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Chapter 4 Body Structure

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Title: Chapter 4 Body Structure


1
Chapter 4 Body Structure
  • Overview
  • Levels of organization
  • Anatomical position
  • Planes of the body
  • Body cavities
  • Abdominopelvic divisions
  • Quadrants
  • Regions
  • Spine
  • Directional terms

2
Levels of Organization
  • Cell
  • Cell membrane
  • cytoplasm
  • Nucleus
  • Tissue
  • Organ
  • System
  • Organism

3
Directional Terms
  • Abduction
  • Adduction
  • Medial
  • Lateral
  • Superior
  • Inferior
  • Proximal
  • Distal
  • Anterior
  • Posterior
  • Parietal
  • Visceral
  • Prone
  • Supine
  • Inversion
  • Eversion
  • Palmar
  • Plantar
  • Superficial
  • Deep

4
Etiology of diseases
  • Metabolic
  • Infectious
  • Congenital
  • Hereditary
  • Environmental
  • Neoplastic

5
Vocabulary
  • Adhesion
  • Analyte
  • Febrile
  • Homeostasis
  • Inflammation
  • Morbid
  • Sepsis
  • Suppurative

6
Diagnostic and Therapeutic Procedures
  • Radiographic
  • Computed tomography scan (CT scan)
  • Doppler
  • Fluoroscopy
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Nuclear scan
  • Positron emission tomography (PET)
  • Radiography

7
Diagnostic and Therapeutic Procedures
  • Radiographic
  • Single photon emission computed tomography
    (SPECT)
  • Tomography
  • Ultrasonography

8
Diagnostic and Therapeutic Procedures
  • Biopsy
  • Needle
  • Punch
  • Shave
  • Frozen section

9
Diagnostic and Therapeutic Procedures
  • Surgical
  • Ablation
  • Anastomosis
  • Cauterize
  • Curettage
  • Incision and drainage (ID)
  • Laser surgery
  • Radical dissection
  • Resection

10
Chapter 5 Integumentary System
  • Overview
  • Skin
  • Epidermis
  • Dermis
  • Accessory organs of the skin
  • Glands
  • Hair
  • Nails

11
Functions
  • Covers and protects outer surfaces of body
  • Produces secretions
  • Contains nerves for impulse transmission
  • Regulates body temperature

12
Pathology
  • Skin lesions
  • Primary
  • Flat
  • Elevated
  • Solid
  • Fluid-filled
  • Secondary
  • Depressed

13
Pathology
  • Primary
  • Flat

14
Pathology
  • Primary
  • Elevated

15
Pathology
  • Primary
  • Fluid-filled

16
Pathology
  • Secondary
  • Depressed

17
Pathology
  • Burns

18
Pathology
  • Oncology
  • Grading and staging systems
  • Basal cell carcinoma
  • Squamous cell carcinoma
  • Malignant melanoma

19
Vocabulary
  • Abscess
  • Carbuncle
  • Comedo
  • Decubitus ulcer
  • Ecchymosis
  • Eczema
  • Pruritus
  • Psoriasis

20
Diagnostic and Therapeutic Procedures
  • Surgical
  • Chemical peel
  • Dermabrasion
  • Fulguration
  • Chemical peel
  • Cryosurgery
  • Incision and drainage (ID)

21
Chapter 6 Digestive System
  • Overview
  • Mouth
  • Teeth
  • Tongue
  • Pharynx, esophagus, and stomach
  • Small intestine
  • Large intestine
  • Accessory organs of digestion
  • Liver
  • Pancreas
  • Gallbladder

22
Functions
  • Provides body with essential water, nutrients,
    and minerals
  • Completes mechanical and chemical breakdown of
    foods for absorption by cell membranes
  • Eliminates waste products from body
  • Includes accessory organs for digestion and
    absorption of nutrients

23
Pathology
  • Ulcer
  • Peptic ulcer disease
  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Hernia
  • Bowel obstruction
  • Hemorrhoids
  • Liver disorders
  • Diverticulosis
  • Oncology

24
Vocabulary
  • Ascites
  • Borborygmus
  • Crohn disease, regional enteritis
  • Dyspepsia
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
  • Pyloric stenosis

25
Diagnostic and Therapeutic Procedures
  • Diagnostic endoscopy
  • Upper GI (esophagoscopy, gastroscopy, and
    duodenoscopy)
  • Lower GI (colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy)
  • Surgical
  • Appendectomy
  • Polypectomy
  • Colostomy
  • Lithotripsy

26
Diagnostic and Therapeutic Procedures
  • Radiographic
  • Barium enema
  • Barium swallow
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