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Elizabethan England and the Theater

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Elizabethan England and the Theater Queen Elizabeth I Actors Playwrights Theaters Elements of a play Queen Elizabeth I Daughter of King Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Elizabethan England and the Theater


1
Elizabethan England and the Theater
  • Queen Elizabeth I
  • Actors
  • Playwrights
  • Theaters
  • Elements of a play

2
Queen Elizabeth I
  • Daughter of King Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn
  • Protestant
  • Ruled from1558-1603
  • Followed by James VI
  • of Scotland

3
Characteristics of the Queen
  • Nicknamed Queen Bess The Virgin Queen
  • Accomplished musician, poet, dancer
  • Some say, vain, ugly, bald

4
Accomplishments
  • The Elizabethan age is characterized by a quest
    for knowledge
  • Brought respectability to the theater
  • Colonized many parts of the world
  • Defeated the Spanish Armada in 1588
  • Took over Scotland and Ireland
  • Emergence of the middle class

5
British Empire
6
The Theater
  • Much debate between the Puritans and the court
  • Mystery plays for church festivities
  • Morality plays stories of the lives of saints
    and taught a moral lesson
  • Professional acting company small, well practiced

7
The Actors
  • Senior actors experienced, played the main roles
  • Hired men played
  • minor roles
  • Boy actors played
  • children and women

8
Skills of the Actors
  • Sing, dance, play instruments, hand-to-hand
    combat etc.
  • Rich, expressive voice needed to talk over the
    crowed
  • Memorized the lines

9
Playwrights
  • Usually students or recent college grads
  • Actors with little education
  • Pirated plays from other rival acting companies
  • Many plays incorporated violence and moral
    lessons
  • Needed protection from prosecution

10
The theaters
  • The Theater
  • The Rose
  • The Swan
  • Bull and Bear-Baiting Ring
  • The Globe Theater

11
The Globe Theater
  • Built in 1599 for Shakespeares acting company
    Lord Chamberlains Men
  • Used a flag to notify people to come to the
    theater
  • Crowd was diversified
  • Shows lasted 21/2 hours

12
The Globe Cont.
  • Plays were performed in the afternoon
  • No programs
  • Standing room for a penny
  • Galleries, Lords Rooms, stools
  • Burned to the ground
  • Rebuilt in 1616

13
Shakespeare
  • April 26, 1564 Baptized
  • 1582 Married Anne Hathaway
  • 1583 Susanna, First child was born
  • 1585 Hamnet and Judith, twins were born
  • 1592 became an actor and playwright
  • 1592-1594 The London Theater was closed due to
    the Plague

14
Shakespeare Cont.
  • 1594 Became a member of Lord Chamberlains Men an
    acting company
  • 1599 Wrote Julius Caesar
  • 1603 Changed the name of his acting group to The
    Kings Men
  • 1612 Retired
  • 1616 Died

15
Elements of a Play
  • Soliloquy a speech whereby a character speaks
    his thoughts aloud while alone
  • Aside a speech wherein a character express his
    thoughts in word audible to the spectators but
    not supposedly to the other stage character
    present
  • Prologue set the opening scene of the play since
    patrons had no programs to do so

16
Elements of a Play Cont.
  • Rhymed tags when the last two lines of an Act or
    scene rhymed to indicate a change of Act or scene
  • Blank Verse unrhymed iambic pentameter
  • Shakespeares plays are written in blank verse

17
THE ROMAN EMPIRE AN INTRODUCTION TO JULIUS CAESAR
18
Types of Rule
  • Senate a mild democracy, comprised entirely
    wealthy landowners
  • Triumvirate three man rule
  • Dictatorship usually as a result of a military
    leader seizing control

19
Senate
  • Patricians wealthy landowners
  • Sometimes aligned and sometimes in contrast to
    the military leaders

20
Triumvirate
  • A three-man rule to govern Rome
  • Ruled with Crassus and Pompey
  • Established Gaul for Caesar
  • Worked until the death of Crassus

21
Collapse of the Triumvirate
  • After the death of Crassus, tension developed
    between Caesar and Pompey
  • Pompey aligned with the Senate
  • Ceasar invaded Rome, crossed the Rubicon river
  • Pompey killed in Egypt

22
To the Unconquerable God
23
Dictator
  • Had support of the people
  • Defeated Pompeys two sons in Spain
  • Named Dictator for life in 45 B.C.
  • In direct conflict with free Romans
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