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ICT in Agriculture

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ICT in Agriculture For ensuring knowledge connectivity in areas, relevant to the day-to-day life and livelihood of every families Vinod Bothale Director, MRSAC – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: ICT in Agriculture


1
ICT in Agriculture
For ensuring knowledge connectivity in areas,
relevant to the day-to-day life and livelihood of
every families
Vinod Bothale Director, MRSAC Maharashtra Remote
Sensing Applications Centre (MRSAC), Nagpur
2
Indian Scenario
  • Total Geographical Area (TGA) - 329
    M.H
  • Potential for Biological Production - 265
    M.H
  • Net Sown Area (NSA) -
    143 M.H
  • Net Irrigated Area -
    56 M.H
  • Land degradation -
    50 of TGA
  • Drought-prone Area -
    190 M.H

3
Agriculture is the slowest growing sector in the
economy
Period 1993-94 to 2000-01
Data Source CSO
4
Issues/Challenges in Indian Agriculture Large
number of marginal farmers (lt 1 Ha) Inclement
climatic conditions- Uncertain crop yields and
livelihoods Rainfed Agriculture (? 70 farmers
live on monsoon) Inadequate agriculture
extension services Insufficient
(spatial/non-spatial) agro-met-enviro-rural
data/information
5
Do Maximum with Minimum
Maximum with Minimum
Maximum with Minimum
6
Thrust areas to meet Challenges.
  • Diversification of Agriculture
  • Inter-cropping
  • Micro Management
  • Water Management
  • Organic Farming
  • Agri-Clinics and Agri-business Centres
  • Bio-Technology

7
Technologies at behest .
  • Technologies for ON Field
  • Technologies for OFF field

8
Technologies at behest .
  • Gadgets, WSN, Data collection systems (
    Parameters collection, Mapping of facilities,
    amenities, assets etc)
  • Information Systems
  • MIS
  • Dissemination
  • Advisory
  • Data Mining
  • Data Analysis
  • Decision Support

9
ICT Agriculture Needs
10
Knowledge and Information Needs
1. Farmers need to know What to grow ? When
to grow ? How to grow more ? How to store
preserve ? When to sell ? Where to sell
? What price to sell at ? Farmers who
understand market trends and market opportunities
have a better chance of succeeding than those who
do not
11
Knowledge and Information Needs contd.
  • Government policy and notices regarding
    agriculture
  • Usage of fertilizer for higher productivity.
  • Crop Diseases, preventive measures and in case of
    disease curative measures.
  • Irrigation details like means, timing, quantum.
    Information on water conservation through
    advanced irrigation technology like Drip etc
  • HYV seeds exact know how on usage in terms of
    selection, quantity sown per hectare.
  • Education on what needs to be done at the
    pre-harvest stage and post harvest stage to
    ensure productivity and quality with minimum
    losses

12
Knowledge and Information Needs contd.
  • Advice on crop rotation to maintain soil quality
    so that the crop productivity could be
    increased and not negatively impacted as has
    happened in case of sugarcane in many parts of
    the country.
  • Advice on fruits and vegetables because these are
    perishable in nature but provide good
    opportunities for profit due to a great
    demand in domestic as well as world markets.
  • Advice on the Vegetable crops to be sown, timing
    of sowing, varieties to be used, areas for
    growing particular crops, irrigation
    requirements, preventive measures from diseases,
    which pesticide should be used, pesticide usage,
    storage facilities available, measures to be
    adopted for increased keeping quality during
    storage.

13
ICT VALUE PROMISE
14
Initiatives at all fronts
  • Government
  • NGOs
  • Private
  • Academic
  • India Other Countries
  • Trend and Scale varies

15
Challenges in ICT execution..
User for the developed model / system / tool
Availability/development of different models for
applications Integration of Geo-ICT and SN
Development of real to near real-time DSS
Integration of spatial Remote Sensing and
proximal SN systems for up-scaling
Development of Middleware for Agro-Met model
Extending the developed system at the farmers
level through Rural Extension Community
Agriculture and Environment assessment
16
Some Initiatives in India
Computerisation of Land Records (Dept.of Land
Resources, Govt of India)
Bhoomi Project in Karnataka Online Delivery of
Land Records
Gyandoot (Madhya Pradesh)
  • e - Choupal
  • Village Knowledge Centres
  • Village Resource Centres
  • Integrated pest management- Advisory
  • Agris
  • and lots more

Lokvani Project in Uttar Pradesh
Project FRIENDS in Kerala
e-Mitra Project in Rajasthan37
eSeva (Andhra Pradesh)
e-Procurement Projects in India
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24
Automatic Weather Stations (AWS)
  • IMD
  • ISRO ( Mosdac)
  • State specific networks and other

25
COMMON-Sense Net IISc Bengaluru To save water
in irrigation,one needs to know the hydric needs
of the plant at a given time,which means knowing
its environment with precision. As a
consequence, monitoring the rural environment for
a better use of water resources has become a
crucial challenge, especially in semi-arid
developing countries,which suffer most of water
shortage. With their low cost,low maintenance
and ease of deployment, wirelessSensor networks
emerge as a promising technology that is ideally
adapted to such a problem. With the help of
sensors communicating with each other wirelessly,
it is possible to build an integrated picture of
the field's environment, on which one can apply
crop prediction models that feed a
decision-support system for farmers.
26
Agro-Sense -IIM Kolkata Precision Agriculture
Using Sensor Based Wireless Mesh Networks IIM
Kolkata Agricultural Sensors, positioning systems
for detecting location of sensors, actuators like
sprinklers, foggers, valve-controlled irrigation
system
27
Geo-ICT WSN Based Crop Informatics IIT
Mumbai Objective of the research is to provide
weather based online service on predicting,
estimating the Maize and Rice crop growth/yield
and to determine the crop water requirement
28
eSagu IIIT Hyderabad 'e Sagu is a web-based
personalized agro-advisory system which uses
Information Technology to solve the unscientific
agricultural practices. Sagu means cultivation
in Telugu-local language of Andhra Pradesh, the
region in which the project started.e Sagu means
electronic cultivation. In e Sagu, rather than
visiting the crop in person, the agricultural
expert delivers the expert advice at regular
intervals (once in one or two weeks) to each farm
by getting the crop status in the form of digital
photographs and other information. During2004-06
,through eSagu, agricultural expert advices
delivered for about 6000 farms covering six crops
29
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30
Robotics and Bio-fuels
Biofuels are derived from biomass. They differ
from fossil fuels in that they are derived from
renewable sources, including crops, animal waste
and some forms of rubbish.
Bioethanol is the biofuel substitute for petrol
(gasoline). It derives from cereal based crops
mainly wheat in the UK, sugar beet and maize
(corn), soybeans and sugarcane in the US and
South America.
Biodiesel is the biofuel substitute for diesel.
It derives from oilseed based crops mainly
oilseed rape (OSR) in the UK, and palmoil in
South East Asia.
Biogas is the biofuel substitute for natural gas.
It derives from organic waste materials including
animal waste and waste generated from municipal,
commercial and industrial sources through the
process of anaerobic digestion. In the UK biogas
can be generated through animal waste, it is also
collected from emissions produced at waste
landfill sites.
31
Serving ICT
Integrated Facilitation Center
Service/Correspondence/eCommerce
Integrated Backend
Content Delivery
Service Providers
Suppliers Partners
32
ICT Anticipations in Indian scenario
  • Adoption has been slow and uneven
  • Economics not well documented
  • Information intensive Vis-à-vis embodied
    knowledge
  • Lab to Land Effective operationaliztion

33
We welcome you
Thank You
Vinod Bothale, Director, Maharashtra Remote
Sensing Applications Centre (Dept. of Planning,
Govt. of Maharashtra) VNIT Campus, South
Ambazari, NAGPUR - 440011
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