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Jeopardy

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Jeopardy Cells: The Basics Unicellular Organisms Multicellular: Humans Multicellular: Plants Cellular Processes Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $200 Q $200 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Jeopardy


1
Jeopardy
Cells The Basics
Unicellular Organisms
Multicellular Humans
Multicellular Plants
Cellular Processes
Q 100
Q 100
Q 100
Q 100
Q 100
Q 200
Q 200
Q 200
Q 200
Q 200
Q 300
Q 300
Q 300
Q 300
Q 300
Q 400
Q 400
Q 400
Q 400
Q 400
Q 500
Q 500
Q 500
Q 500
Q 500
Final Jeopardy
2
100 Question from H1
Describe 2 differences between a plant cell and
an animal cell?
3
100 Answer from H1
1. Plant cells have a cell wall chloroplasts 2.
Animal cells have lysosmes 3. Plant cells are
more rectangular in shape, animal cells are
rounder 4. Plant cells have one, large vacuole.
Animal cells have several, small vacuoles
4
200 Question from H1
1
2
What is the name and function of organelle 1
organelle 2 in this animal cell diagram?
5
200 Answer from H1
1. Mitochondria Powerhouse of the cell
produces energy for the cell. 2. Cell membrane
Holds cell together and protects it by
controlling what goes in and out of the cell.
6
300 Question from H1
1
2
What is the name and function of organelle 1
organelle 2 in this plant cell diagram?
7
300 Answer from H1
1. Chloroplast Where sugars are made through
the process of photosynthesis 2. Vacuole
Storage sac for excess food and water
8
400 Question from H1
What are the three key ideas of the cell theory?
9
400 Answer from H1
  • Cells are the basic unit of life.
  • An organism can be made of one cell (unicellular
    ex. paramecium), or can be made of trillions of
    cells (multicellular ex. humans)
  • All cells are created from existing cells through
    the process of cell division

10
500 Question from H1
What is the function of the coarse adjustment
knob, fine adjustment knob, and objective lenses
when looking at a specimen under a compound light
microscope?
11
500 Answer from H1
Coarse adjustment knob Moves the stage up and
down to focus on the specimen. Fine adjustment
knob Sharpens the image of the specimen so it
is clear Objective lens Changes
the magnification of the specimen (low power -
4x, medium power 10x, high power 40x)
12
100 Question from H2
Name the 3 types of barriers and give an example
of each.
13
100 Answer from H2
Permeable Open Window Impermeable Brick
Wall Selectively Permeable - Strainer
14
200 Question from H2
What is diffusion? Give an example.
15
200 Answer from H2
Diffusion The movement of particles from an
area of high to low concentration. Example
Putting a drop of red food colouring in water.
The particles of food colouring will spread from
high concentration (drop of food colouring) to
low concentration (surrounding water), and the
water will turn red
16
300 Question from H2
Osmosis is a special kind of diffusion that
involves the movement of ________ through a
_________ ________ membrane.
17
300 Answer from H2
Water, selectively permeable
18
400 Question from H2
Write a word equation for cellular respiration,
and a word equation for photosynthesis.
19
400 Answer from H2
Cellular Respiration Sugar Oxygen ? ATP
(Energy) Carbon Dioxide Water Photosynthesis
Sunlight (Energy) Carbon Dioxide Water ?
Sugar Oxygen
20
500 Question from H2
What is the relationship between photosynthesis
and cellular respiration?
21
500 Answer from H2
Cellular respiration depends on photosynthesis.
Without photosynthesis, there would be no sugar
and oxygen to drive the process of cellular
respiration, and animal and plant cells would not
have any energy to perform cellular activities.
22
100 Question from H3
Name 3 unicellular organisms.
23
100 Answer from H3
Paramecium, euglena, E. coli, diatom, amoeba
24
200 Question from H3
Name 2 ways that unicellular organisms move.
25
200 Answer from H3
Flagellum A tail that acts like a motor Cilia
Tiny hairs that act like oars, propelling the
organism along Pseudopods Extensions of the
cytoplasm that act like arms and pull the
organism along
26
300 Question from H3
Given an example of a unicellular organism that
can become parasitic in humans, causing illness.
27
300 Answer from H3
E. Coli, amoeba
28
400 Question from H3
How do unicellular organisms reproduce?
29
400 Answer from H3
A type of a sexual reproduction called binary
fission.
30
500 Question from H3
Why are most unicellular organisms
microscopically small?
31
500 Answer from H3
Unicellular organisms need to be microscopically
small to survive so that diffusion can occur
efficiently enough to provide the organism with
oxygen and nutrients, and to rid the organism of
wastes.
32
100 Question from H4
Name the 2 main organ systems of a plant and the
organs that are part of each system
33
100 Answer from H4
Shoot system Leaves, stem Root system Roots
34
200 Question from H4
What kind of tissue is xylem tissue? What is its
function in the plant?
35
200 Answer from H4
Xylem tissue is a type of vascular tissue. It
transports water and minerals from the roots of
the plant to the rest of the plant.
36
300 Question from H4
What kind of tissue is phloem tissue? What is its
function in the plant?
37
300 Answer from H4
Phloem tissue is a type of vascular tissue in
plants. It transports sugars made in the leaves
of the plant to the rest of the plant.
38
400 Question from H4
What is the purpose of the stoma and the guard
cells in the leaves of plants?
39
400 Answer from H4
The stoma are tiny holes in leaves that allow
oxygen to leave the plant and carbon dioxide to
come into the plant. The guard cells open and
close the stoma.
40
500 Question from H4
What two forces help water to move through xylem
tissue from the roots of a tall tree, up to its
leaves?
41
500 Answer from H4
Push Water moves into the roots of a plant by
osmosis. As water moves into the roots, pressure
builds in the roots, pushing water up. Pull
Water moves out of the leaves of a plant by
transpiration. Since water moves from where there
is more water, to where there is less water, this
loss of water in the leaves pulls water up the
plant.
42
100 Question from H5
Give three examples of specialized cells in the
human body.
43
100 Answer from H5
Muscle cells, blood cells, nerve cells, bone
cells, fat cells, skin cells/epithelial cells,
brain cells
44
200 Question from H5
What are the 4 types of tissues in the human
body?
45
200 Answer from H5
Muscle tissue, nervous tissue, epithelial tissue,
connective tissue.
46
300 Question from H5
What is the relationship between cells, tissues,
organs, and organ systems in multicellular
organisms?
47
300 Answer from H5
In a multicellular organism, there are several
different types of specialized cells. Specialized
cells that perform the same function group
together to make a tissue. Different tissues work
together to make an organ, and different organs
work together to create an organ system.
48
400 Question from H5
Name two organ systems in the human body and
describe their function.
49
400 Answer from H5
  • Skeletal system Movement and protection of
    organs
  • Muscular system Movement
  • Circulatory system Pumps blood throughout the
    body to bring oxygen and nutrients to cells, and
    remove wastes
  • Respiratory system Allows oxygen to enter the
    body, and carbon dioxide to exit
  • Nervous system Sends and receives nerve message
    throughout the body, which controls most
    processes in the body
  • Digestive system Breaks down food so that
    nutrients like sugar can be absorbed by the blood
  • Integumentary system Covers and protects the
    body

50
500 Question from H5
Give an example of a specific relationship
between a specialized cell, a tissue, an organ,
and an organ system in the human body.
51
500 Answer from H5
1. Nerve cells ? Nervous tissue ? Brain ? Nervous
system 2. Blood cells ? Connective tissue ?
Heart ? Circulatory system 3. Muscle cells ?
Muscle tissue ? Biceps ? Muscular System 4. Bone
cells ? Connective tissue ? Bones, ligaments ?
Skeletal system 5. Skin cells ? Epithelial
tissue ? Skin ? Integumentary system
52
Final Jeopardy
Choose 1 example of a controversial issue
involving research in cell biology. Explain two
arguments in support of the issue, and two
arguments against the issue.
53
Final Jeopardy Answer
Answers will vary See Miss Graham
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