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Author: Jack Slemenda Converse College, SC

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Author: Jack Slemenda Converse College, SC Date submitted to deafed.net March 20, 2008 To contact the author for permission to use this PowerPoint, please e-mail ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Author: Jack Slemenda Converse College, SC


1
Author Jack SlemendaConverse College, SC
  • Date submitted to deafed.net March 20, 2008
  • To contact the author for permission to use this
    PowerPoint, please e-mail slemenjc_at_spart5.k12.sc.
    us
  • To use this PowerPoint presentation in its
    entirety, please give credit to the author.

2
Bilingual-Bicultural Education
  • Jack Slemenda
  • Converse College

3
Who? What?
4
Bilingual-Bicultural Education
  • Who increased awareness of Bi-Bi Education?
  • Alice Speights definition
  • Return to original idea of Total Communication?
  • Biculturalism

5
Goals
  • The main goals of Bi-Bi education are
  • 1. Students maintain a proficiency in ASL
    and written English.
  • 2. Students will feel comfortable with
    socializing in both deaf and hearing
    cultures.

6
The Bilingual Student
7
  • Mastery of home language
  • Deaf children of Hearing parents
  • Culturally Deaf

8
How do we teach Bi-Bi?
9
Three Strategies
  • Immersion
  • English as a Second Language
  • Transitional Bilingualism

10
Immersion
  • Bilingual
  • L1 Concept development
  • All other subjectssheltered English
  • Structured
  • English-only model

11
ESL
  • Mainstreamed
  • High-intensity language training (HILT)
  • Mostly oral language

12
Transitional Bilingual Education (TBE)
  • Native language used in instruction
  • Eventually mainstreamed
  • Goal
  • Student should develop English while
    simultaneously learning core content.

13
Quality Bilingual Schools
14
Schools should
  • Set clear goals
  • Create a bi-bi society
  • Integrate bi-bi program
  • Provide leadership/support
  • Have high expectations
  • Hire qualified teachers
  • Partner with bilingual parents and communities

15
Ideal Bilingual Teachers
  • Bilingual/ Biliterate
  • Appreciation of cultures
  • Mastery of content
  • Appropriate instructional strategies
  • DEDICATED!

16
The Bi-Bi Curriculum
  • Bilingual
  • Native language (L1)
  • English (L2)
  • Bicultural
  • Native culture
  • American culture

17
Deaf Bi-Bi Programs
  • California School for the Deaf in Fremont
  • Indiana School for the Deaf
  • Texas School for the Deaf in Austin
  • Maryland School for the Deaf
  • Cleary School for the Deaf in Nesconset, NY
  • Arizona School for the Deaf in Denver
  • The Learning Center in Massachusetts
  • Sign Talk Childrens Center in Winnipeg

18
Does it Work????
19
Research Types
  • Pseudo-evaluations
  • SurveysQuestionable
  • Formal evaluations
  • Controversial results

20
What we do know
  • Native signers are superior code switchers

21
Weaknesses
  • Identifying/training teachers
  • Auditory exposure
  • Only effective through segregation
  • Parents find it hard to learn ASL
  • All bilingual children are the same

22
How do we fix it?
  • Documentation
  • Student profiling
  • Product and process

23
Questions???
24
Reflections
  • What are your perceptions regarding Bi-Bi
    education?
  • How does/would this effect mainstreaming?
  • Would Deaf children become more isolated?
  • How would you promote interaction with hearing
    people?
  • (De Vera and Dharer)

25
Resources
  • Bilingual Education Politics, Practice, Research.
    Ed. Arias, M. Beatriz and Ursula Casanova. The
    National Society for the Study of Education.
    Chicago, Illinois 1993.
  • Brisk, Maria Estela. Bilingual Education From
    Compensatory to Quality Schooling. Lawrence
    Erlbaum Associates, Inc. NewJersey 1998.
  • De Vera, Neyrchel and Yaser Dharer.
    Bilingual-Bicultural Education of
    Deaf/Hard-of-Hearing Children.
    ltwww.deafed.net/PublishedDocs/sub/ivd1c.htmgt
  • Scheetz, Nanci A. Orientation to Deafness Second
    Edition. Allyn Bacon. Massachusetts 2001.
  • Speights, Alice. Bilingual-Bicultural Education
    for Deaf Students Why and Why Not. University
    of Alabama 1996. ltwww.geocities.com/Athens/Delph
    i/6190/bibi/htmlgt
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