WRITING A RESEARCH ESSAY Mary Ellen Haley Center for Academic Development - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – WRITING A RESEARCH ESSAY Mary Ellen Haley Center for Academic Development PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 3ba99c-NzI0M



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

WRITING A RESEARCH ESSAY Mary Ellen Haley Center for Academic Development

Description:

WRITING A RESEARCH ESSAY Mary Ellen Haley Center for Academic Development MAKE A SCHEDULE Writing a research essay takes more than a day or two to do well. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:47
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 25
Provided by: usersBloo
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: WRITING A RESEARCH ESSAY Mary Ellen Haley Center for Academic Development


1
WRITING A RESEARCH ESSAY Mary Ellen Haley Center
for Academic Development
2
MAKE A SCHEDULE
  • Writing a research essay takes more than a day or
    two to do well. Plan a schedule and stick to it.
    You might use the schedule below to determine
    how much time you need to complete this essay

3
STEPS IN THE SCHEDULE
  • Step
  • Do By
  • Pick topic
  • Find, evaluate and select sources
  • Make notes, keeping publication info for each
    source
  • Write your working thesis, answering research
    question
  • Review notes and select best sources to support
    thesis

4
STEPS IN THE SCHEDULE, CONTINUED
  • Step
  • Do By
  • Make outline of thesis/support
  • Write draft
  • Get feedback on draft
  • Revise draft
  • Prepare list of works cited (using proper format)
  • Edit the draft
  • Submit the draft

5
Choosing Your Own Topic
  • If your professor asks you to pick your own
    topic, free-write on one of these questions to
    get started
  • What issues interest, frighten, inspire me?
  • What am I interest in doing in the future
    (personally or professionally)?
  • What famous person interests me?

6
Create a research question
  • If your professor does not assign a specific
    research question, after you have selected a
    topic, make up a question to guide yourself
  • Examples
  • Should sex offenders be required to register in
    their communities?
  • Should assisted suicide be legalized?
  • Should the government have the right to wiretap
    U.S. citizens during wartime?

7
FINDING SOURCES
  • Be sure to consult with the reference librarians
    to help you find appropriate online and in print
    sources. Some questions you might ask the
    librarian
  • How do I use the catalog? Can I access the
    catalog from home?
  • What resource is a good start point for my topic?
  • How do I find a good source?
  • What Internet search engines are reliable?

8
Periodical Indexes and Databases
  • Periodicals consist of journals, magazines and
    newspapers. Periodical indexes will help you
    locate where to find these sources. Some popular
    databases (online) and indexes include
  • InfoTrac
  • Readers Guide to Periodical Literature
  • New York Times Index

9
ENCYCLOPEDIAS
  • While encyclopedias give a good general idea
    about a topic, most professors will require you
    to use periodicals and books written by experts
    in your discipline.

10
STATISTICS
  • Good support for your thesis often comes in the
    form of facts and figures. For sound data on
    population, geography and economics, go to
  • www.census.gov

11
Online Research Sites
  • The Bedford Research Room- www.bedfordmartins.com/
    researchroom
  • Citing Electronic Sources-
  • www.ipl.org/div/farq/netciteFARQ.html
  • OWL (Purdue University)-
  • Owl.english.purdue.edu

12
Evaluating Your Sources
  • When evaluating your sources, ask
  • Is the source reliable?
  • Is the source appropriate for your topic?
  • Is the author qualified to write on the topic?
    (Sometimes it is necessary to research your
    authors to ensure their expertise!)
  • Is the information fair or biased?

13
URL Extensions- Reliable?
  • .com (a business) Not always reliable--- find
    out more before citing
  • .edu (educational organization) Reliable
  • .gov (government agency)- Reliable
  • .net (a business)- Not always reliable--- find
    out more before citing
  • .org (a nonprofit)- Not always reliable--- find
    out more before citing

14
Plagiarism
  • Plagiarism, or copying text without giving proper
    credit to the author, is an academic crime.
    Avoid plagiarizing by keeping careful notes of
    the authors of your sources.

15
The Bibliography and Works Cited
  • A bibliography is a list, alphabetized by author,
    of all of the outside sources you consult.
  • A Works Cited list is a list, alphabetized by
    author, of all of the outside sources you
    actually use in your essay.
  • Most professors require a Works Cited list at the
    end of the essay.
  • Keep the list on note cards or on your computer
    so that it is ready to reproduce when the essay
    is done.

16
Information for Sources Books
  • Author name
  • Title/subtitle
  • Year of publication
  • Publisher
  • Location of publisher

17
Information for Sources Articles
  • Author name
  • Title and page numbers
  • Title of magazine/journal/newspaper
  • Year, month, day of publication (2008 Aug. 12)

18
Information for Sources Web Sites
  • Author name
  • Title of site
  • Date of publication
  • Name of sponsoring organization
  • Date you accesses the site
  • URL (address) in angle brackets
  • ltowl.english.purdue.edugt

19
CITING SOURCES
  • We cite outside sources in an essay to support a
    point we have already made. In other words, an
    indirect or a direct quotation will serve as
    evidence for your main idea.

20
INDIRECT QUOTATIONS SUMMARIZING
  • When quoting a source indirectly, you might
    summarize, in general, the main idea of the
    source in your own words. DO NOT use the
    sources words. Introduce the outside source,
    and include the page number (in parentheses) on
    which it appears.
  • EXAMPLE
  • In her article in English Journal titled Using
    Blooms Taxonomy to Teach Students about
    Plagiarism, Melissa A. Vosen describes a lesson
    plan to teach students how to avoid plagiarism
    (43). This learning unit employs Blooms
    Taxonomy to teach students to recognize
    plagiarism and evaluate their research sources.

21
IN-TEXT CITATIONS
  • The first time you quote or paraphrase from an
    author, you must introduce the citation by naming
    the author and the article/book/essay. If you
    cite this author and source again, you need only
    use the authors last name, and put the page
    number again
  • EX Vosen goes on to explain that educators
    should teach students why plagiarism is
    inappropriate, not merely order them not to
    plagiarize (43).

22
INDIRECT QUOTATIONS PARAPHRASING
  • When you paraphrase, you restate the sources
    ideas in your own words. A paraphrase will have
    more details than a summary.
  • EXAMPLE
  • Melissa A. Vosen laments how far some students
    will go in plagiarizing, in her article Using
    Blooms Taxonomy to Teach Students about
    Plagiarism, in English Journal. Vosen recalls a
    student who, in writing a memoir, obviously stole
    material from an outside source. The student
    described the joys of watching her teenaged
    daughter dance on a balance beam unfortunately,
    the memoirist herself was only eighteen and would
    have had to have given birth at age six if the
    memoir was true (43).

23
DIRECT QUOTATIONS
  • If a sources words offer strong support for your
    thesis, you should quote directly. Use the
    sources EXACT WORDS--- change nothing!--- and
    use quotation marks ( ).
  • EXAMPLE
  • Students obviously must be taught, not merely
    told, to avoid plagiarism. According to veteran
    teacher Maria A. Vosen, I now realize that
    simply telling the students each time I introduce
    a writing assignment that they are not to
    plagiarize is not enough (43).

24
DOCUMENTING SOURCES
  • http//owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/557/06/

Adapted from Real Writing by Susan Anker
About PowerShow.com