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Upper Room Experience

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Upper Room Experience Metro Tabernacle Presenter: Yee Tham Wan 6th July, 2008 PENTECOSTALISM TODAY Years ago: the last vomit of Satan Recently: 3rd Force of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Upper Room Experience


1
Upper Room Experience
  • Metro Tabernacle
  • Presenter Yee Tham Wan
  • 6th July, 2008

2
PENTECOSTALISM TODAY
  • Years ago the last vomit of Satan
  • Recently 3rd Force of Christianity
  • NOW
  • Our experience at the Azusa Street Centenary
  • Est. 600 million Pentecostal-Charismatics 1 in
    every 10 persons on earth today!!
  • But, who are the Pentecostals??

3
Diversity in Modern Pentecostalism
  • Historical Diversity
  • Classical Pentecostals (North American)
  • Charismatics Renewal Movements
  • Post-denominational (Apostolic) Groups
  • Theological Diversity
  • Subsequence/Actualization Theologies
  • Four-fold/Five-fold
  • Keswickian Baptistic / Wesleyan Holiness
  • Geographical/Cultural Diversity
  • Latino Pentecostals
  • African Indigenous Churches
  • Chinese House Churches
  • Other Indigenous Movements
  • Korean Pentecostals

4
Defining Pentecostalism
  • Historically Defined as a historical movement
  • Theologically Defined as a belief structure
  • Hermeneutically Defined as a Biblical norm
  • Eccelesiastically Defined as a Christian
    Church/Sect/Denomination
  • Culturally Defined as a worldview
  • Liturgically Defined as a worship form
  • Vocationally Defined as a prophetic voice
  • GLOSSOLALIA the distinctive issue
  • An Integrative Approach world view
    spirituality

5
Elements of History
  • IDEAS
  • INDIVIDUALS
  • INSTITUTIONS

6
Philosophies of Church History Suggestions
from Bill Menzies 4 ways to relate present
church with the apostolic church
  • Roman Catholic View
  • Reformed View
  • Restorationist View
  • Pentecostal View

7
Roman Catholic View
  • Continuity and Development

TODAYS CHURCH
APOSTOLIC CHURCH
Church Age is the Millenium
8
Reformed View
  • Discontinuity and Degeneration

APOSTOLIC CHURCH
TODAYS CHURCH
Partial Recovery (16th C Reformation)
9
Restorationist View
  • E.g. Churches of Christ Mormons

APOSTOLIC CHURCH
TODAYS CHURCH
Apostasy
Restoration
10
Pentecostal View
  • Continuity despite Degeneration

APOSTOLIC CHURCH
TODAYS CHURCH
Continuity
Revivals
Full Recovery
Degeneration
11
Overview of Church History
  • 30-95 Apostolic Age
  • 95-590 Ancient Church (The Fathers)
  • 590-1500 Medieval Age
  • 1500-1650 Reformation Era
  • 1650-1800 Enlightenment
  • 1800-1990 Modern Church
  • 1990- Post-Modern Period

12
Some Pentecostal Antecedents
  • Montanism 2nd C
  • Albigensians (Southern France)
  • Waldensians (Northern Italy)
  • English Quakers
  • Irvingites (Catholic Apostolic Church)
  • Fundamentalism
  • Holiness Higher Life Movements

There were at least 20 Pentecostal-type
revivals between the periods of the NT church and
the modern church. But, all of them died down
after a while . . .
13
How/Why Revivals Die Out
  • Natural Cycle (Institutionalisation)
  • Heresy Fanaticism (Humanisation)
  • Put out by Establishment
  • Self-fulfilling prophecies through isolation
  • ???? Why has the Modern Pentecostal-Charismatic
    Movement lasted so long ???

14
Recent Antecedents to the Modern
Pentecostal/Charismatic Movement
  • (Fundamentalist-Modernist Controversy)
  • Welsh Revival
  • Korean (Pyongyang) Revival
  • Indian (Panditha Ramabai) Revival
  • Methodism and Holiness Movement
  • Keswick Convention and Higher Life Movement
  • Irvingites (1830)

15
The Modern Pentecostal Movement
  • The Topeka, Kansas Revival The Foundation for
    Modern Pentecostal Awareness (1901)
  • The Azusa Street, L.A. Revival The Spread of
    Pentecostalism (1906)
  • Charismatic Renewal Movement (1960)
  • Catholic Charismatic Movement (1967)
  • Recent Pockets of Pentecostal/Charismatic
    Revivals e.g. Toronto, Pensacola, etc.
  • Globalization of the Modern Pentecostal/Charismati
    c Movement

16
Pre-Pentecostals
Evan Roberts, leader of the Welsh Revival
Edward Irving, founder of the Irvingites
Panditha Ramabai of India. A Pentecostal
outpouring took place in the girls home she led.
Contemporary scholars are now more inclined to
see the possibility of a global Pentecostalism.
17
Topeka Picture Gallery
Charles Fox Parham gave doctrinal foundation for
Pentecostalism
Alexander Dowie, founder of Zion Healing City,
had been one of those who influenced Charles
Parham.
Agnes Ozman is remembered as the first person in
modern recorded history to speak in tongues.
18
Azusa Picture Gallery
Azusa was a revival that crossed the color line.
William Seymour, leader of the Azusa Revival
19
Terminology
  • Orthodox (Eastern Church)
  • Catholic (Western Church)
  • Protestants
  • Fundamentals
  • Modernists/Liberals
  • Evangelicals
  • Pentecostals
  • Charismatics
  • Pentecostal-Charismatic Movement

20
Figures of Speech to Describe Pentecostal History
  • Roots (e.g. Hollenweger, Synan)
  • Wesleyan/Holiness Keswickian/Baptistic
  • Roman Catholic
  • Black African
  • Waves (e.g. Wagner, Barrat, Pawson)
  • 1st wave Classical Pentecostals (1900)
  • 2nd wave Charismatic Renewal (1960)
  • 3rd wave Evangelicals (1980)
  • 4th wave Independent mega-churches??
  • Streams (e.g. Hocken)
  • To culminate with entry of Messianic Christianity

21
Hollenwegers Roots
22
Early AG History
  • 1914-1927 Formative Stage
  • 1927-1941 Simplistic Growth
  • 1941-1953 Analytical Development
  • 1953-1970s Established Mainstream
  • 1970s-present . . .

23
DISTINCTIVES OF PENTECOSTAL THEOLOGY
  • Cardinal Doctrines
  • Four-fold
  • Five-fold
  • Baptism in the Holy Spirit
  • Separability
  • Subsequence
  • Evidential Tongues

24
Azusa Street Five-Fold
First Work Justification is that act of Gods
free grace by which we receive remission of sins
. . . Second Work Sanctification is the second
work of grace and the last work (emphasis mine)
of grace. Sanctification is that act of Gods
free grace by which He makes us holy . . . Too
many have confused the grace of Sanctification
with the enduement of Power, or the Baptism of
the Holy Ghost . . . The Holy Spirit Baptism is
a gift of power upon the sanctified life . . .
Healing We must believe that God is able to
heal.
25
MEDIATING
Normal
Possible
Normative
e.g. CMA Seek not, forbid not
Most evangelicals e.g. Billy Graham
Impossible
POSITIVE
NEGATIVE
Actualization 1. Sacramental(RCC) 2.
Evangelicals (accommodate conversion-initiation)
e.g. Arnold Bittlinger (RCC) and Michael Harper
(Anglican)
Reformed Augustine Calvin B. B.
Warfield Lutheran Stolee (still remembers the
extremes of left wing of Reformation e.g.
Munster) Dispensationalists Logical conclusion
Classical Pentecostals Charismatics Episcopalia
n Dennis Bennet Presbyterian Rodman
Williams Baptist Howard Ervin
PENTECOSTAL/CHARISMATIC POSITIONS
26
TRADITIONAL BIBLICAL EXPLANATION FOR THE
PENTECOSTAL EXPERIENCE
  • Need to demonstrate three things subsequence,
    separability and evidential tongues
  • Based on the 5 recorded Pentecostal outpourings
    in Acts
  • Acts 2 Day of Pentecost
  • Acts 8 Samaritan Revival
  • Acts 9 Pauls Baptism
  • Acts 10 Cornelius Household
  • Acts 19 Ephesian Elders

27
Pertinent Questions to ask
  • What happened?
  • When and where did it happen?
  • Who were those involved?
  • How did it happen?
  • Why did it happen?
  • SO WHAT??

28
Some Notable Features
  • Holy Spirit
  • Mentioned in all episodes
  • Received by believers/disciples
  • From all representative groups
  • Impressive physical evidence
  • Prayer and Laying on of hands
  • Welcomed by the Apostles
  • No mention of any opposition to the
    practice/experience

29
Example of a Classical Pentecostal Doctrinal
Statement
  • This "Statement of Fundamental Truths" contains
    the 16 doctrines of the Assemblies of God. These
    are non-negotiable tenets of faith that all
    Assemblies of God churches adhere to. Four of
    these, Salvation, the Baptism in the Holy Spirit,
    Divine Healing, and the Second Coming of Christ
    are considered Cardinal Doctrines which are
    essential to the church's core mission of
    reaching the world for Christ.
  • Assemblies of God Statement of Fundamental Truths

30
16 Fundamental Truths
  • The Scriptures Inspired
  • The One True God
  • The Deity of the Lord Jesus Christ
  • The Fall of Man
  • The Salvation of Man
  • The Ordinances of the Church
  • The Baptism in the Holy Ghost
  • The Initial Physical Evidence of the Baptism in
    the Holy Ghost Speaking in tongues
  • Sanctification
  • The Church and Its Mission
  • The Ministry
  • Divine Healing
  • The Blessed Hope
  • The Millennial Reign of Christ
  • The Final Judgment
  • The New Heavens and the New Earth

31
Pentecostal Distinctive Word and Witness
listed in the August 1912 issue eight benefits of
tongues, indicating the high premium early
Pentecostals place on the instrumentality of
tongues in their spirituality
  • Tongues are a sign of faith
  • Tongues are a sign that the gift of the Holy
    Spirit has been poured out upon the speaker
  • Tongues bears witness to Jesus that he is at the
    right hand of God the Father.
  • Tongues is a benefit to the believer in talking
    to God
  • Tongues is good . . . because the speaker
    edifieth himself
  • Tongues will edify the church if it is
    accompanied by interpretation
  • Tongues help our spirit worship and pray to God
  • Tongues are one of Gods signs whereby he
    miraculously speaks to unbelievers.

32
Same Word Witness article . . .
  • Yet, we never sought tongues nor fought tongues,
    and never tell others to seek tongues, as some
    falsely claim we do. Seek Jesus Christ to baptize
    you with the Spirit, and the result will be that
    you will be filled with the Holy Ghost and begin
    to speak with tongues, for God is no respecter
    of persons.

33
Spirituality vs. Being Spiritual
  • Spirituality is relatively a new term to many
    Pentecostal believers who have all the while been
    more preoccupied with the whole concept of being
    spiritual.
  • Being spiritual involves actions like fasting,
    praying, speaking in tongues, operating the gifts
    of the spirit, raising hands while singing or
    praying and emotional attitudes like joy, sorrow,
    confidence, being comforted etc.

34
Definitions of Spirituality
  • Spittler a cluster of acts and sentiments that
    are informed by the beliefs and values that
    characterize a specific religious community.
  • Albrecht the lived experience which actualizes
    a fundamental dimension of the human being, the
    spiritual dimension, that is the whole of ones
    spiritual or religious experience, ones beliefs,
    convictions, and patterns of thought, ones
    emotions and behavior in respect to what is
    ultimate, or God.
  • Robeck the giving of ourselves to God through
    both our beliefs and emotional attitudes, which
    ultimately influences our actions and values.

35
WHY DO WE BEHAVE AS SUCH?
  • The utmost importance of individual experience
  • The importance of the spoken (orality)
  • The high esteem placed on spontaneity
  • An other-worldly tendency in which the eternal,
    the up there in heaven is more real than the
    present
  • The authority of the Bible as the basis of what
    we should experience.
  • Russell Spittler Spirituality, Pentecostal
    Charismatic

36
Richard Fosters Celebration of Discipline
  • Three spiritual disciplines
  • 1) the inward disciplines including meditation,
    prayer, fasting and study (pp. 13-66)
  • 2) the outward disciplines including simplicity,
    solitude, submission and service (pp. 69-122)
    and
  • 3) the corporate disciplines include confession,
    worship, guidance and celebration (pp. 125-171)

37
Crisis Ascetic Spirituality
  • Pentecostal
  • Crisis spirituality
  • focus on crisis experiences
  • Gal 32-3, 5
  • e.g. Revivals, Baptism in the Holy Spirit
  • Evangelical
  • Ascetic spirituality
  • focus on regimented disciplines
  • 1Cor 924-27 e.g. Quiet Time, Fasting

We need to have both . . .
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