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Title: LANL Engineering Standards An Introduction Course 24140 May 2003


1
LANL Engineering Standards An IntroductionCourse
24140 May 2003
  • Tobin Oruch, Eng Standards Manager
  • 505-665-8475, oruch_at_lanl.gov
  • Facility and Waste Operations Division (FWO)
  • Design Engineering and Construction Services
    Group
  • LA-UR-03-3240

2
Purpose of Training
  • Ensure basic familiarity with the LANL
    Engineering Standards
  • What are they
  • Drivers for their use
  • How to access
  • Related national standards
  • How to get help
  • Processes for deviating from them
  • Participating in their improvement

3
Related Topics Well Cover
  • Organization of manuals
  • Relationship to national codes and standards
  • Requirements vs. guidance
  • Interpretation and enforcement
  • Relationship to the Construction Specs
  • LANL Drafting Manual
  • Operations and Maintenance Criterion
  • Revisions underway

4
If You Have Questions, Ask!
5
Introductions
  • Facility Waste Operations Division is
    responsible for the Engineering Standards program
  • Within FWO, the Design Engineering and
    Construction Support Group (DECS)
  • What we do
  • LANLs Corporate Engineer
  • Technical leadership
  • Subject matter experts
  • LANL Engineering Standards Program management
  • Design Engineering
  • Design/drafting projects
  • Design reviews of all projects
  • Construction Support
  • Management and Inspection

6
Location of FWO-DECS at TA-3-410NW corner of
Diamond and Eniwetok (stoplight), just north of
CMR Building
SM-410
CMR
7
Standards Program Vision
  • Have the best standards in the DOE complex,
  • Train all LANL users on them, and
  • Enforce their use

8
A Few Acronyms Ill Use Later
Architect/Engineer firm
AE
Authority Having Jurisdiction
Enforces/interprets Codes standards (more on
this later)
AHJ
Construction Specifications Institute Natl
stds for format
CSI
Engineering Standards Manual
ESM
Health, Safety, and Rad Protection
HSR
see ESM
LEM
LIR
Laboratory Implementation Requirement
Process Instrumentation Diagram
PID
Point of Contact
POC
Subject Matter Expert
SME
SSS
Support Services Subcontractor (KSL, was JCNNM)
Work Smart Standards
WSS
9
Whats a Standard?Source ANSI online training
course
A formal document that defines the
characteristics of a product, process or service
...................such as dimensions, safety
aspects, and performance requirements
Standards are found everywhere in our daily
lives, in manufacturing, construction, quality
performance of goods, environmental protection,
health, and safety
Image courtesy of www.ttdesign.com/images
10
Whats a Code?
  • A standard that is an extensive compilation of
    provisions covering broad subject matter or that
    is suitable for adoption into law independently
    of other codes and standards (NFPA).
  • New Mexico adopts several engineering-related
    Codes through legislation, thus giving them the
    force of law
  • the NM Electrical, Building, Plumbing , and
    Mechanical Codes
  • LANL does the same for the Natl Electric Code,
    International Building Code, and Uniform Plumbing
    and Mechanical Codes

11
Qualifications of Designers
  • 1. Per NM State Administrative Code
  • Architects/Engineers Plans, specifications, and
    reports must bear the seal and signature of a
    currently-registered-in-NM professional
    arch/engineer in responsible charge.
  • UC employees need not be PEs for LANL work
  • 2. For electrical design, additional
    qualifications are established by the Electrical
    Safety LIR and LIG.

12
Why do we need LANL standards? If theyre
PEs, Why Not Just Rely on Architect/Engineers
(A/Es) to Design ?
  • Design organizations need and appreciate
    consistent guidance and requirements
  • Design organizations do not necessarily have an
    institutional perspective
  • In the past the LANL response was sometimes
    Well get our in-house crafts to fix it

13
Need for Codes/Standards in the Facility Life
Cycle
  • DESIGN
  • Design criteria
  • Construction specs
  • Drafting Standards

OM
  • CONSTRUCTION
  • Constr specs
  • Drafting (as-builts)

Operation and Maintenance Requirements
14
Solution The LANL Standards Manuals
  • LANL Engineering Standards
  • LANL Engineering Standards Manual (ESM)
  • Was LEM, FEM before that
  • Design criteria covers all phases of design
  • In use since 1992, some mid-80s
  • LANL Construction Specifications (LCSM)
  • For detailed design and construction
  • 16 Divisions -- CSI MasterFormat
  • LANL Drafting Manual (DM)
  • Drafting requirements and guidance
  • Operations Maintenance Standards
  • OM Manual (Criterion)
  • OM requirements and guidance

15
The LANL Engineering Standards
  • Drivers/Requirements for use
  • Access
  • Contents
  • Upkeep process

16
Why do we need LANL Engineering Standards? What
Are Some of the Drivers?
  • Codes and standards in UC contract
  • Recommended practice guidelines
  • Environmental factors
  • Maintenance considerations
  • Experience and lessons learned
  • Reqd by a Lab Implementation Requirement (LIR)

17
What are some of the drivers?Codes and Standards
in the UC/DOE Contract
  • Implements DOE/UC Contract Appendix G. It
    contains
  • certain DOE Orders and
  • the Work Smart Standards (WSS)
  • WSS includes many Laws, HSR-related Orders, and
    National Codes Stds
  • Some examples
  • ANS standards on criticality safety
  • ANSI standards on lasers, symbols, safety
    showers, etc.
  • ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code
  • ASME Piping codes
  • IEEE safety standards and codes
  • NFPA fire and electrical codes
  • International Building Code (will show up any day
    now)

18
What are some of the drivers?Recommended
Practice Guides Electrical Examples
  • IEEE Color Books (power systems)
  • ANSI Standards (equipment application)
  • FM, UL (equipment application)
  • IESNA Handbook (lighting systems)
  • EIA/TIA Standards (telecommunications)
  • NETA Acceptance Testing Specification

19
What are some of the drivers?Environmental
Factors at LANL
  • High altitude
  • Low humidity
  • High soil resistivity
  • High solar intensity (heat and UV)
  • Low winter time ambient temperature
  • Close to water courses
  • Close to public
  • Frequent lightning

20
What are some of the drivers?Maintenance
Considerations
  • Repair/mod costs at LANL are 2-3x national
    average (R.S. Means), 10x in rad areas, so..
  • Standardized system configurations
  • Grounding systems
  • Pressure reducing stations
  • Facilitate testing of equipment
  • Transformer Xo bond location
  • General accessibility of mechanical items
  • Maintenance worker safety
  • Door-in-door panelboards

21
What are some of the drivers?Experience
Lessons Learned
  • Provisions for expansion
  • 20 spare capacity
  • Localize electrical interruptions
  • Minimize radiation damage events
  • User characteristics
  • No panelboards in labs
  • Material characteristics
  • Restrictions on EMT use outdoors

22
Summary Drivers for LANL Eng Standards
  • Environment, Safety, and Health
  • and
  • Operations and Maintenance
  • ESH provide added safety, implement contract,
    laws, etc.
  • OM -- reduce cost long-term
  • Standardization
  • Maintainability
  • Quality

23
Final Driver for Eng Standards Use
  • Just gotta do it --
  • LIR220-03-01, Engineering Standards
  • The LIR
  • Establishes the
  • LANL Engineering Standards Manual (ESM)
  • LANL Construction Specifications (LCSM), and
  • LANL Drafting Manual (LDM)
  • and requires their use for
  • Design of new facilities
  • Design of renovations
  • Maintenance

24
LIR Purpose
  • Establish requirements supplementing those in DOE
    Orders national and DOE codes and standards and
    federal, state, and local codes and regulations
  • Reasons include
  • Implement the Orders, Codes, standards, and laws
  • Add unique site requirements relative to existing
    national codes and standards
  • Set forth required methods and procedures for
    engineering work at LANL
  • Requirements due to justifiable unique site
    application or configuration
  • Incorporate site-specific lessons learned
  • Revise as needed to keep current with above

25
Endnotes Example
26
ESM to Code RelationshipChapter 7 vs. Natl
Electrical Code Example
  • The ESM
  • Supplements but does not replace the NEC
  • grounding example
  • Chooses alternatives in the NEC
  • conductors and insulation example
  • Defines NEC terms in LANL context
  • electrical service points example

27
ESM Scope and Applicabilityper the LIR
  • Anyone involved in design engineering for LANL
  • Includes
  • Subcontracted design agents (required by A/E
    contracts)
  • Programmatic work
  • Such requirements are specifically identified
  • Consensus of Lab POCs to add any requirements
  • Excludes
  • Weapons component design

28
Applicability of New Requirements
  • 90 Day Grace Period
  • notification shall be made to affected
    organizations90 days shall be allowed from the
    date of issuance for the implementation of new
    requirements. The new requirements shall apply
    to all new projects initiated after that date

29
Applicability of New Reqts, Cont
  • Projects Underway
  • Shall continue implementation of the
    requirements contained in the previous revision,
    unless the responsible Design Authority directs
    the application of the new requirement. If this
    is done, it shall be noted as part of the design
    package documents.
  • Design Authority
  • The individual appointed by a Division/Program
    Leader or Facility Manager responsible for the
    acceptability of engineering work for a given
    Division, Program, or project. This individual
    shall be responsible for the acceptability of all
    laws, DOE Orders, national codes and standards
    chosen -- and applicable ES requirements -- to
    the engineering activities in their functional
    area of responsibility.

30
Definition of Projects Underway -- point used
for determining the application of new
requirements
  • For Major (gt500k), General Plant (GPP), and Line
    Item Projects
  • The beginning of the effort to develop the
    statement of work for A/E design services
  • All other projects (run by Facility Manager)
  • The FMs approval to proceed with final design

31
Personnel Involved in Upkeep
  • FWO-SEM dedicated standards personnel
  • Tobin Oruch, Eng Standards Manager
  • David Chavez, Standards Architect
  • ESM Discipline Points of Contact (POCs)
  • The go-to person for each discipline
  • Chapter Technical Committees
  • Support the POC, represent broader Lab view, FMs
  • Call in other Subject Matter Experts (SMEs)
  • Engineering Standards Board
  • Oversees ESM upkeep
  • Group leader-level people from across LANL

32
Tech Committee Process Ch. 7 example
33
ESM Upkeep Process
34
LIR Establishes Authority Having Jurisdiction
(AHJ)
  • Establishes discipline-specific ESM POCs and
    makes them the AHJ for their disciplines
    standards when no other AHJ exists
  • AHJ for LANL Standards, national codes and
    standards, etc.

35
ESM Discipline POCs
  • 1. GENERAL
  • Tobin Oruch is a mechanical engineer with 20
    years of experience at DOE facilities. The
    majority of this time was at DOEs Savannah River
    Site where he worked in powerhouses, reactors,
    and uranium and tritium processing facilities as
    a maintenance, design, or technical support
    engineer. More recent work has included
    procurement engineering, engineering and design
    management, configuration management, project
    engineering, and systems engineering. At Los
    Alamos since 1996, he is a member of the
    Construction Specifications Institute (CSI) and
    is currently the FWO Engineering Standards
    Manager and founder and chairman of the DOE EFCOG
    Engineering Standards Working Group (665-8475,
    oruch_at_lanl.gov).
  • 2. FIRE
  • Julie Wood is a registered Fire Protection
    Engineer with more than 14 years of experience in
    private industry. She worked for four years as a
    fire protection engineering consultant for
    nuclear and fossil power plants and manufacturing
    companies in the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic
    states. Following that, she spent ten years as
    the site Fire Protection Engineer for a nuclear
    power plant in Maryland. She has been at LANL,
    with FWO-FIRE, since November 2000 (665-8279,
    jhwood_at_lanl.gov).
  • 3. CIVIL
  • Ed Hoth is a registered professional engineer
    with over 30 years experience in civil
    engineering design, oversight, and project
    management. He has served as Project
    Construction Manager or otherwise managed several
    NPDES Drain Environmental Corrective Activities
    projects, the Sanitary Wastewater Systems
    Consolidation (SWSC) Plant Project, the
    Safeguards Security Upgrades Project, and a
    large variety of smaller projects. Prior to that
    he performed civil engineering work for the New
    Mexico State Highway Department, the City of Los
    Angeles, and an AE at a refinery. He has been at
    LANL since 1982 and is currently the
    FWO-Utilities Program Manager for wastewater
    systems (665-6002, ejhoth_at_lanl.gov).

36
ESM Discipline POCs, Cont.
  • 4. ARCHITECTURAL
  • Scott Richardson is a registered architect with
    over 20 years experience in the design,
    construction surveillance, and project management
    of government and private sector contracts.
    Currently he is with PM-1 Site Planning and
    Development of the Project Management Division
    where he is the lead architect for the
    development of LANL Comprehensive Site Plans
    (665-5078, scr_at_lanl.gov).
  • 5. STRUCTURAL
  • Mike Salmon is a registered professional engineer
    with more than 15 years of experience in the
    design of civil structures and mechanical
    anchorage for commercial, industrial,
    institutional, and nuclear facilities. His
    specialty is in earthquake engineering where he
    has developed walkdown evaluation criteria to be
    used in Department of Energy Facilities. He has
    instructed others on the use of walkdown
    criteria, and in the analysis of civil structures
    subjected to earthquake ground motion. He has
    served as the subject matter expert for
    seismic/structural engineering on a number of
    highly visible LANL projects. In his current
    position as FWO DECS Civil/Structural/Arch Team
    Leader, Michael is heavily involved in the Los
    Alamos Seismic Studies project (Larry Goen,
    Program Manager) as the lead analyst for
    structural issues. He serves as a member of the
    ASCE dynamic analysis of nuclear structures
    committee, and is actively participating in
    earthquake engineering research. He has been at
    Los Alamos since 1998 (665-7244,
    salmon_at_lanl.gov).
  • 6. MECHANICAL
  • Gurinder Grewal is a registered mechanical
    engineer with over 30 years of experience in
    management and technical coordination, performing
    multi-discipline technical studies and designing
    complex nuclear confinement ventilation systems
    on several DOE nuclear projects. He is
    experienced in developing design criteria,
    systems requirements, system descriptions, safety
    analysis reports, conceptual designs, and cost
    estimates for non-reactor nuclear facilities
    including plutonium processing, handling and
    storage facilities. This experience includes
    conceptualization and design of the HVAC systems,
    heating water, and chilled water systems,
    preparation of specifications, capital cost
    estimates, review of vendor submittals, the
    system start-up and balancing, and performing
    special studies for nuclear facilities,
    industrial facilities, laboratories, and
    commercial facilities. He has been Lead HVAC
    Engineer and Project Engineer on several DOE
    projects during conceptual design, preliminary
    design, and engineering support during
    construction. He has working knowledge of the
    DOE General Design Criteria 6430.1A Divisions 1,
    11, 13, and 15 ASME Standards N509 and N510
    and ASME Code AG-1. He is currently FWO Design
    Engineering Construction Services Acting Group
    Leader (667-3667, grewal_at_lanl.gov).

37
ESM Discipline POCs, Cont.
  • 7. ELECTRICAL
  • David Powell is a registered professional
    engineer with over 30 years of experience in the
    design of electrical power, lighting, and
    communications systems for commercial,
    industrial, institutional, and utility
    facilities. In his current position he consults
    with LANL users to ascertain system requirements
    then prepares electrical design criteria, A/E
    scope of work statements, and design-build
    performance specifications. He reviews the A/E
    design and contractor installation of electrical
    systems to assure compliance with codes,
    standards, and contract documents. He is also a
    member and past chairman of the LANL Electrical
    Safety Committee that serves as the LANL
    electrical authority having jurisdiction, and is
    acting FWO DECS Electrical Team Leader
    (667-3217, dpowell_at_lanl.gov).
  • 8. INSTRUMENTATION AND CONTROL
  • Mel Burnett is a registered professional engineer
    with over 20 years experience including with
    electronic and pneumatic controls,
    process-controller programming, energy-systems
    simulation, and system commissioning. Other work
    experiences include preventive maintenance,
    predictive maintenance, systems operation,
    design, design review, root-cause analysis,
    training, industrial safety, hazard analysis,
    configuration control, occurrence reporting,
    environmental compliance, turbine-generator
    overhauls, precision alignment of rotating
    equipment, DOE orders, NFPA, UMC, UBC, OSHA, and
    ASME codes. He is currently the FWO DECS IC
    Project Leader (667-1562, melb_at_lanl.gov).
  • 9. SECURITY
  • TBD. Cam Campbell, S-2 is Security and
    Safeguards Divisions lead for development
    (665-8544, ccam_at_lanl.gov).
  • 10.
  • NUCLEAR AND HAZARDOUS PROCESS SAFETY
  • Tobin Oruch/Mel Burnett (see above)
  • RADIATION PROTECTION
  • Bill Eisele, HSR-12 (667-5297, weisele_at_lanl.gov)

38
POC Contact Info
39
ESM Upkeep Process
  • Helping the User
  • Clarifications and Interpretations,
  • Alternate Methods, and
  • Variances, and Exceptions
  • Users Improvement Suggestions

40
Eng Standards Access
LANL Internal Homepage
External
41
Logistical Issues
  • Question
  • The Standards are online. Why not teach course on
    computers?
  • Answer
  • Would be major scheduling problem
  • Computer classrooms are few
  • Special sessions are taught away from White Rock
  • People use computers at different speeds, so
    doing this online would take all day
  • Computers are good for teaching software skills
    this is just navigating simple webpages
    (surfing)

42
Logistical Issues, Cont
  • Question
  • Why arent handouts larger size? I cant read
    everything on them.
  • Answer
  • I dont want people using the website snapshots
    to do work by
  • I want people to use the website
  • All website URLs are large enough to read

43
External/Internal http//www.lanl.gov/f6stds/pub
f6stds/xternhome.html Homepage
Click here for Universe Link
44
Universe webpage -- very useful links
45
National Standards webpage-- Many Online for
LANL, available on LANL network (incl. Library
computers)
IEEE
46
Once in IHS, choose Specs Stds (or BPV
Code)TDX allows you to buy things we dont
normally get
47
How to SearchBasic org in second field if
desired dont use ANSI/ASME, etc.
48
Choose ACTV line usually button is red if we get
it
49
Remember to LOGOUT as soon as youre done!!!
50
Back to Universe webpage
51
Hardcopy Locations Index
52
Back to Universe webpage
53
Where link on Universe leads you
54
What is the Engineering Standards Working Group
(ESWOG)?
  • One of several Working Groups in EFCOG the DOE
    Energy Facility Contractors Group
  • Promotes excellence in all aspects of the
    operation, management, and integration of DOE
    facilities in a safe, environmentally sound,
    efficient and cost-effective manner through the
    ongoing exchange of information on lessons
    learned.
  • www.efcog.org

55
ESWOG Purpose
  • Provide efficiency, value, and support for the
    DOE by promoting excellence through the sharing
    of Site Engineering Standards program information
    throughout the DOE complex
  • Goal Save money and time in the preparation and
    implementation of site standards programs

56
ESWOG History and Status
  • ESWOG was formally chartered into existence in
    May, 2001
  • Membership now includes over 20 member
    companies/DOE sites, about 15 active
  • Tobin Oruch, LANL, is founder and current chairman

57
Red Links are Useful
58
Program Indexes
59
SME List
SME List
60
Back to Homepage
Maintaining Personnel
61
POC/Technical Committee page
62
How do I get into the Manuals and whats in them?
63
First, theEngineering Standards ManualESM
64
Back to Homepage
ESM Link
ESM Link
65
ESM Homepage
66
Chapter 1-- GeneralContents
  • Section 100, Manual Administration
  • Section 110, Writers Guide
  • Section 210, System Lists (new 8/2001)
  • Section 220, System Boundaries (new 8/2001)
  • Section 230, Component Nomenclature (revised
    11/2002)
  • Section 240, Labeling (future)

67
Section 100 Manual Administration
  • Explains
  • How to use the manual
  • The personnel involved
  • The upkeep process

68
Establishes ESM Organization
  • Chapter 1 - General
  • Chapter 2 - Fire Protection
  • Chapter 3 - Civil
  • Chapter 4 - Architectural
  • Chapter 5 - Structural
  • Chapter 6 - Mechanical
  • Chapter 7 - Electrical
  • Chapter 8 - Instrumentation and Controls
  • Chapter 9 - Security (developing)
  • Chapter 10 Nuclear, Radiological, and Hazardous
    Process Safety (developing)

69
How to Use the ESM
  • Requirements
  • Regular text mandatory, site-specific
    requirements
  • Guidance
  • Italicized text recommendations to aid the
    cost-effective implementation of the requirements
  • ESM doesnt contain all design requirements
  • Follow Contract App G and WSS Orders, Stds, laws
  • There may be relevant LIRs also
  • Good, complete design still designers
    responsibility

70
Clarifications, Variances, etc.
  • Clarify To make the ES or referenced code
    understandable and free from confusion.
  • Interpret To provide a formal acceptable method
    of compliance with the ES or referenced code.
  • Alternate Method A deviation from an ES or
    referenced code technical requirement that
    includes compensatory measures.
  • Variance A deviation from the explicit
    expectations in the ES or referenced code.
  • Exception Relief from all or a part of the
    requirements in the ES or referenced code.

71
Clarifications, Variances, etc. Process Summary
DOE LAAO now OLASO
72
Clarification/ Interpretation Form Example
73
ESM Interpretations are Online....
74
.........as are Variances/Exceptions
75
Chapter 1-- GeneralContents
  • Section 100, Manual Administration
  • Section 110, Writers Guide
  • Section 210, System Lists (new 8/2001)
  • Section 220, System Boundaries (new 8/2001)
  • Section 230, Component Nomenclature (revised
    5/2002)
  • Section 240, Labeling (possible future)

76
Chapter 1 Section 230 Component Nomenclature
Required Syntax
(Section has detailed instructions for use)
77
PID Example
78
Function IDs and Sequence Numbers in component
bubbles on a Process and Instrumentation Diag.
79
Ch 1 Section 210 -- Systems Lists
  • Has 3 subsections
  • 1 -- Facility Generic systems (exists today)
  • 2 Facility Specific systems (future)
  • 3 Process/Program (possible future)

80
Neck Exercises
81
Ch 1 Section 210 -- Systems Lists Subsection 1
-- Facility Generic
82
with dictionary to go with it
83
Section 220 System Boundaries
Mechanical Example
Electrical Example
84
Sect 230 Function ID listings with bases in
Appendices
85
Sect 230Sequence Numbers
  • Sequence Number shall be suffixed for electrical
    equipment
  • Over 1000V with a number, e.g., DMO-3
  • 250-1000V with a letter, e.g., PP-B
  • Under 250V with a number. e.g., LP-4
  • Isolated Ground with IG, e.g., LP-4-IG
  • Sequence can be suffixed to meet a number of
    other needs
  • Parent-child 001A thru 001Z
  • To indicate room number
  • 15 character field

86
That was Chapter 1. Whats in the other chapters?
87
Pre-2002 Chapter Structure
  • Section 100 Codes and Standards
  • Section 200 Engineering Requirements/Guides
  • Section 300 Drawings (most chapters)

88
Typical Pre-2002 Chapter Webpage
89
Electrical Chapter Organization pre-2002
  • 201 General Requirements
  • 202 Electrical Demolition
  • 211-219 Basic Materials and Methods
  • 231-234 Medium Voltage Distribution
  • 241-248 Service and Distribution
  • 251-253 Lighting
  • 261-263 Special Systems
  • 271-275 Communications
  • 295 Testing

90
Chapter Organization Transitioning
  • May 2002 Chapter Revision Organizations
  • Section 100 Codes and Standards
  • Section 200 Engineering Requirements/Guides
  • Section 300 Drawings (most chapters)
  • Nov 2002 and Future Revisions
  • Chapter (usually in Uniformat-based sections)
  • Link to drawing index

91
Starting in 2002, ESM chapters are being
reorganized per Uniformat II -- a System/Element
approach per ASTM E1557 and CSI
  • ...new editions include updated cost and
    estimating examples -- in keeping with recent
    changes to the MasterFormat and UNIFORMAT II, the
    most recognized industry standards for project
    organization and costs.... R.S. Means
  • UniFormat Level 1 -- Major Group Elements
  • A Substructure
  • B Shell
  • C Interiors
  • D Services
  • E Equipment Furnishings
  • F Special Construction Demolition
  • G Building Sitework

92
Uniformat Level 2 Group Elements for D-Services
and G-Building Sitework
  • D10 Conyeying
  • D20 Plumbing
  • D30 HVAC
  • D40 Fire Protection
  • D50 Electrical
  • G10 Site Preparation
  • G20 Site Improvements
  • G30 Site Civil/Mechanical Utilities
  • G40 Site Electrical Utilities
  • G90 Other Site Construction

93
November, 2002 Electrical Chapter organization
using Uniformat Level 3 Individual Elements for
Electrical
  • D5000 General Electrical Requirements
  • D5010 Electrical Service Distribution
  • D5020 Lighting Branch Circuit Wiring
  • D5030 Communications Security
  • D5090 Other Electrical Systems
  • G4010 Site Electrical Distribution
  • G4020 Site Lighting
  • G4030 Site Communication Security
  • G4090 Other Site Electrical Utilities

94
Another View of Chapter 7
95
Nov 2002 Fire Chapter Revision
96
Nov 2002 Revised Architectural Chapter
97
May, 2002 Mech Chapter also follows UniFormat
98
Contents of one Section
99
Drawings in the Standards
  • Drawings convey requirements in graphical format
  • Standard Details
  • templates for project-specific construction
    drawings
  • Example Drawings
  • Show how to draw various drawing types
  • PIDs, PFDs, One-lines, Floor Plans, Roof Plans,
    etc.
  • Mechanical Chapter also has written PID
    requirements in Section 310
  • Most chapters have Standard Details, Example
    Drawings, or both

100
Drawings Standard Details (STs)
  • Many currently numbered STXYYY where X is the
    Chapter (eg., ST6105).
  • Converting to Uniformat numbering to match
    sections
  • e.g., ST-G4010-01 is a Site Electrical
    Distribution detail
  • ESM Discipline POCs can grant written
    variances/exceptions to the Standard Detail
    requirements (per ESM Chapter 1 Section 100)

101
Standard Detail ExampleEdit square bracketed
parts, but dont change requirements without
POCs OK
102
ESM Drawings Access from Menu Bar
103
ESM Drawings -- Index
104
If LANL doesnt have a detail you needDetails
from some other DOE sites are also available
ESWOG Member Site Standard/Spec
Indexeswww.efcog.org/workgroups/eswog/program20i
ndex.htm
  • Mainly only indexes on website, but Oruch has or
    can get documents

105
Other Sources of Details
Collections of DoD and manufacturer-issued
details (and specs) online (often biased to them)

106
Manufacturer and Gov't Specs, Details and Products
  • Some listed at
  • http//www.efcog.org/workgroups/eswog/Manufacturer
    20Specs.htm

107
Mechanical Chapter 6, Section 310 on Process Flow
and Piping Instrumentation Diagrams
108
and PFD and PID example drawings
109
PID Example
110
Now presentingthe LANL Constructions
Specifications ManualLCSM
111
Back to Homepage
LCSM Link
LCSM Link
112
LANL Construction Specification ManualOrganized
by the 16 CSI MasterFormat Divisions
113
Specs are written per CSIs 3-Part SectionFormat
  • PART 1 GENERAL
  • PART 2 PRODUCTS
  • PART 3 EXECUTION

114
Portion of a final/edited spec showing Parts 1
and 2
115
CSI Manual of Practice (MOP)
  • Contains everything youd ever want to know about
    specs and specifying
  • Copies can be borrowed from Standards Mgr
  • To buy List Price 385 CSI Members (Stds Mgr)
    250
  • A free course with lots of MOP content and Cont.
    Ed credits is available from AECDaily
    http//www.AECdaily.com/olc
  • A course on the MOP is available from UNM
  • as special Civil Eng class via videotape/CD
  • CE 492 (Undergrad) 17009, CE 598 (grad) (3 credit
    hours) www.unm.edu/
  • Oruch has details

116
Writing Specs
  • Specs are written to direct the work of the
    Contractor
  • also are requirements for work by LANL personnel
  • including our Support Services Subcontractor
    (KSL)
  • Follow the front part of LCSM
  • has LANL-specific writing/editing requirements

117
Use of Specs
  • Specs are not designed to stand alone
  • They must be bundled with the Division 1General
    specs
  • (with BUS boilerplate becomes the Project
    Manual)

118
Use of Specs, Cont.
  • Specs often reference others or work in
    conjunction with them
  • Use of Hydrotesting spec for piping means Project
    Manual also needs Water Discharge spec

119
Specs vs. Extensive Drawing Notes
  • The world has used specs for decades
  • LANLs Support Services Subcontractor can, too
  • For operating facilities, drawings are more
    retrievable, so capture key points that must be
    retrieved quickly later on drawings
  • For very simple tasks, it may be possible to
    capture all spec info in drawing notes, but in
    most cases drawings should, at most, just refer
    to the specs for the full details and visa-versa.
    Better yet, just expect contractor to follow
    both types of document and avoid problems with
    cross-reference upkeep.

120
LANL Spec Use and Alteration
  • Use of the Specs in this Manual is required by
    the LIR (Section 4.4).
  • Specs are templates for preparation of
    project-specific construction specs.
  • "When editing to suit project, author shall add
    job-specific requirements and delete only those
    portions that in no way apply to the activity
    (e.g., a component that does not apply). To seek
    a variance from applicable requirements, contact
    the ESM discipline POC.

121
Methods of Specifyingfrom CSI Manual of
Practice, FF/120
  • PRESCRIPTIVE
  • NOT PRESCRIPTIVE
  • Performance-based
  • LANL slowly heading this direction
  • slide later
  • LANLs HYBRID OF ABOVE TYPES
  • Called Design-Build project Performance Specs
  • slide later

122
Prescriptive Specs 3 Typesmany at LANL are
these or a combo of these
  • Reference Standard Requires a product or process
    to be in accordance with an established standard
  • e.g., ...shall meet ASTM X XXX.
  • Descriptive Defines exact properties of
    materials and methods of installation without
    using proprietary names
  • If no ref standard exists or standard offers
    options, its good practice to document salient
    features so you get them
  • Proprietary Specifies actual brand names, model
    numbers, and other proprietary information
  • helps to convey quality, helps cost estimators

123
Two Kinds of Proprietary SpecsMOP FF/120.7
  • CLOSED
  • Only one product is named
  • Several products may be named as options
  • No substitutions
  • Closed is rare at LANL, mainly Utilities gas
    pipe, BFPs
  • OPEN
  • Prices are requested for specified alternates
  • Substitutions and cost adjustments may be
    proposed by the bidders
  • Products are allowed as substitutions after
    approval by the A/E

124
Section 01630 is the mechanism to submit subs for
Specs with Open Proprietary callouts
125
Typical LANL Spec Excerpt
Exercise What kind of spec is it???
126
Typical LANL Spec -- What kind is it?
Open Proprietary (not No Substitution)
Ref Std
Descriptive
  • This valve callout part of it is
  • Prescriptive (not very performance-based)
  • Open Proprietary Descriptive including
    Reference Standard

127
What about Non-Prescriptive (Performance) Specs?
  • These tell Contractor what end result must
    meet/do, not necessarily how to do it
  • Specifies
  • the required results,
  • the criteria by which the performance will be
    judged, and
  • the method by which it can be verified
  • The contractor is free to choose materials and
    methods complying with the performance criteria

128
Performance Specs, Cont
  • Term is often used at LANL to describe a set of
    LANL Construction Specs that have been modified
    to include some design criteria from the ESM
  • The result is a hybrid spec thats used for
    smaller (GPP) design-build projects
  • Eliminates the need to have all of ESM part of
    the Contract

129
Specs for Nuclear and other Safety-related Work
  • Most specs are generally not complete enough --
    nor have had enough reviews -- for such work, so
    were adding this statement on most new/revised
    specs
  • Specification developed for ML-3/ML-4 projects.
    For ML-1 / ML-2, additional requirements and QA
    reviews are required.
  • The new glovebox-related specs (11608-11620,
    etc.) have been developed for ML-1 thru ML-4 and
    say so

130
The Specs Manual isnt totally comprehensive, so
  • Designers must create needed specs not in Manual
  • Examples are often available from sources below
    and/or Standards Manager
  • Commercial generic templates (e.g., SpecText)
  • Specs from other DOE sites
  • DoD, NASA, and Corp of Engineers specs
  • Manufacturer-issued specs
  • Old Project Manuals

131
Commercial Masters (Generic Guide Specs)
  • LANL currently has 468 by SpecText
  • Index on ESWOG Site

http//www.efcog.org/publication/Publications/publ
icatons/ESWOG20Links/SpecText20Index.pdf
132
As with details, specs from other DOE sites are
also addressed on ESWOG Link Site
www.efcog.org/workgroups/eswog/program20index.htm
  • Mainly only indexes on website, but Oruch has or
    can get documents

133
Government and Military Specs -- Free Online--
UFGS, NASA, DoD
  • Unified Facilities Guide Specifications (UFGS)
  • 780 specs, replaced the guide specs of the Army
    Corps of Engineers, the Naval Facilities
    Engineering Command, and the Air Force Civil
    Engineer Support Agency
  • http//www.ccb.org/ufgs/ufgs.htm or via ESWOG
  • NASA and NASA-KSC
  • NASA has 222 specs, Kennedy Space Ctr 31
  • http//si.ksc.nasa.gov/specsintact/masters/masters
    .htm
  • DoD
  • thousands
  • http//stinet.dtic.mil/str/dodiss4_fields.html
  • http//assist2.daps.dla.mil/quicksearch/

134
As with Details, Manufacturer specs are also
available (often biased toward their prodcuts)
  • Some listed at
  • http//www.efcog.org/workgroups/eswog/Manufacturer
    20Specs.htm

135
Last Source of Specs Old Projects
  • Old Project Manuals are a good source of example
    specs, but....
  • THEY MUST BE VALIDATED AGAINST CURRENT ESM,
    PROJECT, LANL, AND OTHER REQUIREMENTS
  • Cant ASS-U-ME its a good spec because it has
    the right title

136
CSIs 16-Div MasterFormat Expansion to 9 Division
Groupings and using 6-digit numbers CSIs will
finalize in Summer 2003, publish in 2004 as
MasterFormat 04 LANL will
transition to it at that point.
137
Next Upthe LANL Drafting Manual
138
A New Drafting Manual Training is Available
  • It is Course Number 25103, taught at least
    bi-monthly, e.g., 5/6, 7/9, 9/10, 11/10....
  •  
  • To register
  • contact PS-13 at 7-0059 between 8 a.m. and noon,
  • fax 5-7953,
  • e-mail esh-registration_at_lanl.gov, or
  • enroll online at http//eshtraining.lanl.gov/pls/g
    encouraxs/Cour_By_Number?CourseNumber25103

139
Back to Homepage
DM Link
140
Drafting Manual Applicability
  • Required by LIR220-03-01, Engineering Standards,
    for LANL personnel and subcontractors for nuclear
    and non-nuclear facilities
  • Required when creating or modifying drawings for
    LANL facility projects and preparing revisions
  • Recommended for programmatic work, where
    appropriate (facility systems are defined by the
    Engineering Standards Manual, Chapter 1, Section
    210)
  • Does not address weapons design work covered by
    ESA Division procedures.

141
Purpose
  • Ensures drawings are
  • Consistent/Quality -- helps construction, Ops,
    and Maintenance folks read and use
  • Easily maintainable -- saves when revising

142
Recent Changes
  • Manual completely revised Oct 2001 (tweaked Aug
    2002).
  • Two drivers
  • LANL-specific ensure consistency
    maintainability
  • Phasing in adoption of National CAD Standard
    (NCS)
  • Also helps ensure maintainability

143
Major Organizations endorsing/adopting NCS
  • Am. Inst. Architects (AIA)
  • Constr. Specs Inst. (CSI)
  • Navy/ Marine Corps
  • GSA
  • St. of Utah
  • Natl Inst. Health (NIH)
  • Wal-Mart
  • Target
  • American Express
  • Federal Express
  • Intel
  • Nextel
  • Gap, Inc.
  • 3M Corporation
  • Einstein/Noah Bagel Corp
  • Hartz Mountain Industries
  • Lockheed Martin Astronautics
  • Pacific Gas and Electric
  • Southern Steel Company
  • Leo A. Daly Company

144
Change Summary
  • Changes will help FMs implement Config Mgmt by
    providing retrievable, maintainable baseline dwgs
    as part of a construction project
  • Some such changes included
  • Consistent sheet numbering, e.g.
  • Diagrams are 6000 series, so PID M-6XXX
  • Details are 5000 series, so Arch Detail A-5XXX
  • Dwg files must be sent to FWO Records Management
    in SM-410 (M/S M703) Kate Salazar)

145
Drafting Manual Contents
  • General Requirements
  • Planning and Composition of Drawings
  • Drafting Requirements
  • Construction Drawings Title Blocks
  • Title Sheets
  • North Arrows
  • Plan Orientation
  • Partial Plans
  • Submittal Sheets
  • Drawing Scales
  • Dimensioning
  • Order of Disciplines
  • Order of Drawings Within a Drawing Set and
    Within a Discipline
  • Line Work
  • Standardization of Text
  • Sections, Elevations, Details and Callouts
  • Electronic CAD File Conventions
  • Drawing Symbols and Conventions

146
Configuration Management Priority Drawings
  • LANL has adopted an Ops and Maintenance focused
    concept
  • For all new facilities, create construction
    drawings as usual but must designate essential
    ones as Priority drawings
  • These will be maintained for the life of the
    facility whereas others may not be.
  • Priority Drawings
  • The small set of upper-tier design drawings
    necessary to support the safe performance of
    facility operations, maintenance, and design
    activities within the facilitys approved safety
    envelope.
  • Typically include PIDs, emergency evacuation
    maps (e.g., floor plans), logic drawings,
    electrical one-lines, and lightning. (e.g.,
    diagrams, plans, 3D representations).
  • LIR240-01-01, Configuration Management, outlines
    priority drawing guidelines.

147
Configuration Management ECN or DCP Process
  • For any project modifying an existing facilities,
    must revise Priority Dwgs and other existing
    drawings and only add new ones if absolutely
    necessary using an Engineering Change Notice
    (ECN)- type process.
  • ECN or DCP Process Directs construction work
    with a package that includes mostly marked-up
    existing drawings
  • Cant just proliferate a bunch of new drawings
  • ECN is posted against drawings it affects in
    computer (e.g., MOADS or Master Doc database kept
    by SEM-CM)
  • After field work is complete and ECN is as-built,
    the existing drawings are updated and the ECN is
    considered incorporated.

148
Compliance
  • New and revised drawings (and soon ECNs) must be
    sent to FWO Document Control/Records Management
    in SM-410 (M/S M703) per Drafting Manual
  • Manual compliance checked prior to acceptance

149
Enforcement of LANL Standards in General
  • Mandatory under LIR 220-03-01, Engineering
    Standards
  • In Design Criteria for projects
  • In Contracts with A/E firms
  • In PMD or FWO Design Review Process
  • FWO-DECS Constructn Inspectors (was PM-3, then
    FWO-CFS)
  • Outside Contract can get Parsons Brinkerhoff on
    task order
  • For electrical -- HSR-5 Electrical Inspectors
  • If there is disagreement -- must get
    clarification or variance

150
Operations and Maintenance Manual
  • Contains OM requirements documents (Criterion)
    for facilities
  • LIR230-05-01 requires it
  • May be helpful for designing for maintainability
  • Many common facility systems covered in these
    categories
  • Utilities
  • Mechanical
  • Electrical
  • Structural/Buildings
  • Fire Protection
  • Contact Bill Radzinski, FWO-MSE (Maintenance and
    Systems Engineering), 7-2116, radzinski_william
    or authors shown on website

151
Summary How do the Engineering Standards
Influence Design?
  • Site-specific requirements
  • Good practice guidance
  • Qualification of designers
  • Required submittals
  • Uniform content of documents
  • Standard construction specifications
  • Drafting requirements
  • OM requirements and guidance

152
FY03 Plans work already well underway
  • COMPLETE
  • Issue ESM revs Ch 1-230, Fire, Arch, Elect
    (eff. 11/18)
  • Issue ESM Mech B31.3 Process Piping Guide/Specs
    (170 pgs)
  • Began teaching Drafting Manual Course
  • Issue 15 new Specs (many glovebox-related),
    revise others
  • Revise Elec Details, add new utility power
    details
  • Changed LIR -- LEM to Engineering Standards
    Manual
  • ALSO IN FY03
  • Revise Civil, Structural, IC ESM Chapters
  • Begin Nuclear, Security Chapter
  • Revise Electrical and some other specs

153
Please send us feedback!!
Specs Index
ESM Chapter Pages
154
Contacts for LANL Standards
  • General
  • Tobin Oruch, Eng Standards Manager, 665-8475,
    oruch_at_lanl.gov
  • David Chavez, Standards Architect, 5-3927,
    dxchavez_at_lanl.gov
  • Discipline-Specific
  • Discipline POCs -- listed throughout webpages
  • Drafting
  • Richard Trout, POC, 5-1142, page 104-1139,
    trout_at_lanl.gov
  • OM Criteria
  • Bill Radzinski, Maintenance Engineering, 7-2116,
    radzinski_william

155
Conclusion
  • Your responsibilities
  • Follow the manuals verbatim or get relief
    (waiver)
  • Suggest manual improvements
  • Our responsibilities
  • Do everything we can to help you get a good
    project result, and do your job well for LANL

156
Some other Standards- and Design-Related
Coursesoffered at White Rock
  • Free to all, including AEs
  • LANL Drafting Manual, 25103
  • LANL Electrical Eng Stds (ESM Ch. 7), 17998
  • 2002 NEC Changes, 23387
  • Basic Facility Wiring Principles, 16744
  • Electrical Calculations, 18000
  • Facility Configuration Mgmt (self-study), 16253
  • Fee, need Cost Center/Program Code (220 ea)
  • International Building Code, 14742
  • Mechanical Code, 14745
  • Plumbing Code, 14746
  • PEs can get C.E. credits
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