technology, The Aware Home
  • http//www.cc.gatech.edu/fce/ahri/
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology, House n
  • http//architecture.mit.edu/house_n/

18
Center for Future Health
  • University of Rochester
  • Pre-concept testing, concept testing, pilots, and
    prototype testing
  • Using infrared sensors, computers, biosensors,
    and video cameras in 5 rooms
  • Measurement of traditional vital signs (blood
    pressure, pulse, respiration)
  • Measurement of "new vital signs", such as gait,
    behavior patterns, sleep patterns, general
    exercise, rehabilitation exercises, and more

19
Gator-Tech Smart House
  • The University of Florida
  • Focus is on older people with disabilities
  • Developing communications, home monitoring, and
    "smart" technology for older persons
  • Sensors embedded in the wall and floor
  • Smart phone that will allow residents to give
    commands to the house
  • RFIDs in food packaging
  • Computers with video teleconferencing capability

20
The Aware Home
  • Georgia Institute of Technology
  • Senior adults
  • Project focus on social communication, memory
    aids, everyday home assistants, and activity
    recognition
  • The Gesture Pendant recognizes, and then
    translates gestures into commands for home
    appliances
  • Three story 5040 sq ft home that functions as a
    living laboratory

21
House_n
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • The Changing Places/House_n Consortium has
    designed a unique living laboratory called the
    PlaceLab
  • Develop innovative user interface applications
    that help people easily control their
    environment, save resources, remain mentally and
    physically active, and stay healthy

22
House_n Projects
  • Sensor network
  • Environmental sensing
  • State sensors
  • Location beacons
  • Audio sensing
  • Wearable biometric and motion sensors.
  • Addressable lighting
  • Environmental control
  • Still image and video capture
  • Context-aware experience sampling
  • Activity recognition algorithms
  • Image-based experience sampling
  • Audio communication

23
The End
  • Comments or questions?
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