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The Overall Story of the Bible

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Title: The Overall Story of the Bible


1
The Overall Story of the Bible
  • Introduction

2
The Bible has had an amazing influence.
  • A prime influence on Western Civilization
  • Millions across the world say they have had their
    lives changed through believing this book
  • This has happened for centuries by all sorts of
    people

3
The Bible has an amazing composition.
  • Written over 1600 years
  • Written by over 40 authors
  • Written on 3 continents Asia, Africa, Europe
  • And it all fits together coherently!

4
The Bible says it reveals what we need to know.
  • Who God is
  • Gods good intent for the world
  • Whats gone wrong with us and our world
  • How our lives and world can be restored through
    God

5
The Bible reveals these things through telling a
big, overall story.
  • Though containing many teachings and smaller
    stories, an overall story emerges that gives the
    big picture of how God is redeeming humanity.
  • Knowing this overall story helps us make better
    sense of the Bibles parts too. (Analogy of a
    novel)

6
How We Will Proceed
  • Will briefly summarize the plot of the Bibles
    story
  • Will present this plot in three parts that
    represent the beginning, middle and end of the
    story
  • For each part, we will explore a set-up,
    conflict/problem, and solution

7
Background on How the Bible Is Organized
  • Historical Books
  • Genesis through Esther
  • Poetic Books
  • Job through Song of Songs
  • Prophetic Books
  • Isaiah through Malachi

Old Testament New Testament
  • Historical Books
  • Matthew through Acts
  • Epistles/Letters
  • Romans through Jude
  • Prophetic Book
  • Revelation

Ancient Time to 400 BC 0
AD to 100 AD
8
Part 1The Beginning
9
The Story Set-upGod Creates a Good World
  • God creates the universe and people
  • God tells man how to live
  • Everything is in harmony with itself and God
  • Life is beautiful and people can live forever as
    long as they follow God

Genesis 1 2
10
B) The Conflict / ProblemPeople Rebel and Throw
the World Into Disarray
  • The first people choose to disobey God
  • They experience shame, guilt and fear for the
    first time
  • As a result, God says life will now be full of
    pain, futility, conflict, and death
  • People are cast out of Gods presence on earth

Genesis 3
11
B) The Conflict / Problem
  • Within one generation, we have the first
    murderbrother kills brother

Genesis 4
12
B) The Conflict / Problem
  • As people multiply, violence and corruption
    spreads across the world

Genesis 5 - 65
13
B) The Conflict / Problem
  • God grieves over how bad things get. He sends a
    worldwide flood to destroy all but the family of
    Noah and one pair of each animal who can
    repopulate the earth.

Genesis 66-9
14
B) The Conflict / Problem
  • Noahs descendents ignore God and seek to build a
    city and tower to their own greatness.

Genesis 111-4
15
B) The Conflict / Problem
  • God breaks them up by separating them into
    different languages and nations across the world.

Genesis 10 115-11
16
B) The Conflict / Problem
  • In summary, people have turned away from God,
    messed up their lives and the world, and they
    keep doing this over and over.

17
B) The Conflict / Problem
  • Puzzle How can a world of corrupt people in
    separate nations be turned back to God and
    experience life as God originally intended?

18
C) The Solution - First PhaseGods Chooses
Abraham and Some of His Descendents
  • God talks to a man Abraham. God says he will
    bless Abraham, make of him a great nation, and
    through him all nations will be blessed.

Genesis 12-20
(2,000 BC)
19
C) The Solution, First Phase
  • Though imperfect, Abraham believes God and
    follows him, even though he and his wife are very
    old and have no son.

Genesis 12 - 20
20
C) The Solution, First Phase
  • After 25 years of waiting, God gives Abraham and
    his wife a son, Isaac, who will inherit Gods
    promises.

Genesis 21 - 24
(Job is set sometime around this time period)
21
C) The Solution, First Phase
  • When he grows up, Isaac has twin sons. God
    chooses the younger twin, Jacob, to inherit his
    promises.

Genesis 25 - 27
22
C) The Solution, First Phase
  • Jacob is a schemer, but God changes him, and
    changes his name to Israel.

Genesis 28-3515
23
C) The Solution, First Phase
  • Israel has 12 sons. One son, Joseph, trusts in
    and obeys God. But the other brothers are
    jealous of Joseph and sell him into slavery.

Genesis 3516-38
24
C) The Solution, First Phase
  • Through amazing circumstances, Joseph becomes
    prime minister of Egypt, and the rest of the
    family comes to join him.

Genesis 39-50
25
C) The Solution, First Phase
  • Puzzle How can God bless all nations and restore
    the world through these people?

26
Part 2The Middle
27
The Second Part Set-upGod Establishes Israel
AsHis Chosen Nation
  • Many years later, Israels descendents have grown
    to hundreds of thousands, but they are now all
    Egyptian slaves.

Exodus 1
(1,500 BC)
28
A) The Second Part Set-up
  • God raises up a man, Moses, to lead them out of
    Egypt.

Exodus 2 713
29
A) The Second Part Set-up
  • After a series of 10 divinely caused plagues, the
    Egyptian king agrees to let Moses and the
    Israelites leave miraculously.

Exodus 714 - 18
30
A) The Second Part Set-up
  • Once they are out of Egypt, God gives Moses and
    the Israelites 10 commandments and other laws to
    follow, saying they will be blessed if they obey,
    but cursed if they disobey.

Exodus 19 Numbers 12
31
B) The 2nd Part Conflict / ProblemThe
Israelites Usually Dont Trust in God
  • The rescued Israelites keep rebelling against
    God. So God says He will not permit them to
    enter their promised land. They have to travel
    in the wilderness until their generation dies
    out.

Numbers 14 - 36
32
B) The Conflict / Problem
  • After 40 years, God renews his covenant with the
    next generation of Israelites. Then Moses
    successor, Joshua, leads them into the
    promised land.

Deuteronomy 1 - Joshua 24
33
B) The Conflict / Problem
  • However, the very next generation turns to
    worshipping other gods.

Judges 1 - 2
34
B) The Conflict / Problem
  • For the next 300 years, the Israelites follow a
    pattern They face a foe, they call out to God,
    God sends someone to help them, but once their
    problem is solved, they turn away from God again.

Judges 3 - 1 Samuel 7
(1,400 1,100 BC)
35
B) The Conflict / Problem
  • The Israelites ask God for a king, and after
    warning them about how kings act, God chooses
    Saul to be their first king.

1 Samuel 8 - 10
36
B) The Conflict / Problem
  • Saul begins well, but he starts disobeying God
    and God tells Saul (through a prophet) he will
    replace him.

1 Samuel 11 - 15
37
B) The Conflict / Problem
  • God chooses David to be the next king, David
    obeys and trusts in God, and Israel prospers.

1 Samuel 16 - II Samuel 10 1 Chronicles 11 - 20
(David wrote many of the Psalms)
(1,000 BC)
38
B) The Conflict / Problem
  • God promises David that a dynasty and a kingdom
    will come from him that will last forever.

(Puzzle how can this be?)
2 Samuel 7 1 Chronicles 17
39
B) The Conflict / Problem
  • When David gets older though, he commits adultery
    and murder, and he and his kingdom starts to
    deteriorate.

2 Samuel 11-23 1 Chronicles 21
40
B) The Conflict / Problem
  • Davids son Solomon becomes king next, and he
    rules wisely. But eventually he worships other
    Gods. God says he will remove most of Israel
    from his dynasty because of this.

1 Kings 1 - 11 2 Chronicles 1 - 9
(Solomon many of the Proverbs, plus likely
Ecclesiastes and Song of Songs)
41
B) The Conflict / Problem
  • After Solomon dies, Israel splits into two
    kingdoms.

The Northern KingdomIsrael - Ruled by many
dynasties of kings
  • The Southern KingdomJudah
  • Always ruled by a descendant of David
  • and Solomon

I Kings 11 - 12 2 Chronicles 10 - 11
42
B) The Conflict / Problem
  • For the next few hundred years, Israels kings
    and people keep disobeying God. After sending
    many warnings through prophets, God has the
    northern kingdom overrun by Assyrians in 722 BC.
    Most are shipped away, never to return.

I Kings 13 - 2 Kings 17
Hosea, Amos, Jonah
43
B) The Conflict / Problem
  • During this same time period, a few kings and
    people in Judah trust in God, but most dont.
    After many warnings, in 586 BC, after Israels
    fall, God has Judah conquered also. However, God
    promises he will bring a remnant back to
    their land.

I Kings 13 - 2 Kings 25 2 Chronicles 10 - 3621
Isaiah, Jeremiah, Joel , Habakkuk , Micah,
Zephaniah
44
B) The Conflict / Problem
  • The Judeans (i.e., Jews) live in exile in
    Babylon. But 70 years later, the Persian king
    who conquered Babylon says Jews can return to
    their land and rebuild their capital and temple.

2 Chronicles 3622 - Ezra 1
Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel
45
B) The Conflict / Problem
  • These returning Jews are the first generation to
    permanently forsake worshipping other gods, and
    they show concern to obey God.
  • However, they soon start growing cooler toward
    God.

Ezra 2 - Esther 10
Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi
(Old Testament ends 400 BC)
46
B) The Conflict / Problem
  • Summary Puzzle With how they have done, how will
    God bless all nations through descendents of
    Abraham?

47
C) The Solution, Phase 2God Promises to Send a
Savior
  • In addition to warnings, through prophets, God
    gives the Israelites promises he will raise up
    from them a deliverer who will establish a
    wonderful eternal, worldwide kingdomone filled
    with people who trust in Him.

Isaiah 40 - 66, Micah 4 - 515, Zephaniah 39-20,
Zechariah 99 - 14, Malachi 4
48
C) The Solution, Phase 2
  • Puzzle How can someone sent to the Jews save the
    world and change peoples hearts?

49
Part 3The End
50
The Final Part Set-upGod Sends Jesus to Save
the World
  • 400 years after the Old Testament ends, Jesus is
    born. His births details fit the ancient
    prophecies of the promised one.
  • Examples
  • A descendant of Abraham,
  • Israel, and David
  • Born in the small town of
  • Bethlehem.

Matthew 1 - 2 Luke 1 - 2
( 0 AD)
51
A) The Set-up
  • At about age 30, Jesus starts preaching in
    Israel. He heals people, performs miracles, and
    makes astounding claims.
  • Examples of Claims
  • I am the light of the world
  • I came to save the world
  • - Whoever sees me, sees God.
  • - He who believes in me has eternal life

Matthew 3 - 25 Mark 1 - 13, Luke 3 - 21, John 1
- 17
52
A) The Set-up
  • Jesus, though, is rejected by his nation. He is
    arrested, tried for treason, convicted, tortured,
    publicly executed on a cross, and buried.

Matthew 26 - 27 Mark 14 - 15, Luke 22 - 23,
John 18 - 19
53
A) The Set-up
  • On the third day, Jesus rises from the dead. He
    tells his disciples to spread to all nations the
    gospel (good news) that they can have
    forgiveness and eternal life through believing in
    Him.

Matthew 28 Mark 16, Luke 24, John 20 - 21
54
A) The Set-up
  • After Jesus returns to heaven, the Holy Spirit
    comes on his disciples and makes them bold. They
    share Jesus gospel

message with Jews and then others throughout
the Roman Empire. Many lives are changed.
Acts 1 - 28
55
B) The 3rd Part Conflict / ProblemEvil
Suffering Are Still Widespread
  • 1. Accepting the Gospel changes lives and the
    world. But its spread is hindered by disbelief
    and opposition.

Acts 2 - 28
56
B) The Conflict / Problem
  • 2. Believers still find it hard to live
    completely new types of life (and this hinders
    the Gospels spread too).

Acts 5 - 20
(Mentioned in many of the Epistles)
57
B) The Conflict / Problem
  • 3. Much suffering and injustice still remain.
    Believers not only experience this, sometimes
    they also suffer because of their faithfulness to
    Christ.

Acts 2 - 28
(also mentioned in many of the Epistles)
58
B) The Conflict / Problem
  • Puzzle How can you have a restored world and
    full salvation in this situation?

59
C) The Transitional SolutionThe Holy Spirits
Workings
  • 1. The Bible says Gods Holy Spirit will work in
    peoples lives so that the Gospel will go to all
    the world and that eventually people from all
    nations will believe.

Matthew 2414 Mark 1310-11 Luke 2447-48 John
16
Revelation 59-10
60
C) The Transitional Solution
  • 2. The Epistles describe how Christians can rely
    on Christ and experience the Holy Spirit
    progressively transforming them into joyful, holy
    people, even through hardships and pain.

2. The Epistles describe how Christians can rely
on Christ and experience the Holy Spirit
progressively transforming them into joyful, holy
people, even through hardships and pain.
John 14 - 16
Romans through Jude
61
C) The Transitional Solution
  • Will evil and suffering
  • always remain though?

62
D) The Ultimate SolutionChrist Returns and
Establishes His Full Kingdom
  • The Bible says that after the Gospel has gone to
    all nations, Christ will return to earth during a
    time of severe hardships. The dead will be
    raised and there will be a final judgment of all
    people.

Matthew 24 - 25 Mark 13 Luke 21
Revelation 4 - 20
63
D) The Ultimate Solution
  • Those who have resisted God will face an eternity
    of paying for their sins.

Matthew 25 Luke 21
Revelation 2011-15
64
D) The Ultimate Solution
  • Those who have turned back to God and trusted in
    Christ will be forgiven welcomed into Gods
    full kingdom. Their remaining corrupt tendencies
    will be purged and they will joyously experience
    life as it was originally intended under God.

Matthew 25
Revelation 21 - 22
65
D) The Ultimate Solution
  • This story ends then, and a new one of eternal
    wholeness and delight in God beginsone we can
    only barely imagine.

66
Review
  • Part 1 - The Beginning
  • A) The Story Set-up
  • God Creates a Good World
  • B) The Conflict / Problem
  • People Rebel and Throw the World Into Disarray
  • C) The Solution - First Phase
  • Gods Chooses Abraham and Some of His Descendents

Genesis
67
Review
  • Part 2 - The Middle
  • A) The Second Part Set-up
  • God Establishes Israel As His Chosen Nation
  • B) The Conflict / Problem
  • The Israelites Usually Dont Trust in God
  • C) The Solution - Second Phase
  • God Promises to Send a Savior

The Rest of the Old Testament
68
Review
  • Part 3 - The End
  • A) The Final Part Set-up
  • God Sends Jesus to Save the World
  • B) The Conflict / Problem
  • Evil Suffering Are Still Widespread
  • C) The Transitional Solution
  • The Holy Spirits Workings
  • D) The Ultimate Solution
  • Christ Returns and Establishes His Full Kingdom

The New Testament
69
Some Story Implications
70
1. God is patiently giving people the opportunity
to turn back to Him
  • 2 Peter 33-9 First of all, you must
    understand that in the last days scoffers will
    come . . . They will say, "Where is this 'coming'
    he promised? Ever since our fathers died,
    everything goes on as it has since the beginning
    of creation." . . . But do not forget this one
    thing, dear friends With the Lord a day is like
    a thousand years, and a thousand years are like a
    day. The Lord is not slow in keeping his promise
    . . . He is patient with you, not wanting anyone
    to perish, but everyone to come to repentance.

71
2. Our opportunities have unknown time limits
  • God gave people in the Old Testament centuries of
    warnings to turn back to him, but when they
    refused to do so, eventually judgment came.
  • God offers us eternal life and a place in his
    kingdom. But our opportunity to trust in Christ
    can run out by our death, Christs return OR our
    own hardness of heart. (Hebrews 3 4)

72
3. How do you fit into the story?
  • The Bible says God is actively drawing people to
    Christ. (e.g., John 644)
  • God wants us on his good side, but he does not
    force us.
  • Our responses fix our roles in the story, and our
    eternal destinies.
  • Our world is currently in the 3rd part of the
    story, nearing the very end.
  • The plot is revealed. Who plays what role is
    not. Where do you want to be?

73
To Explore More
  • Review this PowerPoint at comumn.org
  • Download there, in English or in Chinese A
    Short Guide to the Bible (includes a Bible
    timeline, Bible history, and key selections Bible
    reading plan)
  • Join a Bible study

74
Discussion Questions
  • What questions do you have about this?
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