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Celebrating Hispanic Heritage Month in USD 253

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Cultural Awareness for Educators Diversity Project Emporia State University, Spring 2009 Celebrating Hispanic Heritage Month in USD 253 Pancho Villa? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Celebrating Hispanic Heritage Month in USD 253


1
Celebrating Hispanic Heritage Month in USD 253
  • Cathy Terrell
  • Cultural Awareness for Educators
  • Diversity Project
  • Emporia State University, Spring 2009

2
Introduction
  • The purpose of this project is to promote the
    celebration of Hispanic culture within all
    schools of the Emporia School District.
  • This presentation will present an overview of the
    demographic characteristics of the districts
    students
  • Video clips included in the presentation will
    further demonstrate a need to be more intentional
    about embracing Hispanic culture within our
    schools.
  • The project will conclude with suggestions,
    resources information to begin creating a
    culturally inclusive environment in our schools

3
Demographics
According to the Kansas State Board of Education
website, White students are no longer the
majority in USD 253, with Hispanics being the
largest minority group.
4
Creating an Inclusive Environment
  • It is more critical than ever that our schools
    are embracing diversity and creating a climate
    that is inclusive and multicultural.
  • A culturally competent school is generally
    defined as one that honors, respects, and values
    diversity in theory and in practice and where
    teaching and learning are made relevant and
    meaningful to students of various cultures.
  • National Association of State Boards
    ofEducation (2002)

5
Building upon the past
  • We can scaffold our efforts to create this
    multi-culturally inclusive environment by
    building upon our past successes.such as

6
Ask a student.
  • Who should always be celebrated during
  • Black History Month
  • This is what you get.

7
(No Transcript)
8
Ask a student.
  • Who should always be celebrated during
  • Hispanic Heritage Month
  • This is what you get.

9
(No Transcript)
10
Ask a Teacher Administrator.
  • Who should always be celebrated during Black
    History Month?
  • Who should always be celebrated during Hispanic
    Heritage Month?
  • This is what you get.

11
(No Transcript)
12
What is happening?
  • Note the consistency in answers to the question
    of who should always be celebrated during Black
    History Month.
  • All students, regardless of race and ethnicity
    could come up with at least one response.
  • Hispanic students were able to name example of
    African-American heroes with no problem.
  • All of the examples given were people who made
    visible and notable contributions to American
    history and culture in the United States.

13
What is happening?
  • In regards to the question about Hispanic
    Heritage Month, students had fewer responses to
    this question.
  • Surprisingly, Hispanic students struggled just as
    much as non-Hispanic students in the video
    survey.
  • Many students, individually and collectively as a
    class, had no response to this question.
  • The ESL and Spanish for native speakers classes
    (comprised solely of Hispanic students), usually
    could only come up with one response Pancho
    Villa.

14
Pancho Villa?
  • While it is true the Pancho Villa is a Mexican
    Hero, the fact that most Hispanic students could
    only come up with his name is an indication that
    we need to do a better job.
  • Pancho Villa was a leader of the Mexican
    Revolution and fought on behalf of many
    disadvantaged people of Mexico during the 1800s.
    He never lived in the United States.
  • Celebrating Pancho Villa during Hispanic Hertiage
    month is analogous to Blacks celebrating Nelson
    Mandela during Black History Month. Mandela did
    great things, but he never lived in the US and
    his contributions did not have a direct impact on
    American life.

15
Educating Ourselves
  • In 1968, Congress authorized President Lyndon B.
    Johnson to proclaim a week in September as
    National Hispanic Heritage Week.
  • The observance was expanded in 1988 to a month
    long celebration (Sept. 15-Oct. 15).
  • During this month, America celebrates the culture
    and traditions of U.S. residents who trace their
    roots to Spain, Mexico and the Spanish-speaking
    nations of Central America, South America and the
    Caribbean.
  • Sept. 15 was chosen as the starting point for the
    celebration because it is the anniversary of
    independence of five Latin American countries
    Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and
    Nicaragua.
  • In addition, Mexico and Chile celebrate their
    independence days on Sept. 16 and Sept. 18,
    respectively.

16
Recognizing
Hispanics have risen to great heights and
established their mark on behalf of U.S. society
in many fields of endeavor. There are literally
too many distinctive landmarks of Hispanic
progress during the past century to note in this
reduced space. Here are a few highlights from
business, science, sports, and politics . In all,
a remarkable century for Hispanics in the United
States.
17
Familiarize Yourself
  • In New York in 1959, Dr. Severo Ochoa won the
    Nobel Prize in Medicine and Physiology for his
    discovery of RNA (ribonucleic acid), one of the
    chemical building blocks of life.
  • Ellen Ochoa invented optical analysis systems and
    was also the world's first Hispanic female
    astronaut.
  • The first Latino to serve in Congress, Joseph
    Marion Hernández, was elected in 1822.
  • César Chávez (1927-1993), founder of the United
    Farm Workers Union, led the fight to gain
    recognition for the workers who harvest this
    nation's produce
  • Octaviano A. Larrazolo, was the first Hispanic
    U.S. Senator.
  • Chemist, Luis Miramontes co-invented the
    contraceptive pill.
  • Miguel Servet worked in anatomy and physiology
    led He discoved the circulation of blood through
    the human body.

18
The Beauty of Art
  • Art is a wonderful resource for celebrating
    Hispanic Heritage Month

19
Becoming Culturally Inclusive
  • As educators and administrators, creating a
    culturally inclusive environment requires that
    each of us takes the necessary steps to become
    culturally competent.
  • A culturally competent school is generally
    defined as one that honors, respects, and values
    diversity in theory and in practice and where
    teaching and learning are made relevant and
    meaningful to students of various cultures.

20
Celebrating in the Classroom
  • One of the MOST IMPORTANT goals of Hispanic
    Heritage Month is to demonstrate how Hispanics
    have impacted and contributed to American life
    and culture.
  • A great website for lesson plans and objectives
    to meet this goal is
  • http//www.nytimes.com/learning/teachers/lessons/1
    9990920monday.html?searchpvlearning_lessons

21
Lesson Plans Activities
  • List some interesting facts about Hispanic
    Heritage MonthLESSON PLANS CLASSROOM ACTIVITIES
  • CONTEMPORARY LATINA WRITERS JULIA ALVAREZ
    LESSON PLANhttp//ladb.unm.edu/retanet/plans/sear
    ch/retrieve.php3?ID0422A lesson plan for
    grades 9-12 on Latina writers focusing on Julia
    Alvarez. It uses Alvarez as an example but can be
    adapted for several Latina writers. Excellent
  • GEOGRAPHY OF MEXICO AND CENTRAL AMERICA LESSON
    PLAN             NEW!http//school.discovery.com/
    lessonplans/programs/geo_mexico/A lesson plan
    for grades 3-5 on the geography of Mexico and
    Central America. Excellent
  • GEOGRAPHY OF SOUTH AMERICA LESSON
    PLAN             NEW!http//school.discovery.com/
    lessonplans/programs/geo_southamerica/A lesson
    plan for grades 3-5 on the geography of South
    America. Excellent
  • GUANTANAMERA A POEM AND A SONG LESSON
    PLANhttp//artsedge.kennedy-enter.org/teaching_ma
    terials/curricula/curriculum.cfm?curriculum_id496
    modefullA lesson plan for grades 9-12 on the
    song and poem "Guantanamera". "In this lesson
    students will listen to "Guantanamera," a Cuban
    folk song made famous by Pete Seeger with lyrics
    from a poem by Jose Marti. They will discover
    that these two men shared more than a song."
    Excellent
  • HISPANIC WORLD UNIT                
    NEW!http//commtechlab.msu.edu/sites/letsnet/nofr
    ames/bigideas/b1/b1u2.htmlA unit for middle,
    junior and high school students on Hispanic
    countries and peoples. "In this unit, students
    will conduct primary and secondary research to
    know the "hispanohablantes" in the world. These
    explorations will serve as windows for these
    Spanish-speaking countries for students to
    acquire information and impression from different
    perspectives. Students are supposed to conduct
    the researches by using their Spanish ability to
    comprehend the information on the Internet.
        Through team works, they will target one
    country as research topic, collect information
    using Internet resources as well as library
    resources, share their research with other
    groups, and visit these web sites set up by other
    groups that relate to these Hispanic countries."
    Excellent
  • I HEAR LATIN AMERICA SINGING EXPLORING LATIN
    AMERICAN HISTORY THROUGH SONG LESSON
    PLAN                                             
                                           
    NEW!http//www.nytimes.com/learning/teachers/less
    ons/20030905friday.html?searchpvlearning_lessons
    A lesson plan on Latin American history for
    grades 6-12. "In this lesson, students learn
    about the historical and current social,
    political, and cultural trends of Latin American
    countries. After researching a specific country,
    groups write songs that reflect the music styles
    as well as the history of the region." Excellent
  • THE LATIN AMERICAN MERCADO WHO MADE THIS?
    LESSON PLAN     NEW!http//ladb.unm.edu/retanet/p
    lans/search/retrieve.php3?ID0469A lesson plan
    for grades 6-8 on the global marketplace. "The
    mercado or marketplace in Latin America is a
    social and business event where both local gossip
    and goods exchange hands in a friendly,
    bargaining atmosphere. Through their
    participation in a simulated cottage industry and
    subsequent marketplace, students can begin to
    appreciate the effort and tedium involved in such
    work. They gain cultural understanding of the
    marketplace and its impact on traditional
    society. Hopefully, they can transfer newly
    acquired economic skills and global understanding
    to their purchasing power." Excellent

22
Web Resources
  • CELEBRATE HISPANIC HERITAGE MONTH NATIONAL PARK
    SERVICEhttp//www.cr.nps.gov/nr/feature/hispanic/
    Highlights various National Park Service and
    Historic Register sites that celebrate the
    achievements and history of Hispanic Americans.
    Includes Featured Historic Places and Teaching
    with Historic Places which has lesson plans
    geared to specific sites. The lesson plans are
    designed to bring the historic sites and their
    significance into the classroom. Excellent
  •                                        
  • CINCO DE MAYOhttp//www.umkc.edu/imc/cincomay.htm
    Information on the history of the Cinco de Mayo
    celebration. Includes a large section with
    activities for the classroom. Includes songs,
    role-playing, language arts and more. Excellent
  • ÍESPAÑOLÉ! THE ONLINE RESOURCE FOR STUDENTS AND
    TEACHERS OF SPANISHhttp//www.espanole.org/A
    huge site, not only on the Spanish language, but
    also on the culture, history, music, food and
    arts. Outstanding. Excellent
  • ESPECIALLY ESPAÑOLhttp//www.kn.pacbell.com//wire
    d/espanol/index.htmlA page of Spanish activities
    and resources for elementary, middle and high
    school students. A step above the usual list of
    links page. Excellent
  • HISPANIC HERITAGE CROSSWORD PUZZLE            
    NEW!http//www.nytimes.com/learning/teachers/xwor
    ds/20020913.htmlA crossword puzzle from the NY
    Times on Hispanic Heritage. Excellent
  • HISPANIC HERITAGE MONTHhttp//www.factmonster.com
    /spot/hhm1.htmlAn outstanding site on Hispanics.
    Sections include Hispanic Americans by the
    Numbers, Spanish Loan Words, Countries of Origin,
    Spanish Accents, Hispanics in Congress, Where
    Spanish is Spoken, Hispanic Holidays, Spanish
    Place Names, Preference for Racial or Ethnic
    Terminology, Biographies, a Crossword and two
    quizzes. Excellent
  • HISPANIC HERITAGE MONTHhttp//www.mcps.k12.md.us/
    curriculum/socialstd/Hispanic.htmlClassroom
    activities for Hispanic Heritage Month.
    Activities for K-5, Activities for 6-8,
    Activities for 9-12, and Great Links to Hispanic
    Sites and Reading Adventure Activities. Excellent
  • HISPANIC ONLINE.COMhttp//www.hispaniconline.com/
    Daily news of interest to Hispanics. Sections
    Arts Entertainment, Politics Opinion,
    Lifestyle, Business Finance, Career Center,
    Technology, Education, Research Resources, and
    Sports. Excellent
  • HISPANIC ONLINE MAGAZINEhttp//www.hispaniconline
    .com/magazine/An online magazine covering
    various aspects of Hispanic life and heritage.
    Excellent

23
Web Resources continued
  • Websites
  • AMERICAN EXPERIENCE ZOOT SUIT
    RIOTShttp//www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/zoot/A
    companion site to the PBS program about the "Zoot
    Suit Riots" in the 1942. "In August 1942 the
    murder of a young Mexican-American man ignited a
    firestorm in the City of the Angels. In no time
    at all, ethnic and racial tensions that had been
    building up over the years boiled over. Police
    fanned out across the city in a dragnet that
    netted 600 Mexican Americans. Among those accused
    of murder was a young "zoot-suiter" named Hank
    Leyvas -- the poster boy for an entire generation
    of rebellious Mexican kids who refused to play by
    the old rules. As he and sixteen other boys
    headed to trial, the mood of the city turned
    violent. The deck was stacked against the
    defendants, and a verdict of guilty would spark a
    series of brutal riots. The convictions were
    ultimately overturned, but the city and its
    inhabitants would be forever changed." Includes a
    Transcript of the program, primary sources,
    people and events, a timeline and more. Excellent
  • Casa de Joanna Language Learning Resources
                NEW URL!http//www.casadejoanna.com/m
    irror/Language resource links for the study of
    French and Spanish. The Spanish links include
    Getting Acquainted Family Self Friends,
    Activities Sports Clothes Community Food
    Health House Home Restaurants School TV
    Movies and Vacation Travel. Also, Newspapers,
    Culture, Web Guides and more. Excellent
  • CELEBRATE HISPANIC HERITAGE!http//teacher.schola
    stic.com/activities/hispanic/index.htmA
    Scholastic site on Hispanic Heritage. Sections
    Hispanic History in the Americas, Meet Famous
    Latinos, Latinos in History, My Heritage, Piñata
    Concentration Game and a Teachers Guide and
    Research Starter. Excellent

24
Strategies
  • Elective courses designed to help students from
    diverse backgrounds get along, such as Combating
    Intolerance
  • Peer mediation to allow students from diverse
    backgrounds an opportunity to talk about
    potentially divisive issues
  • Student clubs that help large groups of
    students retain cultural identity (e.g., Muslim
    Student Society)
  • Openness to starting new clubs to reflect the
    interests of the student body
  • Parent liaisons who are paid to work with
    families who would not otherwise have a
    traditional involvement with the school
  • Home visits by parent liaisons
  • Telephone tree in multiple languages
  • Minority parent committee that organizes
    evenings for minority parents to come to school
    in smaller groups and learn about the college
    admissions process, SAT prep classes, scholarship
    and grant opportunities, and so forth
  • Letters sent home and phone contact with
    parents from culturally and linguistically
    diverse backgrounds to ensure a good turnout at
    parent meetings
  • Open communication with students
  • Quarterly meetings between a randomly selected
    group of students from each grade level and their
    administrator to obtain feedback on how school is
    going for them and what specific things can be
    improved or changed

25
More Strategies
  • E ffort awards honor breakfast for students who
    have had trouble but who have raised their
    grades each teacher
  • nominates two students from his or her class
  • Establishment of a Hispanic PTSA with business
    discussion and programs in Spanish
  • Initiation of a challenge program to invite
    promising students to enroll in honors and
    Advanced Placement classes.
  • Source Jan Leslie, the director of the Office of
    High School Instruction and K12 Curriculum
    Services and the former principal of Herndon High
    School, Fairfax County (VA) Public Schools

26
Conclusion
  • Our overall goal as educators and administrators
    must be to create culturally sensitive and
    inclusive schools. In order to do this, we must
    set goals for success. These goals for culturally
    competent schools are to establish settings where
    all students are made to feel welcome are
    engaged in learning and are included in the full
    range of activities, curricula, and services. We
    must work collaboratively with school staff
    members, parents, and the community to accomplish
    goals that include closing achievement gaps and
  • promoting pro-social behaviors. The benefits of
    culturally competent schools are numerous and
    include preventing academic failure, reducing
    drop-out rates, and engaging students and their
    families in the
  • school community. (Mary Beth Klotz, 2006)

27
Alex Haley
  • In all of us there is a hunger, marrow deep, to
    know our heritage, to know who we are and where
    we come from. Without this enriching knowledge,
    there is a hollow yearning. No matter what our
    attainment in life, there is still a vacuum, an
    emptiness, and the most disquieting loneliness
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