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By: Maureen Jaminal

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Endometrial Cancer By: Maureen Jaminal BIOL 316 What is Endometrial Cancer? Endometrial Cancer By: Maureen Jaminal BIOL 316 What is Endometrial Cancer? www.med-ars.it ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: By: Maureen Jaminal


1
Endometrial Cancer
  • By Maureen Jaminal
  • BIOL 316

2
What is Endometrial Cancer?
www.med-ars.it
3
What is Endometrial Cancer?
4
Cause
  • The exact cause is unknown.
  • Estrogen

5
Risk Factors
  • Sex, Age, Class, Race, Family History
  • Irregular menstrual periods
  • Early first menstruation or late menopause
  • Low parity or nulliparity
  • Infertility
  • Obesity
  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • Estrogen replacement therapy and/or Tamoxifen

6
Symptoms
  • Unusual Vaginal Spotting
  • Bleeding
  • Discharge
  • Pain in the pelvic region
  • Presence of a lump

7
Diagnosis
8
Treatments
  • The stage of cancer is determined.
  • International Federation of Gynecology and
    Obstetrics (FIGO) adopted a staging and grading
    (G1-G3) system.

FIGO stages are
  • Stage I. Cancer is limited to the uterus. 70
  • Stage II. Cancer involves the uterus and
    cervix. 10-15
  • Stage III. Cancer has spread out of the uterus
    but restricted to pelvic region.
  • Stage IV. Cancer has spread to the bladder,
    bowel, or other distant locations.

9
Treatments
10
Treatments
  • Radiation Therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Hormonal Therapy
  • Alternatives

11
Prognosis
  • Since it is possible to detect endometrial
    cancer early, the chances of curing it are
    excellent!

12
Prevention
  • Women report any abnormal vaginal bleeding or
    discharge to the doctor.
  • Controlling obesity, blood pressure, and
    diabetes help reduce risk.
  • Using birth control helps prevent endometrium
    cancer.
  • Taking medication that produces estrogen ask
    about receiving progesterone.
  • If you are at risk, get screened regularly.

13
The End
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