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Response to Intervention (RTI)

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Response to Intervention (RTI) What Is RTI? RTI is a general education initiative written into the special education law IDEA 2004. It s purpose is to offer ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Response to Intervention (RTI)


1
Response to Intervention(RTI)
2
What Is RTI?
  • RTI is a general education initiative written
    into the special education law IDEA 2004.
  • Its purpose is to offer educators a framework in
    which to structure early intervention strategies.
  • At its core, RTI aims to support at-risk students
    by removing barriers to learning.

3
Where Did RTI Begin?
  • The RTI approach emerged from multiple long-term
    studies which indicate that nearly every student
    can learn when differentiated instructional
    strategies, expert-driven instruction, and a
    scientifically validated curriculum are used in
    the regular classroom.

4
What Does RTI Involve?
  • The RTI process involves gathering and examining
    assessment data.
  • Educators use the results to judge the
    effectiveness of the interventions used with
    students and to determine appropriate new
    instructional plans.

5
Key Features of RTI
  • It is primarily a general education initiative
    designed to address the needs of struggling
    learners early in their educational experience.
  • It is based on a problem-solving model that uses
    data to inform decision-making.
  • RTI interventions are systematically applied and
    derived from research-based practices.
  • It is highly dependent on progress monitoring and
    collection of data from multiple sources.
  • RTI intervention plans are designed, implemented
    and monitored by a multi-disciplinary team of
    professionals.
  • It can replace the I.Q. discrepancy model for
    determining the presence of a learning
    disability.

6
Turn Talk
  • What are your initial concerns or
    anxieties about RTI?

7
The 3 Tier Model of RTI
  • Tier 1 the provision of general screening and
    group interventions that usually represent the
    core instructional program. If this instruction
    is adequately differentiated, 80-90 of the
    students will respond and achieve established
    benchmarks. Assessments occur three to four times
    per year.
  • Tier 2 if students do not make adequate
    progress in Tier 1, more intensive services and
    targeted interventions, usually in small groups,
    are provided in addition to instruction in the
    general curriculum. Progress is monitored more
    closely, at least bi-weekly, and the
    research-based interventions could last
    approximately six to ten weeks.
  • Tier 3 for students who do not adequately
    respond to the targeted interventions in Tier 2,
    eligibility for special education services under
    IDEA (2004) would be considered. Additional
    testing may be warranted and students would
    receive individualized intensive interventions
    targeted to the skill deficits.

8
Academic RTIPBIS
Intensive Interventions
Intensive Interventions
1-5
Targeted Interventions
Targeted Interventions
5-10
Universal Interventions All Students Preventive
Proactive
Core Program and Universal Interventions All
Students
80-90
Positive Behavioral Intervention Supports
9
RTI and the Law
  • The components of RTI underscored in No Child
    Left Behind (NCLB) focus on accountability for
    results and include
  • High Quality Instruction
  • Research-Based Instruction
  • Universal Screening
  • Continuous Progress Monitoring
  • Early Intervention
  • Progress Monitoring during Interventions

10
Definition of Terms
  • Universal Screening a means to access students
    who are at risk for falling below state or grade
    level standards. The screening can be
    accomplished through formal and/or informal
    methods.
  • Intervention a designed change in the manner
    and/or degree on which a student is being
    instructed. An intervention can address academic
    and/or behavioral needs.
  • Baseline data, collected prior to the initiation
    of an intervention, that is utilized for
    comparison with data collected during and/or
    after an intervention has been implemented.

11
What is the RTI Approach?
  • Nothing is prescribed or detailed by RTI
  • There isnt one, specific RTI approach.
  • Two models have emerged
  • a. problem-solving RTI
  • b. standard protocol RTI

12
Problem-solving RTI
  • Involves the implementation of interventions
    designed for individual student needs
  • Allows more flexibility in choices of
    interventions and allocation of resources

13
Standard Protocol RTI
  • Relies on interventions for small groups of
    students experiencing the same academic problems
  • Standard interventions in place and readily
    available to students in need

14
Five Essential Elements 1
  • Under an RTI framework, schools must embrace a
    comprehensive universal screening process that is
    administered to all students.
  • Examples DIBELS, AIMSweb, 4Sight, STAR
  • School-wide screenings are repeated during the
    year and the results are used to guide
    instructional decisions.

15
Five Essential Elements 2
  • Classroom teachers represent the first line of
    early intervention.
  • They are expected to implement high-quality,
    evidence-based instruction matched to a students
    learning needs as identified through the
    screening process and classroom assessments.

16
Five Essential Elements 3
  • RTI requires the progress of all students,
    especially those at-risk, to be monitored closely
    in the regular classroom.
  • The data flowing from curriculum-based measures
    enables the teacher to assess an individual
    students response to the strategies or
    interventions being used.
  • Instruction is adjusted accordingly to maximize
    student achievement.

17
Five Essential Elements 4
  • Even in classrooms following an RTI model, some
    students may fail to thrive.
  • If a learner consistently demonstrates the need
    for additional support, the classroom teacher can
    share the results of intervention efforts and
    work collaboratively with colleagues to explore
    other instructional options.

18
Five Essential Elements 5
  • If the collaborative team and classroom teacher
    determine the student requires support in
    addition to the prescriptive instruction already
    provided, supplemental services are arranged.
  • IDEA 2004 allows at-risk students to receive
    supplemental support without a disability level.
  • This support is coordinated with other
    school-based services and personnel e.g., Title
    I, ESL/ELL, SPED, specialists, coaches, etc.

19
What About Identification of a Learning
Disability?
  • Schools following an RTI framework now have an
    important proactive alternative to the
    wait-to-fail or IQ-achievement discrepancy
    model used in the past.
  • For a student consistently failing to respond to
    interventions, a special education referral team
    would begin a comprehensive evaluation.

20
RTI Funding
  • To support the use of EIS, IDEA allows a district
    to use up to 15 of it special education funds
    for
  • on-going professional development
  • providing educational and behavioral
    evaluations, services, and supports

21
Turn Talk
  • How often do you provide multiple ways for
    students to master knowledge and skills?
  • Do you use a range of research-based
    instructional strategies?
  • What role do pre-assessments play?
  • Do your students often work in small groups?
  • Are your students using self-assessment?
  • Do you use both summative and formative
    assessments?

22
Rate of Improvement (ROI)
  • Under RTI, data derived from a students
    response to different interventions is used to
  • Evaluate the effectiveness of instructional
    efforts
  • Guide future planning decisions
  • Determine a learners need for more intensive
    support
  • Establish the presence or absence of a learning
    disability

23
Dont Be Anxious About RTI
  • There are many unanswered questions.
  • There is no specific RTI model.
  • Much of what you already do supports RTI.
  • It all boils down to consistent use of best
    instructional practices that benefit all
    learners.

24
Summary Features of RTI
  • RTI is primarily a general education initiative
  • RTI is based on a problem-solving model using
    data to support decisions
  • RTI interventions are based on research-based
    practices
  • RTI is highly dependent on progress monitoring
    and data collection

25
Two Essentials
  • Creating conditions within schools to facilitate
    regular collaboration through thoughtful
    scheduling and planning.
  • On-going staff development through conferences,
    seminars, on-site training, and on-line learning
    so teachers are equipped with the tools they need.

26
RTI, DI and Marzanos 9
  • Teachers using differentiated instruction (DI) in
    their classrooms are already offering the
    expert-driven, responsive, student-centered
    instruction that RTI requires.
  • Marzanos 9 powerful strategies are often
    considered the most comprehensive appraoch for
    addressing RTI through differerentiated
    instruction.
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