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Reports of gangs in Jamaican schools

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Reports of gangs in Jamaican schools Julie Meeks Gardner Joan Thomas Caribbean Child Development Centre, Consortium for Social Development and Research, University of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Reports of gangs in Jamaican schools


1
Reports of gangs in Jamaican schools
  • Julie Meeks Gardner
  • Joan Thomas
  • Caribbean Child Development Centre, Consortium
    for Social Development and Research, University
    of the West Indies, Open Campus
  • Col. Oral Khan
  • Safe Schools Initiative
  • Ministries of National Security, Health, Education

2
Background
  • Much of the violence in Jamaica attributed to
    gangs
  • Anecdotal information only regarding involvement
    of children in gangs
  • Safe Schools Initiative designed and conducted
    survey to investigate gang presence in schools
  • UWI commissioned to analyze results

3
Aims
  • To determine the scope of gang involvement in
    schools in Jamaica
  • To compare the results of different groups
    surveyed

4
Method 1.
  • Cross-sectional survey carried out in 2007
  • Govt.-supported secondary schools
  • 3 groups of respondents
  • Principals
  • School Resource Officers
  • Students
  • Instrument
  • 30 items (closed)
  • Self-administered

5
  • School Resource Officers (SROs)
  • Programme since 2004
  • Specially trained police officers
  • Deployed in high risk schools
  • Aim to reduce violence
  • Activities
  • mentoring students
  • mediating disputes
  • searching for weapons

6
Method 2.
  • Instrument
  • 30 items (closed)
  • Self-administered
  • Data analysis
  • Frequencies
  • Results compared by respondent type,location
  • Details of gangs only analyzed where respondents
    indicated a problem with gangs
  • Questionnaires with no school name were omitted
    from analysis

7
Results
  • 124 schools (50)
  • 51 Principals (20)
  • 27 SROs (28)
  • 240 students

8
Overlap in respondents schools
9
Location of respondents
10
Agreement among respondents from the same schools
  • 5 schools had respondents from all categories
  • 2 questions compared
  • Is bullying a problem?
  • Are there gangs at your school?
  • Agreement ranged from 60-80

11
Bullying is a problem
12
Gangs present in schools
13
Girls involvement in gangs
14
Grades of gang members
15
Number of gangs
16
Gang activities
These were gambling, smoking and intimidation
17
School gangs linked to gangs outside
18
Effectiveness of School Resource Officers
19
Trends regarding gangs influence
20
Gangs popularity among the general student body
21
Analysis by location
  • All responses analyzed by location
  • No significant differences found by
  • Urban vs. rural
  • KSA vs. rest

22
Summary
  • First quantitative survey of school gangs in
    Jamaica
  • Gangs and related activities in about half of
    schools
  • Gangs not confined to urban areas
  • Gangs in the community may be influencing school
    gangs

23
Limitations
  • Wide variation among respondents
  • Definitions of terms, though provided on
    instrument may have been problematic
  • Informants were not gang members
  • Problems with self-completed questionnaires,
    incomplete data

24
Recommendations
  • Improve negative activities of groups
  • Improve information sharing within schools
  • Continued monitoring more detailed research

25
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26
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