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An insider s guide to getting published in research journals

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An insider s guide to getting published in research journals Simon Linacre Ruth Bailey University of Manchester Thursday 17th March 2011 * Thank you. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: An insider s guide to getting published in research journals


1
An insiders guide to getting published in
research journals
  • Simon Linacre
  • Ruth Bailey
  • University of Manchester
  • Thursday 17th March 2011

2
AIMS OF THE SESSION
  • To fully explain the publishing process and
    provide top tips and insider
  • knowledge to maximize your chances of
    publication, as well as
  • Discuss ISI and journal rankings in a UK context
  • To learn more about your needs
  • QA session ask anything!

3
INTRODUCTION TO EMERALD GROUP PUBLISHING
  • Leading scholarly publisher in Business,
    Management and Social Science
  • Most of the worlds top Business Schools and
    management studies departments subscribe to
    Emerald leading titles in Education,
    Linguistics, Transport and Environment Studies
  • Truly international publisher, with authors,
    editors, advisers, reviewers and customers from
    around the world
  • Headquarters in Bingley, with representative
    offices in Australia, Brazil, Canada, China,
    Dubai, India, Japan, Malaysia, Poland, South
    Africa and the USA
  • Constantly investigating the acquisition and
    launch of new titles and exploring new
    partnerships
  • Also publishing books and journals in Engineering
    and Library Information Science

4
Personal Background Name Simon
Linacre Position Senior Publisher Emerald Manage
Accounting journals Team Leader managed
Economics, Finance and Management titles for
8 years Expertise Acquisitions publishing
development journal rankings Author
Workshops
INTRODUCTION TO EMERALD GROUP PUBLISHING
5
INTRODUCTION TO EMERALD GROUP PUBLISHING
  • Academic background
  • Degree Philosophy at St Andrews (MA)
  • Practice Newspaper Journalism (Diploma)
  • Postgrad International Business (MA)
  • Publications Strategic Direction (2004)
  • Corporate Governance (2004)
  • Australian Accounting Review (2010)
  • Accounting, Auditing Accountability
    Journal (2011)

6
MBS and Emerald
  • University of Manchester works closely with
    Emerald
  • Editors (Professor Catherine Cassell, Qualitative
    Research in Organizations and Management Dr
    Ozcan Saritas, Foresight Dr Sandra Fielden,
    Gender in Management Professor Ray Oakey, New
    Technology Based Firms in the New Millennium
    (book series))
  • 62 Editorial Board members
  • Authors in top journals such as AAAJ and
    Management Decision
  • Nearly 218,000 journal downloads in 2010 at an
    increase of 21 from 2009.
  • Most popular areas include Marketing, IPS, HRM,
    Ops Logistics Mgt, and IKM

7
EDITORIAL SUPPLY CHAIN
Publisher/ Managing Editor
Production
Users
Author
Editor
Access via library Hard copy Database Third
party
Quality research papers
EAB and reviewers Solicits new papers Handles
review process Promotes journal to
peers Attends conferences Develops new areas of
coverage
QA sub-editing and proof reading Convert to
SGML for online databases Print
production Despatch Added value from publisher
The link between the publishing company and
editor Helps editors succeed in their role and
build a first class journal Overall
responsibility for journal Promotion and
marketing Attends conferences Handles
production issues
8
EDITORIAL TIMETABLE
  • The Editor(s) do an initial read to determine if
    the subject matter and research approach of the
    manuscript is appropriate for the journal
    (approximately 1 week)
  • The Editor(s) identify and contact two reviewers
    for the manuscript (approximately 1 week)
  • Reviewers are usually given 6-8 weeks to complete
    their reviews
  • The Editor(s) assess the reviewers' comments and
    recommendations and make a decision on the
    manuscript (approximately 2 weeks)
  • Expected time from submission to review feedback
    3 - 4 months

9
IDEAS WHERE TO START
  • As well as traditional research
  • Are you working on a Doctoral or Masters thesis?
  • Have you completed a project which concluded
    successfully?
  • Are you wrestling with a problem with no clear
    solution?
  • Is there anything in your bottom drawer?

10
TOP TIP ?1
  • Be savvy
  • ie. wise, sage, knowing
  • Dont give an Editor a good
  • reason to put your article
  • in the wrong pile!

11
AUTHOR GUIDELINES
Every journal published will have detailed notes
and guidelines
12
EDITORS/REVIEWERS WANT
  • Originality whats new about subject, treatment
    or results?
  • Relevance to and extension of existing knowledge
  • Research methodology are conclusions valid and
    objective?
  • Clarity, structure and quality of writing does
    it communicate well?
  • Sound, logical progression of argument
  • Theoretical and practical implications (the so
    what? factors!)
  • Recency and relevance of references
  • Adherence to the editorial scope and objectives
    of the journal

13
TOP TIP ?2
  • What Editors and Reviewers
  • DO NOT want
  • possibly the worst article ever written!
  • How many mistakes can
  • you identify HERE?

14
SOME ANSWERS
  • The title is too long
  • The title is uninteresting and would not catch
    the eye of a researcher
  • The authors should not be named on the first page
    of the article they should be on a separate
    title page
  • This paper does not have a Structured Abstract,
    despite the instructions in the journal
  • No author is named as corresponding author
  • All authors addresses should be included with
    the paper
  • The keywords are OK, however they should include
    a more general word such as productivity growth
  • The article does not list the articles JEL Index
    numbers which all submissions to economics
    journals should contain
  • There are two spelling mistakes and one
    grammatical error in just abstract
  • There is a footnote on the first page all
    articles for Emerald require endnotes.

15
TOP TIP 3
  • Improve dissemination by
  • Using short descriptive title containing main
    keyword, relevant hot topic or Blue Chip dont
    mislead
  • Writing a clear and descriptive abstract
    containing the main keywords and following any
    instructions as to content and length
  • Providing relevant and known keywords not
    obscure new jargon
  • Making your references complete and correct
    vital for reference linking and citation indices
  • Make a marketing plan for your work this can
    include posting your paper on archives (eg SSRN,
    RePec), using the university press office,
    infiltrating research networks on listservs,
    conference and social media communities (eg
    LinkedIn)
  • All these will improve IMPACT but what about
    RANKINGS?

16
QUESTION 1
  • What rankings, lists and other resources do you
    use for your research at MBS?

17
RANKINGS
  • ISI, Scopus, Google Scholar and usage metrics
  • To provide advice and guidance on using metrics
  • Discuss REF and journal rankings in a UK context
  • To learn more about your needs
  • QA session and follow up Question 1!

18
Background Thomson Reuters, formerly known as
Thomson Scientific, (and formerly known as
Thomson ISI!), has provided access to academic
research information for over 50 years following
the work of its founder Dr Eugene Garfield ISI
is by far the most respected ranking for academic
journals in the world, and is used for key
decisions such as whether an author will publish
with a journal, and whether a library will
subscribe to it. More information at
http//scientific.thomsonreuters.com/
THOMSON REUTERS (ISI)
19
THOMSON REUTERS (ISI)
  • What is ISI?
  • What is commonly referred to by academics as
    ISI, SSCI or Impact Factors is actually
    just a small part of Thomson Reuters, and more
    specifically, its Journal Citation Reports
    (JCR). These reports index and rank the journals
    it has on its Web of Science product, and is
    the collection of bibliographic information of
    over 12,000 evaluated scholarly journals.
  • A list of all journals can be found on the
    Master Journal List, however the JCR will NOT
    include all journals on the list, as there is a
    two or three year wait once a journal has been
    accepted until it has retrievable data.
  • Currently, Emerald has over 50 journals on ISI,
    ie they can be accessed through the Web of
    Science and are included in the Journal Citation
    Reports (if data is available)
  • Access www.isiknowledge.com

20
THOMSON REUTERS (ISI)
  • The cited reference search system allows users
    to search for articles that cite a known author
    or work. Impact factors are given to all journals
    in the ISI Web of Knowledge and are based upon
    citation analysis. ISI, since its inception, has
    aimed to provide a systematic way to determine
    the relative importance of journals within its
    subject categories hence the Impact Factor.
    Impact Factors and a wealth of other statistical
    data from journals are housed in the JCR.

21
THOMSON REUTERS (ISI)
  • What is an Impact Factor (IF)?
  • Journals are ranked in the JCR depending on how
    many times the articles included in that journal
    are cited in other ISI-ranked journals. The
    ranking is published every June and corresponds
    to the previous years data.
  • ISI uses a calculation of citation data over a
    three year period to produce an Impact Factor for
    a given year.
  • For example, the Impact Factor for Supply Chain
    Management (our highest ranked journal) is 2.341
    and relates to 2009
  • The average Impact Factor for Emerald journals in
    2009 has increased to just over 0.700

22
How are Impact Factor calculations made? ISI
uses the following equation to work out the
impact factor of a particular journal A
2009 cites to articles published in 2007-2008 B
number of articles published in 2007-2008
A/B 2009 impact factor for the journal
THOMSON REUTERS (ISI)
23
Confused? Heres an example! Using the Journal
of Manchester Genius as an example, there were 20
citations in 2009 in other ISI journals from its
2007-2008 issues (A). In this two-year period
there were 60 articles published (B), which meant
that the impact factor for Journal of Manchester
Genius in 2009 was 20/60 0.333 A 2009
cites (20) B articles published (60) A/B
2009 impact factor (0.333)
THOMSON REUTERS (ISI)
24
QUESTION 2
  • Do you think there are any problems in how the
    Impact Factor is calculated?

25
TOP TIP 4 TAKE A STEP BACK
  • ISI is the most well known ranking, BUT
  • It is heavily biased towards North America
  • Citations are a good, but not complete, guide to
    quality
  • Usage is a better measure of utility
  • Other factors to consider are recent articles,
    most communicative, societies and
    internationality
  • Be political (e.g. national vs international) and
    strategic (e.g. five articles in low ranked
    journals vs one in top ranked journal)

26
Thomson Reuters, ISI and Impact Factors
  • Mathematical (and political) calculations
  • If I could get rid of the Impact Factor
    tomorrow, I would. I hate it It totally distorts
    decision-making and it is a very, very bad
    influence on science
  • Richard Horton, Editor of The Lancet
  • (Impact Factor 28.409)

27
QUESTION 3
  • How much is your research influenced by the REF?
    What about other rankings? How will your
    research plans respond?

Producing Spaces for Academic Discourse The
Impact of Research Assessment Exercises and
Journal Quality Rankings, Northcott, D.
Linacre, S., Australian Accounting Review No. 52
Vol. 20 Issue 1 2010
28
RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
  • The world is changing
  • ABS List Updated every two years, increasing
    influence in UK business schools
  • Spain Moved to use ISI in assessment BUT some
    unis using Scopus
  • Sweden Also using ISI in assessment
  • Australia New ERA in 2012 - ISI or Scopus? Role
    of Associations?
  • India Now using ISI and Scopus for assessment
  • MESUR Global usage product better than ISI
    assessing quality
  • ISI Series and books index in 2011

29
REF AND INTERNATIONAL MARKETS
  • You may think a lot about the REF
  • but how is it viewed internationally?
  • US minimal impact
  • Tenure
  • Australia some relevance
  • ERA
  • Europe some interest
  • CNRS VhB ISI
  • Asia significant developments
  • ISI ISI ISI

30
TOP TIP 5 Widen your search
  • While ISI and the REF may have most attention in
    the UK, there are many other rankings that
    provide useful and potentially more relevant
    information

31
TOP TIP 5
  • Use a range of bibliometrics
  • ISI including Eigenfactor and Five year IF
  • Scopus always expanding
  • GoogleScholar including Publish or Perish
  • H-Index
  • Downloads
  • National Research Assessment Exercises
  • Academic research Harzing, Jacso, Van Raan,
    Hirsch..

32
RESEARCH YOUR RESEARCH
  • How well do you know the impact of articles
    published in your field?
  • Journal of Information Science
  • Online Information Review
  • Scientometrics
  • general subject or education journals
  • Utilise your research skills around your subject!

33
Scopus
  • Scopus impact
  • Created in 2004 by Elsevier
  • Now includes over 18,000 titles
  • Winning government contracts against ISI
  • Update now available on 2010 SNIP and SJR
  • Good site navigation institution-level data

34
GoogleScholar
  • Free and easy
  • Covers EVERYTHING
  • Free and easy to use
  • Issues with data integrity
  • Still in beta phase
  • Easy to get lists of citations, but not to sort
  • One of the most cited authors is First Name.

35
PUBLISH OR PERISH
  • Publish or Perish, or PoP, is the
    tongue-in-cheek name of software developed using
    the algorithms from Google Scholar
    (www.scholar.google.com)
  • It is the result of work by University of
    Melbourne academic Professor Anne-Wil Harzing,
    and lies alongside her work on journal rankings
    and the compilation of the Harzing List
    (www.harzing.com)
  • PoP is termed front end software as it provides
    an interface for users to manipulate data from an
    existing website, in this case Google Scholar
  • Same problems as GoogleScholar but creates
    H-Index

36
H-INDEX
  • The H-index aims to provide a robust
    single-number metric of a journal's impact
  • An author with an index of 6 has published 6
    papers each of which has been cited by others at
    least 6 times. Thus, the h-index reflects both
    the number of publications and the number of
    citations per publication
  • BUT where are the citations from?
  • Source http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/G-index

37
H-INDEX
  • The H-Index
  • The H-Index was formulated by a physicist called
    Hirsch to give a robust single-number metric of
    a journal's impact, combining quality with
    quantity.
  • It can be represented thus
  • There is anecdotal evidence
  • that it is being quoted by
  • academics in their CVs
  • Source http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/H-index

38
H-INDEX REVISITED
  • Confusion reigns
  • Search on International Marketing Review for its
    H-index had following results
  • On Web of Science H 12
  • On Scopus H 19
  • On Publish or Perish H 53
  • WARNING where are the citations from?

39
USEFUL RESOURCES
  • www.isiknowledge.com (ISI ranking lists and
    impact factors)
  • www.harzing.com (Anne-Wil Harzing's site about
    academic publishing and the assessment of
    research and journal quality, as well as Publish
    or Perish software to conduct citation analysis)
  • www.scopus.com (abstract and citation database of
    research literature and quality web sources)
  • www.cabells.com (addresses, phone, e-mail and
    websites for a large number of journals as well
    as information on publication guidelines and
    review information)

40
IMPACT OF RESEARCH
  • Emerald believes that our published research
    should demonstrate impact. Unlike other bodies
    debating this question, we take a holistic, more
    rounded approach and consider research having
    impact at many levels
  • Knowledge
  • Teaching
  • Practice
  • Policy making
  • Economy
  • Society

41
IMPACT and INSTRUMENTALISM
  • What sort of impact do you want your research to
    have?
  • Are rankings becoming too instrumental?
  • Utilise market intelligence!
  • Things may change

42
  • Thank you.
  • Any questions?
  • slinacre_at_emeraldinsight.com
  • rbailey_at_emeraldinsight.com

43
IMPACT OF RESEARCH
  • making a demonstrable difference in a
    non-academic context Jonathan Wolff, Professor
    of Philosophy, University College London, 2010
  • understanding the nature and purposes of
    business school research and demonstrating its
    overall value and visibility AACSB Impact of
    Research Report, 2008
  • the beneficial application of research to
    achieve social, economic, environmental and/or
    cultural outcomes. This is not to be confused
    with impact in the academic domain, which is seen
    more as an indicator of the intrinsic quality of
    the research on scholarly or academic measures
    Australian Research Quality Framework, 2006

44
In conclusion
  • MBS is producing good quality research but its
    a time consuming process work as effectively as
    possible
  • Position yourself, arm yourself with market
    intelligence and promote your research
  • Take a rounded view of your research and its
    potential impact
  • Oh and publish with Emerald!

45
Accounting Bonus slides
  • The Accounting Journal Landscape
  • Nine journals on FT45
  • 13 journals on ISI
  • 48 Journals on Scopus
  • 100 peer reviewed journals
  • 1000 book titles
  • 10,000 reviews, reports and websites
  • Which route do you choose?

46
Accounting Finance
  • Emeralds Accounting Finance portfolio
  • 14 Accounting journals
  • 10 Finance journals
  • 14 Accounting Finance books
  • 1.2 million article downloads in 2010

Leading journal is Accounting, Auditing
Accountability Journal A in Australian ERA,
Top Ten on Scopus and over 270,000 articles
downloaded in 2010
47
POLITICAL DECISIONS ABS vs ISI vs Scopus
48
New Journals
Why are there so many new journals?
Emerald Accounting Finance Titles
49
Research Demand
  • Changing landscape
  • Massive increase in management education
  • Proliferation of journals online
  • Big Deal database offer to libraries
  • Appetite for interdisciplinary research
  • Development of business education as marketplace
  • Globalisation of management education
  • Instrumentalism pressure on research output
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