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History & Prophecy of Esau (PART 1)

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History & Prophecy of Esau (PART 1) Malachi 1:2 + 4-5 Why is this happening to Edom, on their land? Well in Malachi 1:2-- – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: History & Prophecy of Esau (PART 1)


1
History Prophecy of Esau (PART 1)
EDOM
2
Genesis 2521-26
Our story starts about 3800 yrs ago, with the
birth of twin sons. Notice God speaks directly
to Rebekah, a woman. He is not a chauvinist.
 21 Isaac prayed to the LORD on behalf of his
wife, because she was barren. The LORD answered
his prayer, and his wife Rebekah became pregnant.
22 The babies jostled each other within her, and
she said, "Why is this happening to me?" So she
went to inquire of the LORD.  23 The LORD said
to her,        "Two nations are in your womb,
       and two peoples from within you will be
separated        one people will be stronger
than the other,        and the older will serve
the younger."  24 When the time came for her to
give birth, there were twin boys in her womb. 25
The first to come out was red, and his whole body
was like a hairy garment so they named him Esau.
26 After this, his brother came out, with his
hand grasping Esau's heel so he was named Jacob.
Isaac was sixty years old when Rebekah gave birth
to them.
3
Two Nations are within your womb
Es au Exact meaning unknown. First born.
Red and hairy. Were told that King David
'was of a ruddy countenance. David was edom,
meaning red or ruddy in skin tone.
Yaqub heel grabber. Figuratively, liar,
supplanter.
4
The Supplanter
The familiar story is in Gen 27. When Esau
finally arrived Jacob had already stolen his
father's blessing. But Esau wasn't totally out
in the cold, Isaac felt bad that he had given
Esau's blessing away. He felt a bit responsible,
so Esau got what I call a left over blessing.
5
Genesis 2738-40
Esaus Left Over Blessing
38 Esau said to his father, "Do you have only one
blessing, my father? Bless me too, my father!"
Then Esau wept aloud.  39 His father Isaac
answered him,        "Your dwelling will be
       away from the earth's richness,       
away from the dew of heaven above.  40 You will
live by the sword        and you will serve your
brother.        But when you grow restless,
       you will throw his yoke        from off
your neck."
A grown man, the mighty hunter is crying. This
is Esaus left over blessing.
6
  • Esau goes away from the richness and the dew. The
    nation he fathers is called Edom. They are the
    descendants of Esau. Before I tell you about
    the land that he goes to, I think we need a
    little geography lesson on the next slide.
  • At the time of the Exodus, we are told that
    Aaron, brother of Moses dies and is buried on Mt
    Hor. We don't know exactly where Mt Hor is
    located, but it is somewhere in southern Israel
    or Jordan. Mt. Hor is in Edom.
  • Seir or Mt Seir- Mountain Range in S. Jordan,
    probably right on top of Sela
  • Bible frequently refers to the 'Men of Seir'-
    general region of Edom- Seir is synonymous w/
    Edom.
  • There are 3 specific cities to mention. Bozrah,
    Sela, and Petra
  • The last is the easiest to identify, Petra along
    Wadi Hasa is way down South. It is a beautiful
    well preserved city. Petra is capital of the
    Nabateans. They were going strong during the
    Greco Roman period. Unfortunately, it is not
    Edomite, it about 1000yrs too late, and really
    has nothing to do with our study. However, we're
    going to look at Petra anyway. Some people
    erroneously, I believe, think it is involved in
    the prophecy that we will be studying. 
  • Less easy to identify, and not nearly as
    beautiful or romantic as Petra are Bozrah and
    Sela. These are however the capital cities of
    EDOM.

7
EDOM MAP
MT. SEIR,SELA BOZRAH
MT. HOR?
MT. HOR?
ARAVAH
PETRA
8
Aravah
This large valley is almost entirely below sea
level. It is very dry and hot. Valley of
Aravah is part of Great Rift Valley, it stretches
from the Dead Sea, near Masada to Red Sea, near
the modern resort town of Eliat.
9
Negev from Aravah
Negev is the Hebrew word for dry. It also means
the cardinal direction south. It refers to the
entire region of Israel south of Beersheba.
10
Aravah to Edom Highlands. Looking to East from
the floor of the valley, you see the big
mountains of Jordan. This is the highlands of
Edom( 5-6000' asl), remember the valley is about
1000' BELOW SL, so the differential is about
7000ft. The word EDOM in Hebrew means RED. We
are told that Esau himself was red/ruddy, the
lintel soup he craved so much in Genesis 2530
was a red broth. The land that he settles in is
also very red, Look at these mountains. Rich
iron ore deposits would influence the economy of
these people for the next 1000yrs. Next week in
our prophecy lesson, you'll see the Red of Edom
may even stand for blood, because there will be a
lot of it spilled in these hills.
11
Deut 212
Genesis 25 tells us that Easu was a skillful
hunter, very accurate with a bow. But after his
father's partial blessing, he moved to the desert
away from the richness and the dew, and I assume
away from the bounty of antelope. Read Deut 212
below. The Horites lived around Mt. Hor.
They were a primitive early Cannanite people
displaced by Edom that lived around Mt. Hor,
where Aaron died.
12 Horites used to live in Seir, but the
descendants of Esau drove them out. They
destroyed the Horites from before them and
settled in their place, just as Israel did in the
land the LORD gave them as their possession
Besides Esau do you know any famous Edomites?
12
WHO WAS CALEB?
WHO WAS CALEB, son of Jephunneh, the Kenezite?
Numb 136, Numb 3212, Jos
145   ---Caleb had1 of only 2 positive spy
reports (out of 12 reports total) given to Moses.
Caleb and Joshua were the only men of that
generation to cross the Jordan river and possess
the promised Land. The spies gathered a cluster
of grapes so large that it took two men to carry
it. (Numbers 1323)  
13
Caleb an Edomite
Kenezite descendant of Kenaz, Duke of Edom,
linage of Esau.   Genesis 3615 " These were
dukes of the sons of Esau the sons of Eliphaz
the firstborn son of Esau duke Teman, duke
Omar, duke Zepho, duke Kenaz,"   Deut 237-8 "
Thou shalt not abhor an Edomite for he is thy
brother thou shalt not abhor an Egyptian
because thou wast a stranger in his land. The
children that are begotten of them shall enter
into the congregation of the LORD in their third
generation."   Notice Caleb, himself, is never
called a Kenezite. Jos 1513 Caleb is given a
part among the children of Judah. Num 136
Caleb is from tribe of Judah His father Jephunneh
is a Kenezite (Num 3212, Jos 1416, Jos 1414)
14
  • I believe that Caleb's ancestor was a grandson of
    Esau, named Kenaz. Somehow this guy landed in
    captivity in Egypt, maybe captured as a slave,
    just like Joseph. I figure he connected with
    his cousins the children of Jacob. And
    eventually Caleb would be adopted into the House
    of Judah. Caleb is himself never referred to as
    a Kenezite. His father was a foreigner, a
    Kenezite. The rule in Deut is that after 3
    generations, an Edomite that converts to Judaism
    is allowed full citizenship. An adopted son is
    just like a natural son. So Caleb is adopted
    into the house of Judah, he is an Israelite.
    If you want further documentation and scriptural
    references on this or anything I say, see me I'll
    be happy to oblige.
  • HEBRON- The reason I want to make this point
    about Caleb is very interestingly, Caleb is
    granted Hebron as his inheritance by Joshua.
    Hebron is, of course, the site of the cave of
    Machpelah. The burial place of Abraham, Isaac and
    Jacob. I find it glorious and refreshing that an
    adopted foreigner would be entrusted with the
    tomb of the Patriarchs. I too am an adopted
    foreigner into the family of God, I hope that He
    will someday entrust me with something so
    important.

15
Tomb of Patriarchs in Hebron
---Caleb receives Hebron as his inheritance
(Joshua 1410)
16
WHO WAS JOB?
Most scholars agree Job was an Edomite. This has
been a Jewish tradition for 1000s of years. In
the opening words of the book of Job- he lived in
the land of Uz. Job 11 In the land of Uz
there lived a man whose name was Job.
Lamentations tells us quite clearly that Uz is a
poetical name for Edom. Lam 421 Rejoice and
be glad, O Daughter of Edom, you who live in the
land of Uz. But to you also the cup will be
passed you will be drunk and stripped naked.
See also Jeremiah 2520
There is a long tradition of great wisdom in
Edom. Jer 497 Concerning Edom This is what
the LORD Almighty says "Is there no longer
wisdom in Teman? Has counsel perished from the
prudent?    Has their wisdom decayed?
Teman was a grandon of Esau. Jeremiah is
referring here to their foolish decision to help
Babylon. This tradition of great wisdom in the
desert is carried into Psalms, Lamentations and
Josephus. I think the wisdom of the Edomite
nation may have started with Job himself.
17
WHO WAS JOB?
One of Job's tormentors---I mean friends-- is
clearly of Edomite descent. Eliphaz the
Temanite, Teman was a grandson of Esau.
Job's friends Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the
Shuhite and Zophar the Naamathite.
Gen 364 Adah bore Eliphaz to Esau Gen 3611 The
sons of Eliphaz Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam and
Kenaz. Gen 251 Abraham took another wife, whose
name was Keturah. 2 She bore him Zimran, Jokshan,
Medan, Midian, Ishbak and Shuah.
18
Does Job Jobab?
This is speculative, I can't prove it. But maybe
Job is Jobab, the 2nd king of Edom. Then that
would mean that his story happens during the 400
yrs that Israel is locked up in slavery in Egypt.
An interesting aside note the kings of Edom
are not patrilineal, not a father-son continuum.
Apparently these kings must have been elected
somehow. See also 1 Chronicles 1.  
Gen 3631 These were the kings who reigned in
Edom before any Israelite king reigned  32
Bela son of Beor became king of Edom. His city
was named Dinhabah.  33 When Bela died, Jobab
son of Zerah from Bozrah succeeded him as king.
 34 When Jobab died, Husham from the land of the
Temanites succeeded him as king.
19
Here is another interesting aside Gen. 36 gives
the generations of Esau, his sons and grandsons.
KJV calls each of them Dukes of Edom, NIV
calls them Chiefs of their nation. The Hebrew
word Aluf, translated Duke by KJV and Chief by
NIV, has been reborn in the 20th century. The
Israeli military, the IDF, doesnt have
generals, they call their head military captain
Aluf.
Aluf, Allufim (pl) Duke (KJV), Chief (NIV)
Gen 3615-19 (NIV) These were the chiefs among
Esau's descendants The sons of Eliphaz the
firstborn of Esau Chiefs Teman, Omar, Zepho,
Kenaz, Korah, Gatam and Amalek. These were the
chiefs descended from Eliphaz in Edom they were
grandsons of Adah. The sons of Esau's son Reuel
Chiefs Nahath, Zerah, Shammah and Mizzah. These
were the chiefs descended from Reuel in Edom
they were grandsons of Esau's wife Basemath. The
sons of Esau's wife OholibamahChiefs Jeush,
Jalam and Korah. These were the chiefs descended
from Esau's wife Oholibamah daughter of Anah.
These were the sons of Esau (that is, Edom), and
these were their chiefs.
20
By the time of the Exodus, Edom is quite well
established. Numbers 2014-21
 Moses sent messengers from Kadesh to the king of
Edom, saying  "This is what your brother Israel
says You know about all the hardships that have
come upon us. Our forefathers went down into
Egypt, and we lived there many years. The
Egyptians mistreated us and our fathers, but
when we cried out to the LORD, he heard our cry
and sent an angel and brought us out of Egypt.
"Now we are here at Kadesh, a town on the edge of
your territory. Please let us pass through your
country. We will not go through any field or
vineyard, or drink water from any well. We will
travel along the king's highway and not turn to
the right or to the left until we have passed
through your territory." But Edom answered
"You may not pass through here if you try, we
will march out and attack you with the sword."
 The Israelites replied "We will go along the
main road, and if we or our livestock drink any
of your water, we will pay for it. We only want
to pass through on footnothing else."   Again
they answered "You may not pass through."  Then
Edom came out against them with a large and
powerful army. Since Edom refused to let them go
through their territory, Israel turned away from
them.
21
The Kings Highway is a well used caravan trade
route. Greatly improved the by the Romans, and
was continually used up until fairly modern
times. It runs straight up the Aravah Valley,
along the Jordanian side.
22
EDOM MAP
The dotted line is the Kings Hwy. It goes
right up the gut, straight to the Dead Sea. But
Edom said Nooo, so Israel had to go South, the
WRONG way, then cut across the mountains, all the
way around the backside of Edom. Don't you know
the Israelites were hacked.
SELA, MT. SEIR BOZRAH
KADESH BARNEA
MT. HOR?
ARAVAH
23
Edom Highlands
A probable Israelite comment We SHOULD be
going right up the flat valley path on a paved
road. But no-oo, Look at those stinking
mountains, where Moses, that jerk, is taking us.
24
Edom Highlands
When they are climbing over these mountains,
can't you hear all the complaining?
25
SNOW IN EDOM
These mountains are high enough to get snow in
the winter. The Israelites are wearing sandals
and their light fabric clothes from hot,
semi-tropical Egypt.
26
Bozrah Remember Jobab, the 2nd king of Edom ruled
from Bozrah. This is near the southern end of
the dead sea in the Valley of Salt. Bozrah was
the first capital of Edom and was one of the most
important cities. Unfortunately, there isn't
much archaeologically of interest left. I have
very little to show you. On top of this hill
site is the modern Jordanian village of Beisurra.

27
Sheep pen Bozrah
The name Bozrah, means 'sheepfold'- like a pen
where you keep the flock safe at night away from
the lions and wolves. Remember that because
later, Bozrah is going to come back in a big way.
28
BOZRAH/ BASRA
If you listen to the news, you may have heard
about the 3rd largest city in Iraq, BASRA. It is
the same name, but a different place. In
Hebrew/Edomite/ and even Arabic the word Bozrah
means sheepfold. Like a pen to keep the
sheep safe at night from lions or thieves.
BASRA of IRAQ
BOZRAH of EDOM
29
EDOM MAP
Bozrah of Edom is just south of Sela. Sela was
the second capital of Edom. Sela is a
Hebrew/Edomite word for "the Rock. It is
probably built upon Mt Seir.
KADESH BARNEA
SELA, MT. SEIR BOZRAH
MT. HOR?
ARAVAH
PETRA
30
Obadiah 13-4
Sela was located on top of the small mountain in
the center of this picture. The mountain has
very steep cliffs on all sides, and is separated
from the rear mountain by a tremendous gorge with
sheer rock sides. Up there, it is a breath
taking view. Sela later eclipsed Bozrah and
became the main capital of Edom. Obadiah
speaks poetically of the mountainous geography.
This is what the Sovereign LORD says about
Edom--the pride of your heart has deceived you,
you who live in the clefts of the rocks and make
your home on the heights, you who say to
yourself,   'Who can bring me down to the
ground?' Though you soar like the eagle and
make your nest among the stars, from there I will
bring you down, declares the LORD.
31
The entrance to Sela is by a giant staircase.
See the man standing here in black pants. This
is the bottom of the massive stairway that leads
up to the top of Sela. While much of the stairs
are in ruins, it is possible to scramble up to
the top. There are dams/reservoirs built into
the wall of these stairs. Probably a defense
system. They stored massive quantities of sand
or gravel behind these dams, that could be
released to literally sweep an attacking army off
their feet and bury them alive.
Man in black pants for scale
32
Selas Clifftop
There is a famous Assyrian inscription located
on the top of this mountain. This cliff in its
day would have been plastered smooth, with
statues that hung over the edge.
33
Highplace 1
There are two very well preserved 'high places
on Sela. A highplace is an ancient platform for
altars where sacrifices were made to the gods.
34
Highplace 2
The second highplace is in the north west corner
of town , and it commands a spectacular view of
the nearby mountains. Can you picture an Edomite
priest with his arms up in the air, sacrificing a
goat, to his pagan idol?
35
Copper smelting
We mentioned that iron ore makes these mountains
red.
There is also a lot of copper in these mountains.
It was an extremely valuable resource in
antiquity.
36
Khirbat en-Nahas
This town had dozens of copper smelt pits and
mining operations from a very early period, about
the time of the Exodus. This could very well be
one of the industrial strategic cities that the
king of Edom did not want the Israelites getting
close too. Copper production is big money, and
he certainly didn't want a bunch of ex-slaves
from Egypt trying to cash in on his deal.
37
Saul 1050-1010 BC
Our history picks back up in the 11th Century BC.
After Saul became king, he fought the Edomites,
and wherever he turned he inflicted punishment on
them.
Saul Fights and defeats Edom
1 Samuel 1447 After Saul had assumed rule over
Israel, he fought against their enemies on every
side Moab, the Ammonites, Edom, the kings of
Zobah, and the Philistines. Wherever he turned,
he inflicted punishment on them.
38
David 1010- 970 BC
But it wasn't until David that Edom was fully
conquered, and as Isaac had prophesied the older
would serve the younger.
David Subdues Edom
2 Samuel 813 And David became famous after he
returned from striking down eighteen thousand
Edomites in the Valley of Salt.  14 He put
garrisons throughout Edom, and all the Edomites
became subject to David. The LORD gave David
victory wherever he went.
39
Davids Psalm of Victory
Psalm 60 6-8 God has spoken from his sanctuary
       "In triumph I will parcel out Shechem
       and measure off the Valley of Succoth.
 7 Gilead is mine, and Manasseh is mine
Ephraim is my helmet,        Judah my scepter.
 8 Moab is my washbasin,        upon Edom I toss
my sandal over Philistia I shout in triumph."
That idiom may not make much sense to us today.
But in Biblical times to hand your sandal to
another man is the seal of a binding contract.
So to toss your sandal over Edom is to own it.
40
Solomon 970 -930 BC
Solomon had wives from Edom, his navy is based
from the red sea port of Ezion Geber, which is in
Edom.
1 Kings 111 King Solomon, however, loved many
foreign women besides Pharaoh's
daughterMoabites, Ammonites, Edomites, Sidonians
and Hittites.
 1 Kings 926-28 King Solomon also built ships
at Ezion Geber, which is near Elath in Edom, on
the shore of the Red Sea.
Solomon still controls Edom as his father David
had, but there start to be problems. These
political tensions would continue for the next
100 years.
1 Kings 1114 Then the LORD raised up against
Solomon an adversary, Hadad the Edomite, from the
royal line of Edom.
41
Freedom under Jehoram 850BC
After 5 generations down from Solomon, in the
days of Jehoram, Edom rebelled and King Jehoram
was lucky to escape with his own life.
 2 Kings 8 20-22 In the time of Jehoram, Edom
rebelled against Judah and set up its own king.
So Jehoram went to Zair with all his chariots.
The Edomites surrounded him and his chariot
commanders, but he rose up and broke through by
night his army, however, fled back home. To
this day Edom has been in rebellion against
Judah.
REMEMBER ISAACS LEFTOVER BLESSING FOR ESAU?
Genesis 27 40 You will live by the sword and
you will serve your brother. But when you grow
restless, you will throw his yoke from off your
neck."
42
Amaziah 796- 771 BC
Drop down another 50 yrs. (pun intended) King
Amaziah tries to recapture Edom.
2 Chron 25 11 Amaziah then marshaled his
strength and led his army to the Valley of Salt,
where he killed ten thousand men of Seir. 12 The
army of Judah also captured ten thousand men
alive, took them to the top of a cliff and threw
them down so that all were dashed to pieces.
Dropping enemy POWs from a cliff, very well might
have been that big cliff that we looked at a few
minutes ago right in Sela. He captured the city.
These people were decimated right at the high
place of their own gods in their own city. The
gods could not protect them, because they are
made of wood and stone.
43
Destruction of Jerusalem 586 BC
The next big appearance of Edom in Bible history
is at the time of Nebuchadnezzar's sack of
Jerusalem. Babylonians totally destroyed the
holy city of Jerusalem and raze the temple of
Yahweh.
44
The Temple is leveled. Everything is burned or
torn apart. The Edomites help the Babylonians.
Easu and Jacob were brothers, but the Edomites
show no compassion for their cousins. Because
of their actions they incur the wrath of God and
curse of Obadiah.
45
Obadiah 111-15
 11 On the day you stood aloof while strangers
carried off his wealth and foreigners entered his
gates and cast lots for Jerusalem, you were like
one of them.  12 You should not look down on
your brother in the day of his misfortune, nor
rejoice over the people of Judah in the day of
their destruction, nor boast so much in the day
of their trouble. 13 You should not march
through the gates of my people in the day of
their disaster, nor look down on them in their
calamity in the day of their disaster, nor seize
their wealth in the day of their disaster.  14
You should not wait at the crossroads to cut down
their fugitives, nor hand over their survivors in
the day of their trouble. 15 "The day of the
LORD is near for all nations. As you have
done, it will be done to you your deeds will
return upon your own head.  
46
Obadiah 16-8
6 But how Esau will be ransacked, his hidden
treasures pillaged! 7 All your allies will force
you to the border your friends will deceive and
overpower you those who eat your bread will set
a trap for you, but you will not detect it.  8
"In that day," declares the LORD, "will I not
destroy the wise men of Edom, men of
understanding in the mountains of Esau?
Note the legendary wisdom of the Edomites.
Obadiah's prophecy came to pass and
Nebuchadnezzar soon destroyed Edom too.
47
Remember, Edom is Hebrew for RED. In this map red
is the extent of the Edomite Kingdom. It was
destroyed about 550BC, 35 yrs after the
destruction of Jerusalem. Nebuchadnezzar hauled
them into exile as well. The vacuum of a vacant
land was soon filed by nomadic Arabs, who moved
in to live in the empty cities. They became the
Nabatean empire. Green color of this map.
Nabateans were the founders of Petra. There was
also a remnant of Edomites that remained in the
land. They became
Idumeans, the ruddy brown color on this map.

IDUMEA is a Greek word, it came during the Roman
period. Can you see the root word Edom in that
spelling? During the Greek Hellenistic period
they were forced to convert to Judaism by John
Hyrcannus, Hasmonean King of the Jews about
120BC.
48
Herod the Great
The most famous Idumean is HEROD the great,
ruler of Judea at the time of Jesus birth. He
wasn't Jewish at all, he was Idumean. By Herod's
time, the Idumeans were fully integrated, I'm
sure Herod was permitted to enter the Temple as a
3rd Generation adoptee. You shall not abhor an
Edomite. Deut 237
Stone bust of Herod, Caesarea
49
Great or Wicked?
  • We call him Herod the Great according to his
    Greco-Roman title. After all, he built cities.
    He greatly enlarged and remodeled the Temple
    compound. He created jobs, and was a great
    patron of the arts. He was personal friends with
    Caesar. His resume and accomplishments are
    impressive.
  • However, to this very day, Jews call him Herod
    the Wicked.
  •  

50
Nabateans were Arabs. They were Bedouin
dwellers of tents from the desert.
51
camels
They were keepers of trains. That's what you
call a flock of camels- a train of camels.
52
They settled down in the empty cities of Edom and
led desert caravans for trade.
53
Wadi Hasa is in Southern Jordan. This is the
Nabatean capital of Petra. It is a beautiful
area, but very deserty.
54
There is a natural cleft in one of the mountains,
called the Siq. This is where the Nabateans
built their capital, Petra. It is about 250 ft
down the crevice to the valley floor. It opens
up into a real nice valley, about 400 acres. -
big enough to house 30,000 people at its peak in
Roman times. It is completely surrounded by
cliffs.
55
Siq, Entry to PETRA
The only way in out to the city of Petra is
the very narrow entryway called the siq.
56
Treasury

As you get closer, this is what you see.


57
The Treasury


Once you step out of the siq you are faced with
the tremendous scale of this monument. It is
several stories high, and especially spectacular
in the morning sunlight. Of all the tombs in
Petra, the Kazneh is the most famous. Its name
Kazneh is Arabic for treasury.




58


The name comes from the Bedouin belief that there
is treasure hid in the urn at the top of the
monument. However, it is solid rock. These
buildings are façade only. Carved into solid
face of the rock they only go back about 10-20
feet deep to a burial chamber.



59
Street of Tombs
There are 800 rock carved tombs in Petra.
Petra is the Greek word for rock. The
apostle Peter's name in Greek 'Petros is the
diminutive form, it means little rock.
60
Roman theater at Petra
61
Petra is not really what we need to study today,
but I thought you would be disappointed if I
didn't have some pictures of Petra. The
Nabateans and their city Petra are not mentioned
in Scripture. There is no Biblical history, and
no prophecy relevant to this place.
62
Arches
63
Palace tomb
64
This tomb is called 'Monastery' is the largest
façade in Petra, over 130' high, like a 12 story
building. It is chisled out of a solid mountain
of rock. This is a beautiful place. Very
romantic setting, however it s a 1000 yr too late
and not settled by Esau. It has nothing to do
with Edom, the Nabateans were Arabs that filled
the void after Nebuchadnezzar destroyed Edom.
65
Prophecy of Esau
NEXT WEEK
Please come back next week, because the story of
Esau is not over. The strife with his brother
Jacob will play a key role in the Tribulation
under the Anti-Christ. We will study some
fascinating prophecies about the Bozrah
Deliverance.
EDOM
(PART 2)
66
History Prophecy of Esau
EDOM
(PART 2)
67
Welcome back to the study of Esau. As a
refresher course, recall from last week, that the
nation of Edom is cousins to the nation of
Israel. They were both the offspring of the
twin sons of Isaac. Isaac prophesied in a left
over blessing for Esau, that he shall serve his
younger brother Jacob, until he grows restless
and in that day Edom will throw off the yoke of
Israel. Then we followed the history and saw how
that happened. We also looked at Obadiah's
prophecy of the destruction of Edom because they
rejoiced over the Babylonian disaster that befell
their brother. Isaac and Obadiah- These
prophecies are fulfilled. God is true and He will
always fulfill his word. Today were going look
at several prophecies that haven't happened yet.
Edom is not a dead, far away, unimportant
footnote to history. The modern day country of
Jordan, has an important role in the Great
Tribulation of the near future.
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Last week we started by going back in time,
2-3000 yrs. This week we're going to start by
forwarding in time. I don't know how much,
maybe 2-3000 days? Maybe weeks? I couldn't tell
you. We start at the beginning of the Great
Tribulation. Jeremiah 30 calls this the time of
Jacob's Trouble. It's called the 70th Week in
Daniel 9. I think most pre-mil Bible students
agree these passages are referring to the Great
Tribulation. This time is God's judgment for
the nations and refining for all Israel. During
this time the Anti-Christ tries to annihilate the
saints. There is a massive campaign of genocide
to kill Jews and Christians. All of God's wrath
shown in Revelation is directed toward the wicked
sinful world. God does not judge the righteous.
Paul tells us in Romans 8 "There is no
condemnation in Christ Jesus." Look at the last
stanza of the Jeremiah passage. 'but Jacob- he-
will be saved out of it.' What I'm going
to show you is that even during this terrible
time, as has never been before, God will protect
his righteous people.
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Jacobs Trouble The 70th Week
Jer 307 How awful that day will be!        None
will be like it.        It will be a time of
trouble for Jacob,        but he will be saved
out of it.
 Daniel 9 24 "Seventy 'sevens' are decreed for
your people and your holy city to finish
transgression, to put an end to sin, to atone for
wickedness, to bring in everlasting
righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy and
to anoint the most holy.
70
Daniel 121 Righteous Delivered
NIV 121 "At that time Michael, the great prince
who protects your people, will arise. There will
be a time of distress such as has not happened
from the beginning of nations until then. But at
that time your peopleeveryone whose name is
found written in the bookwill be delivered.
Delivered , Malat escape, slip away.
From root smooth, slippery, as fish skin
71
ISA 2620-21 Hiding the Righteous
20 Go, my people, enter your rooms        and
shut the doors behind you        hide
yourselves for a little while        until his
wrath has passed by.  21 See, the LORD is coming
out of his dwelling        to punish the people
of the earth for their sins.        The earth
will disclose the blood shed upon her       
she will conceal her slain no longer.
All this wrath is directed toward the "people of
the earth. God doesn't judge his own family.
During the Great Tribulation, righteous Jews
(Messianic) and gentile Christians- all of Gods
people will be supernaturally protected. Remember
the Passover night in Egypt? God told them in Ex
12 to stay in their rooms until His judgment has
passed over. God hides his people from the
terror of His judgment. BUT WHERE?
72
Hiding of Saints Here's a couple of hints
Rev 12 13-14 When the dragon saw that he had
been hurled to the earth, he pursued the woman
who had given birth to the male child. The woman
was given the two wings of a great eagle, so that
she might fly to the place prepared for her in
the desert, where she would be taken care of for
a time, times and half a time, out of the
serpent's reach.
Matthew 2415 So when you see standing in the
holy place 'the abomination that causes
desolation,' spoken of through the prophet
Daniellet the reader understand then let those
who are in Judea flee to the mountains.
See also Mark 1314 Luke 2120
The place of refuge will be somewhere in the
desert and in the mountains. It will be within
fleeing distance of Judea.
73
Israel given Wings of Eagle
Just as Elijah was given a place of safety hiding
from Ahab in 1 Kings 17.
74
The righteous man will be delivered, he will slip
away, like a slimy fish to an arid mountain
fortress.
Isa 3315-16 He who walks righteously and speaks
what is right, who rejects gain from extortion
and keeps his hand from accepting bribes, who
stops his ears against plots of murder and shuts
his eyes against contemplating evil- This is the
man who will dwell on the heights, whose refuge
will be the mountain fortress. His bread will be
supplied, and water will not fail him.
Matzad Fortress,
500 yrs later- Herod would name his fortress
Masada
Sela mountain rock, Name of capital Edomite
city
75
Matzad sela
Isa 33 actually gives us a name-Mountain
Fortress-in Hebrew Matzad sela. You might
recognize matzad- as Masada. 500 yrs later Herod
the Great would name his great fortress Masada.
And Sela- maybe you remember from last week.
Sela means Rock. We looked at pictures of the
giant staircase, highplace altars, and the cliff
from which Amaziah probably threw the10,000
prisoners. That's Sela, the capital city of the
Edomites. A sad footnote to prophetic history,
in the year 73AD the zealots of Masada were
convinced that this passage applied to them.
However, this prophecy has never been literally
fulfilled.
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JORDAN ESCAPES ANTICHRIST
In Daniel we have a curious passage
Daniel 1140-41 "At the time of the end the king
of the South will engage him in battle, and the
king of the North will storm out against him with
chariots and cavalry and a great fleet of ships.
He will invade many countries and sweep through
them like a flood. 41 He will also invade the
Beautiful Land. Many countries will fall, but
Edom, Moab and the leaders of Ammon will be
delivered from his hand.
The historic lands of Edom, Moab and Ammon are
today the Kingdom of Jordan.
77
JORDAN ESCAPES ANTICHRIST
Little Jordan escapes the Beast! How can a
little pipsqueak country like Jordan, escape the
Assyrian of Micah 5? I dont know, but it plays
right in with Israel having a place of safety in
the desert and in the mountains.
His Majesty King Abdullah II Sovereign of the
Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan a 43rd-generation
direct descendant of the Prophet Muhammad.
King Abdullah somehow manages to avoid the power
of the Beast. Lets recap what we know so far
During the Tribulation, the Anti-Christ will be
attacking Israel, slaughtering Jews and
Christians. God will give his people a hiding
place, believers will flee from the Antichrist,
They will go to a place of refuge. It is
deserty, it's mountainous, and it's away from the
grasp of the Beast.
78
Micah 2 12
Here's the give away verse. For me, this one's a
clincher. Again, the capital city of Edom is
actually named.
Micah 212 "I will surely gather all of you, O
Jacob        I will surely bring together the
remnant of Israel.        I will bring them
together like sheep at Bozrah,        like a
flock in its pasture        the place will
throng with people.
Some bible teachers think that this was already
fulfilled with Nehemiahs third return after the
exile, around 445BC. However, according to all
ancient sources, the population of returnees was
small. Many or most Jews remained in Babylon.
This passage has never been literally fulfilled.
79
Bozrah
That's Bozrah, near the valley of salt, South of
the Dead Sea. In the mountains of Seir, on the
edge of the Aravah Valley. Remember the name of
this city actually means Sheep pen. Isn't that
ironic, God appointed men, Edomite men, 1000s of
yrs ago to name this town Bozrah. How
appropriate, how prophetic.
80
Sheep pen Bozrah
The purpose of a sheep pen is to corral up the
livestock over night, to protect the helpless
lambs from lions and wolves.
81
Helpless Docile Sheep
God's people are docile, as helpless and gentle
as a lamb.
82
The passage in Micah continues. V 13 is jumping
ahead of myself. Right now, I'm still trying to
establish that during the Great Tribulation,
saints will take refuge in Edom. V 13 is about
Christ delivering them, breaking them out of the
pen. This happens after the tribulation, when
Christ returns, at the 2nd coming. But since
we're right here, I prefer to read it all within
context.
Micah 212 "I will surely gather all of you, O
Jacob        I will surely bring together the
remnant of Israel.        I will bring them
together like sheep at Bozrah,        like a
flock in its pasture        the place will
throng with people.  13 One who breaks open the
way will go up before them        they will
break through the gate and go out.        Their
king will pass through before them,        the
LORD at their head."
83
Sheep eager to get out
The imagery here is of sheep locked up in a tight
pen. They are restless and cramped. They would
much rather be out in the pasture grazing on
green grass. Sheep are stupid, they probably
dont understand why their master- their shepherd
has them locked up in this little pen. They
dont understand much about wolves and lions,
until they see one right there on his own
neck. In the morning, the shepherd opens the
gate and calls his sheep. The sheep press up
against his thigh, pushing to get through that
gate. They're anxious to get out. At the
glorious 2nd coming Christ will break them out.
This is the Bozrah Deliverance.
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Bozrah Sela
Remember these are the archeological sites of
Bozrah Sela. I'm not saying that the people
will all live actually on and only on the
archaeological mound of the ancient city. I
suppose they will be spread out for 20 miles in
every direction, but in this general vicinity, is
where I think Israel/saints will be protected.
Who exactly are we talking about?
Bozrah
Sela
85
Exactly who is Israel?
When we speak of Israel, I mean Gods chosen
saints. This includes believing Jews and
Christian gentiles all grafted into the olive
tree per Romans 11. All are one in Christ, the
true and faithful Israel per Eph 2. For a
complete explanation of the unity in Christ see
my Olive Tree study http//www.deadsoulsyndrome.
com/church20israel.htm
144,000 saints of Israel
In Rev 73-4 an angel decries Do not harm the
land or the sea or the trees until we put a seal
on the foreheads of the servants of our God.
4Then I heard the number of those who were
sealed 144,000 from all the tribes of
Israel. The sealing of these tribulation saints
indicates the protection of these tribulation
saints. I propose that these servants of God are
those whom He protects in Edom. This would
exclude traditional, non-believing Jews. They
shall receive wrath for their unbelief. The
144,000 includes gentile Christians and many
Messianic Jews, who will have the spiritual
hardening removed towards the end of this age.
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Why 144,000?
Rev 75-8 enumerates 12,000 individuals from each
tribe. Although curiously, it excludes Dan. Is
the 144k to be taken literally as a hard number?
Probably not. Remember, this is a book of
symbols. There where 12 tribes of Jacob in the OT
and likewise there were 12 apostles of Christ in
the NT. The product of 12x12144. The product
of Gods OT saints and Gods NT saints is 144.
This numerology is repeated in Rev 21. The vision
of the full bride of Christ is represented
metaphorically as the city of new Jerusalem. Into
the city gates and slabs are chiseled both the
names of the tribes and the names of the
apostles, showing that both reside within. 144
should be understood as the full and complete
content of Gods people. 10x10x10 1000. Ten
to the third power makes a perfect cube,
representing all three complete dimensions and
the perfect geometry of the Holy of Holies. 144x
1000 is a perfect and huge geometry of the
fullness of saints. It is beyond counting on
fingers, but probably not literal or limited.
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What do the 144k do?
Many people assume that these servants of God are
evangelists, spreading the gospel during the
reign of the Beast. However, the Word never
makes that claim. The angel in chapter 7
instructs other angels not to pour out Gods
wrath until these individuals are protected. In
Rev 14 (non-chronological) we find the same group
of sealed righteous saints alive with Christ on
Mt Zion, after the 2nd Coming. Gods seal of
protection is secure. These saints survive the
G-Trib without death.
88
Does this mean that every believer will be
protected? Probably not. The
righteous man will be delivered in Isa 3315-16
-He who walks righteously -who speaks with
sincerity -who rejects unjust gain -who accepts
no bribes -who will not listen to stories of
bloodshed -who shuts his eyes against everything
evil
I think this is the cream of the crop. The best
and most spiritual Christians will not see death
by the beast, but will be protected in Edom. God
will preserve a remnant. A small portion of the
whole will slip away into the wilderness.
Unfortunately, this means that the balance of the
whole body of Christ will be handed over to
martyrdom by the Anti-Christ. Do you qualify
with the above criteria?
89
From every tribe of the sons of Israel
Rev 74 And I heard the number of those who were
sealed 144,000 from every tribe of the sons of
Israel.
From every tribe implies that the total number
of tribe members is greater then the number
sealed. There exist some Israelites (people of
God-not just ethnically Hebrew) who are not so
sealed. This sealing is NOT the baptism of the
Holy Spirit with which every believer is sealed
per Eph 113. This appears to be a special Great
Tribulation sealing for the remnant to live, or
else no flesh would be saved (Mat 2422).
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Revelation 141-5 (NASV)
Then I looked, and behold, the Lamb was standing
on Mount Zion, and with Him 144,000, having His
name and the name of His Father written on their
foreheads... 4 These are the ones who have not
been defiled with women, for they have kept
themselves chaste. These are the ones who follow
the Lamb wherever He goes. These have been
purchased from among men as first fruits to God
and to the Lamb. 5 And no lie was found in their
mouth they are blameless.
When Jesus returns they are standing with him on
mount Zion. These guys did not die in the Great
Trib. None sealed by God will be lost. Not
defiled with women and being chaste is probably
an allusion to mental purity, not a doctrine
about marital relations. The 144k probably
includes females, I doubt it is a boys only club.
Sex and idolatry have long been associated in
Scripture, so this is likely a statement that
these individuals have exemplary morals and
thoughts. They represent a smaller subset of
the total population of saints. This is the cream
of the crop.
91
A promise to Philadelphia
Rev 310 (NKJV) Because you have kept My
command to persevere, I also will keep you from
the hour of trial which shall come upon the whole
world, to test those who dwell on the earth.
This passage is an if/then clause. If you obey,
then I will keep. The deed of the Philadelphians
is rewarded in kind. Does this apply to all
believers or only those of the Philadelphia
church to whom it is addressed? May believers of
the Laodicean church cash in on this promise?
No. In context, I believe that not all believers
will be kept from the hour or hidden in Edom.
Many will be butchered and beheaded.
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Remnant
Gods protection of only a remnant and allowing
the balance to be killed as a means to purify the
whole started with Joseph in Egypt.
Gen 457 God sent me before you to preserve for
you a remnant in the earth, and to keep you alive
by a great deliverance.
Jeremiah 233 Then I Myself will gather the
remnant of My flock out of all the countries
where I have driven them and bring them back to
their pasture, and they will be fruitful and
multiply.
And our key study text Micah 212 (NASV) I will
surely assemble all of you, Jacob, I will surely
gather the remnant of Israel. I will put them
together like sheep in the fold.
A remnant is discussed in the bible in 111 verses.
93
Bozrah Sela
I'm thinking a multitude of people, here in the
middle of nowhere.
94
Plowing in desert
Plowing this semi desert region is a very
frustrating effort. It will only be by the
miracle of God providing water in the wilderness
that these people will survive. Phoenix, AZ
spent billions of on water service
infrastructure, but God can do it for free.
95
Rev 1616 Armageddon
16Then they gathered the kings together to the
place that in Hebrew is called Armageddon. This
is the only reference to Armageddon in Scripture.
It means hill of Megeddo, a city on the valley
of Jezreel in central Israel. It sits on the edge
of a picturesque valley, a very productive
agricultural area. Notice this verse says that
the armies are gathered there. It is a staging
ground. It never actually says that there will
be a battle here. This is a beautiful location
in the heart of Israel. It is the breadbox of
the country.
Jezreel Valley or Plain of Megeddo
I think the curse of the blood up to the horses
bridle (Rev 1420) is going to fall somewhere
else. The battles are actually fought in
Jerusalem and Edom.
96
ISA 342-4 Final Judgment
2 The LORD is angry with all nations        his
wrath is upon all their armies.        He will
totally destroy them,        he will give them
over to slaughter.  3 Their slain will be thrown
out,        their dead bodies will send up a
stench        the mountains will be soaked with
their blood.  4 All the stars of the heavens
will be dissolved        and the sky rolled up
like a scroll        all the starry host will
fall        like withered leaves from the vine,
       like shriveled figs from the fig tree.
This is probably referring to the final judgment.
Last time I looked up, the stars hadn't fallen
yet.
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ISA 345-6 -Slaughter in Bozrah
This is a continuation of the same passage. This
is end times-tribulation judgment and it
happening in Edom
 5 My sword has drunk its fill in the heavens
       see, it descends in judgment on Edom,
       the people I have totally destroyed.  6
The sword of the LORD is bathed in blood,       
it is covered with fat        the blood of
lambs and goats,        fat from the kidneys of
rams.        For the LORD has a sacrifice in
Bozrah        and a great slaughter in the land
of Edom.
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Malachi 12 4-5
Why is this happening to Edom, on their land?
Well in Malachi 12-- "Was not Esau Jacob's
brother?" the LORD says. "Yet I have loved Jacob,
but Esau I have hated.   Paul quotes this
verse in Rom 9, when he tells us about election.
Malachi continues 4 Edom may say, "Though we
have been crushed, we will rebuild the ruins."
   But this is what the LORD Almighty says "They
may build, but I will demolish. They will be
called the Wicked Land, a people always under the
wrath of the LORD. 5 You will see it with your
own eyes and say, 'Great is the LORD -even beyond
the borders of Israel!
This happens in Edom because of their wickedness,
not just of the Edomites, but also of the
Anti-Christ who attempts to overtake the saints
there.
99
Watchman on the wall
Isaiah 63
There's a passage in Isaiah 63 that is powerful.
But before we read it, I want to give you the
visual picture. Think of a watchman on the
walls of Jerusalem. His job is too keep an eye
out for invading armies and messengers.
Anything he sees, he is supposed to inform the
king. Well one day, he sees someone approaching
from the Southeast, from Edom in a bright red
garment. Red is the color of Edom- in Hebrew the
word means red. Well, naturally he figures
its the king of Edom wearing a scarlet robe, but
it turns out to be the LORD, Moshiach, and his
clothes are stained red with blood.
100
ISA 63 Messiahs Wrath
101
Blowing of the Trump
This wrath from Isa 63 occurs in Edom, but it is
really on the Anti-Christ, who has attacked the
true Israel in her hiding place. The
destruction of Anti-Christs forces by Christ the
Messiah happens at the last trumpet, also known
as the Second Coming.
102
ISA REV Stars and Scroll
Isaiah 34 4 All the stars of the heavens will be
dissolved        and the sky rolled up like a
scroll        all the starry host will fall
       like withered leaves from the vine,
       like shriveled figs from the fig tree.
We read this Isa verse about the stars and the
scroll a minute ago, in context it is
specifically speaking of Edom. The very next
verse, v5, says that "the LORD has a sacrifice in
Bozrah, and a great slaughter in the land of
Edom."
Rev 6 is really similar
Rev 613-14 and the stars in the sky fell to
earth, as late figs drop from a fig tree when
shaken by a strong wind. 14The sky receded like a
scroll, rolling up, and every mountain and island
was removed from its place.
103
Rolled up like a scroll
Parchment
Dead Sea Scroll from Qumran
Spindles
How can you roll up the sky like a bunch of old
carpet? Like a roll of paper towels? When you
roll it up, what is left in the spot where it
used to be furled out? Well, I know this much,
for the sky to peel away cant be a good thing.
Only thing I can imagine is that this is imminent
to the Second Coming. Maybe this creates a
wormhole into another dimension. Maybe it creates
a passageway for the parade of saints and savior.
I have a hard time picturing how this is going
to look, and I probably wont live to see it.
My spirit is going to be on the other side,
coming down out of heaven for the resurrection
with my Savior Jesus, out of this wormhole. So,
if any you guys are still here and see this,
please take a picture of it for me.
104
Coming with Shekiniah Glory
Rev 17 Look, he is coming with the clouds, and
every eye will see him, even those who pierced
him.
Math 2430 At that time the sign of the Son of
Man will appear in the sky, and all the nations
of the earth will mourn. They will see the Son of
Man coming on the clouds of the sky, with power
and great glory
105
COMING W/ SHEKINIAH GLORY
  • At the time of the 2nd coming the Bible clearly
    says that every human in the world will witness
    the massive parade of angels and saints
    descending from the clouds. The saints will meet
    Him in the air and escort the king to the earth.
    Just like when an important guest comes to your
    house to visit, you meet and great them outside
    on the porch and usher them into your home. This
    is what Pre-Trib brothers call the rapture, but
    we dont go away-Christ comes to us! This
    magnificent arrival of Christ, to claim His
    rightful throne, will be slow and grand. It is
    the procession of a king. No one will miss it.
    I have heard preachers say that this is possible
    because of modern satellite technology, reporters
    will be filming the second coming of Christ.
    Have you ever heard that?
  • Well its wrong. History teaches me prophecy.
    In 1 Kings 8 read the story of Solomon dedicating
    the Temple. The Bible says that the Shekiniah
    of God- The glory of the almighty- DWELT on the
    temple. The cloud radiance was so powerful that
    no one could even get close to the building. In
    Matthew 24 Jesus says that the Son of Man will
    come on the clouds with power and great glory.
    The Greek word for Glory used here is doxa, we
    get the word Doxology -a hymn of glory. Jesus is
    directly referring to the Shekiniah- to use a
    Hebrew word. The Glorious Appearance will have
    the same style of incredible power as exhibited
    at Solomons temple dedication.

106
2nd Coming
At the second coming of Christ- people in
Australia, New York, Peru and Jerusalem will see
Him by a miracle in the sky directly over their
head, not on TV. Whether you're inside a
building, in the deepest jungle, or in an
underground cave, you will see the second coming
of Christ with angels and saints by His Shekiniah
glory- not by CNN. God does not need cable TV in
order to execute his second coming. People that
preach that are exalting human technology to the
level of miraculous. As if God really needs us.
Besides at this final point of the world systems
existence, I seriously doubt if the electrical
grid and satellite infrastructure will even be
operational.  
107
Perpetual Wasteland during Millennium
After He rescues His people from Bozrah and
destroys the Anti-Christ with His own hand in
Edom, then Jeremiah tells us
Jer 4913 I swear by myself," declares the LORD,
"that Bozrah will become a ruin and an object of
horror, of reproach and of cursing and all its
towns will be in ruins forever."
Jer 4917 Edom will become an object of horror
all who pass by will be appalled and will scoff
because of all its wounds. 18 As Sodom and
Gomorrah were overthrown, along with their
neighboring towns, says the LORD, "so no one
will live there no man will dwell in it.
When Nebuchadnezzar destroyed Edom (circa 550BC)
the Arab Nabateans moved into the vacuum of an
empty land within a few short years. Today,
people still live in Southern Jordan, so this
hasn't happened yet.
108
ISA 348-10, 13-14 Never more Inhabited
Isa 348-10 For the LORD has a day of vengeance,
a year of retribution, to uphold Zion's cause.  9
Edom's streams will be turned into pitch, her
dust into burning sulfur her land will become
blazing pitch!  10 It will not be quenched
night and day its smoke will rise forever. From
generation to generation it will lie desolate no
one will ever pass through it again.
 13 Thorns will overrun her citadels, nettles
and brambles her strongholds.     She will become
a haunt for jackals, a home for owls.  14
Desert creatures will meet with hyenas, and wild
goats will bleat to each other.
For a 1000 years, during the millennial kingdom
to follow, Edom will be a wasteland, a
remembrance, a museum of failed human government.

109
Did Nebuchadnezzar Fulfill these verses?
Habakkuk33-5 God came from Teman, the Holy One
from Mount Paran. Selah. His glory covered the
heavens and his praise filled the earth. His
splendor was like the sunrise rays flashed from
his hand, where his power was hidden. Plague
went before him pestilence followed his steps.
(Note- Teman was the grandson of Esau)
Ezekiel 357-8 I will make Mount Seir a
desolate waste and cut off from it all who come
and go. I will fill your mountains with the
slain those killed by the sword will fall on
your hills and in your valleys and in all your
ravines.
Nebuchadnezzar destroyed the historic ancient
nation of Edom about 550BC. Some people think
that these verses have been fulfilled already in
that event. I believe that the Babylonian havoc
was a type of fulfillment, however completion
will rest in Messiah. PRAISE GOD, Maranatha Lord
Jesus!
110
Edomite Geographical Vocabulary
Horites- Primitive early Cannanite people
displaced by Edom Mt. Hor-Mountain in Southern
Isr/Jordan, Death/Burial of Aaron Desert of Sin-
Nearby Sin(ai). Wilderness in Northern
Arabia/Sinai Desert of Zin- Near Kadesh Barnea,
where Moses struck the rock Valley of Aravah-Part
of Rift Valley from Dead Sea to Eliat Edom-
Descendants of Esau. From 1400BC till 550BC Seir
or Mt Seir- Mountain Range in S.
Jordan Bozrah-Hebrew for sheepfold Early
Capital of Edom Sela- Aramaic/ Edomite for
rock. Late Capital of Edom Joktheel-Sela as
called by Amaziah in 2K 147 Petra-Greek for
rock. Capital of Nabateans.
111
Bozrah,Sheep pen of the Tribulation
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