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Introduction to Criminal Justice CJ101 – Prof Kozyra Unit 2

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Introduction to Criminal Justice CJ101 Prof Kozyra Unit 2 Conflict Theory Type Radical Criminology Characteristics Conflict is fundamental to social life. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Introduction to Criminal Justice CJ101 – Prof Kozyra Unit 2


1
Introduction to Criminal Justice CJ101 Prof
Kozyra Unit 2
2
Welcome to unit
  • Announcements
  • Discussions
  • Quizzes
  • Issues Email or Call (561-827-3003) me right
    away
  • Questions - Concerns

3
Unit 3 Power Point Project
  • In Chapter 6 you learned about the 5 core
    operational strategies (preventive patrol,
    routine incident response, emergency response,
    criminal investigation, problem solving) and 1
    ancillary operational strategy (support services)
    that are employed by law enforcement agencies to
    fight and reduce crime.
  • In this assignment, you will create a PowerPoint
    presentation that meets the following criteria

4
  • 1. Summarize the five core operational strategies
    and the one ancillary operational strategy of law
    enforcement.
  • 2. Explain how these strategies are used by law
    enforcement agencies to achieve their crime
    fighting goals.
  • Your PowerPoint presentation must consist of no
    fewer than six (6) slides (at least one slide per
    strategy).The title slide and references slide
    are not included in this total, and are also
    required.

5
Helpful Info
  • There is a PP template along with the assignment
    in Unit 3 if you are not good with PPs, use
    it.
  • Do not be afraid of this the hardest part is
    getting started if you are struggling, call me.
  • This is worth 75 points (7.5 of your grade).
  • Note that it is due in Unit (week) 4.

6
Unit 1 Information We didnt Cover last week
7
Chapter 1 What is Criminal Justice?
8
Individual Rights versus Public Order
  • 3 strikes
  • Megans Law
  • Patriot Act
  • Cameras
  • Airport Security
  • Internet Eavesdropping
  • Social Contract between LE and Society

9
Conflict Consensus Models
  • Conflict Model
  • A criminal justice perspective that assumes that
    the systems components function primarily to
    serve their own interests. According to this
    theoretical framework, justice is more a product
    of conflicts among agencies within the system
    than it is the result of cooperation among
    component agencies.
  • Consensus
  • Perspective that assumes that the systems
    components work together harmoniously to achieve
    the social product we call justice.

10
Chapter 2 The Crime Picture
  • The Reality of Crime Statistics
  • Figure 2-1 CJ Funnel pg36

11
Crime Reports
  • UCR
  • NCVS
  • Based on Reported Crime
  • Selects ONE offense
  • Definitions
  • Selected Offenses
  • NIBRS NEW!
  • Self Reported Victimization
  • Exaggeration
  • Confusion
  • Selected Offenses
  • Even though these statistics are not as accurate
    as we would like there is VALUE..How?

12
Unit 2
13
Emerging Crime Trends
  • Organized Crime
  • Terrorism
  • Technology Crimes
  • How we defend against these now in the future.

14
Web Field Trip
  • I hope everyone has their permission slip signed
    by their parents!
  • Remember stay together dont touch and NO gum
    on the bus!
  • Also, when we flip to the next slide, click on
    the IP (internet) address.
  • When the video ends, do not hit the refrigerator,
    check the score on the game, or make sure Oprah
    is recording . . . Come right back to class!

15
Web Field Trip
  • Click on the following
  • http//abcnews.go.com/Technology/video/utah-police
    -enlist-crime-fighting-blimp-12619746

16
The Search For Causes
  • It should be a crime..
  • If you could create a law against something, what
    would it be?

17
Crime Vs. Deviance
  • Crime is a violation of the criminal law without
    acceptable legal justification
  • Deviance violation of social norms
  • Talking on cell phones in public
  • Smoking
  • Sexual fetishes
  • Unfair Labor Practices
  • Not paying the same wage for the same work
  • Polluting
  • Texting while you drive
  • Sexting while you drive (or not)
  • Society decides what is a crime!

18
Theory
  • A set of interrelated propositions that attempt
    to describe, explain, predict, and ultimately
    control some class of events. A theory gains
    explanatory power from inherent logical
    consistency and is tested by how well it
    describes and predicts reality.
  • NOT a FACT so it is ok to disagree
  • Evolution and Creation
  • Explanations for ADD
  • How the Pyramids were made

19
Crime Theories
  • Fall into 8 Basic Categories
  • Classical
  • Biological
  • Psychobiological
  • Psychological
  • Sociological
  • Social process
  • Conflict
  • Emergent

20
Classical Neoclassical
  • The concept that crime is caused by FREE WILL
  • People choose to commit crime
  • Rational choice Weigh the good versus bad.
  • i.e. selecting a home to burglarize

21
Classical Neoclassical
  • Type
  • Characteristics
  • Free will theories
  • Hedonistic calculus
  • Rational choice theory
  • Routine activities theory
  • Crime is caused by the individual exercise of
    free will. Prevention is possible through swift
    and certain punishment that offsets any gains to
    be had through criminal behavior.

22
Biological
  • Crime is caused by biological issues
  • Psychological
  • Genetic
  • Evolutionary

23
Biological
  • Type
  • Characteristics
  • Phrenology
  • Atavism
  • Criminal Families
  • Somatotypes
  • Criminal genes cause deviant behavior.
    Criminals are identifiable through physical
    characteristics or genetic makeup. Treatment is
    generally ineffective, but aggression may be
    usefully redirected.

24
Psychobiological
  • Takes it a step forward
  • DNA
  • Contaminants
  • Nutrition
  • Hormones
  • Chemistry (reactions)
  • Physical Injury (Brain Trauma)

25
Psychobiological
  • Type
  • Characteristics
  • Chromosome Theory
  • Biochemical Approaches
  • Heredity
  • Human DNA, environmental approaches contaminants,
    nutrition, hormones, physical trauma, and body
    chemistry play important and interwoven roles in
    producing human cognition, feeling, and
    behaviorincluding crime.

26
Psychological
  • Personality is the major motivational element. It
    is the source of drives and motives.
  • abnormal, dysfunctional, or inappropriate mental
    processes within the personality.
  • inappropriate learning or improper
    conditioningoften occurring in early childhood.

27
Psychological
  • Type
  • Characteristics
  • Behavioral Conditioning
  • Psychoanalysis
  • Psychopathology
  • Crime is the result of inappropriate behavioral
    conditioning or a diseased mind. Treatment
    necessitates extensive behavioral therapy

28
Sociological Theories
  • The characteristics of society or the social
    environment and the interaction between
    individuals and groups cause crime and
    victimization.
  • Social Culture
  • Anomie dysfunctional areas or normlessness
  • Common use of marijuana, loose sex, or of
    violence in subculture

29
Sociological
  • Type
  • Characteristics
  • Social Disorganization
  • Anomie
  • Subcultures
  • Focal Concerns
  • Subculture of Violence
  • The structure of society and its relative degree
    of organization or disorganization are important
    actors contributing to the prevalence of criminal
    behavior. Group dynamics, group organization, and
    subgroup relationships form the causal nexus out
    of which crime develops. Effective social policy
    may require basic changes in patterns of
    socialization and an increase in accepted
    opportunities for success.

30
Social Process Theories
  • Type
  • Characteristics
  • Differential Association
  • Social Learning
  • Containment
  • Social Control
  • Neutralization
  • Crime results from the failure of inadequate
    social roles, or association with defective
    others. Social policy places responsibility for
    change on the offender.

31
Social Process Theories
  • Type
  • Characteristics
  • Labeling Theory
  • The source of criminal behavior is unknown, but
    an understanding of crime requires recognition
    that the definition of crime is imposed on
    behavior by the wider society. Individuals
    defined as criminal may be excluded by society
    from normal opportunities. Therapy requires a
    total reorientation of the offender.

32
Social Process Theories
  • Type
  • Characteristics
  • Social Development Theory
  • Life Course Perspective
  • Human development occurs simultaneously on many
    levels, including psychological, biological,
    familial, interpersonal, cultural, societal, and
    ecological. The life course perspective notes
    that criminal behavior tends to follow an
    identifiable pattern throughout a persons life
    cycle.

33
Conflict Theory
  • Because of social in equality or the stress of
    this causes competition.

34
Conflict Theory
  • Type
  • Characteristics
  • Conflict is fundamental to social life. Crime is
    natural consequence of social, political and
    economical inequalities
  • Radical Criminology
  • Peacemaking Criminology
  • Fundamental changes to the structure of society
    are needed to eliminate crime.

35
Emergent Theory
  • Newer theories based on more focused conflict
    style thoughts.

36
Emergent
  • Type
  • Characteristics
  • Feminist Criminology
  • Emphasizes the need for gender awareness in the
    criminological enterprise
  • Crime is social phenomenon and as such is
    socially constructed
  • Constitutive Criminology
  • Deconstructionist approaches challenge existing
    theories in order to place them with perspective
    more relevant to the modern era
  • Postmodern Criminology
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