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Behavior Based Safety

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Behavior Based Safety (rev. 8/04) What is Behavior-Based Safety? Focuses on at-risk behaviors that can lead to injury Focuses on safe behaviors that can contribute to ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Behavior Based Safety


1
  • Behavior Based Safety
  • (rev. 8/04)

2
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3
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4
What is Behavior-Based Safety?
  • Focuses on at-risk behaviors that can lead to
    injury
  • Focuses on safe behaviors that can contribute to
    injury prevention
  • BBS is an injury prevention process

1b
5
The Safety Triad
4a
6
Behavior Based Safety
7
The BBS Process
  • Advanced Safety Awareness Training
  • SafeStart
  • Job Task Analysis /Job Safety Analysis (JSA)
  • Job task sequence/hazards for each step/how to
    eliminate each hazard.
  • Behavioral Observations
  • Observe job task looking at safe and at-risk
    actions
  • Entered into data base/reports reviewed and
    action plans developed.

8
  • There are 3 types of at-risk behavior
  • conscious behavior
  • habitual behavior
  • unintentional behavior
  • BBS is about unintentional behavior and habitual
    behavior.
  • To be more specific, it's about how to prevent
    mistakes or errors you never wanted to make in
    the first place.

9
THE CONCEPTS OF BBS CAN BE APPLIED ANYWHERE!!!
  • While Driving
  • At Home
  • At Work

10
Reality is the majority of the time our own Bad
Habits and/or our Lack Of Thinking Things
Through Cause us to get hurt!!!
E
11
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12
BBS
  • Rushing
  • Frustration
  • Fatigue
  • Complacency

Unit 1
?
13
CAN CAUSE OR CONTRIBUTE TO THESE 4 CRITICAL
ERRORS
  • Eyes not on Task
  • Mind not on Task
  • Line - of - Fire
  • Balance/Traction/Grip

?
Unit 1
14
INCREASING THE RISK OF INJURY!!
  • Eyes not on Task
  • Mind not on Task
  • Line - of - Fire
  • Balance/Traction/Grip
  • Rushing
  • Frustration
  • Fatigue
  • Complacency


15
BBS
  • Has rushing ever been a factor in an injury or
    close call?
  • Have you ever or almost fallen asleep while
    driving your motor vehicle?
  • Have you almost or been hit by another car
    because the driver didnt see you?
  • How many of you have almost hit another car
    because you didnt see it?

?
Unit 1
16
BBS
  • Practice
  • Recognizing the patterns (states to errors)
    you experience..

E
Unit 1
17
Critical Error Reduction by Triggering on States.
  • Be aware of the state you may be in so corrective
    actions can be made.
  • Slow down if possible.
  • Plan the job task to increase efficiency and
    hazard awareness.
  • Think about what you are doing, concentrate on
    the task at hand.

18
Scenario
  • Relate an incident in the state to error context
    and share with group.
  • (divide into groups)

19
INCREASING THE RISK OF INJURY!!
  • Eyes not on Task
  • Mind not on Task
  • Line - of - Fire
  • Balance/Traction/Grip
  • Rushing
  • Frustration
  • Fatigue
  • Complacency


Unit 1
20
Job Safety Analysis
  • Job Safety Analysis (JSA) is based on the
    following ideas
  • That a specific job or work assignment can be
    separated into a series of relatively simple
    steps.
  • That hazards associated with each step can be
    identified.
  • That solutions can be developed to control each
    hazard.

21
Job safety analysis four basic steps
  • Select the job to be analyzed.
  • Separate the job into its basic steps.
  • Identify the hazards associated with each step.
  • Control each hazard.

22
Pre-Task / JSA
  • When are performing JSAs required?
  • Cards may be used for JSA or Observation or both.
  • PRACTICE EXERCISE

23
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24
Behavior
  • Observable Action
  • Safe Behavior
  • At-risk Behavior
  • Measurable
  • Causes most accidents
  • Consequences motivate change

25
Observation and Feedback
  • Observation and feedback goals
  • Create a situation where employees will
    consciously practice safe behaviors.
  • Reinforce safe behaviors.
  • Correct worker when at-risk behaviors are
    observed.
  • Through feedback look for the cause of at-risk
    behaviors consciousness, facility/equipment,
    disagreement, personal choice, etc.

26
Observation and Feedback Cont.
  • Follow standard procedures for all observations.
  • Observations should be brief but thorough.
  • Focus on actions, showing respect and genuine
    concern for worker being observed.
  • Keep information confidential, not a disciplinary
    tool.

27
Observation Procedures
  • Familiarize yourself with the work area and
    project observing.
  • Ask permission to observe.
  • Observe task, looking at safe work practices
    listed on the observation cards.
  • Immediately correct any imminent danger
    situations.
  • Stop the job and discuss the concerns.

28
Observation Procedures Cont.
  • At the completion of the observation give
    feedback.
  • Positively reinforce safe practices.
  • Give corrective feedback.
  • Record barriers found that may produce at-risk
    behaviors.
  • For self observations Plan ahead and record
    observations immediately after task.

29
Feedback
  • After observation stop the job for a short
    discussion.
  • Give positive feedback for safe work practices.
  • Give corrective feedback
  • Why at-risk practice was used?
  • Ask if another method, using safe practices,
    could be used.
  • Offer ideas.
  • Review comments recorded on observation cards
    with employee.

30
Feedback Cont.
  • Thank employee for allowing the observation.
  • Assure the observed employee that the process is
    confidential and is not used for disciplinary
    actions.

31
Feedback / Resistance
  • Remember participation is voluntary.
  • Listen to disagreements.
  • Respect their position and find points you can
    agree on.
  • You may not have all the answers! Dont act like
    you do.

32
Observation Form
  • BBS observation types
  • BBS observation form instructions
  • Barrier codes
  • Comments
  • How many observations are expected?

33
  • Practice exercise Mock or walk into shop for
    actual sample observation. Complete including
    feedback.

34
Data Analysis / Reports
  • Cards are collected (or JSA/BSO sheets are faxed)
    and sent to the Region office.
  • A BBS file will be available on the H drive for
    observation data entry.
  • Reports will be generated at-risk behavior
    analysis and to initiate action planning.

35
SummaryBehavior-based safety
  • Reflects a proactive approach to safety and
    health management
  • Reflects a proactive approach to injury prevention

9a
36
SummaryBehavior-based safety
  • Focuses on at-risk behaviors that can lead to
    injury
  • Focuses on safe behaviors that can contribute to
    injury prevention
  • Is an injury prevention process

9b
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