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A Brief History of Family Therapy

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A Brief History of Family Therapy PSYC5790 Family Counseling: Theory and Practice Historical Context Freud Implicit family influence Jung Wholeness Synthesis of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: A Brief History of Family Therapy


1
A Brief History of Family Therapy
  • PSYC5790 Family Counseling Theory and Practice

2
Historical Context
  • Freud
  • Implicit family influence
  • Jung
  • Wholeness
  • Synthesis of opposites
  • Adler
  • Behavior in context
  • Family structure
  • Really did a lot of family therapy
  • Sullivan
  • Personality inseparable from interpersonal
  • Therapist as a part of this (not observer)
  • Fromm-Reichman
  • Extended Sullivan
  • Schizophrenic Family Therapy
  • Schizophrenogenic Mother (1948)
  • Allport
  • Acknowledged social/contextual nature
  • Lewin
  • Field Theory
  • Dewey and Bentley
  • Context
  • Relation of observer/observed

3
Cybernetics (1940's)
  • Physics
  • Organization, patterns, processes
  • vs. matter, material, and content
  • Feedback mechanisms
  • Communication

4
WWII
  • Interdisciplinary approach
  • Man and machine together (as a system)
  • Teleology - purposive behavior

5
Gregory Bateson (40's 50's)
  • Anthropologist
  • Translated language of science into social
    science and communication terms
  • Translated psychology into communication terms

6
Gregory Bateson (2)
  • Communication Theory
  • Paradox
  • Logical types
  • Levels of communication
  • Conflicted levels
  • Schizophrenia
  • Schizophrenogenic mothers (communication)
  • Double-bind hypothesis
  • Key concept is that psychopathology is
    interpersonal, not intrapsychic

7
Post WWII
  • Zeitgeist
  • Faith in science
  • Cybernetics (physics)
  • Systems theory (biology)
  • Lots of Support for Research
  • Think tank
  • Exploration/experimentation

8
Major Players and Ideas
  • Ackerman - Grandfather of Family Tx
  • Child and Mother
  • Role relationships
  • Bowen
  • Mother/child symbiosis
  • Hospitalized BOTH!
  • Then whole families
  • Whitaker
  • Atheoretical (very unorthodox)
  • Experiencing with families
  • Conference where local families brought in and
    demos done

9
The Stage Is Set
  • Previous thoughts and thinkers set stage for
    formal articulation of theories
  • Paradigm Shift (60's)
  • Kuhn Scientific Revolution
  • From People to Schools

10
Golden Years (70-85)
  • Centers
  • Masters
  • Separation

11
MRI (not really a school at first)
  • Major players cycled through MRI
  • Bateson, Satir, Haley, Weakland, Jackson, Fisch,
    others
  • Legitimized family therapy
  • Communication approaches
  • Strategic Family Therapy
  • Brief Treatment Program

12
Psychodynamic
  • Bowen
  • Boszormenyi-Nagy
  • Ackerman

13
Experiential/Existential
  • Whitaker (atheoretical)
  • Kempler (Gestalt)
  • Satir (humanistic) (warmest, feelingest)

14
Structural School
  • Salvador Minuchin
  • Male juvenile delinquents
  • inner city, low income, ghetto
  • Structural family therapy

15
Strategic
  • Jay Haley
  • Milan Group
  • Milan Italy
  • Strategic approach, with a twist
  • Palazzoli, Boscolo, others

16
Additional Schools
  • Communications
  • MRI
  • Satir
  • Behavioral and Cognitive-Behavioral

17
Post Golden Years (1985 - ?)
  • Critiques
  • Social Constructionism
  • Integration
  • Pluralism
  • Theoretical Integration
  • Technical/Systematic Eclecticism

18
Sociology of Psychology
  • Fragmented ideas
  • Coming together of ideas
  • Unique Coherent Theory
  • Separation and Differentiation
  • Absorption

19
Multidisciplinary
  • Anthropology
  • Counseling
  • Demography
  • Economics
  • Education
  • History
  • Home Economics
  • Human Development
  • Law
  • Psychoanalysis
  • Psychology
  • Public Health
  • Religion
  • Social Work
  • Sociology
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