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Social Skills for Children with Disabilities

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Social Skills for Children with Disabilities Trinity School District October 23, 2009 Presented By: Kristen Salamone, IU1 Who am I? Agenda Introduction Introduction ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Social Skills for Children with Disabilities


1
Social Skills for Children with Disabilities
  • Trinity School District
  • October 23, 2009
  • Presented By Kristen Salamone, IU1

2
Who am I?
3
Agenda
  • Introduction
  • Introduction to Social Skills
  • What are Social Skills?
  • Types of Social Skills
  • Overview of Social Skill deficits in certain
    Disabilities
  • Teaching Social Skills
  • Activities to use

4
Whos Here?
  • Become aware of identity and identity group
    membership
  • Highlight the diversity of the group
  • Think about feelings attached to..
  • Belonging to a group
  • Not belonging to a group
  • Identify diversity in classrooms and how it
    effects our students today

5
Tie It In
  • Humans identify with each other in groups
  • Comfort Zone
  • Social SkillsTools

Group Identification
Social Skills
6
What are Social Skills?
  • A set of skills that allow us to communicate,
    relate and socialize with others

7
What are Social Skills (contd)?
  • Cultural Differences
  • Verbal
  • I DONT THINK YOURE STUPID
  • Non-Verbal

Information from www.wisegeek.com
8
6 different meanings
  • I dont think you are stupid.
  • I dont think you are stupid.
  • I dont think you are stupid.
  • I dont think you are stupid.
  • I dont think you are stupid.
  • I dont think you are stupid.

9
Emotional Intelligence
  • How do you manage emotions?
  • How do you gauge others emotions?

10
Areas Social Skills are Needed
  • Friendships
  • Relationships
  • Reactions to Stress/Environment
  • Handling Emotions
  • Getting attention

11
Overview of Disabilities and Social Skills
  • Autism
  • ADD and AD/HD
  • Learning Disabilities
  • Emotional Disturbances
  • Physical Disabilities

12
Autism
  • Stumbling blocks
  • Interactions with others
  • Know better
  • Social Rules and Cues

13
Autism
  • In his or her own little world
  • Downward Spiral
  • Imaginative Play and Play with Toys
  • Eye Contact
  • Social Deficits in Older Children

14
Attention Deficit Disorder and Attention Deficit
Hyperactivity Disorder
  • Difficulties in relationships
  • Inattention
  • Impulsivity
  • Consequences
  • Inattentive type ADHD
  • Hyperactive/Impulsive Type ADHD

15
ADD and ADHD
  • Stats
  • Downward Spiral
  • Inattention
  • Impulsivity
  • Hyperactivity

16
Learning Disabilities
  • Social Skill Deficits and Learning Disabilities
    A Meta Analysis
  • Research Questions
  • Does the perception of the level of social skills
    deficits in students with LD differ when reported
    by teachers, other students or students with LD
    themselves?
  • What social skills deficits do teachers, non-LD
    students, and students with LD perceive as the
    most prominent in students with learning
    disabilities?

17
Emotional Disturbances
  • An inability to build or maintain satisfactory
    interpersonal relationships with peers or
    teachers
  • Proactive Approach to Social Skills
  • Break Skills Down
  • Self-Regulate

18
Physical Disabilities
  • Social Skill Deficits
  • Peer and Staff Response
  • Assistive Technology
  • Training

19
Teaching Social Skills
  • Conflict Resolution
  • ART
  • Class Meetings
  • Problem Solving Meetings
  • Disability Awareness
  • Skillstreaming
  • Modeling/Social Stories

20
Conflict Resolution
  • Personal Growth
  • Steps
  • Set the Scene
  • Gather Information
  • Agree on the Problem
  • Brainstorm possible Solutions
  • Negotiate Solution

21
Aggression Replacement Training
  • Developed by Goldstein, Glick and Gibbs
  • Approved by Safe and Drug Free Schools
  • General Information
  • Components
  • Social Skills
  • Anger Control Training
  • Moral Reasoning

22
Social Skills
  • -focus on social skills
  • -steps (thinking and action)
  • -procedure

23
Class Meeting Definition
  • A class meeting is the opportunity for students
    to participate in a group exchange of ideas in a
    respectful, caring environment.

24
Class Meetings
  • Circle Up
  • Set the Code
  • Compliments and Thank Yous
  • Set the Agenda
  • Pose the Problem/Concept
  • Personal Thinking Time
  • Partner Talk
  • Signal for Quiet
  • Whole Group Discussion
  • Close Meeting

25
Problem Solving Meetings
  • Identify the Problem
  • State Solutions
  • Agree on Solution/Consequence
  • Group signs solution and it is visible

26
Disability Awareness
  • Awareness is key
  • Small group education
  • Create an environment of compassion
  • Celebrate Differences!

27
Skillstreaming
  • What is it?
  • Who is it designed for?
  • 4 part training approach

28
Modeling/Social Stories
  • Geared towards Autistic children and those with
    related disabilities
  • Identify Needs
  • Goal of the Social Story?
  • Ways to conduct Social Stories?

29
Benefits of Social Stories
  • Perspective
  • Predictions
  • Based on Areas of Strength
  • Practice

30
3 Categories of Social Impairment
  • Social Avoidance
  • Social Indifference
  • Social Awkwardness

31
Writing a Social Story
  • Child perspective
  • Descriptive
  • Perspective
  • Directive

32
Sitting on the Carpet
  • Sometimes our class sits on the carpet. We sit on
    the carpet to listen to stories and for group
    lessons. My friends are tying hard to listen so
    they can enjoy the story or learn from the
    lessons. It can be hard for them to listen if
    someone is noisy or not sitting still. I will try
    to sit still and stay quiet during our time on
    the carpet.

33
Sitting on the Carpet
  • Sometimes our class sits on the carpet.
    (descriptive) We sit on the carpet to listen to
    stories and for group lessons. (descriptive) My
    friends are tying hard to listen so they can
    enjoy the story or learn from the lessons.
    (perspective) It can be hard for them to listen
    if someone is noisy or not sitting still.
    (descriptive) I will try to sit still and stay
    quiet during our time on the carpet. (descriptive)

34
Activities
  • Detective
  • Peer Interviews/Report Out
  • 1 good thing
  • Dinosaur, Chicken, Egg
  • Character EducationBook of Plays

35
References
  • Aggression Replacement Training. Wikipedia.
    httpen.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aggression_Replacement_
    Training
  • An Introduction to Social Stories. Social
    Stories. www.polyxo.com/socialstories/introduction
    .html
  • Conflict Resolution. www.mindtools.com
  • Emotional Disturbance. Schools for All Children
    Los Angeles Unified School District Division of
    Special Education (Jaque-Anton). Nd.
  • Providing Social Skills for Students with
    Physical Disabilities. BrightHub.
    www.brighthub.com/education/special/articles/40895
    .aspx
  • Social Skills Defecits. The Watson Institute.
    www.thewatsoninstitute.org
  • Social Skill Deficits in Children with ADHD
    and/or Asperger Syndrome. Chesapeake ADHD Center
    of Maryland. www.chesapeakeadd.com/adhd.social.htm
    l
  • Social Skills in Adults with ADHD. National
    Resource Center on AD/HD. www.addresources.org/art
    icle_adhd_socialskills_chadd.php.
  • Social Skills Deficits and Learning Disabilities
    A Meta-Analysis. The National Disseminiation
    Center for Children with Disabilities.
    www.nichy.org/Research/Summaries/pages/Abstract57.
    aspx
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