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Pre-departure Orientation Program


Pre-departure Orientation Program Thursday, May 14, 2010 12: Self-determination 13: Self-reliance, independence * 14-15: Don't judge or be fooled ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Pre-departure Orientation Program

Pre-departure Orientation Program
  • Thursday, May 14, 2010

Pre-departure Orientation Program
You have been selected for Community College
Initiative Program This is a wonderful
opportunity to grow academically, professionally,
and personally. Reach for the stars!
Today we plan to
  • Introduction

Pre-departure Orientation Program
Today we plan to
  • Introduction
  • Preparing to go to the U.S.

Pre-departure Orientation Program
Today we plan to
  • Introduction
  • Preparing to go to the U.S.
  • Traveling to the U.S.

Pre-departure Orientation Program
Today we plan to
  • Introduction
  • Preparing to go to the U.S.
  • Traveling to the U.S.
  • Lunch

Pre-departure Orientation Program
Today we plan to
  • Introduction
  • Preparing to go to the U.S.
  • Traveling to the U.S.
  • Lunch
  • Academic Life in the U.S.

Pre-departure Orientation Program
Today we plan to
  • Introduction
  • Preparing to go to the U.S.
  • Traveling to the U.S.
  • Lunch
  • Academic Life in the U.S.
  • Social Life in the U.S.

Pre-departure Orientation Program
Today we plan to
  • Introduction
  • Preparing to go to the U.S.
  • Traveling to the U.S.
  • Lunch
  • Academic Life in the U.S.
  • Social Life in the U.S.
  • Culture Shock and what to do about it

Pre-departure Orientation Program
Today we plan to
  • Introduction
  • Preparing to go to the U.S.
  • Traveling to the U.S.
  • Lunch
  • Academic Life in the U.S.
  • Social Life in the U.S.
  • Culture Shock and what to do about it
  • Question Answer Session

Pre-departure Orientation Program
USEFP Who are we?
Bi-national commission with 4 Pakistanis
appointed by the Secretary, Ministry of Education
and 4 U.S. citizens appointed by the U.S.
Ambassador Runs Fulbright and other
programs Recruits, selects, supports program
grantees, and administers the program in
Pakistan. Funded by both the U.S. and Pakistan
Pre-departure Orientation Program
Preparations to go to U.S.
While you are in Pakistan
Pre-departure Orientation Program
Orient yourself to your host institution
  • Read everything on the web page
  • Email your host institution about questions
  • Learn about the city and area in which it is
  • Contact previous program grantees from Pakistan
    who went to your university
  • Contact University Alumni

Pre-departure Orientation Program
Visa Process
  • This doesnt need to be difficult, but it takes
  • Dept. of State sends us the DS 2019
  • We double check all information
  • You fill out a visa application
  • We send it to the American Embassy in Pakistan

Pre-departure Orientation Program
Visa Process
  • Consular Affairs reviews it here
  • Consular Affairs also checks with central
    computer in Washington
  • Consular Affairs calls you for an interview
  • Tell them the absolute truth
  • You go to the interview with whatever they
  • You wait a while, and then

Pre-departure Orientation Program
You get your visa!
Pre-departure Orientation Program
  • Pakistani passport current through U.S. stay
  • Birth and marriage certificates
  • Academic documents - certified transcripts
  • Certificates of immunization and vaccination
  • Medical and dental records
  • Prescriptions for medications and eyeglasses
  • Contact information

Pre-departure Orientation Program
  • DS 20 19
  • Translations of any certificates not in English
  • U.S. Visa
  • Information about where to go in U.S.

Pre-departure Orientation Program
Financial Arrangements
  • Determine what grant covers
  • Extra for Books, Emergencies, Settling in
  • Clothes, especially in colder areas of U.S.
  • Phone calls to Pakistan
  • Travel
  • Culture
  • Uncovered medical care

Pre-departure Orientation Program
Packing your carryon
  • Essential documents
  • Medicines
  • Extra glasses
  • Laptop, if you take one
  • Two sets of clothes, plus extra underwear and
  • Take an Urdu- English pocket dictionary
  • Camera

Pre-departure Orientation Program
Packing your luggage
  • Good Urdu- English dictionary
  • Papers, journals, books critical for work
  • Decide on whether or not to wear American clothes
  • Male scholars/lecturers should bring a suit and
    tie for special events or presentations
  • Things to remind you of home
  • A few holiday items
  • Small gifts

Pre-departure Orientation Program
Do not bring
  • Electrical 220V Appliances
  • Anything irreplaceable
  • Common things you can buy in the U.S.
  • Books you can get in libraries or bookstores
  • Non-prescription drugs
  • Food, seeds, or plants
  • Animals
  • Firearms or knives
  • Anything made from an endangered species

Pre-departure Orientation Program
Contact USEFP
  • To check status of DS 2019
  • To ask questions
  • To see if there is anything new you should know
  • Please do not call every day. As much as we would
    like to chat, we wouldnt get anything done

Pre-departure Orientation Program
Traveling to the U.S.
Pre-departure Orientation Program
  • Once you have your visa, USEFP staff will arrange
    a ticket to the U.S.
  • Plan to arrive well before the start of classes
    to allow time to settle in
  • Fly America policy
  • Economy fare
  • Reasonably direct route

Pre-departure Orientation Program
Check before you leave
  • Telephone your contact in the U.S.
  • Confirm your date of arrival in U.S. and on
  • Confirm if someone is to meet you at the airport
  • Confirm telephone numbers
  • Confirm backup plan

Pre-departure Orientation Program
Boarding the Plane
  • Limit carryon to what is allowed
  • Checked luggage will not be available en route
  • You will be searched and scanned before going on
    to the plane dont take it personally.
  • Dress comfortably and wear comfortable shoes
  • Check the weather for your arrival in the U.S.

Pre-departure Orientation Program
Arriving in the U.S.
  • Before landing, you will fill out information
    cards. Be accurate.
  • Ditch any fruit you have forgotten in hand
  • As you go in, queue in the line for Non-U.S.
  • At the desk, an official will ask you a few
    questions. Answer accurately but briefly.
  • Everyone will be fingerprinted and photographed.

Pre-departure Orientation Program
Arriving in the U.S. ( cont)
  • Most of you will go on from here to collect your
  • For every planeload, immigration officials will
    ask a few people to step into an office for more
    questions. It may be random, or they may have a
    question about your documents.
  • Dont panic or get defensive, just go with the
    flow. Such hold ups are usually random or a
    computer glitch, so just be comfortable and wait
    it out. It could take a few minutes to a few
    hours. All countries have bureaucracies.
  • Never try to bribe a government official.
  • .

Pre-departure Orientation Program
What to expect
htm .
Pre-departure Orientation Program
When you are en route by air
Airline or ship representatives will give you a
white Form I-94 (if you are a visa holder) or
green Form I-94W (if you are a Visa Waiver
Program traveler) to fill out before you arrive
in the United States. Land border travelers will
receive their Form I-94 upon arrival at a port of
Pre-departure Orientation Program
When you arrive in the United States
  • A Customs and Border Protection officer will
    guide you through the inspection process. Have
    your travel documents ready, such as your
    passport and Form I-94 or Form I-94W
  • The officer will review your travel documents and
    ask you questions, such as why you are visiting
    and how long you will stay.

Pre-departure Orientation Program
When you arrive in the United States
  • The officer will scan your fingerprints and take
    your photograph with a digital camera.
  • The officer will tell you when you have completed
    the process.

Pre-departure Orientation Program
  • Likely to be your biggest problem
  • After Immigration, pick up your bags and take
    them through customs at your port of entry to
    the U.S.
  • Dogs may check baggage for fruit, food, or
    drugs. Just stand still, they wont bite.
  • Customs will probably search your bags
  • If they damage anything in the search, ask for
    a receipt
  • If flying onward, be sure to recheck your bags
    after immigration
  • If your bags are not there, file a baggage claim
    with the airline immediately

Pre-departure Orientation Program
  • Customs will probably search your bags
  • If they damage anything in the search, ask for
    a receipt
  • If flying onward, be sure to recheck your bags
    after immigration
  • If your bags are not there, file a baggage claim
    with the airline immediately

Pre-departure Orientation Program
Flying onward in the U.S.
  • Go through more security
  • Check laptops separately
  • Take off belts, shoes
  • Take off coats and jackets
  • Security people try to be sensitive

Pre-departure Orientation Program
When you arrive at your destination
Pre-departure Orientation Program
Social Life in the U.S.
Pre-departure Orientation Program
  • Get a map and find your way around the campus
  • Attend orientation at your school for
    international students
  • Attend orientation for all new members of your
  • Try to make friends with several people
  • Ask questions
  • Keep your sense of humor

Pre-departure Orientation Program
  • Find a good grocery
  • If important to you, find a halal or kosher
  • Try lots of American foods
  • In many cities, can find a South Asian store

Pre-departure Orientation Program
Greeting People
  • Most people shake hands
  • Women often do kiss to greet, especially in the
  • Men do not usually kiss men (on cheek) to greet
  • People of same sex usually dont hold hands
  • People of opposite sex usually just shake hands
    until they know each other fairly well
  • Safer to use a formal honorific until person
    asks you to use first name
  • Safer to use formal honorific with subordinates

Pre-departure Orientation Program
Meeting families
  • Always good to respect elders
  • Address with honorific until asked to use first
  • Parts of U.S., very much older non-relatives
    sometimes addressed as Miss and first name or
    as Aunt or Uncle
  • Talk about your family
  • Should know that cousin marriage is illegal in
    many states

Pre-departure Orientation Program
  • Only unmarried people date
  • Often just friends
  • Make no assumptions
  • Treat someone elses sister with the respect
    that you would want someone to treat yours

Pre-departure Orientation Program
Intimate relations
  • Usually between people in a long-term
  • No means no at every step
  • Be very careful. Laws in U.S. very serious
  • Take medical precautions
  • People will judge you by the way you deal with
    people of the opposite sex

Pre-departure Orientation Program
Plan for medical emergencies
  • Find location of health unit on campus
  • Make plan for routine health care and treatment
  • Find location of drug store
  • Find location of nearest emergency room

Pre-departure Orientation Program
In an emergency
  • Call 911
  • Describe emergency
  • Ask for police, fire, ambulance, poison unit
  • Stay on line until help arrives

Pre-departure Orientation Program
Safety precautions
  • Carry only minimal cash with you.
  • Pickpockets are active all over the world be
    careful in airports.
  • Take measures to secure your home.
  • Keep passport and valuables hidden.
  • Always lock your doors and windows!
  • Whenever possible, travel in groups.
  • Stay in well-lit, populated areas

Pre-departure Orientation Program
Safety precautions (cont)
  • Most colleges have a service operating at night
    to escort students between campus buildings and
    home. Use it.
  • If lost or confused, remain confident, calm and
    seek help immediately.
  • Call the police
  • Emergency telephone number 911

Pre-departure Orientation Program
Academic Life in the U.S.
Pre-departure Orientation Program
Many things are the same.
  • Professors lecture, mostly
  • Students listen, mostly
  • Professors give assignments for readings
  • Students compete for grades

Pre-departure Orientation Program
Some things are different
  • Professor/student relations are less formal
  • Classes probably have more discussion
  • Students are more forthright
  • More grading mechanisms
  • Students also rate professors

Pre-departure Orientation Program
Colleges expect students to
  • Attend class regularly and on time
  • Do the reading ahead of time
  • Turn in assignments on time
  • Write academic papers with a standard style,
    footnotes and citations
  • Participate in class
  • Respect the rights and opinions of others in

Pre-departure Orientation Program
Colleges expect instructors to....
  • Teach all scheduled classes
  • Plan for questions/interaction with students
  • Take student questions/opinions seriously
  • Encourage respect for divergent viewpoints
  • Stay after class to answer questions
  • Keep regular scheduled office hours
  • Grade papers and assignments in a timely manner
  • Keep professor/student relationship
  • Treat all students fairly

Pre-departure Orientation Program
Dont be fooled by the casual atmosphere
  • Many university campuses are very competitive
  • Fewer regulations, but very serious about the
    ones they have
  • People are responsible for their actions
  • Most graduate students are very serious about
    their work
  • Professors are very serious about their work

Pre-departure Orientation Program
Grading System
  • Passing grade is typically on a scale of A to
    D F is failing. Graduate students are
    expected to maintain a B average. May also be a
    grade-point scale from 0 to 4.0 or Pass/Fail
  • Credit and course load requirements vary. Make
    sure you are aware of the policies of your

Pre-departure Orientation Program
College Offices you will encounter
  • International Office
  • Academic Advisor - sets up course schedule to
    complete your major on time
  • Secretaries and Administrative Assistants will
    provide answers to your general questions
  • Registrar to register, add, or drop courses.
  • Finance Officer - to pay tuition, fees, other
    financial issues

Pre-departure Orientation Program
Professor and student interaction
  • The code of social behavior between the student
    and professor is not as precisely defined in the
    U.S. as in other countries.
  • Always address teachers as either Professor or
    Doctor unless otherwise instructed.
  • Do not be shocked if some students call their
    teachers by first name. This is especially common
    among graduate students.
  • Professors usually hold office hours for
    consultation take advantage of it!

Pre-departure Orientation Program
In the classroom
  • It is important to participate actively in the
    following classroom activities and come prepared
    everyday. Professors will grade you on
  • Vocal participation
  • Oral presentations
  • Group projects
  • Research papers
  • Midterms
  • Interactive setting/seminar format

Pre-departure Orientation Program
College library services
  • Worldwide newspapers and periodicals
  • CD-ROM references
  • Copy machines
  • Printers
  • Computers for internet browsing
  • Computers for library database searching
  • Check for orientation and your particular
    librarys features and offerings

Pre-departure Orientation Program
College access and availability
  • Locate the computer lab at school. It is
    generally free but has limited hours.
  • Visit internet cafés. There is a wide range of
    places that offer access at varying costs.
  • Access the internet from public libraries.
  • Local libraries have free facilities but may
    require advanced reservations.
  • To access the internet at home you must have a
    landline phone or a wireless connection.
  • Services and costs vary.

Pre-departure Orientation Program
What are colleges strict about?
  • Illegal drugs
  • Any type of interpersonal violence
  • Attending class
  • Safety
  • Discrimination
  • Sexual harassment
  • Plagiarism

Pre-departure Orientation Program
  • Worst academic sin
  • Basically, taking credit for someone elses work
  • Cannot copy on tests
  • Cannot copy ideas without citation
  • Cannot copy more than six words in a row without
  • Cannot get someone else to write your papers
  • Usually automatic dismissal from program

Pre-departure Orientation Program
Plagiarism - Magied Alsqoor from Saudi Arabia at
St. Cloud State University States
I think people in Saudi Arabia are very close to
each other and so we grow up helping each other.
Its a good thing, but it becomes a problem for
Saudis in the U.S. We often get out of an exam
and share questions with others and we think its
a common thing because we grow up in a society
that tells us to share things and wish the best
for your friends. In Saudi Arabia, your
accomplishments are not recorded by your name,
but by your tribe or family. For instance, when a
guy from Najran succeeds, its considered as a
success for the whole city. In the U.S. this is
not the case.
Pre-departure Orientation Program
Plagiarism How to deal with it?
  • Before beginning classes, it is a good idea to
    search the website of the institution one wishes
    to attend in order to locate and familiarize
    oneself with academic expectations.
  • After arrival, one should be able to find many
    resources exist at the university for helping
    students to avoid plagiarism. If unsure of how to
    properly use citation styles, seek assistance
    from a professor, librarian or writing center
    staff (if applicable).
  • If cultural values seem to pose a challenge,
    speak with the international student advisor or a
    leader of the international student community who
    is mature enough to provide cultural insights.

Pre-departure Orientation Program
Gender issues sexual harassment
  • Sexual harassment is a form of gender
    discrimination that involves unacceptable sexual
    advances, requests for sexual favors, and other
    verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature,
    that is not welcomed by the recipient.
  • Sexual harassment violates acceptable standards
    and can occur anywhere

Pre-departure Orientation Program
Forms of sexual harassment
  • Verbal
  • Profanity - obscene or degrading terms for men or
    woman and inappropriate use of terms of
  • Obscene jokes, cat calls, or sexual overtones
  • Spreading rumors about a persons sex life
  • Sexually-oriented remarks about a persons
    clothing or body
  • Persistent requests for dates

Pre-departure Orientation Program
Sexual harassment (cont)
  • Non-verbal
  • Gestures made with intentional sexual overtones
  • Staring, leering, blowing kisses
  • Leaving sexually suggestive notes, magazines, or
  • Physical
  • Unsolicited or unwanted touching of any part of
    clothing or body
  • Cornering or blocking
  • Stalking or following
  • Attacking

Pre-departure Orientation Program
Race/color discrimination
  • Race/ color is discrimination associated with any
    distinction, exclusion restriction or preference
    based on race, color, national or ethnic origin
    with the purpose of impairing the enjoyment of
    the equality of human race. The Civil Rights Act
    of 1964 outlaws racial discriminatory practices
    of any kind.

Pre-departure Orientation Program
Race/color discrimination (cont.)
  • Forms of Harassment
  • Ethnic slurs or racial jokes, offensive comments
  • Physical contact
  • Physical isolation from certain positions
  • Racial discrimination harms not only those who
    are its objects but also those who practice it.

Pre-departure Orientation Program
Living in the U.S.
Pre-departure Orientation Program
Dos and Donts
  • Dont assume Americans know anything about your
    home country.
  • Dont smoke in public places unless otherwise
  • Always place your trash in a garbage basket or
    dumpster. Dont litter.
  • Dont assume that nonverbal cues have the same
    meanings that they have at home.

Pre-departure Orientation Program
Time management
  • Youll have to do a lot of things in a week that
    maybe you havent had to do before. Budget time
    for classes and studying but also for
    daily/weekly chores cooking, cleaning, laundry.
  • Leave time in your schedule for cultural events
    and entertainment!

Pre-departure Orientation Program
Challenges of adjusting to a new environment
  • U.S. regional accents vary, give yourself time to
    adjust to the local accent.
  • Speak slowly at first for others to understand
    your accent do not be shy ask others to speak
  • Take American humor, wit and sarcasm as a mark of
    friendliness rather than disrespect.
  • Simply ask the meaning of a word or abbreviation
    that you do not understand, like Poli Sci for
    political science or TA for teaching assistant.

Pre-departure Orientation Program
Whats up with culture?
Start by acknowledging that
  • a. they have a culture
  • b. you have a culture
  • c. some things in their culture will be similar
    (or may seem
  • familiar) to yours
  • d. some things will be different (maybe in ways
    you cant even imagine!)
  • e. one of your main jobs while abroad is to
    figure out for the new culture
  • what those differences are
  • where they come from
  • what they mean
  • and how you are going to respond when conflict or
    misunderstandings arise.

General Culture
  • the general principals upon which cultures
    organize themselves
  • the general categories of a wide range of
    behaviors and world views
  • the ways cultures express their ideas and values
  • how to improve intercultural communication
  • how to learn another culture
  • how to successfully and effectively cross
    cultural boundaries and return home

Look out for
  • a.     ethnocentrism- rests upon the assumption
    that the worldview of one's own culture is
    central to all reality. 
  • b.     naive realism- belief that everyone else
    in the world sees the world (or should!) and
    interprets events as they do.
  • c.      stereotyping- Ethnocentrism is often
    accompanied by stereotyping, a strong tendency to
    characterize people of other cultures unfairly,
    collectively, and often negatively.

Universal, Cultural, or Personal?
  • Universal refers to ways in which all people in
    all groups are the same
  • Cultural refers to what a particular group of
    people have in common with each other and how
    they are different from every other group
  • Personal describes the ways in which each one of
    us is different from everyone else, including
    those in our group. 

Which is it?
  • Sleeping with a bedroom window open
  • Running from a dangerous animal
  • Considering snakes to be "evil"
  • Men opening doors for women
  • Respecting older people
  • Liking spicy food
  • Preferring playing soccer to reading a book
  • Eating regularly
  • Eating with knife, fork, and spoon
  • Being wary of strangers
  • Calling a waiter with a hissing sound
  • Regretting being the cause of an accident
  • Feeling sad at the death of your mother
  • Wearing white mourning robes for 30 days after
    the death of your mother
  • Not liking to wear mourning clothes for 30 days
    after the death of your mother

American Culture Values
  • Individuality
  • Privacy
  • Equality
  • Time
  • Informality
  • Achievement hard work/play
  • Direct Assertive
  • Looking to the future change

Pre-departure Orientation Program
Pre-departure Orientation Program
Some Sources of American Values
  • ProtestantismA strong work ethic (work is
    intrinsically good) and the notion of
    predestination (salvation is apparent through
    worldly success)
  • American Geography The frontier, unlimited
    resources and opportunity, isolation, sparse
    population, distance from Europe

Sources of American Values (continued)
  • Escape from Oppression From religious and
    economic repression and rigid class system and
    social stratification
  • The Nature of the American Immigrant Out of the
    mainstream in home country, dissatisfied with lot
    in life, willing to take risks, adventuresome

What U.S. expressions reveal about American values
  • ExampleHe thinks he's better than so and
    so.She's always putting on airs.That person
    should be cut down to size.It's gone to his
  • Value/belief Egalitarianism

Possible answers
  • Optimism
  • Self-reliance
  • Experimentation
  • Directness
  • Self-determination
  • Emphasis on accomplishment
  • Dont judge by appearances
  • Doing over talking
  • Egalitarianism

  • Talk is cheap.
  • Put your money where your mouth is.
  • He's all talk and no action. 
  • Value/belief

  • 4. She's always beating around the bush.
  • 5. Tell it like it is.
  • 6. Straight talk, straight answer, straight
    shooter that's what we need.
  • Value/belief

  • 7. She did something with her life.
  • 8. Nice guys finish last. 
  • Value/belief

  • 9. Every cloud has a silver lining.
  • 10. Look on the bright side.
  • 11. Tomorrow is another day.
  • Value/belief

  • 12. Where there's a will there's a way.   
  • Value/belief
  • 13. Stand on your own two feet.
  • Value/belief

  • 14. Don't judge a book by its cover. 
  • 15. All that glitters isn't gold. 
  • Value/belief
  • 16. Nothing ventured, nothing gained.
  • Value/belief

Non-verbal Communication
  • Touch - All cultures have rules dealing with who,
    how, why, when, and under what circumstances
    people may engage in physical contact.

  • Eye Contact Americans depend on direct eye
    contact as a sign of active listening and, often,
    sincerity and honesty. Without such connection
    they may feel that they are "out of contact" with
    the other person.

  • Gestures Gestures may parallel speech or be
    employed independently as commands, commentary,
    or even to deliver contradictory signals. All
    cultures use expressive gestures, but they range
    from the very subtle to the grandiloquent and

  • Personal Space All human beings are territorial
    to some degree and, although personal space is
    always context-sensitive and variable, group
    norms exist for all cultures. The size of our
    specific space is unconsciously acquired in
    early childhood. For US-Americans, the optimal
    distance for normal social conversation can
    roughly by measured by standing face-to-face with
    an individual, extending your arm, and sticking
    your thumb into the persons ear (Yeah, really,
    try it and see! But tell them what you are doing

  • Timing matters (regulators) All cultures have
    well-established patterns that they see as
    important to maintain a correct flow in a
    conversation. This can be very subtle, but when
    people are "out of sync," severe dislocation and
    miscommunication can occur. All this hinges on
    "timing." When they are excited, US-Americans
    are quick to interrupt another speaker, and often
    use a relatively direct communication style.

  • Honorifics What titles are used to address
    people? When are first names appropriate (if
    ever)? What difference does status make in using
  • Greeting Rituals How long is an appropriate
    greeting? Are compliments fitting? Are different
    status people greeted differently? What physical
    behavior (e.g., handshakinghow often, other
    touching, if any) is expected? Learning and using
    the proper form of greeting goes a long way to
    make a positive first impression.

  • Time Language When is "late"? Are there cultural
    differences in what might be an appropriate
    reason to be late? When can a party or dinner
    scheduled for 800 pm reasonably (by local
    standards) be expected to begin?

Culture Shock
  • The greater the cultural, political, economic,
    social, and religious contrasts between the home
    and host countries, the greater the likelihood of
    culture shock.
  • Additionally, the degree of cultural immersion
    (or cultural isolation) the student experiences
    while overseas plays a major role in their
    positive or negative evaluation of their host

Common Reactions
  • Culture "Surprise" Usually occurs early in
    "honeymoon" phase of adjustment.
  • Culture "Stress" A mild response to "stimulus
    overload." One becomes tired and withdrawn.
    Annoyance builds as daily reality becomes more
  • Culture "Irritation" Often manifests itself in
    terms of Item Irritation and is usually
    traceable to a few observable behaviors that are
    common in the culture, and to which an individual
    reacts particularly strongly (a personal hot

  • Culture "Fatigue" A fairly short-term response
    to "stimulus overload." This occurs when you
    begin to respond to the behavior of the "new"
    culture and are stressed by trying to deal with
    lots of new cultural information all at once.
    Stress and irritation intensify as you attempt to
    study or work in a foreign environment. There is
    a cumulatively greater impact due to the "need to
    operate" in unfamiliar and difficult contexts.
    Symptoms intensify. Ability to function declines.
    It can occur soon after arrival or within a few
  • Culture "Shock" Culture Shock comes from the
    natural contradiction between our accustomed
    patterns of behavior and the psychological
    conflict of attempting to maintain them in the
    new cultural environment. While the time of onset
    is variable, it usually occurs within a few
    months of entering a new culture and is a normal,
    healthy psychological reaction. While culture
    shock is common, relief is available.

Symptoms of Culture Shock
  • Extreme homesickness
  • Feelings of helplessness/dependency
  • Disorientation and isolation
  • Depression and sadness
  • Hyper-irritability, may include inappropriate
    anger and hostility
  • Sleep and eating disturbances (too little or too
  • Excessive critical reactions to host
  • Hypochondria
  • Excessive drinking
  • Recreational drug dependency
  • Extreme concerns over sanitation, safety (even
    paranoia), and being taken advantage of
  • Loss of focus and ability to complete tasks

Stages of Culture Shock
  • Arrival/Honeymoon
  • Deepening Culture Shock
  • Moving On and Adapting

Prescription for Culture Shock
  • Understand symptoms and recognize signs of
    "culture fatigue" and culture shock.
  • Realize that some degree of discomfort and stress
    is natural in a cross-cultural experience.
  • Recognize that your reactions are often emotional
    and not always (or easily) subject to rational
  • Gather information so at least the cultural
    differences will seem understandable, if not
    natural. Look below the surface.
  • Look for the logical reasons behind host culture
    patterns. They "fit" the culturediscover why!
  • Relax your grip on your normal culture and try to
    cheerfully adapt to new rules and roles.
  • Don't give in to the temptation to disparage what
    you do not like or understand.  
  • Identify a support network among host nationals,
    teachers, fellow students, etc. Use it, but don't
    rely upon it exclusively. 
  • Understand that any "cultural clash" will likely
    be temporary.
  • Give yourself "quiet time," some private space,
    and don't be too hard on yourself when things are
    not going perfectly.

Ten Transition Tips
  • Before You Go
  • 1. Know Your Destination!
  • 2. Prepare to be Understood and to Understand!
  • 3. Learn the Language!
  • 4. Learn Why Culture Matters!

  • Once You Arrive Overseas
  • 5. Get the Logistical and Practical Arrangements
  • 6. Find a Mentor
  • 7. Stay Curious!
  • 8. Watch for Culture Shock!
  • 9. Keep a Journal
  • 10. Chill Out!

When you finish your program
  • Your grant is given to you on the understanding
    that you will return to and begin serving
    Pakistan as soon as your degree is finished.
  • No visa extensions (except in serious emergencies)

Pre-departure Orientation Program
Returning home
  • You are required by law to depart within 30 days
    of completing your program.
  • USEFP will work with you to arrange your travel.
  • If you have any trouble finding a work placement,
    USEFP will work on that with you too.

Pre-departure Orientation Program
If you follow general guidelines, youll have a
wonderful time. Enjoy it!
Pre-departure Orientation Program