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Darfur Genocide

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Darfur Genocide Never Again, Again? Presented by STAND Students Take Action Now: Darfur What Can You Do? Donate money to relief efforts. Fast. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Darfur Genocide


1
Darfur Genocide
  • Never Again, Again?
  • Presented by STAND
  • Students Take Action Now Darfur

2
Darfurian refugee women
3
Mother and Children in Refugee Camp
4
Refugee Camp
5
Where is Darfur?
Darfur is located in the western region of Sudan
6
What is Genocide?
  • Genocide is the systematic and planned killing of
    an entire national, racial, political, or ethnic
    group.
  • On September 9, 2004 Secretary of State Colin
    Powell said
    Genocide has been committed in Darfur and that
    the Government of Sudan and the Janjaweed bear
    responsibility -- and that genocide may still be
    occurring.

7
Genocide (cont.)
  • June 24th, 2004, for the first time in its
    history, the Committee on Conscience of the
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum declared
    a genocide emergency in the Sudan
  • On July 22, 2004 the U.S. Congress passed
    resolutions declaring Genocide in Darfur, Sudan.
  • On January 25, 2005, the United Nations
    Commission of Inquiry declared government forces
    and militias conducted indiscriminate attacks,
    including killing of civilians, torture, enforced
    disappearances, destruction of villages, rape and
    other forms of sexual violence, pillaging and
    forced displacement, throughout Darfur. These
    acts were conducted on a widespread and
    systematic basis ... The vast majority of the
    victims of all of these violations have been from
    the Fur, Zaghawa, Massalit, Jebel, Aranga and
    other so-called 'African' tribes.

8
History of the Conflict
  • Open warfare erupted in Darfur in early 2003 when
    the two loosely allied rebel groups, the Sudan
    Liberation Movement/Army (SLA) and the Justice
    and Equality Movement (JEM), attacked military
    installations. This followed closely with peace
    agreements brokered by the United States to end
    the twenty-year-old civil warlink
    BackgroundOnNorthSouth996.doc in the south of
    Sudan which allocated government positions and
    oil revenue to the rebels in the south. At that
    time, rebels in Darfur, seeking an end to the
    region's chronic economic and political
    marginalization, also took up arms to protect
    their communities against a twenty-year campaign
    by government-backed militias recruited among
    groups of Arab extraction in Darfur and Chad.

9
History (Cont.)
  • The war, which risks inflicting irreparable
    damage on a delicate ethnic balance of seven
    million people who are uniformly Muslim, is
    actually multiple intertwined conflicts. One is
    between government-aligned forces and rebels a
    second entails indiscriminate attacks of the
    government-sponsored Janjaweed militia on
    civilians and a third involves a struggle among
    Darfur communities themselves. Its implications
    go far beyond Darfur's borders. The war
    indirectly threatens the regimes in both Sudan
    and Chad and has the potential to inspire
    insurgencies in other parts of the country.

10
a
I was sleeping when the attack on Disa
village started. I was taken away by the
attackers, they were all in uniforms. They took
dozens of other girls and mde us walk for three
hours. During the day we were beaten and they
were telling us "You, the black women, we will
exterminate you, you have no god." At night we
were raped several times. The Arabs guarded us
with arms and we were not given food for three
days. Female refugee from Disa
11
Facts
  • An estimated 400,000 innocent civilians have been
    brutally murdered
  • More than 200,000 people have been forced from
    their homes and have fled to refugee camps in
    neighboring Chad.
  • Over 1.5 million people have been internally
    displaced.
  • More than 10,000 people die each month.
  • As many as 1 million civilians could die in
    Darfur from lack of food and from disease within
    coming months

12
The majority of the victims are from the Fur,
Zaghawa, Massalit, Jebel, Aranga and other
African tribes.
13
Who are the Janjaweed?
  • The Arab Janjaweed are the militiamen who are
    responsible for the mass killings.
  • Janjaweed is Arabic for Devil on a horse
  • The Government of Sudan is undeniably linked to
    the Janjaweed.
  • The Janjaweed systematically gang rape women and
    girls, castrate, brand and beat men and boys, and
    torture all.

14
Here's Zahra. After her husband and sons were
murdered, the Janjaweed carried her and her
sisters off and gang-raped them. The sisters were
murdered, and Zahra was finally released, naked,
after the Janjaweed slashed her leg to mark her
forever.
15
The Janjaweed raid villages, burn the homes,
destroy the crops and poison the wells. Survivors
from the attacks are unable to return home
because their villages are inhabitable.
16
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17
What is the U.S. Doing?
  • Although they can and must do more, the United
    States has done more than any other nation in the
    world. The Bush Administration has provided the
    most funding to the Darfur relief effort.
  • In early-March, 2005 Senators Sam Brownback (KS)
    and Jon Corzine (NJ) introduced into the Senate
    the Darfur Accountability Act (S 495). In
    mid-March, 2005 Representative Donald Payne of
    New Jersey introduced the Darfur Genocide
    Accountability Act (HR 1424). Neither of these
    bills have been passed into law.
  • The FY05 Emergency Supplemental bill approved
    90.5 million in relief to Darfur (50 million
    for the African Union mission in Darfur and 40.5
    million for disaster aid)

18
What is the World Doing?
  • The U.N. Security Council has passed several
    ineffective resolutions. The resolutions, which
    are all bark and no bite, are repeatedly violated
    by the Sudanese government.
  • The African Union (AU) currently has 2500 troops
    in Sudan. The AU remains grossly under-funded
    and ineffective. Many more peacekeeping troops
    are needed in the region.

19
This family fled their village after their father
and brother were killed, and then the mother fell
ill and could no longer walk. So now the family
is headed by Haiga Ibrahim, a 16-year-old girl,
who is on the left.
20
Bahria Mohammed Ahmed, right, with her mother at
Abu Shouk camp. Two of her children disappeared
as the family trekked toward refuge, and she
arrived this week without them.
21
"I talked to scores of refugees who several weeks
ago watched as their wives were raped and as
their brothers and fathers and sons were killed
before their eyes. Scattered. Entire villages
wiped out. It's savagery. It's slaughter, and it
is going on, in essence, as we speak." U.S.
Senator Bill Frist
22
Children like Magboula are particularly at risk
because they no longer are nursing and need food,
but are particularly likely to die of diarrhea,
malaria and other ailments. Seventy percent of
the deaths are children under five.
23
The main cause of death in the refugee camps is
diarrhea which account for ¼ of the recorded
deaths.
24
80 of the children under five years old are
suffering from severe malnutrition
25
These two orphans from Darfur fled to the
northern part of the Chad/Sudan border after
their parents, uncle and older brother were
either killed or went missing in an attack by the
Janjaweed militia on their village, Ab-Layha.
Nijah Ahmed, 4, is carrying her little brother,
Nibraz, who is 13 months old and malnourished.
26
At 7am in August 2003, our village was
surrounded by the Janjaweed we heard machine
guns and most of the people ran away, some were
killed while trying to escape. My sister, M, aged
43, was captured by the military and the
Janjaweed. They tried to sleep with her. She
resisted, I was present and could hear her "I
will not do something like this even if you kill
me" and they immediately killed her. I, from
Miski.
27
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28
Theyre trying to kill all of the children in
order to wipe out the next generation.
29
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30
Due to drought and poisoned wells, water is
becoming scarcer which will contribute to
increased deaths.
31
When we tried to escape they shot more
children. They raped women I saw many cases of
Janjaweed raping women and girls. They are happy
when they rape. They sing when they rape and they
tell that we are just slaves and that they can do
with us how they wish. A, a 37-year-old from
Mukjar
32
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33
What Can You Do?
  • Write a letter to
  • President Bush
  • Your Representatives and Senators
  • The United Nations
  • The State Department
  • Collect signatures for a petition calling for a
    strong response to the crisis in Darfur.
  • Demonstrate. Organize and/or participate in
    demonstrations at the Sudan Embassy in Washington
    D.C. and Sudan Mission and/or UN in NYC.

34
What Can You Do?
  • Donate money to relief efforts.
  • Fast. Fasting for a day is not only a very
    personal way to tap into your compassion for the
    suffering of others, but also a very powerful way
    to act in solidarity with the people of Darfur.
    Hold a Sudan fast in solidarity with those who
    are suffering from hunger and donate the funds
    that would have been spent on meal.
  • Hold a fundraiser or benefit for Darfur. Funds
    are desperately needed throughout Darfur and Chad
    to deliver food, shelter, medical supplies and
    humanitarian relief.
  • Host a candle-lighting ceremony or candlelight
    vigil.  
  • Invite Experts who are working in the region to
    discuss the current situation.

35
What Can You Do (Cont.)
  • Meet with members of Congress as a delegation
  • Organize a small gathering. You can distribute
    information or watch a video about Darfur.
  • Organize a teach-in or a presentation.
  • Post flyers around your community.  
  • Push your local community council to pass a
    proclamation.
  • Put together a photo exhibit.
  • Wear a Not On My Watch Save Darfur wristband.
  • Write an email to a friend and explain why this
    story moves you.
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