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Poetry

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All About Poetry Acrostic Poetry An acrostic poem is one in which certain letters, often the first letter of every line, form a name or a theme. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Poetry


1
All About Poetry
2
Keep a Poem in Your Pocket
  • Keep a poem in our pocket
  • And a picture in your head
  • And youll never feel lonely
  • At night when youre in bed.
  • The little poem will sing to you
  • The little picture bring to you
  • A dozen dreams to dance to you
  • At night when youre in bed.
  • So
  • Keep a picture in your pocket
  • And a poem in your head
  • And youll never feel lonely
  • At night when youre in bed.
  • -Beatrice Schenk de Regniers

3
How Poets Work
  •  
  •  
  • Poets LOOK closer 
  • Poets play
  • with SOUND
  • Poets make
  •                 COMPARISONS
  •   

4
Poetry
  • It is difficult to give poetry a definition.
  • A poem is an emotional experience.
  • It is a thought or feeling, transmitted by the
    imagination into images and expressed in a
    beautiful and usually patterned language.

5
Rhyme
  • Rhyme is the likeness of sound at the end of
    words.
  • We piled, with care our nightly stack Of
    wood against the chimney-back
  • The oaken log, green, huge, and thick, And on
    its top the stout back-stick.
  • - The Hearth Fire by John Greenleaf
    Whittier

6
Rhyme Scheme
  • We piled, with care our nightly stack (A)
  • Of wood against the chimney-back (A)
  • The oaken log, green, huge, and thick, (B)
  • And on its top the stout back-stick. (B)
  • - The Hearth Fire by John Greenleaf
    Whittier
  • When reading a poem, use a different letter to
    keep track of each rhyme sound. That is the
    poems rhyme scheme.

7
Rhythm/ Meter
  • Rhythm is a pattern of stressed and
    unstressed syllables. Also called meter. A rhythm
    can make a poem sound serious or silly.
  • Sisters Heart to Heart by Joanna Duchs
  • From the time that we were little,I knew youd
    always beNot just a loving sisterBut a caring
    friend to me.
  • A shoulder I could cry on,A helping hand in
    times of need,A cheerleader to lift me up,My
    angel in both word and deed.
  • We told each other secretsWe giggled and we
    cried.We shared our joys and sorrows--We were
    always side by side.
  • We have a very special bondI knew it from the
    start.Youll have my love forever--Were
    sisters, heart to heart.

8
Assonance
  • Assonance is the repetition of vowel sounds
    followed by different consonants. Tune and
    June are rhymes tune and food are
    assonant.
  • Example mad hatter
  • And so, all the night-tide, I lie down by the
    sideOf my darling, my darling, my life and my
    bride.
  • --Edgar Allan Poe, "Annabel Lee"

9
Consonance
  • Consonance is the repetition of final consonant
    sounds.
  • Example east, west
  • Ralegh has backed the maid to a treeAs
    Ireland is backed to EnglandAnd drives
    inlandTill all her strands are deadened.

10
Repetition
  • Repetition is the recurring use of a sound, a
    word, a phrase or a line. It is used to appeal to
    our emotions and to emphasize important ideas.

Stopping By Woods On A Snowy Evening Robert
Frost Whose woods these are I think I know.His
house is in the village thoughHe will not see
me stopping hereTo watch his woods fill up with
snow.My little horse must think it queerTo stop
without a farmhouse nearBetween the woods and
frozen lakeThe darkest evening of the year.He
gives his harness bells a shakeTo ask if there
is some mistake.The only other sound's the
sweepOf easy wind and downy flake.The woods are
lovely, dark and deep.But I have promises to
keep,And miles to go before I sleep,And miles
to go before I sleep.
11
Parallelism
  • Repeating the same idea over and over to
    emphasize a point.
  • The lazy and sluggish snake
  • Bit the merry and cheery little girl,
  • Making her all sad and mournful

12
Mood
  • Mood is the overall emotion created by a work of
    literature. Look at these two different moods

1)        Winter GardenStark naked flower
stalksStand shivering in the wind.The cheerless
sun hides its black lightBehind bleak, angry
clouds,While trees vainly tryTo catch their
escaping leaves.Carpets of grass turn
brown,Blending morosely with the dreary
day.Winter seems the death of life forever.
2) Spring GardenStunningly dressed flower
stalksStand shimmering in the breeze.The
cheerful sun hides playfullyBehind white,
fluffy, cotton-ball clouds,While trees whisper
secretsTo their rustling leaves.Carpets of
grass greenly glowBlending joyfully with the
day.Spring brings life to death.
13
Lines, Stanzas and Verse
  • A Line of Poetry
  • a single line of words in a poem
  • A Stanza in Poetry
  • a group of lines of poetry (2 or more) arranged
    according to a fixed plan
  • Verse in Poetry
  • a poem, or piece of poetry part of a song
    following the introduction and preceding the
    chorus

14
Stanzas
  • Couplet a two line stanza
  • Triplet a three line stanza (sometimes Tercet)
  • Quatrain a four line stanza
  • Cinquain a five line stanza

15
Couplet Do you see the word "couple" in couplet?
A couple is two of something.
  • A pair of lines of poetry that are usually
    rhymed.
  • Arrows
  • I shot an arrow toward the sky, (A)
  • It hit a white cloud floating by. (A)
  • The words sky and by are end rhymes. We'll use
    the letter "A" to mark the rhyme pattern. We can
    string couplets together to make a longer poem.

16
Couplet Continued
  • The cloud fell dying to the shore, ( )
  • I dont shoot arrows anymore. ( )
  • - Shel Silverstein
  • The words shore and anymore are end rhymes. What
    letter will we use to mark this rhyme scheme?
  • Pick a topic
  • Write a Couplet on your own
  • What is the rhyme scheme?

17
Quatrain
  • Quatrains are four line poems. The lines usually
    rhyme in two patterns. Lines one and two and
    three and four (AABB) or lines one and three and
    two and four (ABAB).

Gumeye Ball Theres an eyeball in the gumball
machine, Right there between the red and the
green, Lookin at me as if to say, You dont
need anymore gum today. - Shel Silverstein
Anteater A genuine anteater, The pet man told
my dad. Turned out, it was an aunt eater, And now
my uncles mad! -Shel Silverstein
What would their rhyme scheme be?
18
Another Quatrain
  • Mix an onion milkshake,
  • Take a hearty drink,
  • Youll wind up with a headache
  • Quicker than you think!
  • Question What is the rhyme scheme?

19
Another quatrain
  • The cat on a mat
  • Played with my hat
  • Under the yellow sun
  • On a day of great funWhat is the rhyme scheme?

20
Limericks
  • The limerick takes its name from Limerick,
    Ireland. It is humorous and full of nonsense. It
    is a five line poem that consists of a triplet
    a couplet. They often contain hyperbole,
    onomatopoeia, idioms and other figurative
    devices.
  • The 1st, 2nd 5th lines rhyme, with 3 beats per
    line
  • The 3rd 4th lines rhyme, with two beats per
    line.
  • The last line is usually the punch line (the
    heart of the joke)
  • There once was a student at school (A)
  • Who would not conform to the rule (A)
  • He used all his time (B)
  • To write funny rhyme (B)
  • And limericks he used as his tool. (A)

21
Another Limerick
  • There once was a man with no hair.
  • He gave everyone quite a scare.
  • He got some Rogaine,
  • Grew out a mane,
  • And now he resembles a bear!

22
You Try a Limerick
  • Complete this limerick with words that rhyme.
  • There once was a princess named Meg
  • Who accidentally broke her _____
  • She slipped on the ______
  • Not once, but twice
  • Take no pity on her, I _________.
  • Write a limerick using these five words
    kangaroo, zoo, too, pouch and ouch.
  • Write your own limerick.

23
Syllables
  • A unit of pronunciation having one vowel sound
  • Supercalifragilisticexpialidocious
  • How many syllables?

24
Haiku
  • This is a form of Japanese poetry. A haiku has
    only three lines (triplet), with five, seven and
    five syllables. A haiku usually describes a
    season of the year or some aspect of nature.
  • Cold as a snowball
  • Chilled colder than the white snow
  • A lonely goodbye.
  • ---------------------------------------------
  • Some snowflakes descend
  • To blanket a barren branch
  • Others kiss the earth.

25
Haiku Continued
  • I am first with fiveThen seven in the middle
    --Five again to end.

Now you try to write a haiku.
26
Lyric Poems
  • Lyric poetry can be sung to musical
    accompaniment (in ancient times, usually a lyre).
    Lyric poetry expresses the thoughts and feelings
    of the poet. Musical in sound.
  • Ode to Joy by Buster Baxter
  • I've had cabbage, lettuce, blackberries Pasta,
    oats and strawberries Bagels, beans and hot
    dogs Eggplant, ham and cheese logs I've had
    pumpkin and potato Truffles and tomato Diced,
    sliced, cubed and riced Boiled and fried Soaked
    and dried Burgers, tacos, ice cream
    too Radishes red and berries blue Despite all
    this, I'm feeling thinner... Still, that was
    lunch, now what's for dinner?

27
Narrative Poems
  • A NARRATIVE POEM tells a story and can be about
    anything. Sometimes the poem's lines have a
    rhyming pattern. Sometimes they don't rhyme at
    all.
  • Jimmy Goes to the City by Arthur Read
  • Jimmy was a happy apeUntil some hunters caught
    himHe liked the jungle better thanThe city
    where they brought himThe city was louderThe
    city was meanerEven the dirt in the jungle was
    cleanerSo Jimmy made a daring escape!The
    hunters were suddenly minus one ape!He climbed
    the tallest buildingBecause from there he'd
    seeHow far away the jungle wasFrom the middle
    of the city.Jimmy jumped into a passing
    planeBut the pilot didn't wait for him to
    explainJimmy flew back to the jungleAnd told
    his ape friends in their lair"The city's okay
    for a visitBut you couldn't make me live there."

28
Ballads
  • Ballad Poems are poems that tell a story like a
    narrative poem and often have a repeated refrain.
    A ballad is usually about love and often sung
    like a lyric poem.
  • They usually have
  • Four line stanzas (quatrain)
  • Rhyming
  • Repetition
  • The Ballad of the Green Beret
  • http//youtu.be/LH4-tOqLH94
  • http//www.brownielocks.com/balladofthegreenberets
    WAVE.html

29
Free Verse
  • Free verse is just what it says it is - poetry
    that is written without proper rules about form,
    rhyme, rhythm, meter, etc. In free verse the
    writer makes his/her own rules. The writer
    decides how the poem should look, feel, and
    sound.
  •  Notice i is not capitalized and there arent
    normal sentences.Its free verse.
  •  
  • Winter Poem
  •  
  • once a snowflake fell
  • on my brow and i loved
  • it so much and i kissed
  • it and it was happy and called its cousins
  • and brothers and a web
  • of snow engulfed me then
  • i reached to love them all
  • and i squeezed them and they became
  • a spring rain and i stood perfectly
  • still and was a flower
  •   - By Nikki Giovanni

30
More Free Verse
  • A Dream
  • I dreamed the clouds were dragons.
  • Billows of fluff, not fire
  • Came toward me.
  • I needed not my sword.

31
Sonnet 14 Lines Specific meter and rhyme
scheme. Shall I Compare Thee to a Summers Day?
William Shakespeare
Shall I compare thee to a summers day? a Thou
art more lovely and more temperate b Rough
winds do shake the darling buds of May, a And
summers lease hath all too short a
date b Sometimes too hot the eye of heaven
shines, c And often is his gold complexion
dimmed d And every fair from fair sometime
declines, c By chance or natures changing
course untrimmed d But thy eternal summer shall
not fade, e Nor lose possession of that fair
thou owest f Nor shall Death brag thou
wanderst in his shade, e When in eternal lines
to time thou growst f So long as men can
breathe, or eye can see, g So long lives this,
and this gives life to thee. g
32
Epic
A long, serious poem that tells the story of a
heroic or legendary figure. Two of the most
famous epic poems are the Iliad and the Odyssey
by Homer, which tell about the Trojan War and the
adventures of Odysseus on his voyage home after
the war
33
Onomatopoeia in Poems
  • SOUND OF NATURE by Marie Josephine Smith
  • Ticking, tocking.Head is rocking.Tippy toeing.
    Quietly.Snap, crack.Crushing branch.Helter,
    skelter.Run for shelter.Pitter, patter.Rain
    starts to fall.Gathering momentum.Becomes a
    roar.Thunder booms.

34
Acrostic Poetry
An acrostic poem is one in which certain letters,
often the first letter of every line, form a name
or a theme.
Apples are yummy.Pretty and juicy.Please pick
only when ripe.Licking jelly apples are fun.Eat
them day and night.
35
Shape Poems
  • This is a shape poem. Ideally, it should
    describe the shape it is, and rhyme, but as you
    can see, this one doesn't. But this will give you
    the idea

FUNNELHere is a little poem ... well, maybe
it's not so little, but it certainly is a poem
... although, come to think of it,this doesn't
really rhyme, so maybe it's nota poem either
but anyway, here it is,and as you can see, it is
of course funnel shaped, and before toolong,
quickly comes to the point, and right at about
this placedown hereat theend!
36
More Shape Poems
"Idea Old Mazda Lamp, 50-100-150 W" By John
Hollander
37
Tanka
  • Saying Goodbye
  • Carefully I walkTrying so hard to be braveThey
    all see my fearDark glasses cover their eyesAs
    mine flow over with tears

Like a Haiku Syllables 5, 7,5,5,7
38
DIAMANTE
  • squaresymmetrical, conventionalshaping,
    measuring, balancingboxes, rooms, clocks,
    halosencircling, circumnavigating,
    enclosinground, continuouscircle
  • Line 1 one word(subject/noun that is
    contrasting to line 7)
  • Line 2 two words(adjectives) that describe line
    1
  • Line 3 three words(action verbs) that relate to
    line 1 Line 4 four words (nouns)first 2 words
    relate to line 1last 2 words relate to line 7
  • Line 5 three words(action verbs) that relate to
    line 7 Line 6 two words(adjectives) that
    describe line 7
  • Line 7 one word( subject/noun that is
    contrasting to line 1)
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