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Pesticide Regulations for Organic Growers

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Pesticide Regulations for Organic Growers Gary Fish Maine Board of Pesticides Control 28 State House Station Augusta ME 04333-0028 (207)287-2731 gary.fish_at_maine.gov – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Pesticide Regulations for Organic Growers


1
Pesticide Regulations for Organic Growers
  • Gary Fish Maine Board of Pesticides Control 28
    State House Station Augusta ME 04333-0028 (207)287
    -2731 gary.fish_at_maine.gov

2
Do organic growers use pesticides?
  • Over 25 of OMRI listed products are pesticides
  • From Acetic Acid to Yucca
  • Many are not registered for use in Maine

3
What is a pesticide?
  • Any substance or mixture of substances intended
    for
  • preventing,
  • destroying,
  • repelling, or
  • mitigating any pest
  • Or, any plant regulator, defoliant or desiccant.
  • Does not include fertilizers or nutrients

4
What are pesticides?
  • Disinfectants bleaches
  • Herbicides
  • Rat mouse baits
  • Fungicides

5
What are pesticides?
  • Insecticides
  • Botanicals
  • Biological controls
  • Deer and rabbit repellents

6
OMRI categories that are commonly pesticides
  • Acetic acid
  • Animal repellents
  • Bacillus thuringiensis
  • Beauveria bassiana
  • Biological controls
  • Boric acid
  • Botanical pesticides
  • Calcium polysulfide
  • Chlorine dioxide
  • Chlorine materials
  • Compost tea?
  • Copper products
  • Corn gluten
  • Cytokinins
  • D-limonene
  • Diatomaceous earth
  • Disinfectants
  • Ferric phosphate
  • Nonsynthetic fungicides
  • Garlic
  • Gibberellic acid
  • Nonsynthetic herbicides
  • Hydrogen peroxide
  • Inoculants

7
OMRI categories that are pesticides - continued
  • Lime sulfur
  • Microbial products
  • Mined minerals (Surround)
  • Neem extract oils
  • Nonsynthetic nematicides
  • Narrow range oils
  • Nonsynthetic oils
  • Peracetic acid
  • Pheromones
  • Plant extracts
  • Potassium bicarbonate
  • Pseudomonas
  • Pyrethrum
  • Sanitizers
  • Seed treatments
  • Soap
  • Sodium carbonate
  • Spinosad
  • Streptomycin sulphate
  • Sulfur
  • Tetracycline
  • Trichoderma
  • Virus sprays
  • Yucca

8
Other substances listed by USDA/NOSB that are
pesticides
  • Calcium Sodium hypochlorite
  • Copper sulfate
  • Vitamin D3
  • Ethylene gas

9
What are the Laws?
  • Federal EPA FIFRA Regulations
  • State BPC Title 7 Title 22 Regulations
  • Maine like most states has stricter regulations
    than Federal EPA

10
Who is on the board?
  • 2 general public members with demonstrated
    interest in environmental protection (Charles
    Ravis Curtis Bohlen)
  • 1 medical doctor (Carol Eckert)
  • 1 agronomist or entomologist from U Maine (John
    Jemison)
  • 1 forestry specialist (Dan Simonds)
  • 1 commercial applicator (Richard Stevenson)
  • 1 private applicator (grower) (Tom Qualey)

11
BPC major programs affecting organic growers
  • Pesticide Registration
  • Worker Protection Standard
  • Enforcement

12
Pesticide Registration
13
All pesticides must be registered by both
  • EPA and
  • BPC

14
FIFRA 25(B)-exempt from EPA registration but not
exempt from BPC registration
15
Pesticide Registration - Pesticide Labeling
  • Labels are legal documents that provide
    directions for pesticide mixing, application,
    storage disposal
  • Users must comply with all instructions on the
    pesticide label labeling
  • FIFRA 2ee

16
Once registered a product gets an EPA
registration number
  • The EPA Reg. No. identifies
  • Specific set of active ingredients,
    concentrations and formulation
  • Who makes it and who sells it
  • For example EPA No. 4816-688-8323
  • 4816 company number
  • 688 product number
  • 8323 distributor number

17
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18
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19
Pesticide Classifications
  • General Use Lower risk, available
    over-the-counter
  • Restricted Use Higher risk, only available at
    licensed dealerships for purchase by licensed
    applicators
  • Limited Use Higher risk, only available by
    special permit

20
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21
X
Toxicity
Exposure
22
Even organic products are toxic!
23
All substances are poisons there is none which
is not a poison. The right DOSE differentiates a
poison from a remedy. Paracelsus
(1493-1541) Even too much water can kill over
1.5 liters/hour
24
One way to quickly assess the risk?
  • Signal Words
  • Danger
  • Warning
  • Caution
  • Higher hazard
  • Moderate hazard
  • Lower hazard

25
How is risk reduced?- PPE
26
EPA Worker Protection Standard
  • Information at a central location
  • Pesticide safety training
  • Personal protective equipment (PPE)
  • Decontamination supplies
  • Notification
  • Emergency assistance
  • Information exchange between commercial
    applicators and agricultural employers

27
Who can do WPS pesticide safety training for
Agricultural Workers?
  • BPC or UMCE
  • Licensed applicators
  • Growers that have attended a WPS Train-the
    Trainer session
  • Employees trained as Pesticide Handlers

28
The signal word DANGER alone means that the
pesticides greatest hazard is that it is
corrosive to eyes and/or skin
29
PPE is required and may indicate need for
additional protections
When protective eyewear is required,
applicators/handlers must carry at least 1 pint
of eyeflush with them during the application
30
This section of the label shows some of the WPS
requirements
31
Crop specific directions must be on the label and
must be followed
  • Most labels have maximum application rates and
    maximum number of applications per year

32
Who you might see?
Max
No Mans Land
  • Gene Meserve - Southern Western
  • Brian Barrett Mid Coast South Central
  • Arthur Shaw Downeast
  • John Haley North Central
  • Max Miller - Aroostook

John
Arthur
Brian
Gene
33
Major Elements of the Drift Regulation
  • Applicator must first identify sensitive areas
  • Applicators must calibrate equipment
  • Maximum wind speed
  • Residue standard

34
Drift Regulations
  • Only applies to powered applications
  • Requires applicators to minimize drift to the
    maximum extent practicable
  • But, drift can be a problem with any type of
    application
  • Even granular or non-powered sprays

35
New drift regulations for 2010
  • Start with the new definition of Sensitive Areas
    Likely to Be Occupied or SALO (Chapter 10)
  • Basically its any normally occupied building
    (residential, commercial or institutional)
    together with associated areas such as lawns,
    gardens and recreational areas where humans are
    likely be present, and
  • Maintained recreational areas such as
    campgrounds, picnic areas, parks, athletic fields

36
New drift regulations for 2010
  • Slight change in the requirements for identifying
    Sensitive Areas
  • Yes in the record book does not fulfill the
    requirement
  • Prior to spraying with powered equipment
    outdoors, applicators must record
  • the existence
  • type, and
  • location
  • of Sensitive Areas within 500 feet of the
    application site

37
Record of Sensitive Areas
Note houses on north side of Center Road
Note oat field on west side of Field Road
Note stream on south side of potato field
Center Road
Field Road
Neighbors Oats
Potatoes
N
38
New drift regulations for 2010
  • New standards for aerial application
  • Positive site ID (GPS or visible site markings)
  • Site plan prior to spraying within 1000 feet of a
    SALO
  • Pre-flight application checklist required when
    spraying within 1000 feet of a SALO
  • Buffer zones should be used adjacent to SALOs
  • Wind restrictions next to SALOs (2 10 mph)

39
New drift regulations for 2010
  • New standards
  • Prima facie evidence of violation reduced from
    20 residue to 1 residue on SALOs
  • Standards of harm
  • Drift onto organic or conventional crops
  • Residues detected on persons or vehicles using
    public roads
  • Documented human illness from drift
  • Enforcement considerations
  • Standard of care exercised
  • Degree of harm
  • Risk of adverse effects from the pesticide used

40
Do not spray when the wind exceeds 15 mph
41
Notification Requirements
  • These rules are currently in flux
  • If requested, must notify neighbors within 500
    feet about outdoor applications
  • Air-carrier applications require pre-season
    notice to all abutters and notification of
    neighbors on the on-line new registry
  • Must provide notice of the following
  • Approx. date
  • pesticide(s) to be applied
  • how applied
  • who to contact for additional information

42
Standards for Water Quality Protection
  • No broadcast application of pesticides within 25
    feet of surface waters
  • No mixing, loading pesticides within 50 feet of
    surface water
  • Must have anti-siphon device on water pumping
    systems
  • Must secure pesticides on vehicles
  • Must clean up spills immediately

43
Pesticide Record Keeping Requirements
  • All Commercial Agricultural Producers must keep
    records of all pesticide applications
  • Commercial Agricultural Producer Anyone who
    tries to make money producing plants, animals or
    animal products

44
All Pesticide Applications!
  • General, restricted limited use pesticides
  • Powered non-powered applications
  • Granules, liquids, foggers aerosols
  • Biological organic pesticides
  • All application sites crops, animals
    buildings
  • Indoor outdoor application sites If it has an
    EPA No. and you use it in your business, KEEP A
    RECORD.

45
Why keep records
  • Helps with legal disputes
  • Helps prevent duplication of errors
  • Helps the applicator zero in on success
  • Helps with planning for pesticide purchases

46
What must be recorded Pesticide Key
47
What Must be Recorded - Applicator Log Book
48
Other Application Record Requirements?
  • Application records must be kept on file for two
    years
  • Records must be available for inspection upon
    request
  • No reports are required to be sent to the BPC by
    private growers

49
Critical Pesticide Control Area Law
  • The Board may restrict or prohibit pesticide use
    in designated areas
  • Persons may petition the Board
  • Requires medical or ecological proof of need

50
Pesticide Label Exercise
  • Pyganic Label.pdf
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