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Internationalization of Education and the Fulbright Program


Internationalization of Education and the Fulbright Program Dr. Julia Stefanova, Executive Director, Bulgarian-American Fulbright Commission – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Internationalization of Education and the Fulbright Program

Internationalization of Educationand the
Fulbright Program
  • Dr. Julia Stefanova,
  • Executive Director,
  • Bulgarian-American Fulbright Commission

The Importance of Being Earnestabout Education
  • Education in the 21st century is the strategic
    driver of progress based on the knowledge
  • Education in the 21st century is a sine qua non
    of prosperity
  • Education is an element of happiness health,
    peace and competence (Pope) love, peace and
    software (Forbes)
  • A little learning is a dangerous thing (Pope).

The New Profile of the Educated Person in the
21st Century
  • Diverse knowledgeCreativity and innovative
  • Communication and intercultural skills global
  • Ability to tackle unpredictability, uncertainty,
    ambiguity, non-linearity, complexity, risk
  • Ability to manage delayered organizations and

Globalization and Internationalization
  • Globalization involves changes in the economic,
    social, political, and cultural environment
    brought about by global competition, the
    integration of markets, increasingly dense
    communication networks, information flows and
  • Internationalization is a conscious process, a
    set of policies by which institutions foster
    global learning a way to control globalization
    and mitigate its negative effects.
  • Global learning the knowledge, skills and
    attitudes that students acquire through a variety
    of experiences that enable them to understand
    world cultures and events to analyze global
    systems to appreciate cultural differences to
    apply this knowledge to their lives as citizens
    and workers.
  • Reichert, S. and Wachter, B. 2000. The
    Globalization of Education and Training
    Recommendations For a Coherent Response of the
    European Union. Brussels European Commission.

What Does Internationalization of Education
  • A process of integrating an international
    intercultural or global dimension into the
    purpose, functions, or delivery of postsecondary
    education the process by which institutions
    foster global learning.

Olson, Christa L. Green, Madeleine, and Hill,
Barbara, 2006. A Handbook for Advancing
Comprehensive Internationalization What
Institutions Can Do and What Students Should
Learn. Global Learning for All The Third in a
Series of Working Papers on Internationalizing
Higher Education in The United States. American
Council on Education. Washington, D.C.
What Can International Education
  • The essence of intercultural education is
    the acquisition of empathy the ability to see
    the world as others see it, and to allow for the
    possibility that others may see something we have
    failed to see or may see it more accurately. The
    simple purpose of the exchange programs is to
    erode the culturally rooted mistrust that sets
    nations against one another. The exchange program
    is not a panacea but an avenue of hope.
  • J.W. Fulbright, The Price of Empire

Elements of Internationalization in University
  • Awareness of the importance of internationalizatio
    n by the central administration and faculty
    mission and vision statements, strategic plans
    and goals specifically including
  • Education/study abroad programs
  • Curricular integration with study abroad
  • Academic and research programs offered through
    partnerships and linkages with international
    universities double and joint degrees.


Elements of Internationalization in University
  • Recruitment and active academic and co-curricular
    involvement of international students and
    scholars in all disciplines
  • Courses with components supporting global
  • Increased foreign language requirements in degree
    programs and fluency of faculty and students
  • Service learning programs for credit toward
  • Institutional investment in faculty involved in
  • Organizational and administrative infrastructure
    of support for internationalizing elements.

Elements of Internationalization in University
  • Incorporation of international activities in the
    promotion of faculty
  • External financial support for faculty and
    students in international activities
  • Connecting the above discrete internationalizing
    elements to achieve synergistic effects, e.g.
    international agreements leading to study abroad
    , double/joint degrees student and faculty
    exchanges joint research projects etc.

Yopp, John, University of Kentucky,Lexington,2008.
Internationalization Strategies of Institutions
of Higher Education in the United States and
Their Impact on Trans-Atlantic Student Exchange
and Institutional Cooperation, 2008
  • Time-distance
  • Ease of access
  • Ability to send/receive communication any time
  • Mobility-related exclusion

Academic Mobility
  • Faculty mobility teaching, research, scientific
    and professional fora, institutional exchanges,
    associations (ACA, Professors across Borders)
  • Student mobility
  • forms degree/non-degree inbound/outbound
  • purpose study (degree/non-degree programs
    internships summer schools service learning
    language training) search for better quality.

Global Mobility
  • Fourfold increase of degree mobility since the
    late 1970s and early 1980s 3 mln increase in
    less than 35 years Europes share 50US share
  • Credit mobility statistics is unknown
  • Foreign students in Europe 704 000
  • Foreign students in the US 671 000.

Foreign Students in some EU Countries in AY
  • UK 460 000
  • Germany 259 000
  • France 247 000
  • Italy 57 000
  • Spain 60 000
  • Poland 13 000
  • Bulgaria 10 034.

BG Students in Europe
  • Austria about 4000 (AY 2009-2010)
  • UK 3636 (AY 2009-2010)
  • Germany about 10 000 (AY 2008-2009)
  • France over 3000 (AY 2009-2010)
  • Spain over 200 (AY 2009-2010)

The Role of the Fulbright Program in
Internationalizing Education
  • Mission
  • Promote mutual understanding and cultural empathy
    through exchange of education, knowledge, skills
    and values
  • Prestige, potential, achievements
  • Flagship US and international program of
    academic exchange established in 1946
  • Programs Core Fulbright US and foreign graduate
    student, scholar and teacher exchanges Fulbright
    Specialist Program, New Century Scholars
    Fulbright-Hays Summer Seminars US Studies
    Institutes ETA and FLTA programs Fulbright
    Science and Technology Award
  • Over 300,000 alumni from 140 countries
  • 18 heads of state 20 Ministers of Foreign
    affairs 1UN Secretary General 1 NATO Secretary
    General 1 walked on the Moon 36 Nobel prize
    winners 60 Pulitzer prize winners1 Olympic gold
    medalist, etc.

The Fulbright Program in Bulgaria
  • Administered by the Bulgarian-American Commission
    of Educational Exchange established in 1993 by a
    bilateral agreement between the governments of
    the US and the Republic of Bulgaria
  • Programs in Bulgaria core student and scholar
    program senior specialist program ETA program
    Fulbright-Hays Summer seminars Hubert Humphrey
    fellowship New Century Scholars Science and
    Technology Award Fulbright-Oklahoma MBA
    scholarship Fulbright-Thanks to Scandinavia
    scholarship Fulbright-CEE Trust research award
  • Supplemental activities advising and outreach
    language training, paper-based and computer-based
    testing (SAT, GMAT, GRE, LSAT,CFA, EPSO etc)
    biennial conferences, seminars, workshops
    binational and regional projects FISI
  • Fulbright  alumni by 2010 907 ( 479 Bulgarians
    and 428 Americans).

US Grantees and Alumni by Home State
Over 30
Between 10-30
Less than 10
US Grantees and Alumni by Host City
Svishtov -
Pravets -
Chelopech -
Karnobat -
Over 30
Between 10-30
Less than 10
Bulgarian Grantees and Alumni by Host US State
Over 30
Between 10-30
Less than 10
Bulgarian Grantees and Alumni by Home
Asenovgrad Balchik Bansko Blagoevgrad Botevgrad Bo
urgas Cherven Bryag Dobrich Dolna
Oryahovitsa Gabrovo Haskovo Karnare Kardzhali Kaza
nlak Kyustendil Lovech Montana Nova Zagora
Ognyanovo Pazardjik Pernik Pleven Plovdiv Pravets
Rousse Sandanski Shoumen Simitli Sofia Stara
Zagora Varna Veliko Turnovo Vidin Vratsa Yambol
Over 30
Between 10-30
Less than 10
Fulbright International Summer Institute (FISI)
  • FISI is an academic and cultural program created
    by the Bulgarian-American Fulbright Commission in
  • FISI offers one- or two-week intensive courses in
    a wide variety of subject areas politics and
    international relations business and economics
    law, communication, education, science, social
    studies, art, culture and Bulgarian studies.
  • All courses are taught in English by
    distinguished Bulgarian, European and American
    professors, most of whom are Fulbright grantees
    or alumni.

FISI Goals and Results
  • Promotes the Fulbright idea of mutual
    understanding through academic exchange and
    cultural empathy
  • Helps US Fulbrighters adjust to the Bulgarian
    educational and cultural environment
  • Promotes international education
  • Provides unique opportunities for intercultural
    and interpersonal communication
  • Exposes FISI students to diverse educational
    models and philosophies, and up-to-date teaching
    methods and techniques
  • Offers interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary
    courses that are not taught in most universities,
    especially in Bulgaria
  • Creates unique opportunities for communication
    among students and faculty
  • Offers opportunities for FISI students to
    practice and improve  their English
  • Gives Bulgarian and foreign instructors the great
    opportunity to teach a highly motivated and
    diverse student audience
  • Brings together students from Bulgaria and the
    Balkan region and creates conditions for unbiased
    positive contacts and friendship
  • Promotes Bulgaria, its people, beautiful nature,
    rich history and culture.

FISI Facts and Figures
  • Since 2002 FISI has hosted 393 participants from
    31 countries (plus 100 participants from 19
    countries expected to attend FISI 2010)
  • (Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium,
    Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Croatia, Czech
    Republic, Georgia, Italy, Kazakhstan, Lebanon,
    Macedonia, Moldova, Pakistan, Poland, Portugal,
    Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovak Republic,
    Slovenia, South Africa, Turkey, UK, Ukraine, USA,
  • Since 2002 FISI has hosted 66 lecturers from 35
    institutions (plus 24 lecturers expected to teach
    at FISI 2010)
  • (Academic Training Association, American
    Research Center in Sofia, American University in
    Bulgaria, Arizona State University, Bulgarian
    Academy of Sciences, Bulgarian National Radio,
    Cleveland State University, Common Cause
    Foundation, Florida Atlantic University, George
    Washington University, Gettysburg College,
    Graceland University, Harvard University, Hewlett
    Packard Bulgaria, Indiana University, Media
    Development Center, National Academy of Arts,
    National Library "St.St. Cyril and Methodius",
    New Bulgarian University, Northwest Vista
    College, Phelps Dunbar LLP, Sofia University St.
    Kliment Ohridski, Technical University of Sofia,
    TV 7, UC Berkeley, University of British
    Columbia, University of Dayton, University of
    Delaware, University of Hull, University of
    Lincoln, University of Michigan, University of
    Minnesota, University of National and World
    Economy, University of North Dakota, University
    of Tennessee)

FISI 2010 Program
  • Course 01 International Investing Opportunities
    and Risks
  • Lecturer Prof. Dr. Chenchu Bathala, Cleveland
    State University, Cleveland, OH, USA
  • Course 02 Negotiation and Conflict Resolution
  • Lecturer Prof. George Siedel, University of
    Michigan, Ross School of Business, Ann Arbor, MI,
  • Course 03 Perspectives on Public Diplomacy and
    Foreign Policy
  • Lecturer Prof. Dr. Charles Gliozzo, Michigan
    State University, East Lansing, MI, USA
  • Course 04 Development Struggles in a Globalized
    World The Political Economy of Asia, Africa,
    Latin America and
  • the Middle East
  • Lecturer Dr. Ivani Vassoler-Froelich, State
    University of New York, Fredonia, NY, USA
  • Course 05 American Foreign Policy and the
    International System in the Era of Globalization
  • Lecturer Prof. Dr. Mark Kramer, Harvard
    University, Cambridge, MA, USA
  • Course 06 Peace and Conflict Resolution in the
    21st Century
  • Lecturer Dr. Syed Hussain Shaheed Soherwordi,
    University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
  • Course 07 Logic in the Continental Tradition
  • Lecturer Assoc. Prof. Dr. Alexander Gungov,
    Sofia University St. Kliment Ohridski, Sofia,
  • Course 08 Seeing Films Philosophically
  • Lecturer Dr. Costica Bradatan, Texas Tech
    University, Lubbock, TX, USA
  • Course 09 The Philosophical Issues of the XXI
    Century (in Bulgarian)
  • Lecturers Assoc. Prof. Dr. Lidia Denkova and
    Prof. Dr. Hristo Todorov, New Bulgarian
    University, Sofia, Bulgaria

Fulbright International Summer Institutewww.fisi-
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  • International educational exchange is the most
    significant current project designed to continue
    the process of humanizing mankind to the point,
    we would hope, that man can learn to live in
    peace eventually even to cooperate in
    constructive activities rather than compete in a
    mindless contest of mutual destruction
  • We must try to expand the boundaries of human
    wisdom, empathy and perception, and there is no
    way of doing that except through education.