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The psychodynamic approach

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Presentation by Jobeda, Najiba,kratz and Nida. The psychodynamic approach was first developed by Freud and Karl Abraham. This approach links depression with the loss ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The psychodynamic approach


1
The psychodynamic approach
  • Presentation by Jobeda, Najiba,kratz and Nida.

2
Development of approach
  • The psychodynamic approach was first developed by
    Freud and Karl Abraham.
  • This approach links depression with the loss of a
    loved one.
  • The symptoms are constant weeping, loss of
    appetite, difficulty sleeping, loss of pleasure
    and general withdrawal.

3
The stages
  • It is noted that mourners regress to the initial
    stage in Freuds developmental stage, the oral
    stage.
  • Regression to the oral stage allows the mourner
    to regain the lost loved one symbolically through
    the merging their identity with that of the lost
    person.
  • The oral stage basically allows mourners to
    regain love the lost love.(this stage usually
    help mourners to move on.)
  • If individuals do not resolve in this stage then
    it leads to depression.

4
Depression
  • According to Freud and Abraham, individuals most
    likely to become depressed are those whose needs
    were under met during the oral stage and 18
    months after being in the oral stage .
  • Bemporad 1992 says that theses individuals often
    spend their lives searching for love and
    approval, which can in turn have a greater impact
    when an individual passes away.

5
Freud and Abraham theory, the imaginary loss.
  • Freud and Abraham formulated a formula for those
    who did not experience the loss of a loved one
    but had depression.
  • For them the concept of imaginary loss was used.
  • Imaginary loss is a concept where one interprets
    life events as severe loss for example a simple
    failure to that individual is equivalent to the
    loss of a loved one.
  • The severe losses occur constantly an and
    eventually lead to depression.

6
Criticisms
  • Very speculative in the fact that it doesnt have
    evidence to support the approach.
  • The psychodynamic approach ignores genetic
    factors in the development of schizophrenia.
  • Psychotherapists continue to use the relationship
    between parents and children, and lack of meeting
    needs during childhood still responsible for the
    development of depression.
  • However this doesnt stop theses theories from
    being used for the explanation of unipolar
    depression.
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