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Progression Towards the Intelligent Home

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Progression Towards the Intelligent Home ... with multifunctional robots Automation has successfully conquered industry and working environments Leisure time, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Progression Towards the Intelligent Home


1
Progression Towards the Intelligent Home
2
Progression Towards the Intelligent Home
  • Smart home an intelligent home that would
    provide fully automated 21st century living, with
    multifunctional robots
  • Automation has successfully conquered industry
    and working environments
  • Leisure time, domestic tasks and household
    management have remained untouched

3
Progression Towards the Intelligent Home
  • Adoption of electrical domestic appliances follow
    the process of commoditisation
  • New appliances expensive, unreliable and bought
    by the wealthy
  • the richer a person is, the more he is willing
    to pay for less benefit. Therefore, it is to be
    expected that the rich will be the early adopters
    of new technologynew technology can be used to
    buy more free time.
  • Lynne Hamill The Introduction of New Technology
    into the Household, Digital World Research
    Centre, University of Surrey, UK (2000)

4
Progression Towards the Intelligent Home
  • Technological improvements, reductions in the
    cost of manufacture and competition all help to
    reduce the cost
  • Once the market for the rich has been saturated,
    profit margins will be cut or cheaper products
    will be produced for the mass-market
  • Electric washing machine
  • Introduced by the Hurley Machine Company, Chicago
    in 1907 (model shown left c. 1925)
  • Early models were unreliable and expensive
  • Easy to sell as they eliminated or replaced
    household chores
  • Price of automated washing machines finally
    dropped in the 1960s, helped by the introduction
    of Seeburg timers

5
Progression Towards the Intelligent Home
  • Introduction of electrical domestic appliances
    did not reduce labour, only drudgery
  • 1950s woman could complete all the housework
    that a housewife and several servants would have
    completed a decade before
  • Visions of a house of tomorrow luxurious 21st

century living where housewives are finally
relieved of their domestic duties
  • Vision of fully automated home and
    multifunctional domestic robot has largely
    remained untouched

6
Progression Towards the Intelligent Home
  • Broadband communications 50 of people in
    European households using broadband by 2005
    (IDC)
  • Electroluxs Screenfridge
  • Household members communicate via video-mail or
    email
  • Users can surf the web
  • Food management recipes, how to handle foods,
    food storage
  • TV, radio and connections for surveillance
    cameras
  • Digital cookbook

7
Progression Towards the Intelligent Home
  • LGs Internet Washing Machine
  • Combines white goods with information and
    communications in response to the increasing
    popularity of home network products
  • Download washing cycles from the Turbodrum
    website

8
Progression Towards the Intelligent Home
  • Role of convergence
  • "In information technology, convergence is a term
    for the combining of personal computers,
    telecommunication, and television into a user
    experience that is accessible to everyone
  • www.whatis.com
  • Every decade has a word that defines it. In the
    80s it was the PC. In the 90s it was the
    internet. This decade the key word is
    convergence
  • Steve Case, AOL Time Warner

9
Progression Towards the Intelligent Home
  • General public need to be convinced of benefits
    of buying multifunctional devices
  • Talking with your family through the
    refrigerator? That just sounds creepy. I suppose
    people will have to stop using the fridge while
    talking to their familyPeople will have to enter
    information about food and expiry dates
    manuallyIsn't technology supposed to make our
    lives easier?
  • Madhu Menon, Internet consultant
  • Compromise in design designers need to
    successfully integrate two or more devices with
    restricted dimensions at a reasonable price
  • Jack of all trades, master of none?

10
Progression Towards the Intelligent Home
  • Uniform view that the home will be intelligent,
    connected and wireless although the way this will
    be achieved, and how the home will be networked,
    differs drastically
  • Television-centric
  • Used for entertainment, email, online shopping
    and as the main interface
  • Regarded as a communal device, clashes over
    usage
  • Difficult to upgrade
  • PC-centric
  • Problems of stability consumer level PCs prone
    to crashing, potentially bringing down the
    entire network

11
Progression Towards the Intelligent Home
  • Post PC world
  • Personal computing moving from the PC into a
    range of devices
  • Wearable PCs
  • Smart computing single board interfaces will
    use a PC processors power, reducing size and
    cost
  • Change in interface from WIMP (Windows, Icons,
    Mouse and Pull-down menus) to speech and,
    eventually, physical gestures
  • If technology is to be more accepted in the
    home, it must change to better suit this
    environment. A number of researchers have
    argued that this change will take the form of a
    post PC world.
  • A.T. Brown, Hewlett Packard Labs, Bristol, UK

12
Progression Towards the Intelligent Home
  • Manufacturers need to convince consumers to
    embrace the Intelligent home
  • Sceptics claim manufacturers have lost touch with
    the consumers need and appliance design is being
    driven by what is technologically possible
  • The resulting products are complicated to use and
    intimidate consumers who dont understand their
    function

13
Progression Towards the Intelligent Home
Technology offers the potential to make life
easier and more enjoyable each new technology
provides increased benefits. At the same time
added complexities arise to increase our
difficulty and frustration. Donald A. Norman,
The Design of Everyday Things Human beings
are visually oriented, hands on and curious by
nature. We may want to keep tangible interfaces
to the real world and retain at least the
impression that we know what is going on. Ian
Pearson, BT Futurologist
14
Progression Towards the Intelligent Home
  • The house of the future has engineered confines,
    presuming a digital lifestyle
  • With the notable exception of the television,
    which is profoundly home grown, most new domestic
    technologies embody notions of efficiency
    designed to deliver better time and resource
    management
  • Genevieve Bell, Intel Corporation, and Joseph
    Kaye, MIT Media Lab
  • Designing Technology for Domestic Spaces A
    Kitchen Manifesto
  • The kitchen is a social hub with a distinct
    cultural history that is to be understood before
    imposing technology on its inhabitants

15
Progression Towards the Intelligent Home
  • The development of an intelligent home is not
    restricted to a connected, automated domestic
    environment
  • Philips Ambient project (right)
  • Ambient Intelligence as being an exciting new
    paradigm in information technology, in which
    people are empowered through a digital
    environment that is aware of their presence and
    context, and is sensitive, adaptive, and
    responsive to their needs, habits, gestures and
    emotions, merging the concepts of ubiquitous
    computing" and "social user interfaces to
    improve the quality of life

16
Progression Towards the Intelligent Home
  • The project aims to create a future home
    resembling the house of the past and
    eradicating all the black boxes that feature in
    our homes today
  • Example of contents
  • Bathroom mirror (right) reflects your image,
    the news or weather
  • Nebula an interactive projector determined by
    movement
  • Audio system trigger a song by humming the tune

17
Progression Towards the Intelligent Home
"Technology in our homes will evolve to the point
that it we don't have to 'work' to experience it.
Rather, it will understand us and react to our
needs, making our lives easier."
"In a true Ambient Intelligence environment, all
electronic features and functions are integrated
into people's backgrounds." Spokesman for
Philips
18
Progression Towards the Intelligent Home
  • Aware home, Georgia Tech
  • The Aware Home venture is concerned with
    addressing the fundamental technical, design,
    and social challenges of the creation of a home
    environment that is aware of its occupants and
    their activities
  • The home is a network of sensors and computers
    monitoring the movements and actions of the
    household members
  • It contains a vast array of gadgets, designed to
    enhance the quality of life, with special
    emphasis on the elderly

19
Progression Towards the Intelligent Home
  • Example of contents
  • Digital family portrait (right) reconnects
    geographically distant extended family members.
  • Designed to resemble a portrait, the border
    changes daily reflecting the persons life,
    providing peace of mind for family members

Gesture Pendant a necklace with a small
camera inside that allows the user to control
devices within their environment through gestures
What am I cooking? (next) vision sensors
capture information and displays them as visual
cues
20
Progression Towards the Intelligent Home
"It's not enough just to solve these problems in
the abstract. To really understand the problems
and challenges of ubiquitous computing, you have
to build actual environments. You have to take
aware technology and apply it to the bodythe
home." Dr. Gregory Abowd, Aware Home project
leader
21
Progression Towards the Intelligent Home
  • Domestic Robots
  • Assistance for the disabled
  • Entertainment - Sonys AIBO that can learn
    through experience, as well as read emails and
    take photographs with its onboard camera)
  • Household maintenance - Dyson (DC06 still on
    home trial - below), Electrolux (Trilobite -
    below), iRobot (Roomba - below) and Probotics
    (Cye - next)

22
Progression Towards the Intelligent Home
  • Challenges
  • household environment is a complex mass of wires
    (resolved by wireless network), confined spaces
    and uneven floors
  • Uncontrolled environment with humans interacting
    in the space
  • A safe, powerful, portable power supply is needed
  • Robots with AI or other behavioural complexities
    still have technical difficulties
  • Economic concerns mean that design, functionality
    and materials can be compromised
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